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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Aflatoxicosis In Dogs And Dealing With Suspected Contaminated Commercial Foods, Katherine Stenske, J Smith, Shelley Newman, L Newman, Claudia Kirk Jan 2015

Aflatoxicosis In Dogs And Dealing With Suspected Contaminated Commercial Foods, Katherine Stenske, J Smith, Shelley Newman, L Newman, Claudia Kirk

Shelley Newman

No abstract provided.


Clinical Evaluation Of Dietary Modification For Treatment Of Spontaneous Chronic Kidney Disease In Cats, S Ross, C Osborne, Claudia Kirk, S Lowry, L Koehler, D Polzin Sep 2006

Clinical Evaluation Of Dietary Modification For Treatment Of Spontaneous Chronic Kidney Disease In Cats, S Ross, C Osborne, Claudia Kirk, S Lowry, L Koehler, D Polzin

Claudia A Kirk

Objective-To determine whether a renal diet modified in protein, phosphorus, sodium, and lipid content was superior to an adult maintenance diet in minimizing uremic episodes and mortality rate in cats with stage 2 or 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD). Design-Double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Animals-45 client-owned cats with spontaneous stage 2 or 3 CKD. Procedures-Cats were randomly assigned to an adult maintenance diet (n = 23 cats) or a renal diet (22) and evaluated trimonthly for up to 24 months. Efficacy of the renal diet, compared with the maintenance diet, in minimizing uremia, renal-related deaths, and all causes of death was ...


Health Center Offers Nutritional Advice, Adam Browne Sep 2006

Health Center Offers Nutritional Advice, Adam Browne

Marjorie R. Freedman

 e Student Health Center includes a nutrition counseling program that helps students manage their dietary needs. Students can set up an appointment to meet with a dietitian to discuss their needs. Oscar Battle Jr., the student health coordinator, gives advice to students about nutritional choices. “Nutrition counseling is providing students a series of knowledge regarding responsible decision making about nutritional matters,” Battle said. “It’s all about choices. Its basic purpose is helping students make responsible choices.” 


Reticulocyte Indices In A Canine Model Of Nutritional Iron Deficiency, Michael Fry, Claudia Kirk May 2006

Reticulocyte Indices In A Canine Model Of Nutritional Iron Deficiency, Michael Fry, Claudia Kirk

Claudia A Kirk

BACKGROUND: Reticulocyte indices, especially reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CH retic), have shown promise as markers of iron deficiency (ID), but there have been no prospective investigations of reticulocyte indices in experimental models of ID. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare reticulocyte indices with conventional hematologic and biochemical indices as markers of ID in dogs. METHODS: Iron deficiency was induced in 7 dogs by feeding an iron-deficient diet, and corrected by restoring dietary iron and by giving iron parenterally. Blood samples were collected at weekly intervals. Results of hematologic and biochemical tests were compared using t-tests and receiver operator ...


Comparison Of A Low Carbohydrate-Low Fiber Diet And A Moderate Carbohydrate-High Fiber Diet In The Management Of Feline Diabetes Mellitus, N Bennett, D Greco, M Peterson, Claudia Kirk, M Mathes, M Fettman Mar 2006

Comparison Of A Low Carbohydrate-Low Fiber Diet And A Moderate Carbohydrate-High Fiber Diet In The Management Of Feline Diabetes Mellitus, N Bennett, D Greco, M Peterson, Claudia Kirk, M Mathes, M Fettman

Claudia A Kirk

This study compared the effects of a moderate carbohydrate-high fiber (MC-HF) food and a low carbohydrate-low fiber (LC-LF) food on glycemic control in cats with diabetes mellitus. Sixty-three diabetic cats (48 male castrated, 15 female spayed) were randomly assigned to be fed either a canned MC-HF (n = 32) food or a canned LC-LF (n = 31) food for 16 weeks. Owners were blinded to the type of diet fed. CBC, urinalysis, serum chemistry panel, fructosamine concentration and thyroxine concentration were determined on initial examination, and a complete blood count, serum chemistry panel, urinalysis and serum fructosamine concentration were repeated every 4 ...


Primary Hair Growth In Dogs Depends On Dietary Selenium Concentrations, S Yu, K Wedekind, Claudia Kirk, R Nachreiner Mar 2006

Primary Hair Growth In Dogs Depends On Dietary Selenium Concentrations, S Yu, K Wedekind, Claudia Kirk, R Nachreiner

Claudia A Kirk

Selenium (Se) plays an important role in hair growth. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary selenium concentration on hair growth in dogs. Thirty-six beagles were stratified into six groups based on age, gender and body condition score. The dogs were fed a torula yeast-based canned food for 3 weeks. Then the dogs were fed varying amounts of selenium supplied as selenomethionine for an additional 24 weeks. Analysed selenium concentrations in the experimental foods for the six groups were 0.04, 0.09, 0.12, 0.54, 1.03 and 5.04 mg/kg dry ...


Determination Of 2-Alkylcyclobutanones With Electronic Impact And Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Gc/Ms) In Irradiated Foods, Peter Horvatovich, Dalal Werner, Stéphanie Jung, Michel Miesch, Henry Delincee, Claude Hasselmann, Eric Marchioni Feb 2006

Determination Of 2-Alkylcyclobutanones With Electronic Impact And Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Gc/Ms) In Irradiated Foods, Peter Horvatovich, Dalal Werner, Stéphanie Jung, Michel Miesch, Henry Delincee, Claude Hasselmann, Eric Marchioni

Stéphanie Jung

The use of a column containing 60 g of silica gel for cleanup and the use of isobutane as a reactant reagent for chemical ionization-mass spectrometric analysis of the saturated and monounsaturated alkyl side-chain 2-alkylcyclobutanones (2-ACBs; specifically induced by irradiation from fat in foods until the proof of contrary) has improved both the sensibility and the selectivity of the method when applied for the detection of irradiated foods. The quality of the chromatograms obtained was improved, allowing the detection of food samples (avocados) irradiated at low doses (0.1 kGy) or irradiated ingredients included in low proportions (less than 5 ...


Prevalence And Risk Factors For Obesity In Adult Dogs From Private Us Veterinary Practices, E Lund, P Armstrong, Claudia Kirk, J Klausner Dec 2005

Prevalence And Risk Factors For Obesity In Adult Dogs From Private Us Veterinary Practices, E Lund, P Armstrong, Claudia Kirk, J Klausner

Claudia A Kirk

Using a cross-sectional study design, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in dogs over 1 year of age seen by US veterinarians during 1995 was determined. Risk factors for overweight and obesity were also determined from the following variables: age, breed, gender, body condition score, food type, reported concurrent disease, and geographic region. Thirty-four percent of adult dogs (n=21,754) were overweight or obese. From multivariate analyses, overweight dogs were more likely to be older, of certain breeds (Cocker Spaniel, Labrador Retriever, Dalmatian, Dachshund, Rottweiler, Golden Retriever, Shetland Sheepdog, Mixed-breed), neutered, and to consume a semi-moist food as their ...


Effects Of Sodium Chloride On Selected Parameters In Cats, Claudia Kirk, D Jewell, S Lowry Dec 2005

Effects Of Sodium Chloride On Selected Parameters In Cats, Claudia Kirk, D Jewell, S Lowry

Claudia A Kirk

This study used 36 cats with varying renal insufficiency and physiologic status to evaluate the effect of a food high in sodium chloride (HSC) compared with a low sodium chloride (LSC) food on selected blood parameters and blood pressure. Cats eating the HSC food had an increase in serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and phosphorus compared with cats eating the LSC food. Also, cats eating the HSC food had increased fractional excretion of calcium and increased fractional shortening during cardiac contraction. There was no effect of food on systolic, diastolic, or mean arterial pressure.


Nutrition-Related Definitions, Leonard Piché Dec 2005

Nutrition-Related Definitions, Leonard Piché

Leonard Piché

No abstract provided.


Canadian Supplement To Accompany Nutrition: Concepts And Controversies, M. Hedley, Leonard Piché, Alicia Garcia Dec 2005

Canadian Supplement To Accompany Nutrition: Concepts And Controversies, M. Hedley, Leonard Piché, Alicia Garcia

Leonard Piché

No abstract provided.


Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel Dec 2005

Soluble Fibrin Inhibits Monocyte Adherence And Cytotoxicity Against Tumor Cells: Implications For Cancer Metastasis, John Biggerstaff, Brandy Weidow, Jacqueline Vidosh, Judith Dexheimer, Shonak Patel, Pretesh Patel

John Biggerstaff

Background Soluble fibrin (sFn) is a marker for disseminated intravascular coagulation and may have prognostic significance, especially in metastasis. However, a role for sFn in the etiology of metastatic cancer growth has not been extensively studied. We have reported that sFn cross-linked platelet binding to tumor cells via the major platelet fibrin receptor αIIbβ3, and tumor cell CD54 (ICAM-1), which is the receptor for two of the leukocyte β2 integrins (αLβ2 and aMβ2). We hypothesized that sFn may also affect leukocyte adherence, recognition, and killing of tumor cells. Furthermore, in a rat experimental metastasis model sFn pre-treatment of tumor cells ...


Review: Nutrition And An Active Life, W.B. Freire, Melanie Burns, Aaron Grobergieser Dec 2005

Review: Nutrition And An Active Life, W.B. Freire, Melanie Burns, Aaron Grobergieser

Melanie Burns

No abstract provided.