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Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania Jan 2012

Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania

Melissa A. Kennedy

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 7a7b genes of the feline coronavirus (FCoV) of cheetahs, which are believed to play a role in virulence of this virus. SAMPLE POPULATION: Biologic samples collected during a 4-year period from 5 cheetahs at the same institution and at 1 time point from 4 cheetahs at different institutions. PROCEDURES: Samples were first screened for FCoV via a reverse transcription-PCR procedure involving primers that encompassed the 3'-untranslated region. Samples that yielded positive assay results were analyzed by use of primers that targeted the 7a7b open reading frames. The nucleotide sequences of the 7a7b amplification products were ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams May 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Diane Hendrix

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams Feb 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Daniel A. Ward

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


Cj1121c, A Novel Udp-4-Keto-6-Deoxy-Glcnac C-4 Aminotransferase Essential For Protein Glycosylation And Virulence In Campylobacter Jejuni, Somalinga Vijayakumar, Alexandra Merkx-Jacques, Dinath Ratnayake, Irene Gryski, Ravinder Obhi, Sébastien Houle, Charles M Dozois, Carole Creuzenet Sep 2006

Cj1121c, A Novel Udp-4-Keto-6-Deoxy-Glcnac C-4 Aminotransferase Essential For Protein Glycosylation And Virulence In Campylobacter Jejuni, Somalinga Vijayakumar, Alexandra Merkx-Jacques, Dinath Ratnayake, Irene Gryski, Ravinder Obhi, Sébastien Houle, Charles M Dozois, Carole Creuzenet

Alexandra Merkx-Jacques

Campylobacter jejuni produces glycoproteins that are essential for virulence. These glycoproteins carry diacetamidobacillosamine (DAB), a sugar that is not found in humans. Hence, the enzymes responsible for DAB synthesis represent potential therapeutic targets. We describe the biochemical characterization of Cj1121c, a putative aminotransferase encoded by the general protein glycosylation locus, to assess its role in DAB biosynthesis. By using overexpressed and affinity-purified enzyme, we demonstrate that Cj1121c has pyridoxal phosphate- and glutamate-dependent UDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-GlcNAc C-4 transaminase activity and produces UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-GlcNAc. This is consistent with a role in DAB biosynthesis and distinguishes Cj1121c from Cj1294, a homologous UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-beta-l-arabino-4-hexulose C-4 aminotransferase ...


Splenic Endothelial Cell Lines Support Development Of Dendritic Cells From Bone Marrow, Geneviève Despars, Helen O'Neill May 2006

Splenic Endothelial Cell Lines Support Development Of Dendritic Cells From Bone Marrow, Geneviève Despars, Helen O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

Although growth factors are commonly used to generate dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro, the role of the microenvironment necessary for DC development is still poorly understood. The mixed splenic stromal cell population STX3 defines an in vitro microenvironment supportive of DC development. Dissection of cellular components of the STX3 stroma should provide information about a niche for DC development. STX3 was therefore cloned by single-cell sorting, and a panel of 102 splenic stromal cell lines was established. Four representative splenic stromal cell lines that support hematopoiesis from bone marrow are described here in terms of stromal cell type and DC ...


Probability Of Real -Time Detection Vs Probability Of Infection For Aerosolized Biowarfare Agents: A Model Study., Alexander G. Sabelnikov, Vladimir Zhukov, C Ruth Kempf May 2006

Probability Of Real -Time Detection Vs Probability Of Infection For Aerosolized Biowarfare Agents: A Model Study., Alexander G. Sabelnikov, Vladimir Zhukov, C Ruth Kempf

Alexander G Sabelnikov

No abstract provided.


Homeland Security: Engaging The Frontlines - Symposium Proceedings, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott Apr 2006

Homeland Security: Engaging The Frontlines - Symposium Proceedings, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott

George H Baker

The rise of the American homeland security endeavor under the leadership of the new Department of Homeland Security has been heralded by several major national strategy documents. These documents have served to organize efforts at top levels within the government and industry. However, the national strategy guidance is not getting to many organizations and people at the grass-roots level who can make the most difference in preventing attacks, protecting systems, and recovering from catastrophic events, viz. the general citizenry, private infrastructure owners, and local governments. To better understand grass-roots issues and solutions, James Madison University, in cooperation with the Federal ...


Induced Biliary Excretion Of Listeria Monocytogenes, Jonathan Hardy, Jeffrey J. Margolis, Christopher H. Contag Feb 2006

Induced Biliary Excretion Of Listeria Monocytogenes, Jonathan Hardy, Jeffrey J. Margolis, Christopher H. Contag

Jeffrey Margolis

Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitous gram-positive bacterium that can cause systemic and often lifethreatening
disease in immunocompromised hosts. This organism is largely an intracellular pathogen; however,
we have determined that it can also grow extracellularly in animals, in the lumen of the gallbladder. The
significance of growth in the gallbladder with respect to the pathogenesis and spread of listeriosis depends on
the ability of the bacterium to leave this organ and be disseminated to other tissues and into the environment.
Should this process be highly inefficient, growth in the gallbladder would have no impact on pathogenesis or
spread, but if ...


Variation In The Innate And Acquired Arms Of The Immune System Among Five Shorebird Species, Luisa Mendes, Theunis Piersma, Dennis Hasselquist, Kevin D. Matson, Robert E. Ricklefs Jan 2006

Variation In The Innate And Acquired Arms Of The Immune System Among Five Shorebird Species, Luisa Mendes, Theunis Piersma, Dennis Hasselquist, Kevin D. Matson, Robert E. Ricklefs

Robert Ricklefs

To contribute to an understanding of the evolutionary processes that shape variation in immune responses, we compared several components of the innate and acquired arms of the immune system in five related, but ecologically diverse, migratory shorebirds (ruff Philomachus pugnax L., ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres L., bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica L., sanderling Calidris alba Pallas and red knotC. canutus L.). We used a hemolysis-hemagglutination assay in free-living shorebirds to assess two of the innate components (natural antibodies and complement-mediated lysis), and a modified quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in birds held in captivity to assess the acquired component (humoral antibodies ...


Amoeboid Form Of Blastocystis Hominis - A Detailed Ultrastructural Insight, Tan Tian Chye Jan 2006

Amoeboid Form Of Blastocystis Hominis - A Detailed Ultrastructural Insight, Tan Tian Chye

Tan Tian Chye

The amoeboid form of Blastocystis hominis has been reported infrequently, and its morphological descriptions have yielded conflicting and confusing reports. In the present study, we used the amoeboid forms seen predominantly in symptomatic patients infected with Blastocystis to provide detailed descriptions on the fine surface structure and intracellular morphology. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the irregular shape of the amoeboid form, with an intercalated fibrillar structure and a highly convoluted surface with deep indentations and projected pseudopodia. Transmission electron microscopy showed the existence of two types of amoeboid forms of B. hominis in in vitro culture, one with a large central ...


Predominance Of Amoeboid Forms Of Blastocystis Hominis In Isolates From Symptomatic Patients, Tan Tian Chye Jan 2006

Predominance Of Amoeboid Forms Of Blastocystis Hominis In Isolates From Symptomatic Patients, Tan Tian Chye

Tan Tian Chye

Blastocystis hominis is one of the most common human parasites that inhabit the intestinal tract. Conflicting reports continue to exist regarding the existence and the functional role of the amoeboid forms in the life cycle of the parasite. The present study investigates the presence of these forms in 20 isolates obtained from ten symptomatic and asymptomatic patients respectively. A total of 10,000 parasite cells per ml from each isolate were inoculated into three culture tubes each containing 3 ml of Jones' medium supplemented with 10% horse serum, incubated at 37 degrees C. The contents were examined daily for 10 ...


Pcr Fingerprinting Of Blastocystis Isolated From Symptomatic And Asymptomatic Human Hosts, Tan Tian Chye Jan 2006

Pcr Fingerprinting Of Blastocystis Isolated From Symptomatic And Asymptomatic Human Hosts, Tan Tian Chye

Tan Tian Chye

Genomic DNA from 16 Blastocystis hominis isolates comprising of eight asymptomatic isolates (A1-A8) and eight symptomatic isolates (S1-S8) was amplified by arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR) using 38 arbitrary 10-mer primers. Six primers (A10, B5, C20, D1, F6, and F10) generated reproducible DNA fingerprints. AP-PCR amplification revealed similar DNA fingerprints among all symptomatic isolates (S1-S8) with common bands at 850 bp using primer A10, 920 bp using primer B5, and 1.3 kbp using primer D1. Isolates A1, A3, A4, A5, A6, and A7 showed similar DNA banding patterns and all asymptomatic isolates (A1-A8) shared a major band at ...


Oestrogen Receptor Evaluation In Pomeranian Dogs With Hair Cycle Arrest (Alopecia X) On Melatonin Supplementation, Linda Frank, Robert Donnell, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Oestrogen Receptor Evaluation In Pomeranian Dogs With Hair Cycle Arrest (Alopecia X) On Melatonin Supplementation, Linda Frank, Robert Donnell, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

The role of oestrogen receptors in dogs with hair cycle arrest (alopecia X) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The purpose of this study was to determine if hair regrowth in dogs with hair cycle arrest treated with melatonin was associated with a decrease in follicular oestrogen receptors. Fifteen Pomeranians (excluding intact females) with hair cycle arrest were enrolled. Two biopsies were obtained from alopecic areas of the trunk before and after 3 months on melatonin. Haematoxylin and eosin-stained tissues were examined and oestrogen receptor-alpha was demonstrated immunohistochemically. Common histopathological findings included hyperkeratosis, follicular keratosis, excessive tricholemmal keratinization (flame follicles), thin epidermis ...


Cell Surface Expression Of A Peptide Encoded By The Unrearranged Tcr-Vβ8.2 Gene, Janice Abbey, Mark Hulett, Helen O'Neill Dec 2005

Cell Surface Expression Of A Peptide Encoded By The Unrearranged Tcr-Vβ8.2 Gene, Janice Abbey, Mark Hulett, Helen O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

Germline transcription of T-cell receptor (TCR) genes has been described in early lymphoid cells. The most common explanation for this phenomenon is that transcription of unrearranged Vβ genes directs gene usage during the rearrangement event. Germline transcription of the TCR-Vβ8.2 gene has been detected in a precursor T-cell line, C1-V13D, which shows no rearrangement at any of the TCR gene loci. This cell line also shows weak binding of specific anti-V 8.2 antibody to the cell surface, consistent with expression of a truncated TCR chain. RT-PCR has been used to confirm expression of spliced germline transcripts of TCR-Vβ8 ...


Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 7a7b genes of the feline coronavirus (FCoV) of cheetahs, which are believed to play a role in virulence of this virus. SAMPLE POPULATION: Biologic samples collected during a 4-year period from 5 cheetahs at the same institution and at 1 time point from 4 cheetahs at different institutions. PROCEDURES: Samples were first screened for FCoV via a reverse transcription-PCR procedure involving primers that encompassed the 3'-untranslated region. Samples that yielded positive assay results were analyzed by use of primers that targeted the 7a7b open reading frames. The nucleotide sequences of the 7a7b amplification products were ...


Effects Of Colchicine And Oryzalin On Callus And Adventitious Shoot Formation Of Euphorbia Pulcherrima 'Winter Rose', K Pickens, (Max) Z Cheng, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Effects Of Colchicine And Oryzalin On Callus And Adventitious Shoot Formation Of Euphorbia Pulcherrima 'Winter Rose', K Pickens, (Max) Z Cheng, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

The mitotic inhibitors, colchicine and oryzalin, were evaluated for their effects on callus, adventitious shoot formation, and tetraploid induction of Euphorbia pulchurrima [Euphorbia pulcherrima] cv. Winter Rose. In vitro grown leaf sections were placed on various media supplemented with either colchicine or oryzalin at various concentrations for 1 to 4 days. Colchicine was less damaging to leaf tissues than oryzalin. On various colchicine-containing media, prolific calluses were produced and adventitious shoot formation was observed. Regenerated shoots were found to be diploid as determined by flow cytometry. On media supplemented with oryzalin (28.9 M to 144 M), leaf tissues produced ...


Investigating The Glycosylation Of Groel And Its Role In The Virulence Of Campylobacter Jejuni, Alexandra Merkx-Jacques, I. Gryski, C. Creuzenet Dec 2005

Investigating The Glycosylation Of Groel And Its Role In The Virulence Of Campylobacter Jejuni, Alexandra Merkx-Jacques, I. Gryski, C. Creuzenet

Alexandra Merkx-Jacques

Campylobacter jejuni is a food-borne human pathogen and a major cause of gastroenteritis, reactive arthritis and neurological disorders. Due to emerging drug resistant strains, new treatments and/or vaccines need to be developed.

Protein glycosylation, or the post-translational modification of proteins by sugar molecules, plays an important role in this bacterium's virulence including affecting cell-host interactions, immunogenicity and pathogenicity. C jejuni harbours numerous proteins glycosylated by a heptasaccharide containing diacetamidobacillosamine. Our laboratory investigates the enzymes required to make this sugar as well as the glycoproteins on which this glycan is found.

Analysis of C jejuni proteins by Western blot ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams Dec 2005

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Stephen A Kania

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...