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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 361

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Aflatoxicosis In Dogs And Dealing With Suspected Contaminated Commercial Foods, Katherine Stenske, J Smith, Shelley Newman, L Newman, Claudia Kirk Jan 2015

Aflatoxicosis In Dogs And Dealing With Suspected Contaminated Commercial Foods, Katherine Stenske, J Smith, Shelley Newman, L Newman, Claudia Kirk

Shelley Newman

No abstract provided.


Calpain Inhibitor Mdl28170 Modulates Abeta Formation By Inhibiting The Formation Of Intermediate Abeta46 And Protecting Abeta From Degradation, Y Dong, J Tan, Mei-Zhen Cui, G Zhao, G Mao, N Singh, Xuemin Xu Jun 2013

Calpain Inhibitor Mdl28170 Modulates Abeta Formation By Inhibiting The Formation Of Intermediate Abeta46 And Protecting Abeta From Degradation, Y Dong, J Tan, Mei-Zhen Cui, G Zhao, G Mao, N Singh, Xuemin Xu

Mei-Zhen Cui

The observations that three major cleavages within the transmembrane domain of APP, namely, the gamma-cleavage, -cleavage, and the newly identified zeta-cleavage, are involved in the generation of secreted Abeta40 and Abeta42 prompted us to determine how the calpain inhibitor III MDL 28170 influences these three cleavages and Abeta formation. With the use of a cell culture system, our data demonstrate that 1) at either high concentrations, or at a low range of concentrations, at early time points, MDL 28170 inhibits the formation of secreted Abeta40 and Abeta42. However, this effect is due to inhibition of the intermediate Abeta46 generation by ...


Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania Jan 2012

Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania

Melissa A. Kennedy

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 7a7b genes of the feline coronavirus (FCoV) of cheetahs, which are believed to play a role in virulence of this virus. SAMPLE POPULATION: Biologic samples collected during a 4-year period from 5 cheetahs at the same institution and at 1 time point from 4 cheetahs at different institutions. PROCEDURES: Samples were first screened for FCoV via a reverse transcription-PCR procedure involving primers that encompassed the 3'-untranslated region. Samples that yielded positive assay results were analyzed by use of primers that targeted the 7a7b open reading frames. The nucleotide sequences of the 7a7b amplification products were ...


Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Aug 2011

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Howard K. Plummer III

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams May 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Diane Hendrix

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams Feb 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Daniel A. Ward

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


The Plant Structure Ontology, A Unified Vocabulary Of Anatomy And Morphology Of A Flowering Plant, Katica Ilic, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Pankaj Jaiswal, Felipe Zapata, Peter F. Stevens, Leszek P. Vincent, Shulamit Avraham, Leonore Reiser, Anuradha Pujar, Martin M. Sachs, Noah T. Whitman, Susan R. Mccouch, Mary L. Schaeffer, Doreen H. Ware, Lincoln D. Stein, Seung Y. Rhee Dec 2006

The Plant Structure Ontology, A Unified Vocabulary Of Anatomy And Morphology Of A Flowering Plant, Katica Ilic, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Pankaj Jaiswal, Felipe Zapata, Peter F. Stevens, Leszek P. Vincent, Shulamit Avraham, Leonore Reiser, Anuradha Pujar, Martin M. Sachs, Noah T. Whitman, Susan R. Mccouch, Mary L. Schaeffer, Doreen H. Ware, Lincoln D. Stein, Seung Y. Rhee

Peter Stevens

Formal description of plant phenotypes and standardized annotation of gene expression and protein localization data require uniform terminology that accurately describes plant anatomy and morphology. This facilitates cross species comparative studies and quantitative comparison of phenotypes and expression patterns. A major drawback is variable terminology that is used to describe plant anatomy and morphology in publications and genomic databases for different species. The same terms are sometimes applied to different plant structures in different taxonomic groups. Conversely, similar structures are named by their species-specific terms. To address this problem, we created the Plant Structure Ontology (PSO), the first generic ontological ...


Cadherin-2 Participates In The Morphogenesis Of The Zebrafish Inner Ear, Sherry Babb-Clendenon, Yu-Chi Shen, Qin Liu, Katharyn E. Turner, M. Susan Mills, Greg W. Cook, Caroline A. Miller, Vincent H. Gattone Ii, Kate F. Barald, James A. Marrs Dec 2006

Cadherin-2 Participates In The Morphogenesis Of The Zebrafish Inner Ear, Sherry Babb-Clendenon, Yu-Chi Shen, Qin Liu, Katharyn E. Turner, M. Susan Mills, Greg W. Cook, Caroline A. Miller, Vincent H. Gattone Ii, Kate F. Barald, James A. Marrs

Qin Liu

Molecular mechanisms that control inner ear morphogenesis from the placode to the three-dimensional functional organ are not well understood. We hypothesize that cell-cell adhesion, mediated by cadherin molecules, contributes significantly to various stages of inner ear formation. Cadherin-2 (Cdh2) function during otic vesicle morphogenesis was investigated by examining morpholino antisense oligonucleotide knockdown and glass onion (glo) ( Cdh2 mutant) zebrafish embryos. Placode formation, vesicle cavitation and specification occurred normally, but morphogenesis of the otic vesicle was affected by Cdh2 deficiency: semicircular canals were reduced or absent. Phalloidin staining of the hair cell stereocillia demonstrated that cadherin-2 (cdh2) loss-of-function did not affect ...


Possible Nonconductive Role Of Geobacter Sulfurreducens Pilus Nanowires In Biofilm Formation, Gemma Reguera, Rachael B. Pollina, Julie S. Nicoll, Derek Lovley Dec 2006

Possible Nonconductive Role Of Geobacter Sulfurreducens Pilus Nanowires In Biofilm Formation, Gemma Reguera, Rachael B. Pollina, Julie S. Nicoll, Derek Lovley

Derek Lovley

Geobacter sulfurreducens required expression of electrically conductive pili to form biofilms on Fe(III) oxide surfaces, but pili were also essential for biofilm development on plain glass when fumarate was the sole electron acceptor. Furthermore, pili were needed for cell aggregation in agglutination studies. These results suggest that the pili of G. sulfurreducens also have a structural role in biofilm formation.


Wavelet-Based Functional Mixed Models To Characterize Population Heterogeneity In Accelerometer Profiles: A Case Study. , Jeffrey S. Morris, Cassandra Arroyo, Brent A. Coull, Louise M. Ryan, Steven L. Gortmaker Dec 2006

Wavelet-Based Functional Mixed Models To Characterize Population Heterogeneity In Accelerometer Profiles: A Case Study. , Jeffrey S. Morris, Cassandra Arroyo, Brent A. Coull, Louise M. Ryan, Steven L. Gortmaker

Jeffrey S. Morris

We present a case study illustrating the challenges of analyzing accelerometer data taken from a sample of children participating in an intervention study designed to increase physical activity. An accelerometer is a small device worn on the hip that records the minute-by-minute activity levels of the child throughout the day for each day it is worn. The resulting data are irregular functions characterized by many peaks representing short bursts of intense activity. We model these data using the wavelet-based functional mixed model. This approach incorporates multiple fixed effects and random effect functions of arbitrary form, the estimates of which are ...


Alternative Probeset Definitions For Combining Microarray Data Across Studies Using Different Versions Of Affymetrix Oligonucleotide Arrays, Jeffrey S. Morris, Chunlei Wu, Kevin R. Coombes, Keith A. Baggerly, Jing Wang, Li Zhang Dec 2006

Alternative Probeset Definitions For Combining Microarray Data Across Studies Using Different Versions Of Affymetrix Oligonucleotide Arrays, Jeffrey S. Morris, Chunlei Wu, Kevin R. Coombes, Keith A. Baggerly, Jing Wang, Li Zhang

Jeffrey S. Morris

Many published microarray studies have small to moderate sample sizes, and thus have low statistical power to detect significant relationships between gene expression levels and outcomes of interest. By pooling data across multiple studies, however, we can gain power, enabling us to detect new relationships. This type of pooling is complicated by the fact that gene expression measurements from different microarray platforms are not directly comparable. In this chapter, we discuss two methods for combining information across different versions of Affymetrix oligonucleotide arrays. Each involves a new approach for combining probes on the array into probesets. The first approach involves ...


Raphidophyceae [Chadefaud Ex Silva] Systematics And Rapid Identification: Sequence Analyses And Real–Time Pcr Assays, Torstein Tengs Dec 2006

Raphidophyceae [Chadefaud Ex Silva] Systematics And Rapid Identification: Sequence Analyses And Real–Time Pcr Assays, Torstein Tengs

Dr. Torstein Tengs

Species within the class Raphidophyceae were associated with fish kill events in Japanese, European, Canadian, and U.S. coastal waters. Fish mortality was attributable to gill damage with exposure to reactive oxygen species (peroxide, superoxide, and hydroxide radicals), neurotoxins, physical clogging, and hemolytic substances. Morphological identification of these organisms in environmental water samples is difficult, particularly when fixatives are used. Because of this difficulty and the continued global emergence of these species in coastal estuarine waters, we initiated the development and validation of a suite of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Sequencing was used to generate complete data sets ...


Equal Performance Of Taqman, Mgb, Molecular Beacon, And Sybr Green-Based Detection Assays In Detection And Quantification Of Roundup Ready Soybean, Torstein Tengs Dec 2006

Equal Performance Of Taqman, Mgb, Molecular Beacon, And Sybr Green-Based Detection Assays In Detection And Quantification Of Roundup Ready Soybean, Torstein Tengs

Dr. Torstein Tengs

We have tested and compared the performance of 12 different assays representing four different real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) chemistries in the context of genetically modified organism detection. Several different molecular beacon, SYBR Green, TaqMan, and MGB assays were designed for the event specific detection and quantification of the 3' integration junction of GTS 40-3-2 (Roundup Ready) soybean. Sensitivity as well as robustness in the presence of background DNA were tested. None of the PCR-based approaches appeared to be significantly better than any of the other, but the molecular beacon assays had the lowest efficiency and also seemed more sensitive ...


High-Level Resistance To Bacillus Thuringiensis Toxin Cry1ac And Cadherin Genotype In Pink Bollworm, Aaron J. Gassmann, Robert W. Biggs, Jeffrey A. Fabrick, Bruce E. Tabashnick, Timothy J. Dennehy, Yves Carriere, Shai Morin Dec 2006

High-Level Resistance To Bacillus Thuringiensis Toxin Cry1ac And Cadherin Genotype In Pink Bollworm, Aaron J. Gassmann, Robert W. Biggs, Jeffrey A. Fabrick, Bruce E. Tabashnick, Timothy J. Dennehy, Yves Carriere, Shai Morin

Aaron J. Gassmann

Resistance to transgenic cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., producing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin Cry1Ac is linked with three recessive alleles of a cadherin gene in laboratory-selected strains of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders), a major cotton pest. Here, we analyzed a strain (MOV97-R) with a high frequency of cadherin resistance alleles, a high frequency of resistance to 10 μg of Cry1Ac per milliliter of diet, and an intermediate frequency of resistance to 1,000 μg of Cry1Ac per ml of diet. We selected two strains for increased resistance by exposing larvae from MOV97-R to diet with 1,000 μg of Cry1Ac ...


A Brief History Of Oyster Aquaculture In Rhode Island, Michael Rice Nov 2006

A Brief History Of Oyster Aquaculture In Rhode Island, Michael Rice

Michael A Rice

The history of the development of oyster aquaculture is reviewed, beginning with pre-colonial shellfishing by the Native American Narragansetts and Wampanoags of Narragansett Bay. Leasing of estuarine waters for aquaculture of oysters began with legislation by the Rhode Island General Assembly before the turn of the 19th Century. Legal developments during the 19th Century led to the expansion of oyster aquaculture to the point that about 21,000 acres of Rhode Island's estuarine and coastal waters were leased for oyster farming by 1910. Industrialization, sewage pollution, siltation, the Hurricane of 1938 and socio-political changes in the 1920s and 1930s ...


Peritrophic Membrane Of The Penaeid Shrimp, Sicyonia Ingentis; Structure, Formation And Permeability., Gary Martin Nov 2006

Peritrophic Membrane Of The Penaeid Shrimp, Sicyonia Ingentis; Structure, Formation And Permeability., Gary Martin

Gary Martin

Peritrophic membranes (PTMs) are secreted acellular layers that separate ingested materials from the gut epithelium in a variety of invertebrates. In insects and crustaceans, PTMs are produced in the midgut trunk (MGT, or intestine), but the MGT in decapod crustaceans, unlike that of insects, is not involved with digestion or absorption of food. We demonstrate that the PTM in the penaeid shrimp Sicyonia ingentis is similar to that in other crustaceans that have been studied and is primarily composed of chitin. The lectin WGA binds only to the PTM and glycocalyx along the microvilli of the midgut cells, which is ...


Organochlorine Levels In Seawater And Sediment From The Florida Gulf Coast, If Present, Are Low. , Richard B. Philp Nov 2006

Organochlorine Levels In Seawater And Sediment From The Florida Gulf Coast, If Present, Are Low. , Richard B. Philp

Richard B. Philp

Seawater and sediment from the Florida panhandle coast were assayed for a panel of 28 organochlorine insecticides and PCBs. No samples exeeded the detection limits of the analytical technique, which were well below levels reported for other ocean locales. Organochlorine levels in this area of the Gulf must be very low. This does not preclude their biomagnificatioon up the food web.


Passive Stiffness In Drosophila Indirect Flight Muscle Reduced By Disrupting Paramyosin Phosphorylation, But Not By Embryonic Myosin S2 Hinge Substitution, Yudong Hao, Mark S. Miller, Douglas M. Swank, Hongjun Liu, Sanford I. Bernstein, David W. Maughan, Gerald H. Pollack Nov 2006

Passive Stiffness In Drosophila Indirect Flight Muscle Reduced By Disrupting Paramyosin Phosphorylation, But Not By Embryonic Myosin S2 Hinge Substitution, Yudong Hao, Mark S. Miller, Douglas M. Swank, Hongjun Liu, Sanford I. Bernstein, David W. Maughan, Gerald H. Pollack

Mark S. Miller

High passive stiffness is one of the characteristic properties of the asynchronous indirect flight muscle (IFM) found in many insects like Drosophila. To evaluate the effects of two thick filament protein domains on passive sarcomeric stiffness, and to investigate their correlation with IFM function, we used microfabricated cantilevers and a high resolution imaging system to study the passive IFM myofibril stiffness of two groups of transgenic Drosophila lines. One group (hinge-switch mutants) had a portion of the endogenous S2 hinge region replaced by an embryonic version; the other group (paramyosin mutants) had one or more putative phosphorylation sites near the ...


Bmc Infectious Diseases, Frances Cirino, Wilmore C. Webley, Corrie West, Nancy L. Croteau, Chester Andrzejewski Jr, Elizabeth S. Stuart Nov 2006

Bmc Infectious Diseases, Frances Cirino, Wilmore C. Webley, Corrie West, Nancy L. Croteau, Chester Andrzejewski Jr, Elizabeth S. Stuart

Wilmore C Webley

No abstract provided.


Physical And Structural Basis For The Strong Interactions Of The -Impy- Central Pairing Motif In The Polyamide F-Impyim, K. Buchmueller, S. Bailey, D. Matthews, Z. Taherbhai, J. Register, Z. Davis, Chrystal Bruce, C. O'Hare, J. Hartley, M. Lee Nov 2006

Physical And Structural Basis For The Strong Interactions Of The -Impy- Central Pairing Motif In The Polyamide F-Impyim, K. Buchmueller, S. Bailey, D. Matthews, Z. Taherbhai, J. Register, Z. Davis, Chrystal Bruce, C. O'Hare, J. Hartley, M. Lee

Chrystal D. Bruce

The polyamide f-ImPyIm has a higher affinity for its cognate DNA than either the parent analogue, distamycin A (10-fold), or the structural isomer, f-PyImIm (250-fold), has for its respective cognate DNA sequence. These findings have led to the formulation of a two-letter polyamide “language” in which the -ImPy- central pairings associate more strongly with Watson−Crick DNA than -PyPy-, -PyIm-, and -ImIm-. Herein, we further characterize f-ImPyIm and f-PyImIm, and we report thermodynamic and structural differences between -ImPy- (f-ImPyIm) and -PyIm- (f-PyImIm) central pairings. DNase I footprinting studies confirmed that f-ImPyIm is a stronger binder than distamycin A and f-PyImIm ...


Prepms: Tof Ms Data Graphical Preprocessing Tool, Yuliya V. Karpievitch, Elizabeth G. Hill, Adam J. Smolka, Jeffrey S. Morris, Kevin R. Coombes, Keith A. Baggerly, Jonas S. Almeida Nov 2006

Prepms: Tof Ms Data Graphical Preprocessing Tool, Yuliya V. Karpievitch, Elizabeth G. Hill, Adam J. Smolka, Jeffrey S. Morris, Kevin R. Coombes, Keith A. Baggerly, Jonas S. Almeida

Jeffrey S. Morris

We introduce a simple-to-use graphical tool that enables researchers to easily prepare time-of-flight mass spectrometry data for analysis. For ease of use, the graphical executable provides default parameter settings experimentally determined to work well in most situations. These values can be changed by the user if desired. PrepMS is a stand-alone application made freely available (open source), and is under the General Public License (GPL). Its graphical user interface, default parameter settings, and display plots allow PrepMS to be used effectively for data preprocessing, peak detection, and visual data quality assessment.


Qim Method Scores Quality, Shelf Life Of Pangasius Fillets, Huynh Nguyen Duy Bao Nov 2006

Qim Method Scores Quality, Shelf Life Of Pangasius Fillets, Huynh Nguyen Duy Bao

Huynh Nguyen Duy Bao

A Quality Index Method developed to assess the freshness of Pangasius hypophthalmus fillets stored on ice showed a high correlation between the index score and storage time. With cross referencing of total viable microbial count and ammonia content analysis, the shelf life of iced fillets was estimated at 12 days based on evaluation of eight sensory parameters.


Drought Tolerant Plant Species In Jordanian Rangeland, Raed Al-Tabini Oct 2006

Drought Tolerant Plant Species In Jordanian Rangeland, Raed Al-Tabini

Raed Al-Tabini

No abstract provided.


The Exoribonuclease Xrn4 Is A Component Of The Ethylene Response Pathway In Arabidopsis, Brad Binder, Thomas Potuschak, Amérin Vansiri, Esther Lechner, Richard Vierstra, Pascal Genschik Oct 2006

The Exoribonuclease Xrn4 Is A Component Of The Ethylene Response Pathway In Arabidopsis, Brad Binder, Thomas Potuschak, Amérin Vansiri, Esther Lechner, Richard Vierstra, Pascal Genschik

Brad M. Binder

EXORIBONUCLEASE4 (XRN4), the Arabidopsis thaliana homolog of yeast XRN1, is involved in the degradation of several unstable mRNAs. Although a role for XRN4 in RNA silencing of certain transgenes has been reported, xrn4 mutant plants were found to lack any apparent visible phenotype. Here, we show that XRN4 is allelic to the unidentified components of the ethylene response pathway ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE5/ACC-INSENSITIVE1 (EIN5/AIN1) and EIN7. xrn4 mutant seedlings are ethylene-insensitive as a consequence of the upregulation of EIN3 BINDING F-BOX PROTEIN1 (EBF1) and EBF2 mRNA levels, which encode related F-box proteins involved in the turnover of EIN3 protein, a crucial ...


Ethylene-Stimulated Nutations Do Not Require Etr1 Receptor Histidine Kinase Activity, Brad Binder Oct 2006

Ethylene-Stimulated Nutations Do Not Require Etr1 Receptor Histidine Kinase Activity, Brad Binder

Brad M. Binder

Ethylene influences the growth and development of plants through the action of receptors that have homology to bacterial two-component receptors. In bacteria these receptors function via autophosphorylation of a His residue in the kinase domain followed by phosphotransfer to a conserved Asp residue in a response regulator protein. In Arabidopsis, two of the five receptor isoforms are capable of His kinase activity. However, the role of His kinase activity and phosphotransfer is unclear in ethylene signaling. A previous study showed that ethylene stimulates nutations of the hypocotyl in etiolated Arabidopsis seedlings that are dependent on the ETR1 receptor isoform. The ...


Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough Oct 2006

Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough

Eric Blough

This study tested the hypothesis that age-related changes in the dystrophin–glycoprotein complex (DGC) may precede age-associated alterations in muscle morphology and function. Compared to those in adult (6 month) rats, extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscle mass was decreased in old (30 month) and very old (36 month) Fischer 344/NNiaHSD 3 Brown Norway/ BiNia rats. The amount of dystrophin, b-dystroglycan, and a-sarcoglycan increased with aging in the EDL and decreased with aging in the soleus. a-Dystroglycan levels were increased with aging in both muscles and displayed evidence of altered glycosylation. Immunostaining for the presence of antibody infiltration ...


Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough Oct 2006

Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough

Kevin M Rice

This study tested the hypothesis that age-related changes in the dystrophin–glycoprotein complex (DGC) may precede age-associated alterations in muscle morphology and function. Compared to those in adult (6 month) rats, extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscle mass was decreased in old (30 month) and very old (36 month) Fischer 344/NNiaHSD 3 Brown Norway/ BiNia rats. The amount of dystrophin, b-dystroglycan, and a-sarcoglycan increased with aging in the EDL and decreased with aging in the soleus. a-Dystroglycan levels were increased with aging in both muscles and displayed evidence of altered glycosylation. Immunostaining for the presence of antibody infiltration ...


Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough Oct 2006

Age-Related Dystrophin–Glycoprotein Complex Structure And Function In The Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus And Soleus Muscle, Kevin M. Rice, Deborah L. Preston, David Neff, Michael L. Norton, Eric R. Blough

Deborah L Preston

This study tested the hypothesis that age-related changes in the dystrophin–glycoprotein complex (DGC) may precede age-associated alterations in muscle morphology and function. Compared to those in adult (6 month) rats, extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscle mass was decreased in old (30 month) and very old (36 month) Fischer 344/NNiaHSD 3 Brown Norway/ BiNia rats. The amount of dystrophin, b-dystroglycan, and a-sarcoglycan increased with aging in the EDL and decreased with aging in the soleus. a-Dystroglycan levels were increased with aging in both muscles and displayed evidence of altered glycosylation. Immunostaining for the presence of antibody infiltration ...


Postexercise Insulin Action In African-American Women, Rebecca E. Hasson, Patty S. Freedson, Barry Braun Oct 2006

Postexercise Insulin Action In African-American Women, Rebecca E. Hasson, Patty S. Freedson, Barry Braun

Barry Braun

African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasians. A single bout of moderate-intensity exercise reduces insulin resistance in sedentary Caucasian individuals. The impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance has never been studied in African Americans. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance in African-American women. DESIGN: Insulin resistance was assessed in 10 sedentary, over-weight or obese African-American women during a sedentary and exercise condition over a two-day period. During the sedentary condition, participants fasted overnight and sat quietly in the laboratory for 75 minutes ...


An Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Community Of Anme-1b Archaea In Hypersaline Gulf Of Mexico Sediments, Karen Lloyd, Laura Lapham, Andreas Teske Oct 2006

An Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Community Of Anme-1b Archaea In Hypersaline Gulf Of Mexico Sediments, Karen Lloyd, Laura Lapham, Andreas Teske

Karen Lloyd

Sediments overlying a brine pool methane seep in the Gulf of Mexico (Green Canyon 205) were analyzed using molecular and geochemical approaches to identify geochemical controls on microbial community composition and stratification. 16S rRNA gene and rRNA clone libraries, as well as mcrA gene clone libraries, showed that the archaeal community consists predominantly of ANME-1b methane oxidizers; no archaea of other ANME subgroups were found with general and group-specific PCR primers. The ANME-1b community was found in the sulfate-methane interface, where undersaturated methane concentrations of ca. 100 to 250 _M coexist with sulfate concentrations around 10 mM. Clone libraries of ...