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Can Health Claims For Foods Help Consumers Choose Better Diets?, P. G. Williams Oct 2006

Can Health Claims For Foods Help Consumers Choose Better Diets?, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Consumers are becoming health-conscious and most agree that eating healthily is a better way to manage illness than using medication. This has led to the increased acceptance and consumption of functional foods with health-promoting capabilities, demonstrated by impressive growth in sales world wide. Functional foods certainly have the potential to assist in disease management or reduction of risk and their use is being increasingly recommended in both medical and dietetic practice. There is an observed ‘push’ from food companies seeking out new markets and profit opportunities, with a concurrent market ‘pull’ from an educated, health-conscious consumer with a higher disposable ...


Consumption Of Resistant Starch Decreases Postprandial Lipogenesis In White Adipose Tissue Of The Rat, J. A. Higgins, M. Brown, Leonard H. Storlien Sep 2006

Consumption Of Resistant Starch Decreases Postprandial Lipogenesis In White Adipose Tissue Of The Rat, J. A. Higgins, M. Brown, Leonard H. Storlien

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Chronic consumption of diets high in resistant starch (RS) leads to reduced fat cell size compared to diets high in digestible starch (DS) in rats and increases total and meal fat oxidation in humans. The aim of the present study was to examine the rate of lipogenesis in key lipogenic organs following a high RS or DS meal. Following an overnight fast, male Wistar rats ingested a meal with an RS content of 2% or 30% of total carbohydrate and were then administered an i.p bolus of 50 μCi 3H2O either immediately or 1 hour post-meal. One hour following ...


Survey Of Health Claims For Australian Foods Made On Internet Sites, H. Dragicevich, P. G. Williams, L. Ridges Sep 2006

Survey Of Health Claims For Australian Foods Made On Internet Sites, H. Dragicevich, P. G. Williams, L. Ridges

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aim: Australia and New Zealand are currently preparing a new food standard code, which will allow the use of health claims on food products and in associated advertising. The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary information about the current use of health claims on the Internet and the level of compliance of these claims with existing regulations. Methods: From August to October 2005 a survey was conducted of 1068 websites associated with the top 20 food processing companies in Australia, and an additional 683 websites for food products found to carry health claims in previous studies of product ...


Biomarker Validation Of A Long-Chain Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Food Frequency Questionnaire, B. L. Sullivan, P. G. Williams, Barbara J. Meyer Sep 2006

Biomarker Validation Of A Long-Chain Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Food Frequency Questionnaire, B. L. Sullivan, P. G. Williams, Barbara J. Meyer

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) are beneficial for health. To date there is no specific food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess LC n-3 PUFA intakes. The objective of this study is to validate our newly developed FFQ by comparison with LC n-3 PUFA content of both red blood cells (RBC) and plasma, expressed as a percentage of total fatty acids. Fifty-three healthy male and female subjects were recruited from Wollongong, Australia. Average LC n-3 PUFA intakes (mg/day) were estimated using the new FFQ. RBC and plasma fatty acids were assessed using gas chromatography. Spearman correlation ...


Health Benefits Of Herbs And Spices: The Past, The Present, The Future - Public Health, P. G. Williams Aug 2006

Health Benefits Of Herbs And Spices: The Past, The Present, The Future - Public Health, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Recommendations for intakes fo food in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating do not yet include suggested intakes of herbs and spices, although several dietary guidelines refer to their benefits. Future consideration should be given to including more explicit recommendations about the place of herbs and spices in a healthy diet


Consumer Reactions To Different Health Claim Formats On Food Labels, L. Singer, P. G. Williams, Leisa Ridges, S. Murray, Anne Mcmahon Jun 2006

Consumer Reactions To Different Health Claim Formats On Food Labels, L. Singer, P. G. Williams, Leisa Ridges, S. Murray, Anne Mcmahon

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Health claims on foods act as health messages and have a role in communicating and educating the consumer about diet-disease related issues. Previous studies have suggested that different formats of health claims communicate differently with the consumer. The aim of our study was to investigate whether splitting of the claim (a brief claim at the front package directing consumers to the back of the package where the full health claim is located) and/or endorsement of the claim (by Food Standards Australia New Zealand), have an impact on the acceptance of the claim by the consumer. Participants were recruited by ...


Composition Of Australian Red Meat 2002. 2. Fatty Acid Profile, V. Droulez, P. G. Williams, G. Levy, T. Stobaus, A. Sinclair Jun 2006

Composition Of Australian Red Meat 2002. 2. Fatty Acid Profile, V. Droulez, P. G. Williams, G. Levy, T. Stobaus, A. Sinclair

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australian retail samples of nine beef, six lamb, four veal and two mutton cuts were purchased from 10 retail outlets (butchers and supermarkets) in different socio-economic areas of Sydney and Melbourne. The lean and fat components were analysed for contents of total and individual fatty acids. The content of total fatty acids was less than 5g/100g edible meat in the lean component of all cuts analysed. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids comprised, on average, 40% and 42% respectively of total fatty acids in the lean component of red meat cuts. The saturated fatty acid content of the lean component ...


Composition Of Australian Red Meat 2002. 1. Gross Composition, P. G. Williams, V. Droulez, G. Levy, T. Stobaus Jun 2006

Composition Of Australian Red Meat 2002. 1. Gross Composition, P. G. Williams, V. Droulez, G. Levy, T. Stobaus

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study aimed to update data on the gross composition Australian red meat to reflect changes in butchering practices since the 1980s and 1990s when the current values were derived. Australian retail samples of fifteen beef, eleven lamb, four veal and two mutton cuts were purchased from 10 retail outlets (butchers and supermarkets) in different socio-economic areas of Sydney and Melbourne. For both raw and cooked samples, mean external fat width (mm) was measured and the average percentage of separable internal, external and total fat, lean and waste was determined by dissection of each cut. For raw beef, total separable ...


Nutrient Function, Health And Related Claims On Packaged Australian Food Products - Prevalence And Compliance With Regulations, P. G. Williams, H. Yeatman, Leisa Ridges, A. Houston, J. Rafferty, A. Roesler, M. Sobierajski, B. Spratt Mar 2006

Nutrient Function, Health And Related Claims On Packaged Australian Food Products - Prevalence And Compliance With Regulations, P. G. Williams, H. Yeatman, Leisa Ridges, A. Houston, J. Rafferty, A. Roesler, M. Sobierajski, B. Spratt

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australia and New Zealand are currently reviewing the regulations governing nutrition function, health and related claims on foods. Health claims currently are not permitted on food labels, with one exception. The aim of this study was to describe the use of such claims on packaged food for sale in Australia (excluding nutrient content claims) prior to any changes to the regulations, and measure compliance with existing regulations. A survey was conducted of the labelling of 7850 products (including multiple pack sizes of individual foods) in 47 different food categories on sale in New South Wales in 2003. A total of ...


Review Of 'Handbook Of Face Recognition', Harold C. Hill Jan 2006

Review Of 'Handbook Of Face Recognition', Harold C. Hill

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Handbook of Face Recognition is a collection of chapters designed as an introduction to the state-of-the-art in automatic face recognition. Recognition of identity is the primary focus, but face detection and expression categorisation are also covered in some detail. While this book is largely written by and aimed at engineers, the study of face recognition has always been a multidisciplinary exercise and this volume provides a valuable summary of one discipline's contribution.


Visual Correlates Of Prosodic Contrastive Focus In French: Description And Inter-Speaker Variability, Marion Dohen, Helene Loevenbruck, Harold C. Hill Jan 2006

Visual Correlates Of Prosodic Contrastive Focus In French: Description And Inter-Speaker Variability, Marion Dohen, Helene Loevenbruck, Harold C. Hill

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study is a follow-up of previous studies we conducted on the visible articulatory correlates of French prosodic contrastive focus. A two speaker analysis using an automatic lip-tracking device had shown that these correlates existed and were used in visual perception. However the articulatory strategies depended on the speaker. The purpose of this study was thus to extend the analysis to other speakers, examine the similarities and variabilities and try to identify global tendencies. We recorded five speakers of French with a 3D optical tracker using a 13 sentence (subject-verb-object) corpus and four focus conditions (S, V, O or neutral ...


Does Hero Always Help? Differences In Nutrient Intake Among Obese Subjects With And Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prior To Dietary Intervention, Sze Yen Tan, Lynda J. Gillen, Marijka Batterham, Xu-Feng Huang, Cassandra J. Quick, Yasmine Probst, Serina Faraji, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2006

Does Hero Always Help? Differences In Nutrient Intake Among Obese Subjects With And Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prior To Dietary Intervention, Sze Yen Tan, Lynda J. Gillen, Marijka Batterham, Xu-Feng Huang, Cassandra J. Quick, Yasmine Probst, Serina Faraji, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The 2006 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, 29 November - 2 December, Sydney, Australia


Do We Encourage Health Or Illness? A Survey Of Exercise Rehabilitation Practices For Patients In Australian Renal Units, Y. White, B. Grenyer Jan 2006

Do We Encourage Health Or Illness? A Survey Of Exercise Rehabilitation Practices For Patients In Australian Renal Units, Y. White, B. Grenyer

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: People with end stage renal disease (ESRD) have been reported as having low levels of physical activity. Sedentary behaviours increase illness risks which may lead to burdens on the public health system which include costs of medical care. Research has established that exercise is reported to improve general health and wellbeing. Benefits include better aerobic tolerance, maintenance and improvement in physical function and capacity, and improvement in self-concept and well-being. These same improvements also occur in an exercising ESRD population, even though the improvements might be of less magnitude. Renal unit staff can have a major impact on patients ...


Effect Of Decorrelation On 3-D Grating Detection With Static And Dynamic Random-Dot Stereograms, Stephen A. Palmisano, Robert S. Allison, Ian P. Howard Jan 2006

Effect Of Decorrelation On 3-D Grating Detection With Static And Dynamic Random-Dot Stereograms, Stephen A. Palmisano, Robert S. Allison, Ian P. Howard

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Three experiments examined the effects of image decorrelation on the stereoscopic detection of sinusoidal depth gratings in static anddynamic random-dot stereograms (RDS). Detection was found to tolerate greater levels of image decorrelation as: (i) density increasedfrom 23 to 676 dots/deg2; (ii) spatial frequency decreased from 0.88 to 0.22 cpd; (iii) amplitude increased above 0.5 arcmin; and (iv) dotlifetime decreased from 1.6 s (static RDS) to 80 ms (dynamic RDS). In each case, the specific pattern of tolerance to decorrelation couldbe explained by its consequences for image sampling, filtering, and the influence of depth noise.


Challenges To Temperature Regulation When Working In Hot Environments, Nigel Taylor Jan 2006

Challenges To Temperature Regulation When Working In Hot Environments, Nigel Taylor

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The focus of this revuew us upon acute exposure to hot environments and the accompanying physiological changes. The target audience includes physiologists, physicians and occupational health and safety practioners. Using the principles of thermodynamics, the avenues for human heat exchange and explored, leading to an evaluation of some methods used to assess thermally-stressful environments. In particular, there is a critique of the wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index, and an overview of an alternative means by which such assessments may be undertaken (the heat stress index). These principles and methods are combined to illustrate how one may evaluate the risk of ...


Scaling Of Na+, K+-Atpase Molecular Activity And Membrane Fatty Acid Composition In Mammalian And Avian Hearts, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else, Kurt Haga, Nigel Turner Jan 2006

Scaling Of Na+, K+-Atpase Molecular Activity And Membrane Fatty Acid Composition In Mammalian And Avian Hearts, Anthony J. Hulbert, Paul Else, Kurt Haga, Nigel Turner

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We have examined Na+,K+‐ATPase molecular activity and membrane fatty acid composition in the heart of six mammalian and eight avian species ranging in size from 30 g in mice to 280 kg in cattle and 13 g in zebra finches to 35 kg in emus, respectively. Na+,K+‐ATPase activity scaled negatively with body mass in both mammals and birds. In small mammals, the elevated enzyme activity was related to allometric changes in both the concentration and molecular activity (turnover rate) of Na+,K+‐ATPase enzymes, while in small birds, higher Na+,K+‐ATPase activity appeared to result ...


Collaborative Action Research: Making It Happen, Victoria Traynor, Phillipa Baker, Joanna Defriez, Wilna Dirkse Van Schalykwyk, Julie Mcgarry, Deborah Thompson, Ruth Bartlett Jan 2006

Collaborative Action Research: Making It Happen, Victoria Traynor, Phillipa Baker, Joanna Defriez, Wilna Dirkse Van Schalykwyk, Julie Mcgarry, Deborah Thompson, Ruth Bartlett

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Caring For Someone Dying At Home, Sharon R. Bourgeois, Amanda Johnson Jan 2006

Caring For Someone Dying At Home, Sharon R. Bourgeois, Amanda Johnson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Assisting those caring for a terminally ill family member at home can be a rewarding but challenging nursing experience. Providing adequate nursing support is critical to the success of this type of caring.


What Do Stakeholders Consider The Key Issues Affecting The Quality Of Foodservice Provision For Long-Stay Patients, K. Walton, P. G. Williams, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2006

What Do Stakeholders Consider The Key Issues Affecting The Quality Of Foodservice Provision For Long-Stay Patients, K. Walton, P. G. Williams, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study aimed to elicit concerns of key stakeholders regarding food service provision to long stay hospital patients. Seventeen focus groups and four individual interviews were conducted involving six stakeholder groups: dietitians, nutrition assistants, patients, nurses, food service assistants and food service managers. Ninety-eight participants (20 male; 78 female) were recruited from public and private hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. Each of the focus groups and individual interviews was conducted in the hospital setting where free and open discussions could be digitally recorded. Transcripts were prepared from the digital recordings and QSR Nvivo 2.0™ qualitative analysis software was ...


Using Acceptance And Commitment Training In The Support Of Parents Of Children Diagnosed With Autism, John T. Blackledge, Steven Hayes Jan 2006

Using Acceptance And Commitment Training In The Support Of Parents Of Children Diagnosed With Autism, John T. Blackledge, Steven Hayes

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Parents of autistic children face enormous challenges, but very little attention has been paid to their psychological needs. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has previously been tested with parents as part of a comprehensive package, but not yet alone. The present study used a within-subject, repeated measures design to test the effects of a 2-day (14 hour) group ACT workshop on 20 normal parents/guardians of children diagnosed with autism. Parents were assessed three weeks before the workshop, one week before, one week after, and three months after. No significant change occurred while waiting for treatment, but pre to post ...


Supportive-Expressive Psychotherapy For Cannabis Dependence, Brin F. Grenyer, Nadia Solowij Jan 2006

Supportive-Expressive Psychotherapy For Cannabis Dependence, Brin F. Grenyer, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Supportive–expressive (SE) dynamic psychotherapy forms one variation of a number of psychotherapies that emphasize the importance of effective interpersonal relationships for psychological health (Grenyer, 2002a). The overall goal of SE psychotherapy is to help the client achieve mastery over their difficulties, gain self-understanding, and practice self-control over habitual drug use and related problems. From this framework, cannabis dependence is understood within the context of the client's interpersonal relationships, work, and social problems. The theory behind the SE approach emphasizes the formative influence of life experiences on the development of personality and on the genesis of problems, including habitual ...


Two Year Follow-Up Of A Community Gatekeeper Suicide Prevention Program In An Aboriginal Community, Frank P. Deane, Kim Capp, Caroline Jones, Dawn De Ramirez, Gordon Lambert, Beth M. Marlow, A Rees, Edwina Sullivan Jan 2006

Two Year Follow-Up Of A Community Gatekeeper Suicide Prevention Program In An Aboriginal Community, Frank P. Deane, Kim Capp, Caroline Jones, Dawn De Ramirez, Gordon Lambert, Beth M. Marlow, A Rees, Edwina Sullivan

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Few studies report long term follow-up of community gatekeeper training programs that aim to facilitate help-seeking for suicide and there are none in Aboriginal communities. This study aimed to determine long term effects of the Shoalhaven Aboriginal Suicide Prevention Program (SASPP), which used community gatekeeper training as its primary strategy. Following consultation with the Aboriginal community, a brief questionnaire and semi-structured interview was completed by 40 participants who attended a community gatekeeper workshop 2 years earlier. Fifteen of the 40 participants stated that they had helped someone at risk of suicide over the 2-year follow-up period. Intentions to help and ...


The Role Of Attention In Processing Configural And Shape Information In 3d Novel Objects, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen Palmisano, Darren Burke, William G. Hayward Jan 2006

The Role Of Attention In Processing Configural And Shape Information In 3d Novel Objects, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen Palmisano, Darren Burke, William G. Hayward

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Recent research suggests that there is an advantage for processing configural information in scenes and objects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which attention may account for this configural advantage. In Experiment 1, we found that cueing the location of change in single object displays improved detection performance for both configural and shape changes, yet cueing attention away from the location of change was detrimental only for shape change detection. A configural advantage was present for each cueing condition. Experiments 2A and 2B examined whether the configural advantage persisted in conditions where attention was distributed ...


Methodological Difficulties In A Systematic Review Of Social Marketing For Sun Protection: Implications For Research And Practice, Sandra C. Jones, Keryn Johnson Jan 2006

Methodological Difficulties In A Systematic Review Of Social Marketing For Sun Protection: Implications For Research And Practice, Sandra C. Jones, Keryn Johnson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper reports on a systematic review of all published skin cancer primary prevention interventions aimed at improving the sun protection of children and adolescents, from 1980 to 2005. This was undertaken to inform the development of future social marketing campaigns for the prevention of skin cancer. Rather than reporting the findings of the review, in terms of conclusions drawn about the effectiveness of interventions, this paper focuses on the systematic review process itself - identifying and discussing the methodological difficulties that arose in conducting this review. These difficulties, from lack of information on the development and theoretical background of interventions ...


Low And High Trait Impulsiveness In The Stop-Signal Task: Underlying Differences In Erps But Not Performance, Aneta Dimoska, Stuart J. Johnstone Jan 2006

Low And High Trait Impulsiveness In The Stop-Signal Task: Underlying Differences In Erps But Not Performance, Aneta Dimoska, Stuart J. Johnstone

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


What Is The Nature Of Hang Gliding Injuries In Australia?, Bridget J. Munro, J Dassen, A Wijnen, C Fogg, J Steele Jan 2006

What Is The Nature Of Hang Gliding Injuries In Australia?, Bridget J. Munro, J Dassen, A Wijnen, C Fogg, J Steele

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Does Landing Technique Displayed During Volleyball Training Replicate The Demands Of Competition?, C Wild, Bridget J. Munro, Julie R. Steele Jan 2006

Does Landing Technique Displayed During Volleyball Training Replicate The Demands Of Competition?, C Wild, Bridget J. Munro, Julie R. Steele

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Despite chronic lower extremity syndromes being extremely problematic in volleyball internationally, there is a lack of research pertaining to the demands experienced by volleyball players in terms of landings performed during competition and whether these are replicated during training. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the differences in landing mechanics displayed by volleyball players during competition compared to training. Video data (25 Hz) of the Australian Men's volleyball team were collected for three training sessions and two competition matches at the Asian men's Volleyball Championships in 2003. Frequency data for six players were analysed (Chi-square ...


The Economic Value Of Healthy Workers, Shirley A. Musich, M Spooner, S Baaner, D Hook Jan 2006

The Economic Value Of Healthy Workers, Shirley A. Musich, M Spooner, S Baaner, D Hook

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective

1) To demonstrate the feasibility of a designed intervention in changing targeted health behaviors and 2) to evaluate the impact of changes in health risks on the two measures of job performance (a self-reported measure of health-related work impairment (presenteeism) and an objective measure of illness absenteeism).

Design

A pre/post study design (2004-2005) utilizing Health Risk Appraisal (HRA) data to assess changes in prevalence of individual health risks and changes in two productivity measures.

Setting and Subjects

Employees of a private insurance provider in Australia.

Measures

An HRA questionnaire was used to evaluate self-reported work impairment on different ...


The Configural Advantage In Object Change Detection Persists Across Depth Rotation, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen Palmisano, Darren Burke, William G. Hayward Jan 2006

The Configural Advantage In Object Change Detection Persists Across Depth Rotation, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen Palmisano, Darren Burke, William G. Hayward

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Although traditionally there has been a debate over whether object recognition involves 3-D structural descriptions or 2-D views, most current approaches to object recognition include the representation of object structure in some form. An advantage for the processing of structural or configural information in objects has been recently demonstrated using a change detection task (Keane, Hayward, & Burke, 2003). We report two experiments that extend this finding and show that configural information dominates change detection performance regardless of an object's orientation. Experiment 1 demonstrated the advantage that configural information has over shape and part arrangement information in change detection across ...


Motivation, Psychological Distress And Exercise Adherence Following Myocardial Infarction, Angela Ljubic, Frank P. Deane, Robert Zecchin, Richard Denniss Jan 2006

Motivation, Psychological Distress And Exercise Adherence Following Myocardial Infarction, Angela Ljubic, Frank P. Deane, Robert Zecchin, Richard Denniss

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Fifty patients with myocardial infarction were recruited from a hospital based Cardiac Education and Assessment Program (CEAP) in Sydney, Australia. The Exercise Motivation Inventory-2 (EMI-2) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) were administered prior to commencement in the program and re-administered by telephone interview at 5-month followup. Four exercise adherence measures were completed: attendance, exercise stress test, self-report ratings and a 7-day activity recall interview. There was a 46% adherence rate for MI patients during the hospital based CEAP. Of those individuals who completed CEAP, 91% obtained functional improvement on the exercise stress test. For the 38 patients ...