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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2006, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg Dec 2006

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2006, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg

Research Series

No abstract provided.


The Changing Structure Of Arkansas' Economy: A Shift-Share Analysis, Biswaranjan Das, Daniel V. Rainey Nov 2006

The Changing Structure Of Arkansas' Economy: A Shift-Share Analysis, Biswaranjan Das, Daniel V. Rainey

Research Reports and Research Bulletins

The state of Arkansas enjoys the advantages of its unique central location in the nation, excellent natural surroundings, low cost of living, and one of the best business climates in the southern United States. It is home to several of the largest corporations in the world. Over the period 1980-2000, there was tremendous growth in the state’s economy. However, the growth was confined to specific regions that led to several socio-economic issues adversely affecting the state. To better understand the components and variations in economic growth, a county-wise shift-share analysis was conducted. Employment, a good indicator of economic growth ...


Vascular Flora Of The South Fork Native Plant Reserve, Van Buren County, Arkansas, Theo Witsell, Brent Baker Jan 2006

Vascular Flora Of The South Fork Native Plant Reserve, Van Buren County, Arkansas, Theo Witsell, Brent Baker

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The South Fork Native Plant Preserve, a property owned and managed by the Gates Rogers Foundation, Inc., is located along the South Fork of the Little Red River (now Greers Ferry Lake) in Van Buren County, Arkansas. We conducted a floristic inventor/ of a 61.3 ha study area consisting of the preserve, adjacent lakefront property owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and a riparian corridor on neighboring land from February through November 2005. A total of 582 vascular plant taxa, representing 118 families and 336 genera, was documented including six species (Carex lupuliformis Sartwell ex L ...


Status And Distribution Of The Arkansas Darter (Etheostoma Cragini) In Arkansas, Brian K. Wagner, Mark D. Kottmyer Jan 2006

Status And Distribution Of The Arkansas Darter (Etheostoma Cragini) In Arkansas, Brian K. Wagner, Mark D. Kottmyer

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The Arkansas darter, Etheostoma cragini, has an extremely limited distribution in Arkansas and is designated as a andidate for listing under the Endangered Species Act. It was first discovered in the state in 1979 in Wilson Spring near Fayetteville and has since been found in4 additional headwater streams in Benton and Washington counties prior to this study. A study in 1997 (bund the species in3 of the 5 historic streams, but one stream yielded only a single individual. This study sought to reassess the status of the 5 historically known populations and sample additional spring-run habitats in the Arkansas River ...


Ichthyofaunal Assemblages In Three Approximate But Ecologically Diverse Streams In Clark County, Arkansas, C. Renn Tumlison, Scott Jordan, Lesley Self, Henry W. Robison Jan 2006

Ichthyofaunal Assemblages In Three Approximate But Ecologically Diverse Streams In Clark County, Arkansas, C. Renn Tumlison, Scott Jordan, Lesley Self, Henry W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Three tributaries to the Ouachita River in eastern Clark County, Arkansas, empty into the river within a collective distance of about 9 km. The streams drain basins derived from the Wilcox formation, partially overlain by terrace and alluvial deposits. Despite their proximity, the streams are very different: L'Eau Frais has a gravel substrate and was recognized by the French as a cool water stream, Tupelo Creek is a bottomland stream from which numerous Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) emerge, and Saline Bayou was named due to its marked salinity. We studied the assemblages of fishes in these 3 very different ...


Chinese Flame Tree (Koelreuteria Bipinnata Franch.) (Sapindaceae) New To The Arkansas Flora, Brett Serviss, Nicole Freeman, Sara Melancen Jan 2006

Chinese Flame Tree (Koelreuteria Bipinnata Franch.) (Sapindaceae) New To The Arkansas Flora, Brett Serviss, Nicole Freeman, Sara Melancen

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


New Distributional Records Of Lampreys From Arkansas, Henry W. Robison, C. Renn Tumlison, James C. Petersen Jan 2006

New Distributional Records Of Lampreys From Arkansas, Henry W. Robison, C. Renn Tumlison, James C. Petersen

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Distribution Of Arkansas's Bottomland Bats, Rex E. Medlin Jr., Stephen C. Brandebura, H. Bobby Fokidis, Thomas S. Risch Jan 2006

Distribution Of Arkansas's Bottomland Bats, Rex E. Medlin Jr., Stephen C. Brandebura, H. Bobby Fokidis, Thomas S. Risch

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Cajun Dwarf Crawfish (Cambrellus Shufeldtii): An Intermediate Host For Southwellina Dimorpha (Acanthocephala), Dennis J. Richardson, William F. Font Jan 2006

Cajun Dwarf Crawfish (Cambrellus Shufeldtii): An Intermediate Host For Southwellina Dimorpha (Acanthocephala), Dennis J. Richardson, William F. Font

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Noteworthy Geographic Distribution Records For The Golden Topminnow, Fundulus Chrysotus (Cyprinodontiformes: Fundulidae), From Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Henry W. Robison, Thomas M. Buchanan Jan 2006

Noteworthy Geographic Distribution Records For The Golden Topminnow, Fundulus Chrysotus (Cyprinodontiformes: Fundulidae), From Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Henry W. Robison, Thomas M. Buchanan

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


New Evidence For A Maternity Colony Of The Indiana Bat (Myotis Sodalis) In The Delta Of Arkansas, Stephen C. Brandebura, Rex E. Medlin Jr., Thomas S. Risch Jan 2006

New Evidence For A Maternity Colony Of The Indiana Bat (Myotis Sodalis) In The Delta Of Arkansas, Stephen C. Brandebura, Rex E. Medlin Jr., Thomas S. Risch

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Geographic Distribution And Harvest Dynamics Of The Eastern Spotted Skunk In Arkansas, D. Blake Sasse, Matthew E. Gompper Jan 2006

Geographic Distribution And Harvest Dynamics Of The Eastern Spotted Skunk In Arkansas, D. Blake Sasse, Matthew E. Gompper

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The eastern spotted skunk (Spilogale putorius) is a small carnivore found across much of the central and southeastern United States, and while once common, this species has become rare in most obits range. We used harvest records collected by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission from 1941-2004 to examine historic and current distribution and long-term harvest dynamics of this species in Arkansas. Eastern spotted skunks have historically been most common in the Ozarks and the Ouachitas though the species appears to have been present, but uncommon, in the Gulf Coastal Plain and in some counties in southeastern Arkansas near the ...


Leeches (Annelida: Hirudinida) Of Northern Arkansas, William E. Moser, Donald J. Klemm, Dennis J. Richardson, Benjamin A. Wheeler, Stanley E. Trauth, Bruce A. Daniels Jan 2006

Leeches (Annelida: Hirudinida) Of Northern Arkansas, William E. Moser, Donald J. Klemm, Dennis J. Richardson, Benjamin A. Wheeler, Stanley E. Trauth, Bruce A. Daniels

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Twenty-one lotic and lentic environments throughout central and northern Arkansas were surveyed for the presence of leeches during June 2004 and April, July - October 2005. Fourteen species of leeches {Helobdella elongata, Helobdella papillata, Helobdella stagnalis, Placobdella cryptobranchii, Placobdella multilineata, Placobdella ornata, Placobdella papillifera, Placobdella parasitica, Placobdella phaler a, Placobdella picta, Haemopis marmorata, Erpobdella fervida, Erpobdella microstoma, and Erpobdella punctata) representing 3 families were collected. Five species (H. elongata, P. cryptobranchii, P. multilineata, H. marmorata, and E. fervida) are reported from Arkansas for the first time. The natural history of the 22 species of leeches now known from Arkansas is reviewed.


Unusual Prey Item Found In An Eastern Bluebird Nest, Sarah De Viney Baxter, Richard J. Baxter, Thomas S. Risch Jan 2006

Unusual Prey Item Found In An Eastern Bluebird Nest, Sarah De Viney Baxter, Richard J. Baxter, Thomas S. Risch

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Hyperinfection With The Bass Tapeworm, Proteocephalus Ambloplites (Cestoda), In The Black Basses Micropterus Punctulatus And M. Dolomieui From Certain Arkansas Reservoir Lakes, James J. Daly Sr., Randal J. Keller, Bruce Deyoung Jan 2006

Hyperinfection With The Bass Tapeworm, Proteocephalus Ambloplites (Cestoda), In The Black Basses Micropterus Punctulatus And M. Dolomieui From Certain Arkansas Reservoir Lakes, James J. Daly Sr., Randal J. Keller, Bruce Deyoung

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Documentation Of The First Known Occurrence Of The Broad-Billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus Latirostris) In Arkansas, Robert H. Doster, Dan Scheiman, E. Pershing Floyd, Kenny Nichols, Ladonna Nichols Jan 2006

Documentation Of The First Known Occurrence Of The Broad-Billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus Latirostris) In Arkansas, Robert H. Doster, Dan Scheiman, E. Pershing Floyd, Kenny Nichols, Ladonna Nichols

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Complex Stand On The White River National Wildlife Refuge: Implications For Bottomland Hardwood Old Growth, Brian Roy Lockhart, James E. Kellum Jan 2006

Complex Stand On The White River National Wildlife Refuge: Implications For Bottomland Hardwood Old Growth, Brian Roy Lockhart, James E. Kellum

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Discovery Of A Dicephalic Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Crotalus Atrox (Serpentes: Viperidae), From Texas, With A Summary Of Dicephalism Among Members Of The Genus Crotalus, Chris T. Mcallister, Van Wallach Jan 2006

Discovery Of A Dicephalic Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Crotalus Atrox (Serpentes: Viperidae), From Texas, With A Summary Of Dicephalism Among Members Of The Genus Crotalus, Chris T. Mcallister, Van Wallach

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

We document the fourth record of a dicephalic western diamondback rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox, collected on 17 September 2005 in Tom Green County, Texas, along with features of its external and internal anatomy, which are compared with normal C. atrox neonates. This is only the second reported case of complete anatomical duplication of the respiratory system and nearly complete duplication of the circulatory and digestive systems in dicephalic snakes. In addition, we present a summary of dicephalism among 10 species within the genus Crotalus.


Biomass Dynamics Of Tipula (Insecta: Diptera) In Forested Streams Of The Interior Highlands, Arkansas, Samuel B. Mccord, Alan D. Christian, Richard S. Grippo Jan 2006

Biomass Dynamics Of Tipula (Insecta: Diptera) In Forested Streams Of The Interior Highlands, Arkansas, Samuel B. Mccord, Alan D. Christian, Richard S. Grippo

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Abundance patterns of aquatic macroinvertebrates that utilize coarse particulate organic matter as a food source are important indicators of non--point source pollution associated with silviculture activities. This group, referred to as shredders, typically decreases in abundance as its food source—primarily leaves—is removed from the ecosystem. We tested whether larval biomass of the crane fly Tipula, a common member of the group, was an effective estimator of shredder abundance. Additionally, we used regression analysis to test whether the length to dry mass relationship of Tipula differed among geographic regions, between seasons, and between years. Results did not indicate significant ...


Status Survey Of The Peppered Shiner, Notropis Perpallidus Hubbs And Black, In Arkansas And Oklahoma, Henry W. Robison Jan 2006

Status Survey Of The Peppered Shiner, Notropis Perpallidus Hubbs And Black, In Arkansas And Oklahoma, Henry W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The peppered shiner, Notropis perpallidus Hubbs and Black, is a small, silvery, upland stream fish found only in southwestern Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma. This fish species was studied from 1999-2001 to determine its distribution, habitat, and conservation status. A total of81 collections was made during the 2-year study; however, only 17 specimens were collected. The present distribution of the peppered shiner in Arkansas and Oklahoma is described as well as the conservation status of this cyprinid in both states.


Development Of In Vitro Regeneration Protocols For Arkansas Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Moytri Roy Chowdhury, Audrei Dabul, John Hubstenberger, Gregory Phillips Jan 2006

Development Of In Vitro Regeneration Protocols For Arkansas Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Moytri Roy Chowdhury, Audrei Dabul, John Hubstenberger, Gregory Phillips

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Efficient regeneration of in vitro cultures of Oryza sativa L.is essential for successful manipulation of recombinant DNA technologies. Arkansas rice varieties perform better on modified Gamborg (B5)media, than on Murashige and Skoog (MS) orN6 media, which are more frequently reported in the literature. While 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is commonly used for regeneration treatments of rice, Picloram (Pic) provides a possible alternative as a synthetic auxin source. Although regeneration frequency appears low, complete regeneration (whole plantlets) was faster and development of the shoot was superior on picloram treatments as compared to 2,4-D. Screening 5 Arkansas varieties ...


Five Years Of Change In An Old-Growth Pine-Hardwood Remnant In Ashley County, Arkansas, Don C. Bragg Jan 2006

Five Years Of Change In An Old-Growth Pine-Hardwood Remnant In Ashley County, Arkansas, Don C. Bragg

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The Levi Wilcoxon Demonstration Forest near Hamburg, Arkansas is an industrially-owned remnant of old-growth pine and hardwoods. Some of the loblolly (Pinus taeda L.)and shortleaf (Pinus echinata Mill.)pine in this stand are over 200 years old, and numerous individuals exceed 90 cm in diameter and 30 m in height. A2000 survey of a portion of this tract found that 27 tree species contributed an average of387.5 live stems/ha and 31.8 m2 /ha of basal area. An inventory of the same plots in2006 yielded noticeable declines in density (now down to 342.5 stems/ha) and ...


Aquatic Macroinvertebrates Of The Strawberry River System In North-Central Arkansas, George L. Harp, Henry W. Robison Jan 2006

Aquatic Macroinvertebrates Of The Strawberry River System In North-Central Arkansas, George L. Harp, Henry W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The Strav/berry River has been designated an Extraordinary Resource Water, an Ecologically Sensitive Water Body, and a Natural and Scenic Waterway. As such, it is particularly important that the biodiversity of this river system be documented thoroughly. The purpose of this research was to develop a comprehensive list of the aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Strawberry River and its major tributaries. The information was developed from a thorough literature review and by examining specimens housed in various collections of the Arkansas State University Museum of Zoology and collections of the authors. The latter included 9 collections at 4 sites along ...


Evaluation Of Cross Pollination Of Zephyranthes And Habranthus Species And Hybrids, Moytri Roy Chowdhury, John Hubstenberger Jan 2006

Evaluation Of Cross Pollination Of Zephyranthes And Habranthus Species And Hybrids, Moytri Roy Chowdhury, John Hubstenberger

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The genus Zephyranthes and the related genus Habranthus in the family Amaryllidaceae are commonly grown ornamental bulbs having new world homologies. Inter-specific and inter-generic hybridizations are complicated by the fact that some of the species are apomictic, cross incompatible, or have widely variable 2n chromosome numbers. A simple, inexpensive method of pollen storage was tested to evaluate the production of hybrid seed. Intact anthers harvested after pollen release and stored at 4°C were used for pollination. Emasculated flowers were pollinated at noon on the first or second day of anthesis. Hybrid crosses were labeled and seed collected when formed ...


Organometallic Ruthenium Complexes Of Novel Thiosemicarbazones, Floyd A. Beckford, Amon T. Holt Jan 2006

Organometallic Ruthenium Complexes Of Novel Thiosemicarbazones, Floyd A. Beckford, Amon T. Holt

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

We present the preliminary results of a study of two novel thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) and theirruthenium complexes. The TSCs were prepared by refluxing thiosemicarbazide with 9-anthraldehyde or benzanthrone in ethanol for 3 hours. The metal complex of each ligand (complex I =[(r|6 -C6H6 )Ru(9-ant-TSC )(C1)]C1 and complex II= [(r|6 -C6H6 )Ru(benz-TSC)(Cl)]Cl) was prepared by refluxing the appropriate TSC with [(r|6 -C6H6 )RuCl 2 ] r The compounds were characterized using infrared, ultraviolet-visible, and NMRspectroscopy. Two different methods, the disk diffusion test and luminometry, were used to test the compounds against a variety of different ...


Evaluation Of Water-Retention Ability Of Eastern Arkansas Prairie And Agricultural Soil, Maria L. Barrenechea, Kristofor R. Brye Jan 2006

Evaluation Of Water-Retention Ability Of Eastern Arkansas Prairie And Agricultural Soil, Maria L. Barrenechea, Kristofor R. Brye

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Agricultural land use affects soil physical properties, such as bulk density, water content, organic matter content, and soil structure; all of which in turn affect ecosystem productivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of: 1) time since aboveground biomass has been removed by haying (i.e., 0 vs. 23 years), and 2) land use (i.e., undisturbed tallgrass prairie vs. cultivated agriculture) on water-retention characteristics in a silt-loam soil of the Grand Prairie region of eastern Arkansas. Soil samples were collected from the 0- to 10-cm depth and were wetted with varying amounts of distillated water ...


Infiltration And Short-Term Movement Of Nitrogen In A Silt-Loam Soil Typical Of Rice Cultivation In Arkansas, Lindsay M. Copenhaver, Mary C. Savin, David M. Miller, Peter J. Tomlinson, Kristofor R. Brye, Richard J. Norman Jan 2006

Infiltration And Short-Term Movement Of Nitrogen In A Silt-Loam Soil Typical Of Rice Cultivation In Arkansas, Lindsay M. Copenhaver, Mary C. Savin, David M. Miller, Peter J. Tomlinson, Kristofor R. Brye, Richard J. Norman

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Rice production in Arkansas is one of the top three crop commodities in terms of cash receipts. Researchers and farmers report that nitrogen (N) needs to be managed according to a variety of factors with two important ones being soil and fertilizer type. The objectives of this experiment were to determine: 1) the degree to which floodwater-incorporated N applied as urea or as ammonium sulfate infiltrates intact cores (7.2-cm dia., 10-cm depth) containing DeWitt siltloam soil, and 2) the distribution of N during 12 h of ponding. Inorganic-N concentrations were analyzed at 2-cm depth intervals in cores following removal ...


Adventitious Shoot Propagation And Cultural Inputs In Nursery Production Of A Primocane-Fruiting Blackberry Selection, Kimberley Dennis, John R. Clark, James A. Robbins Jan 2006

Adventitious Shoot Propagation And Cultural Inputs In Nursery Production Of A Primocane-Fruiting Blackberry Selection, Kimberley Dennis, John R. Clark, James A. Robbins

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Studies were conducted from January to October 2005 to determine the effect of root-cutting length on adventitious shoot yield and the management practices necessary to produce nurseryquality primocane-fruiting blackberry plants. The first portion of the study measured the average number of shoots produced from 7.6 cm- and 15.2 cm-long root cuttings of APF-44 blackberry—a primocane-fruiting genotype from the University of Arkansas breeding program. Cuttings were forced in a shallow bin containing a soilless potting medium. The average number of shoots per root cutting from 7.6 cm- and 15.2 cm- long root cuttings averaged 1.6 ...


Initial Evaluation Of Novel Preparations Of Bordetella Avium By Determination Of Antibody Response Titers, Joel Gallagher, Stacy Higgins, Luc Berghman, Billy Hargis Jan 2006

Initial Evaluation Of Novel Preparations Of Bordetella Avium By Determination Of Antibody Response Titers, Joel Gallagher, Stacy Higgins, Luc Berghman, Billy Hargis

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

The efficacy of killed vaccines generally is not equal to live vaccines. However, due to safety and ease of production, they remain a vital part of controlling and preventing diseases. In this study, the immune response to four different vaccination preparation techniques for the agent of bordetellosis of turkeys, Bordetella avium (BA), was compared. Preparation/inactivation techniques included (1) formalin inactivation, (2) opsonization of formalin-inactivated BA, (3) buffered acetic-acid BA inactivation, or (4) opsonization of buffered acetic-acid-inactivated BA. Nonadjuvated suspensions containing equal antigen mass were administered subcutaneously (0.2 mL) at day-of-hatch in all cases. For each treatment (N=40 ...


Effects Of Tank Mixes Of Mon 3539 And Selected Compounds In Roundupready Flex® Cotton – 2005, Jarrod Hardke, Gus Lorenz, Kyle Colwell, Craig Shelton Jan 2006

Effects Of Tank Mixes Of Mon 3539 And Selected Compounds In Roundupready Flex® Cotton – 2005, Jarrod Hardke, Gus Lorenz, Kyle Colwell, Craig Shelton

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Field experiments were conducted in 2005 to evaluate potential weed control interactions when MON 3539 (glyphosate) was applied with several insecticides and a plant growth regulator to RoundupReady Flex® cotton. Applications were made at the 1-3 leaf stage, the 6-8 node stage, and at the 12-14 node stage. Different combinations of tank mixes were used in each of the three applications. In the first application, all plots received the same treatment: MON 3539 at a rate of 0.75 lb ae/a. A second application was made to evaluate crop injury. Only the MON 3539 + Dimate (dimethoate) mixture significantly increased ...