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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Gene Order Data From A Model Amphibian (Ambystoma): New Perspectives On Vertebrate Genome Structure And Evolution, Jeramiah J. Smith, S. Randal Voss Aug 2006

Gene Order Data From A Model Amphibian (Ambystoma): New Perspectives On Vertebrate Genome Structure And Evolution, Jeramiah J. Smith, S. Randal Voss

Biology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Because amphibians arise from a branch of the vertebrate evolutionary tree that is juxtaposed between fishes and amniotes, they provide important comparative perspective for reconstructing character changes that have occurred during vertebrate evolution. Here, we report the first comparative study of vertebrate genome structure that includes a representative amphibian. We used 491 transcribed sequences from a salamander (Ambystoma) genetic map and whole genome assemblies for human, mouse, rat, dog, chicken, zebrafish, and the freshwater pufferfish Tetraodon nigroviridis to compare gene orders and rearrangement rates.

RESULTS: Ambystoma has experienced a rate of genome rearrangement that is substantially lower than mammalian ...


In Vitro Expression And Purification Of Class I Mhc Molecules, Loi Cheng May 2006

In Vitro Expression And Purification Of Class I Mhc Molecules, Loi Cheng

Honors Scholar Theses

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a gene family responsible for many critical functions of the immune system in most vertebrates. The MHC consists of three classes differentiated by their structure and function, and MHC class I encodes antigen binding proteins as well as chaperone and accessory proteins such as tapasin. The purpose of this project is to reconstitute several human MHC class I molecules in their peptide-filled and peptide-deficient forms, and to purify these proteins for biochemical study. The expressed proteins include wild type and mutant variants of the fusion protein human leukocyte antigen HLA-B*0801-fos, and human beta-2-microglobulin ...


Controlled Integration Of The Ty5 Retrotransposon In Saccharomyces Ceverisiae [I.E. Cerevisiae] , Junbiao Dai Jan 2006

Controlled Integration Of The Ty5 Retrotransposon In Saccharomyces Ceverisiae [I.E. Cerevisiae] , Junbiao Dai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One essential step in the life cycle of retroelements is the stable integration of a copy of retroelement cDNA into the host genome. Random integration is potentially hazardous and could have deleterious genetic effects to the host. Therefore, elements and their hosts have coevolved mechanisms to regulate retroelement integration. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Ty5 retrotransposon preferentially integrates into domains of heterochromatin. Targeting to these locations is determined by interactions between an amino acid sequence motif at the C-terminus of Ty5 integrase (the targeting domain) and the heterochromatin protein Sir4p. New Ty5 integration hotspots are created when Sir4p ...