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Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania Jan 2012

Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania

Melissa A. Kennedy

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 7a7b genes of the feline coronavirus (FCoV) of cheetahs, which are believed to play a role in virulence of this virus. SAMPLE POPULATION: Biologic samples collected during a 4-year period from 5 cheetahs at the same institution and at 1 time point from 4 cheetahs at different institutions. PROCEDURES: Samples were first screened for FCoV via a reverse transcription-PCR procedure involving primers that encompassed the 3'-untranslated region. Samples that yielded positive assay results were analyzed by use of primers that targeted the 7a7b open reading frames. The nucleotide sequences of the 7a7b amplification products were ...


Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Aug 2011

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Howard K. Plummer III

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams May 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Diane Hendrix

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams Feb 2011

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Daniel A. Ward

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


The Plant Structure Ontology, A Unified Vocabulary Of Anatomy And Morphology Of A Flowering Plant, Katica Ilic, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Pankaj Jaiswal, Felipe Zapata, Peter F. Stevens, Leszek P. Vincent, Shulamit Avraham, Leonore Reiser, Anuradha Pujar, Martin M. Sachs, Noah T. Whitman, Susan R. Mccouch, Mary L. Schaeffer, Doreen H. Ware, Lincoln D. Stein, Seung Y. Rhee Dec 2006

The Plant Structure Ontology, A Unified Vocabulary Of Anatomy And Morphology Of A Flowering Plant, Katica Ilic, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Pankaj Jaiswal, Felipe Zapata, Peter F. Stevens, Leszek P. Vincent, Shulamit Avraham, Leonore Reiser, Anuradha Pujar, Martin M. Sachs, Noah T. Whitman, Susan R. Mccouch, Mary L. Schaeffer, Doreen H. Ware, Lincoln D. Stein, Seung Y. Rhee

Peter Stevens

Formal description of plant phenotypes and standardized annotation of gene expression and protein localization data require uniform terminology that accurately describes plant anatomy and morphology. This facilitates cross species comparative studies and quantitative comparison of phenotypes and expression patterns. A major drawback is variable terminology that is used to describe plant anatomy and morphology in publications and genomic databases for different species. The same terms are sometimes applied to different plant structures in different taxonomic groups. Conversely, similar structures are named by their species-specific terms. To address this problem, we created the Plant Structure Ontology (PSO), the first generic ontological ...


Nonparametric Pathway-Based Regression Models For Analysis Of Genomic Data, Zhi Wei, Hongzhe Li Oct 2006

Nonparametric Pathway-Based Regression Models For Analysis Of Genomic Data, Zhi Wei, Hongzhe Li

Hongzhe Li

High-throughout genomic data provide an opportunity for identifying pathways and genes that are related to various clinical phenotypes. Besides these genomic data, another valuable source of data is the biological knowledge about genes and pathways that might be related to the phenotypes of many complex diseases. Databases of such knowledge are often called the metadata. In microarray data analysis, such metadata are currently explored in post hoc ways by gene set enrichment analysis but have hardly been utilized in the modeling step. We propose to develop and evaluate a pathway-based gradient descent boosting procedure for nonparametric pathways-based regression(NPR) analysis ...


Group Additive Regression Models For Genomic Data Analysis, Yihui Luan, Hongzhe Li Oct 2006

Group Additive Regression Models For Genomic Data Analysis, Yihui Luan, Hongzhe Li

Hongzhe Li

One important problem in genomic research is to identify genomic features such as gene expression data or DNA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are related to clinical phenotypes. Often these genomic data can be naturally divided into biologically meaningful groups such as genes belonging to the same pathways or SNPs within genes. In this paper, we propose group additive regression models and a group gradient descent boosting procedure for identifying groups of genomic features that are related to clinical phenotypes. Our simulation results show that by dividing the variables into appropriate groups, we can obtain better identification of the group ...


Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller Sep 2006

Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

We have shown that the tobacco nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is an agonist for -adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) and increased DNA synthesis of human lung adenocarcinoma cells with features of bronchiolar Clara cells by binding to these receptors. Using a cell line derived from a human pulmonary adenocarcinoma with Clara cell phenotype (PACC) and immortalized human small airway epithelial cells (HPLD1), the putative cells of origin of this cancer type, our current studies have analyzed signaling initiated by binding of NNK to the beta 1-AR. NNK upregulated ERK1/2 and CREB/ATF-1 phosphorylation in a PKA-dependent manner in ...


Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Jul 2006

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova May 2006

Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

The enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in many cancers, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disorders, and arthritis. Selective inhibitors of COX-2 have been developed as therapeutics or preventive agents for these diseases. However, recent reports have revealed a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality in long-term users of the COX-2 inhibitors Vioxx and Celebrex, emphasizing the need for noninvasive tests that allow the identification of individuals whose COX-2 levels are overexpressed prior to assignment to treatment with these drugs. In this study, we have prepared a radioiodinated analogue of the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib, and verified its binding to the COX-2 enzyme in ...


Interacting Endogenous And Exogenous Rnai Pathways In Caenorhabditis Elegans., Rosalind C. Lee, Christopher M. Hammell, Victor R. Ambros Mar 2006

Interacting Endogenous And Exogenous Rnai Pathways In Caenorhabditis Elegans., Rosalind C. Lee, Christopher M. Hammell, Victor R. Ambros

Victor R. Ambros

C. elegans contains numerous small RNAs of ~21-24 nt in length. The microRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs produced by DCR-1- and ALG-dependent processing of self-complementary hairpin transcripts. Endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs), associated with ongoing silencing of protein-coding genes in normal worms, are produced by mechanisms that involve DCR-1 but, unlike miRNAs, also involve RDE-2, RDE-3, RDE-4, RRF-1, and RRF-3. The tiny noncoding (tncRNAs) are similar to endo-siRNAs in their biogenesis except that they are derived from noncoding sequences. These endo-siRNA- and tncRNA-based endogenous RNAi pathways involve some components, including DCR-1 and RDE-4, that are shared with exogenous RNAi ...


Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller Dec 2005

Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

No abstract provided.


Oestrogen Receptor Evaluation In Pomeranian Dogs With Hair Cycle Arrest (Alopecia X) On Melatonin Supplementation, Linda Frank, Robert Donnell, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Oestrogen Receptor Evaluation In Pomeranian Dogs With Hair Cycle Arrest (Alopecia X) On Melatonin Supplementation, Linda Frank, Robert Donnell, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

The role of oestrogen receptors in dogs with hair cycle arrest (alopecia X) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The purpose of this study was to determine if hair regrowth in dogs with hair cycle arrest treated with melatonin was associated with a decrease in follicular oestrogen receptors. Fifteen Pomeranians (excluding intact females) with hair cycle arrest were enrolled. Two biopsies were obtained from alopecic areas of the trunk before and after 3 months on melatonin. Haematoxylin and eosin-stained tissues were examined and oestrogen receptor-alpha was demonstrated immunohistochemically. Common histopathological findings included hyperkeratosis, follicular keratosis, excessive tricholemmal keratinization (flame follicles), thin epidermis ...


Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Analysis Of Genetic Mutations In The 7a7b Open Reading Frame Of Coronavirus Of Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus), Melissa Kennedy, E Moore, R Wilkes, S Citino, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 7a7b genes of the feline coronavirus (FCoV) of cheetahs, which are believed to play a role in virulence of this virus. SAMPLE POPULATION: Biologic samples collected during a 4-year period from 5 cheetahs at the same institution and at 1 time point from 4 cheetahs at different institutions. PROCEDURES: Samples were first screened for FCoV via a reverse transcription-PCR procedure involving primers that encompassed the 3'-untranslated region. Samples that yielded positive assay results were analyzed by use of primers that targeted the 7a7b open reading frames. The nucleotide sequences of the 7a7b amplification products were ...


Effects Of Colchicine And Oryzalin On Callus And Adventitious Shoot Formation Of Euphorbia Pulcherrima 'Winter Rose', K Pickens, (Max) Z Cheng, Stephen Kania Dec 2005

Effects Of Colchicine And Oryzalin On Callus And Adventitious Shoot Formation Of Euphorbia Pulcherrima 'Winter Rose', K Pickens, (Max) Z Cheng, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

The mitotic inhibitors, colchicine and oryzalin, were evaluated for their effects on callus, adventitious shoot formation, and tetraploid induction of Euphorbia pulchurrima [Euphorbia pulcherrima] cv. Winter Rose. In vitro grown leaf sections were placed on various media supplemented with either colchicine or oryzalin at various concentrations for 1 to 4 days. Colchicine was less damaging to leaf tissues than oryzalin. On various colchicine-containing media, prolific calluses were produced and adventitious shoot formation was observed. Regenerated shoots were found to be diploid as determined by flow cytometry. On media supplemented with oryzalin (28.9 M to 144 M), leaf tissues produced ...


Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams Dec 2005

Evaluation Of Canine Serum For The Presence Of Anti-Retinal Antibodies In Sudden Acquired Retinal Dengeneration Syndrome, R Keller, Stephen Kania, Diane Hendrix, Daniel Ward, K Abrams

Stephen A Kania

Objective: To determine the presence of serum antiretinal antibodies in sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) affected dogs and the size of the antigen to which these antibodies bind via the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot immunoassays. Animals studied: Serum was collected from 13 dogs affected by SARDS and five dogs with normal ocular examinations. Procedures: All serum samples were subjected to ELISA with saline-soluble canine retinal tissue and Western blot analyses with SDS solubilized normal canine retinal tissue as the antigen. Antirecoverin (23 kDa) and antiheat shock cognate (65 kDa) antibodies were used as positive ...


Multiple Sequence Alignment Accuracy And Phylogenetic Inference, T. Heath Ogden, Michael S. Rosenberg Dec 2005

Multiple Sequence Alignment Accuracy And Phylogenetic Inference, T. Heath Ogden, Michael S. Rosenberg

T. Heath Ogden

Phylogenies are often thought to be more dependent upon the specifics of the sequence alignment rather than on the method of reconstruction. Simulation of sequences containing insertion and deletion events was performed in order to determine the role that alignment accuracy plays during phylogenetic inference. Data sets were simulated for pectinate, balanced, and random tree shapes under different conditions (ultrametric equal branch length, ultrametric random branch length, nonultrametric random branch length). Comparisons between hypothesized alignments and true alignments enabled determination of two measures of alignment accuracy, that of the total data set and that of individual branches. In general, our ...


Comparative Efficiency Of Six Stable Fly Traps., David B. Taylor, Dennis R. Berkebile Dec 2005

Comparative Efficiency Of Six Stable Fly Traps., David B. Taylor, Dennis R. Berkebile

David B. Taylor

Five adhesive traps and the Nzi cloth-target trap were compared to determine their trapping efficiency and biases for stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae). Two configurations of the BiteFree prototype trap, constructed of polyethylene terephthalate, were most efficient for trapping stable flies, whereas the EZ trap was least efficient. The two Alsynite traps, Broce and Olson, were intermediate to the BiteFree prototype and EZ traps. All adhesive traps collected a ratio of approximately two males for each female. Approximately 50% of the flies collected on the adhesive traps, both male and female, were blood fed, and 20% were vitellogenic ...


Multiple Sequence Alignment Accuracy And Phylogenetic Inference, T. Heath Ogden Dec 2005

Multiple Sequence Alignment Accuracy And Phylogenetic Inference, T. Heath Ogden

T. Heath Ogden

Phylogenies are often thought to be more dependent upon the specifics of the sequence alignment rather than on the method of reconstruction. Simulation of sequences containing insertion and deletion events was performed in order to determine the role that alignment accuracy plays during phylogenetic inference. Data sets were simulated for pectinate, balanced, and random tree shapes under different conditions (ultrametric equal branch length, ultrametric random branch length, nonultrametric random branch length). Comparisons between hypothesized alignments and true alignments enabled determination of two measures of alignment accuracy, that of the total data set and that of individual branches. In general, our ...


Manduca Sexta Cation-Chloride Cotransporter Gene, Partial Cds, Christopher M. Gillen Dec 2005

Manduca Sexta Cation-Chloride Cotransporter Gene, Partial Cds, Christopher M. Gillen

Christopher M. Gillen

File name: DQ358048.gb
Accession ID: DQ358048
Molecule type: DNA
Sequence length: 1040
Organism: Manduca Sexta
Lineage: Eukaryota > Metazoa > Ecdysozoa > Arthropoda > Hexapoda > Insecta > Pterygota > Neoptera > Endopterygota > Lepidoptera > Glassata > Ditrysia > Bombycoidea > Sphingidae > Sphingini > Manduca
Database: GenBank


Association Of Severity Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy With The Loss Of Naip Gene, Ravindra N. Singh Dec 2005

Association Of Severity Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy With The Loss Of Naip Gene, Ravindra N. Singh

Ravindra Singh

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a devastating genetic disorder of children and infants. Based on the onset and
severity of disease, SMA patients are grouped into three types. SMA type I is the most severe and the most
frequently occurring form in which patients die before the age of two years. SMA type II is of intermediate severity in
which patients survive longer than two years, but may die before they reach the age five years. SMA type III is less
frequent disease in which patients may live well into their adulthood. All three forms of SMAs are associated with ...