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Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2006

Genetics and Genomics

George Fox University

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Glucocorticoids Exacerbate Obesity And Insulin Resistance In Neuron-Specific Proopiomelanocortin-Deficient Mice, James L. Smart, Virgine Tolle, Malcolm J. Low Feb 2006

Glucocorticoids Exacerbate Obesity And Insulin Resistance In Neuron-Specific Proopiomelanocortin-Deficient Mice, James L. Smart, Virgine Tolle, Malcolm J. Low

Faculty Publications - Department of Biology and Chemistry

Null mutations of the proopiomelanocortin gene (Pomc–/–) cause obesity in humans and rodents, but the contributions of central versus pituitary POMC deficiency are not fully established. To elucidate these roles, we introduced a POMC transgene (Tg) that selectively restored peripheral melanocortin and corticosterone secretion in Pomc–/– mice. Rather than improving energy balance, the genetic replacement of pituitary POMC in Pomc–/–Tg+ mice aggravated their metabolic syndrome with increased caloric intake and feed efficiency, reduced oxygen consumption, increased subcutaneous, visceral, and hepatic fat, and severe insulin resistance. Pair-feeding of Pomc–/–Tg+ mice to the daily intake of lean controls normalized their ...