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Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2004

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Animals

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Biology

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Pf15p Is The Chlamydomonas Homologue Of The Katanin P80 Subunit And Is Required For Assembly Of Flagellar Central Microtubules, Erin E. Dymek, Paul A. Lefebvre, Elizabeth F. Smith Aug 2004

Pf15p Is The Chlamydomonas Homologue Of The Katanin P80 Subunit And Is Required For Assembly Of Flagellar Central Microtubules, Erin E. Dymek, Paul A. Lefebvre, Elizabeth F. Smith

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Numerous studies have indicated that the central apparatus plays a significant role in regulating flagellar motility, yet little is known about how the central pair of microtubules or their associated projections assemble. Several Chlamydomonas mutants are defective in central apparatus assembly. For example, mutant pf15 cells have paralyzed flagella that completely lack the central pair of microtubules. We have cloned the wild-type PF15 gene and confirmed its identity by rescuing the motility and ultrastructural defects in two pf15 alleles, the original pf15a mutant and a mutant generated by insertional mutagenesis. Database searches using the 798-amino-acid polypeptide predicted from the complete ...


Estimating Metazoan Divergence Times With A Molecular Clock, Kevin J. Peterson, Jessica B. Lyons, Kristin S. Nowak, Carter M. Takacs, Matthew J. Wargo, Mark A. Mcpeek Apr 2004

Estimating Metazoan Divergence Times With A Molecular Clock, Kevin J. Peterson, Jessica B. Lyons, Kristin S. Nowak, Carter M. Takacs, Matthew J. Wargo, Mark A. Mcpeek

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Accurately dating when the first bilaterally symmetrical animals arose is crucial to our understanding of early animal evolution. The earliest unequivocally bilaterian fossils are 555 million years old. In contrast, molecular-clock analyses calibrated by using the fossil record of vertebrates estimate that vertebrates split from dipterans (Drosophila) 900 million years ago (Ma). Nonetheless, comparative genomic analyses suggest that a significant rate difference exists between vertebrates and dipterans, because the percentage difference between the genomes of mosquito and fly is greater than between fish and mouse, even though the vertebrate divergence is almost twice that of the dipteran. Here we show ...


The Cohesion Protein Ord Is Required For Homologue Bias During Meiotic Recombination, Hayley A. Webber, Louisa Howard, Sharon E. Bickel Mar 2004

The Cohesion Protein Ord Is Required For Homologue Bias During Meiotic Recombination, Hayley A. Webber, Louisa Howard, Sharon E. Bickel

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

During meiosis, sister chromatid cohesion is required for normal levels of homologous recombination, although how cohesion regulates exchange is not understood. Null mutations in orientation disruptor (ord) ablate arm and centromeric cohesion during Drosophila meiosis and severely reduce homologous crossovers in mutant oocytes. We show that ORD protein localizes along oocyte chromosomes during the stages in which recombination occurs. Although synaptonemal complex (SC) components initially associate with synapsed homologues in ord mutants, their localization is severely disrupted during pachytene progression, and normal tripartite SC is not visible by electron microscopy. In ord germaria, meiotic double strand breaks appear and disappear ...