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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Physiology Of The Thermophilic Acetogen Moorella Thermoacetica, Harold Drake, Steven Daniel Apr 2004

Physiology Of The Thermophilic Acetogen Moorella Thermoacetica, Harold Drake, Steven Daniel

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Moorella thermoacetica (originally isolated as Clostridium thermoaceticum) has served as the primary acetogenic bacterium for the resolution of the acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) orWood–Ljungdahl pathway, a metabolic pathway that (i) autotrophically assimilates CO2 and (ii) is centrally important to the turnover of carbon in many habitats. The purpose of this article is to highlight the diverse physiological features of this model acetogen and to examine some of the consequences of its metabolic capabilities.


Physiology Of The Thermophilic Acetogen Moorella Thermoacetica, Harold L. Drake, Steven L. Daniel Apr 2004

Physiology Of The Thermophilic Acetogen Moorella Thermoacetica, Harold L. Drake, Steven L. Daniel

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Moorella thermoacetica (originally isolated as Clostridium thermoaceticum) has served as the primary acetogenic bacterium for the resolution of the acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) orWood–Ljungdahl pathway, a metabolic pathway that (i) autotrophically assimilates CO2 and (ii) is centrally important to the turnover of carbon in many habitats. The purpose of this article is to highlight the diverse physiological features of this model acetogen and to examine some of the consequences of its metabolic capabilities.


Oxalate Metabolism By The Acetogenic Bacterium Moorella Thermoacetica, Steven Daniel, Christine Pilsl, Harold Drake Feb 2004

Oxalate Metabolism By The Acetogenic Bacterium Moorella Thermoacetica, Steven Daniel, Christine Pilsl, Harold Drake

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Whole-cell and cell-extract experiments were performed to study the mechanism of oxalate metabolism in the acetogenic bacterium Moorella thermoacetica. In short-term, whole-cell assays, oxalate consumption was low unless cell suspensions were supplemented with CO2, KNO3, or Na2S2O3. Cell extracts catalyzed the oxalate-dependent reduction of benzyl viologen. Oxalate consumption occurred concomitant to benzyl viologen reduction; when benzyl viologen was omitted, oxalate was not appreciably consumed. Based on benzyl viologen reduction, specific activities of extracts averaged 0.6 μmol oxalate oxidized min−1 mg protein−1. Extracts also catalyzed the formate-dependent reduction of NADP+; however, oxalate-dependent reduction of NADP+ was negligible. Oxalate- ...


Oxalate Metabolism By The Acetogenic Bacterium Moorella Thermoacetica, Steven L. Daniel, Christine Pilsl, Harold L. Drake Feb 2004

Oxalate Metabolism By The Acetogenic Bacterium Moorella Thermoacetica, Steven L. Daniel, Christine Pilsl, Harold L. Drake

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Whole-cell and cell-extract experiments were performed to study the mechanism of oxalate metabolism in the acetogenic bacterium Moorella thermoacetica. In short-term, whole-cell assays, oxalate consumption was low unless cell suspensions were supplemented with CO2, KNO3, or Na2S2O3. Cell extracts catalyzed the oxalate-dependent reduction of benzyl viologen. Oxalate consumption occurred concomitant to benzyl viologen reduction; when benzyl viologen was omitted, oxalate was not appreciably consumed. Based on benzyl viologen reduction, specific activities of extracts averaged 0.6 μmol oxalate oxidized min−1 mg protein−1. Extracts also catalyzed the formate-dependent reduction of NADP+; however, oxalate-dependent reduction of NADP+ was negligible. Oxalate- ...