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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Functional Mri Of Rat And Monkey Models Of Absence Epilepsy: A Dissertation, Jeffrey R. Tenney May 2004

Functional Mri Of Rat And Monkey Models Of Absence Epilepsy: A Dissertation, Jeffrey R. Tenney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

A seizure is defined as an abnormal electrical discharge from the brain that results in the affected area losing its normal function and reacting uncontrollably. A particular subset of seizures, known as absence seizures, are characterized by brief, paroxysmal losses of consciousness that are associated with bilaterally synchronous 3 Hz spike and wave discharges (SWDs) on electroencephalography (EEG). The optimal way to understand any disease state is to study it within the human. Unfortunately, well controlled experiments in humans are difficult due to small patient populations, treatment medications which alter the seizure, and the ethical problems associated with invasive experimental ...


Novel Insights Into Schwann Cell Dynamics In Peripheral Nervous System Myelination: A Dissertation, Cheryl Lynn Gatto Apr 2004

Novel Insights Into Schwann Cell Dynamics In Peripheral Nervous System Myelination: A Dissertation, Cheryl Lynn Gatto

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

This body of work details the exploitation of an incredibly powerful neural culture system, which enables the in vitrostudy of events involved in peripheral nervous system (PNS) development. Using a myelinating dorsal root ganglion (DRG) explant culture system, node of Ranvier formation and maintenance and the associated generation and maturation of myelin segments was examined. In addition, Schwann cell (SC) development, dynamics, and migration were extensively studied.

First, in characterizing these cultures, the discrete axonal localization of specific ankyrin isoforms was revealed. Ankyrins are peripheral membrane proteins that immobilize classes of integral membrane proteins to the spectrin based-membrane skeleton ...


Expression Of Rag2 And V(D)J Recombinase Activity Are Reduced In Aged Mice As A Result Of Changes In The Bone Marrow Microenvironment: A Dissertation, Joseph E. Labrie Iii Feb 2004

Expression Of Rag2 And V(D)J Recombinase Activity Are Reduced In Aged Mice As A Result Of Changes In The Bone Marrow Microenvironment: A Dissertation, Joseph E. Labrie Iii

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Both humans and mice display an age-related decline in immunity. Reduced generation of mature B cells may be a contributing factor due to reduced entry of mature B cells with novel B cell receptors and specificity for pathogens into the mature B cell pool. In aged mice the numbers of B cell precursors within the bone marrow are diminished; there is a severe reduction in numbers of pre-B cells and an increase in numbers of re-circulated mature B cells. Other defects in developing B cells include reduced expression of rag1 and rag2 when measured in total bone marrow precursor populations ...


Mechanisms Of Tal1 Induced Leukemia In Mice: A Dissertation, Jennifer Elinor O'Neil Jan 2004

Mechanisms Of Tal1 Induced Leukemia In Mice: A Dissertation, Jennifer Elinor O'Neil

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Activation of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene TAL1 is the most common genetic event seen in both childhood and adult T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Despite recent success in treating T-ALL patients, TAL1 patients do not respond well to current therapies. In hopes of leading the way to better therapies for these patients, we have sought to determine the mechanism(s) of Tal1 induced leukemia in mice. By generating a DNA-binding mutant Tal1 transgenic mouse we have determined that the DNA binding activity of Tal1 is not required to induce leukemia. We have also shown that Tal1 expression in ...