Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2004

PDF

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2004, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg Dec 2004

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2004, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2004, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge Dec 2004

Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2004, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2004, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge Dec 2004

Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2004, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Summaries Of Arkansas Cotton Research 2003, Derrick M. Oosterhuis Oct 2004

Summaries Of Arkansas Cotton Research 2003, Derrick M. Oosterhuis

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Field Evaluations Of Herbicides On Vegetable, Small Fruit, And Ornamental Crops, 2000, 2001, & 2002, Ron E. Talbert, Mike L. Lovelace, Eric F. Scherder, Mayank S. Malik Oct 2004

Field Evaluations Of Herbicides On Vegetable, Small Fruit, And Ornamental Crops, 2000, 2001, & 2002, Ron E. Talbert, Mike L. Lovelace, Eric F. Scherder, Mayank S. Malik

Research Series

Field evaluations of herbicides provide the chemical industry, governmental agencies, such as IR-4, and the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station with an evaluation of herbicide performance on small fruit, vegetable, and ornamental crops grown under Arkansas conditions. This report provides a means for disseminating information to interested private and public service weed scientists.


The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value To Enhance Profits, Justin R. Morris, Pamela L. Brady Sep 2004

The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value To Enhance Profits, Justin R. Morris, Pamela L. Brady

Research Reports and Research Bulletins

The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture received a grant from the USDA’s Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems (IFAFS) program. The purpose was to help small- and medium-sized farmers and entrepreneurs become more profitable and therefore add stability to the family farm. One approach to doing this is to investigate opportunities to enhance profits by adding value to traditional raw products.


Arkansas Small-Grain Cultivar Performance Tests 2003-2004, J. T. Kelly, C. E. Parsons, R. K. Bacon Jul 2004

Arkansas Small-Grain Cultivar Performance Tests 2003-2004, J. T. Kelly, C. E. Parsons, R. K. Bacon

Research Series

Small-grain cultivar performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station , Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences. The tests provide information to companies developing cultivars and/or marketing seed within the state and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating cultivar recommendations for small-grain producers.


Evaluation Of Small Grain Forage Crops And Cultivars Of Soft Red Winter Wheat For Stocker Cattle, L. B. Daniels, K. F. Harrison, D. S. Hubbell Iii, E. B. Kegley, D. Hellwig, Z. B. Johnson Jun 2004

Evaluation Of Small Grain Forage Crops And Cultivars Of Soft Red Winter Wheat For Stocker Cattle, L. B. Daniels, K. F. Harrison, D. S. Hubbell Iii, E. B. Kegley, D. Hellwig, Z. B. Johnson

Research Reports and Research Bulletins

Use of small grain forage crops for stocker cattle production was extensively evaluated in two separate three-year research projects at the Livestock and Forestry Branch Research Station near Batesville, Ark. The first section of this Research Report presents results of a study in which 216 commercial crossbred steers (Avg. body weights 463 lb) grazed forage of wheat, oats, rye, ryegrass, wheat + rye, wheat + ryegrass, rye + ryegrass, and wheat + rye + ryegrass during the winter and spring months from 1999 through 2002. Grazing of these forages during the winter and spring provides excellent gains in stocker cattle and could increase the agricultural ...


Field Evaluation Of Herbicides On Rice 2003, Ronald E. Talbert, Brian V. Ottis, Mayank S. Malik, Andrew T. Ellis Apr 2004

Field Evaluation Of Herbicides On Rice 2003, Ronald E. Talbert, Brian V. Ottis, Mayank S. Malik, Andrew T. Ellis

Research Series

Herbicide evaluation studies on rice were conducted in 2003 at the Rice Research and Extension Center near Stuttgart, Ark., in an effort to evaluate new herbicides, herbicide mixtures, and their application timings for weed control efficacy and crop tolerance. Results of these studies, in part, provide useful information to producers, fellow researchers, and the crop protection industry for the potential use of new herbicide programs for successful rice production in Arkansas.


Arkansas Cotton Variety Test 2003, Fred M. Bourland, S. B. Jackson, J. M. Hornbeck, F. E. Groves Apr 2004

Arkansas Cotton Variety Test 2003, Fred M. Bourland, S. B. Jackson, J. M. Hornbeck, F. E. Groves

Research Series

The primary aim of the Arkansas Cotton Variety Test is to provide unbiased data regarding the agronomic performance of cotton varieties and advanced breeding lines in the major cotton-growing areas of Arkansas. This information helps seed dealers establish marketing strategies and assists producers in choosing varieties to plant. In this way, the annual test facilitates the inclusion of new, improved genetic material in Arkansas cotton production.


Historical Reflections On The Arkansas Cross Timbers, Don C. Bragg Jan 2004

Historical Reflections On The Arkansas Cross Timbers, Don C. Bragg

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Kiichler's original map of potential natural vegetation suggested that the eastern-most extension of the "Cross Timbers" oak-dominated woodland reached into extreme western Arkansas. Recent investigations have found possible old-growth Cross Timber communities in narrow strips along steep, rocky sandstone and shale ridges near Fort Chaffee and Hackett. However, many decades of Euroamerican intervention have altered vegetation composition and structure in west-central Arkansas, making field evaluation difficult. Fortunately, historical accounts of the area provide considerable supporting documentation. General Land Office surveyors, for instance, traversed this portion of western Arkansas before 1850. They reported many ridges and slopes dominated by grassy ...


Stand-Level Green Biomass Equations For Sawtimber-Sized Loblolly Pine In Arkansas, Paul F. Doruska, David W. Patterson, Travis E. Posey Jan 2004

Stand-Level Green Biomass Equations For Sawtimber-Sized Loblolly Pine In Arkansas, Paul F. Doruska, David W. Patterson, Travis E. Posey

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) is commercially the most important timber species in southern Arkansas and the southern United States. Results of stand-level timber inventories have traditionally been reported in terms of volume, yet loblolly pine sawtimber is bought and sold based on biomass. A straight forward stand-level conversion from volume per hectare to biomass per hectare does not exist for Arkansas, thus complicating the valuation of standing loblolly pine sawtimber. Two equations were developed to predict stand-level, outside-bark, green biomass per unit area for loblolly pine stands in southern Arkansas. The merchantable sawlog equation presented herein explained approximately 95 ...


Western Kingbird (Tyrannus Verticalis): Recently Established Breeding Bird In Arkansas, Elizabeth Ellis, Ragupathy Kannan Jan 2004

Western Kingbird (Tyrannus Verticalis): Recently Established Breeding Bird In Arkansas, Elizabeth Ellis, Ragupathy Kannan

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) has nested for six consecutive years in Arkansas since 1998. Eleven nests of this species were observed in the summer of 2003 in urban areas of Fort Smith (Sebastian Co.) and Van Buren (Crawford Co.). All nests were on human-made structures. Of the 11, seven (64%) were located on power stations and the remaining four (36%) were on light posts. Mean nest height was 7.92 m (n = 11nests) and the mean width of nest poles was 31.18 cm (n= 4). Nest building lasted 12 to 13 days (mean = 12.5 days, n = 2 ...


Distribution, Natural History Aspects, And Status Of The Arkansas Endemic Crayfish, Fallicambarus Harpi Hobbs And Robinson, 1985, Henry W. Robison, Betty G. Crump Jan 2004

Distribution, Natural History Aspects, And Status Of The Arkansas Endemic Crayfish, Fallicambarus Harpi Hobbs And Robinson, 1985, Henry W. Robison, Betty G. Crump

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Recent fieldwork in west central Arkansas has revealed the Arkansas endemic crayfish, Fallicambarus harpi Hobbs and Robison, to be more abundant than formerly believed. New localities and county records are provided in addition to information on the habitat preferences, sex ratio, color variation, reproductive biology, and conservation status of this burrowing crayfish.


Human Rabies Post-Exposure Treatment In Arkansas, 1994-2000, D. Blake Sasse Jan 2004

Human Rabies Post-Exposure Treatment In Arkansas, 1994-2000, D. Blake Sasse

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The Arkansas Department of Health recorded 118 incidents where humans in Arkansas were treated following exposure to confirmed rabid animals from 1994-2000. Domestic species accounted for 64% of incidents and 76% of total human exposures with the ratio of human exposures per rabid animal 17 times higher for domestic animals than wild animals. Records of 218 cases of human exposure to potentially rabid wild animals during this period were also examined to determine method of contact. While 72% of cases involving raccoons (Procyon lotor), skunks (Mephitis mephitis and Spilogale putorius), and foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus and Vulpes vulpes) were initiated by ...


Unusual Hybognathus (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae) From Lower White River, Arkansas, David A. Etnier, Henry W. Robison Jan 2004

Unusual Hybognathus (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae) From Lower White River, Arkansas, David A. Etnier, Henry W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Thermal Infrared Detection Rates Using White-Tailed Deer Surrogates, Robert E. Kissell Jr., Philip A. Tappe Jan 2004

Assessment Of Thermal Infrared Detection Rates Using White-Tailed Deer Surrogates, Robert E. Kissell Jr., Philip A. Tappe

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

As thermal infrared imaging technology has improved, it has increasingly been used for estimating sizes of wildlife populations. The greatest bias of thermal infrared surveys is the lack of known detection rates to adjust for visibility bias. As with visual surveys, a measure of detection rate is needed to provide unbiased estimates. We assessed the detection rate of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) using a thermal infrared sensor (1.2 - 5.9 /an) from an aerial platform. Similar characteristics between thermal signatures of people and deer allowed us to use people in a reclined or horizontal position as surrogates for deer ...


First Documentation That Henslow's Sparrow Regularly Occurs During The Breeding And Wintering Seasons In Arkansas, William C. Hollimon, Robert H. Doster, Douglas A. James, Michael A. Mlodinow, Joseph C. Neal, William M. Shepherd Jan 2004

First Documentation That Henslow's Sparrow Regularly Occurs During The Breeding And Wintering Seasons In Arkansas, William C. Hollimon, Robert H. Doster, Douglas A. James, Michael A. Mlodinow, Joseph C. Neal, William M. Shepherd

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Vascular Plant Species Inventory Of Richardson Bottoms Wildlife Viewing Area, Travis D. Marsico Jan 2004

Vascular Plant Species Inventory Of Richardson Bottoms Wildlife Viewing Area, Travis D. Marsico

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Geographic Range Expansion And Feeding Response By The Leech Macrobdella Diplotertia (Annelida: Hirudinea) To Wood Frog And Spotted Salamander Egg Masses, Stanley E. Trauth, Robert G. Neal Jan 2004

Geographic Range Expansion And Feeding Response By The Leech Macrobdella Diplotertia (Annelida: Hirudinea) To Wood Frog And Spotted Salamander Egg Masses, Stanley E. Trauth, Robert G. Neal

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


New Geographic Distribution Records For The Flier, Centrarchus Macropterus (Perciformes: Centrarchidae), From Southwestern Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Stephanie F. Barclay, Henry W. Robison Jan 2004

New Geographic Distribution Records For The Flier, Centrarchus Macropterus (Perciformes: Centrarchidae), From Southwestern Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Stephanie F. Barclay, Henry W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Parasites (Coccidia, Trematoda, Nematoda) From Selected Bats Of Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Steve J. Upton, Charles R. Bursey Jan 2004

Parasites (Coccidia, Trematoda, Nematoda) From Selected Bats Of Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Steve J. Upton, Charles R. Bursey

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Noteworthy Records Of The Seminole Bat, Lasiurus Seminolus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae), From Southwestern Arkansas And Northeastern Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Zachary D. Ramsey, Nancy E. Solley Jan 2004

Noteworthy Records Of The Seminole Bat, Lasiurus Seminolus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae), From Southwestern Arkansas And Northeastern Arkansas, Chris T. Mcallister, Zachary D. Ramsey, Nancy E. Solley

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Field Evaluation Of Herbicides On Vegetables, Small Fruit, And Ornamental Crops 2003, Ronald E. Talbert, Brian V. Ottis, Mayank S. Malik, Andrew T. Ellis Jan 2004

Field Evaluation Of Herbicides On Vegetables, Small Fruit, And Ornamental Crops 2003, Ronald E. Talbert, Brian V. Ottis, Mayank S. Malik, Andrew T. Ellis

Research Series

Herbicide evaluation studies on vegetables, small fruit, and ornamental crops were conducted in 2003 at the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station in Fayetteville, Ark., and the Vegetable Substation near Kibler, Ark., in an effort to evaluate new herbicides, herbicide mixtures, and their application timings for weed control efficacy and crop tolerance. Results of these studies, in part, provide useful information to producers, fellow researchers, the Crop Protection Industry, and the IR-4 Minor Crop Pest Management Program in the development of potential new herbicide uses in vegetable, fruit, and ornamental production.


Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2003, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge Jan 2004

Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2003, D. G. Dombek, D. K. Ahrent, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge

Research Series

Soybean cultivar performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. The tests provide information to companies developing cultivars and/or marketing seed within the State and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating cultivar recommendations for soybean producers.


A Survey Into The Prevalence Of Parasitic Helminths In Boiler Breeders, Anita Sarathi Jan 2004

A Survey Into The Prevalence Of Parasitic Helminths In Boiler Breeders, Anita Sarathi

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of helminth infections in spent broiler breeders. Intestinal tracts from 10 birds from each of five farms were obtained and examined for parasite identification and quantification. Heterakis gallinarum infections were the most common, followed in order of decreasing incidence by Capillaria obsignata, Ascaridia galli and Raillietina cesticillus. Peak worm burdens for individual birds were 121 (A. galli), 535 (H. gallinarum), 2I5 (C. obsignata) and 125 ( R. cesticillus). Significant farm-to-farm variation in worm burdens was observed.


Last Frost Project, Midori Kubozono Jan 2004

Last Frost Project, Midori Kubozono

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

For nursery stores and garden shops planning Spring deliveries, it is crucial to be able to predict last frost dates for frost-tolerant and frost-tender plants. This project provides historically reliable information on the seasonal last frost occurrence for U.S. store locations. Stores can use this information as a general guide in making Spring distribution plans but would also need to take the current season’s weather variations and predictions into account. Using geospatial software and an historical weather data set provided by National Climatic Data Center, the probability from 10 percent to 90 percent for days below a specified ...


Can Martian Life Exist Under Dry Conditions?, Michael Kendrick Jan 2004

Can Martian Life Exist Under Dry Conditions?, Michael Kendrick

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Recently, we have begun to hear more and more about news coming from Mars. With the recent confirmation of evidence of liquid water in Mars' past, evidence indicating liquid water in Mars' present, and as many missions planned for this decade and the next than have successfully reached the planet in the last 40 years, life on Mars is beginning to become a more relevant issue in our study of the planet. Although there have been no indications of multicellular life on Mars, there may be a possibility of microbial life in the subsurface. Since it appears that all of ...


Propagation Of Thornless Blackberries Utilizing Adventitious Shoots From Root Cuttings, Ellen Thompson Jan 2004

Propagation Of Thornless Blackberries Utilizing Adventitious Shoots From Root Cuttings, Ellen Thompson

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

Studies were conducted in early 2003 to determine the effect of root source and length on yield of adventitious shoots from root cuttings and on subsequent plant yield for University of Arkansas-developed thornless blackberries. In the first study, roots from 'Arapaho' and 'Apache' plants grown in an aboveground bed containing commercial potting soil were compared to field-grown roots. Bed-grown roots averaged 6.9 shoots per 15 cm root cutting while field grown roots averaged 3.4. 'Apache' produced more shoots/root cutting compared to Arapaho, (5.9 vs. 4.4 shoots/root cutting, respectively). In a comparison of 15- vs ...


Additions To The Aquatic Diptera (Chaoboridae, Chironomidae, Tabanidae, Tipulidae) Fauna Of The White River National Wildlife Refuge, Arkansas, Stephen W. Chordas Iii, Patrick L. Hudson, Eric G. Chapman Jan 2004

Additions To The Aquatic Diptera (Chaoboridae, Chironomidae, Tabanidae, Tipulidae) Fauna Of The White River National Wildlife Refuge, Arkansas, Stephen W. Chordas Iii, Patrick L. Hudson, Eric G. Chapman

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The dipteran fauna of Arkansas is generally poorly known. A previous study of the Aquatic macroinvertebrates of the White River National Wildlife Refuge, the largest refuge in Arkansas, reported only 12 diptera taxa out of 219 taxa collected (Chordas et al., 1996). Most of the dipterans from this study were identified only to the family level. The family Chironomidae is a large, diverse group and was predicted to be much more diverse in the refuge than indicated by previous studies. In this study, Chironomidae were targeted, with other aquatic or semiaquatic dipterans also retained, in collections designed to better define ...