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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Demographic Estimates From Y Chromosome Microsatellite Polymorphisms: Analysis Of A Worldwide Sample, J. Michael Macpherson, Sohini Ramachandran, Lisa Diamond, Marcus W. Feldman Jan 2004

Demographic Estimates From Y Chromosome Microsatellite Polymorphisms: Analysis Of A Worldwide Sample, J. Michael Macpherson, Sohini Ramachandran, Lisa Diamond, Marcus W. Feldman

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Polymorphisms in microsatellites on the human Y chromosome have been used to estimate important demographic parameters of human history. We compare two coalescent-based statistical methods that give estimates for a number of demographic parameters using the seven Y chromosome polymorphisms in the HGDP-CEPH Cell Line Panel, a collection of samples from 52 worldwide populations. The estimates for the time to the most recent common ancestor vary according to the method used and the assumptions about the prior distributions of model parameters, but are generally consistent with other global Y chromosome studies. We explore the sensitivity of these results to assumptions ...


Correlation Between Atmospheric Co2 Concentration And Vegetation Greenness In North America: Co2 Fertilization Effect, C. Lim, Menas Kafatos, P. Megonigal Jan 2004

Correlation Between Atmospheric Co2 Concentration And Vegetation Greenness In North America: Co2 Fertilization Effect, C. Lim, Menas Kafatos, P. Megonigal

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The possibility that rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations are influencing plant growth in contemporary ecosystems has received little attention, and the studies that exist have been done on a small spatial scale. We correlated the monthly rate of relative change in normalized differenced vegetation index (NDVI) from advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data to the rate of change in atmospheric CO2 concentration during the natural vegetation growing season for evidence of a possible CO2 fertilization effect on vegetation development. The study addressed seasonal and annual patterns in spatially averaged NDVI for 3 different ecological regions in North America from 1982 ...


The Evolving Role Of Lipid Rafts And Caveolae In G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Implications For Molecular Pharmacology, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Paul A. Insel Jan 2004

The Evolving Role Of Lipid Rafts And Caveolae In G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Implications For Molecular Pharmacology, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Paul A. Insel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The many components of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signal transduction provide cells with numerous combinations with which to customize their responses to hormones, neurotransmitters, and pharmacologic agonists. GPCRs function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors for heterotrimeric (α, β, γ) G proteins, thereby promoting exchange of GTP for GDP and, in turn, the activation of ‘downstream’ signaling components. Recent data indicate that individual cells express mRNA for perhaps over 100 different GPCRs (out of a total of nearly a thousand GPCR genes), several different combinations of G-protein subunits, multiple regulators of G-protein signaling proteins (which function as GTPase activating proteins), and various ...


Nitric Oxide Inhibition Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 6 Activity Is Dependent Upon Lipid Rafts And Caveolin Signaling Complexes, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Richard A. Bundey, Paul A. Insel Jan 2004

Nitric Oxide Inhibition Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 6 Activity Is Dependent Upon Lipid Rafts And Caveolin Signaling Complexes, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Richard A. Bundey, Paul A. Insel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Several cell types, including cardiac myocytes and vascular endothelial cells, produce nitric oxide (NO) via both constitutive and inducible isoforms of NO synthase. NO attenuates cardiac contractility and contributes to contractile dysfunction in heart failure, although the precise molecular mechanisms for these effects are poorly defined. Adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms type 5 and 6, which are preferentially expressed in cardiac myocytes, may be inhibited via a direct nitrosylation by NO. Because endothelial NO synthase (eNOS and NOS3), β-adrenergic ( AR) receptors, and AC6 all can localize in lipid raft/caveolin-rich microdomains, we sought to understand the role of lipid rafts in ...