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Life Sciences Commons

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2004

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Medicine and Health Sciences

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Evolving Role Of Lipid Rafts And Caveolae In G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Implications For Molecular Pharmacology, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Paul A. Insel Jan 2004

The Evolving Role Of Lipid Rafts And Caveolae In G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Implications For Molecular Pharmacology, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Paul A. Insel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The many components of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signal transduction provide cells with numerous combinations with which to customize their responses to hormones, neurotransmitters, and pharmacologic agonists. GPCRs function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors for heterotrimeric (α, β, γ) G proteins, thereby promoting exchange of GTP for GDP and, in turn, the activation of ‘downstream’ signaling components. Recent data indicate that individual cells express mRNA for perhaps over 100 different GPCRs (out of a total of nearly a thousand GPCR genes), several different combinations of G-protein subunits, multiple regulators of G-protein signaling proteins (which function as GTPase activating proteins), and various ...


Nitric Oxide Inhibition Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 6 Activity Is Dependent Upon Lipid Rafts And Caveolin Signaling Complexes, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Richard A. Bundey, Paul A. Insel Jan 2004

Nitric Oxide Inhibition Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 6 Activity Is Dependent Upon Lipid Rafts And Caveolin Signaling Complexes, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Richard A. Bundey, Paul A. Insel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Several cell types, including cardiac myocytes and vascular endothelial cells, produce nitric oxide (NO) via both constitutive and inducible isoforms of NO synthase. NO attenuates cardiac contractility and contributes to contractile dysfunction in heart failure, although the precise molecular mechanisms for these effects are poorly defined. Adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms type 5 and 6, which are preferentially expressed in cardiac myocytes, may be inhibited via a direct nitrosylation by NO. Because endothelial NO synthase (eNOS and NOS3), β-adrenergic ( AR) receptors, and AC6 all can localize in lipid raft/caveolin-rich microdomains, we sought to understand the role of lipid rafts in ...