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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Country Of Origin As A Brand: The Case Of New Zealand Lamb, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock Nov 2004

Country Of Origin As A Brand: The Case Of New Zealand Lamb, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock

MATRIC Briefing Papers

New Zealand has used country-of-origin labeling (COOL) as a "country brand" to differentiate New Zealand lamb in international markets and increase consumer awareness of this lamb as a high-quality imported product. The case of New Zealand lamb is especially interesting as an unsubsidized commodity product competing against subsidized lamb in some of the most competitive and sophisticated retail markets in the world. Given New Zealand's dependence on international markets, producers, processors, and exporters needed to develop strategies to create and maintain a strong positive image for their product. This paper explores the history of New Zealand lamb exports, the ...


Keeping Farmers On The Land: Adding Value In Agriculture In The Veneto Region Of Italy, Roxanne L. B. Clemens Sep 2004

Keeping Farmers On The Land: Adding Value In Agriculture In The Veneto Region Of Italy, Roxanne L. B. Clemens

MATRIC Briefing Papers

Italy's relatively small area, high population density, and high land and labor costs have created the challenges of ensuring profitably for agricultural producers, slowing urban encroachment onto arable land, and keeping farm families on land that has been handed down within the families for generations. As part of the solution to these issues, the European Union is enacting policies to reduce producer dependence on direct subsidies while increasing the competitiveness of agricultural products and returns to producers, reinvigorating rural communities, and encouraging environmentally sound production methods. These regulations provide incentives for producers to add value to their products by ...


Supply Chain Options For Biobased Businesses, Rhonda R. Lummus Sep 2004

Supply Chain Options For Biobased Businesses, Rhonda R. Lummus

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This paper investigates supply chain business relationships that would be appropriate for biobased businesses. It is a final report from the Leopold Center Marketing Initative project M13-2004.


सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jun 2004

सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

This paper gives an insight into the fisheries of Sundarban delta region of west Bengal India.


New Product Development For Pork Niche Marketers, Rick Parker, Severin Johnson Jun 2004

New Product Development For Pork Niche Marketers, Rick Parker, Severin Johnson

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This basic guide to new product development for niche pork marketers includes key terms, the product development process, a directory, interviews and recipes. It was developed for the Pork Niche Market Working Group.


Why Worry About The Agriculture Of The Middle?, Frederick L. Kirschenmann, Steve Stevenson, Fred Buttel, Tom Lyson, Michael Duffy Jun 2004

Why Worry About The Agriculture Of The Middle?, Frederick L. Kirschenmann, Steve Stevenson, Fred Buttel, Tom Lyson, Michael Duffy

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This report outlines the "agriculture of the middle" sector and specific actions and policies that need to be addressed. It was prepared as a white paper of the Leopold Center with input from a number of authors.


Geographical Indications And Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products, Bruce A. Babcock, Roxanne L. B. Clemens May 2004

Geographical Indications And Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products, Bruce A. Babcock, Roxanne L. B. Clemens

MATRIC Briefing Papers

Since 1992, the European Union has protected high-quality agricultural products based on geographical origin using designations of geographical indications (GIs). U.S. producers and processors can obtain a type of trademark called a certification mark, which provides similar protections to that of GIs but protects products only within the United States. In the current round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, the European Union and other countries are seeking to expand protection through GIs. If they achieve the full range of protection they are seeking, many U.S. producers and processors could no longer use many product names currently ...


Brazil: The Future Of Modern Agriculture?, Holger Matthey, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank H. Fuller May 2004

Brazil: The Future Of Modern Agriculture?, Holger Matthey, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank H. Fuller

MATRIC Briefing Papers

In an attempt to understand better Brazil's future role in agricultural markets, the authors of this report traveled to Brazil on a fact-finding mission in September 2003. The goal was to get a first-hand impression of Brazil's agricultural sector and especially its future potential. In this report we provide a general description of crop and livestock production, government policies, public and private cooperation, and transportation and biotechnology issues. The most striking observations made during our time in Brazil was the universal sense of optimism expressed by producers, government officials, agronomists, and market analysts about the future growth of ...


Ecolabel Value Assessment Phase Ii: Consumer Perceptions Of Local Foods, Richard S. Pirog May 2004

Ecolabel Value Assessment Phase Ii: Consumer Perceptions Of Local Foods, Richard S. Pirog

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This study looked at the positive role that ecolabels could have in product promotion among consumers, and their willingness to pay 30 percent more for locally grown products with environmental attributes.


Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Apr 2004

Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Sesame is one of the important oilseeds crop in India, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional Sesame farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of Sesame viz. Rama (Improved Selection-5) and Tilottma (B-67) shows percentage increase of 46.58 and 35.86 respectively over local check. The ...


Insuring Uncertainty In Value-Added Agriculture: Ethanol Production, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes Apr 2004

Insuring Uncertainty In Value-Added Agriculture: Ethanol Production, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

A wide variety of insurance products is available to agricultural producers to insure against yield or price risks in the markets for the raw commodities they produce. Value-added enterprises, such as ethanol production, have been expanding over the last decade. This paper outlines the development of an insurance product aimed at corn producers who are members of an ethanol production cooperative. The product has the potential to provide these producers with a new and useful risk management tool to insure against price risks in the markets for corn, distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), ethanol, and natural gas. Monte Carlo ...


The Challenge Of Conforming To Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures For China's Agricultural Exports, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen Mar 2004

The Challenge Of Conforming To Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures For China's Agricultural Exports, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen

MATRIC Working Papers

China's bilateral trade in food and agricultural products has grown dramatically since the country's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). However, the country faces significant problems related to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) compliance because of increasing concerns about food safety, stricter SPS requirements in trade, and competitiveness in export markets. China's food and agricultural industry will need to address the SPS issues and make significant changes in production and distribution methods in order to gain wider access to world markets. This study provides a systematic and comprehensive analysis of current Chinese SPS conditions, the food safety ...


Estimating The Public Value Of Conflicting Information: The Case Of Genetically Modified Foods, Matthew C. Rousu, Wallace E. Huffman, Jason F. Shogren, Abebayehu Tegene Feb 2004

Estimating The Public Value Of Conflicting Information: The Case Of Genetically Modified Foods, Matthew C. Rousu, Wallace E. Huffman, Jason F. Shogren, Abebayehu Tegene

Economics Publications

Environmental groups have become the chief antagonists toward agricultural biotechnology innovations. They demonstrate and disseminate private information with the objective of changing the behavior of consumers and producers. We use experimental auctions with adult U.S. consumers and show that this information reduces significantly the demand for genetically modified (GM)-food products and that it has significant public good value—an average of 3 cents per product purchased, or roughly $2 billion annually. We also show that the dissemination of independent third-party information about agricultural biotechnology dissipates most of the public good value of negative GM-product information.


Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Impact study on introduction of Moong (Vigna radiata) cultivation in rice fallow cropping system of Sundarbans has been done to know the socio -economic impact of Summer Moong cultivation over the populace of Sundarbans after 10 years of start of FLD on Moong in this area. The study covered randomly selected 60 farmer beneficiaries under FLD of three blocks using Before-After analysis through PRA, formal household survey and focused group discussion. The triangulation of data has been done through using all three methods. The result of this study shows that the number of farmers having net income above Rs. 1000-2000 ...


Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Mustard is one of the most important oi lseeds crop in West Bengal, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional mustard farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of mustard viz. Bhagirathi (RW-351), Sanjukta asech (4C-6-3/II), Jhumka (NC-1), Seeta (B-85) and Binoy (B-9) shows percentage increase of ...


Opportunities And Challenges For Dairy Steer Production In Northwest Iowa, Beth E. Doran, Ron Orth, John D. Lawrence Jan 2004

Opportunities And Challenges For Dairy Steer Production In Northwest Iowa, Beth E. Doran, Ron Orth, John D. Lawrence

Beef Research Report, 2003

A dairy steer survey, co-sponsored by Iowa State University Extension and the Iowa Institute for Cooperatives, was mailed to 635 cattle producers in northwest Iowa to assay the potential opportunities and challenges of feeding dairy steers. Replies from 177 surveys were summarized. Thirty-seven percent cited profitability as the major reason they had fed dairy steers. In comparing beef and dairy steers, reduced feeder calf cost was cited as an advantage with dairy steers. However, market access, finished market price and feed efficiency of dairy steers rated poorer than with beef steers. The biggest challenge to dairy steer production was market ...


Let The Vineyards Be Fruitful: A Study Of The Potential Market For Iowa Grape Juice, Craig A. Chase Jan 2004

Let The Vineyards Be Fruitful: A Study Of The Potential Market For Iowa Grape Juice, Craig A. Chase

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

As grape production in Iowa increases, growers are looking for new markets. This study considers the buying potential for locally grown and processed grape juice.


Genetically Modified Food: What Are Mainers Thinking?, Mario F. Teisl, Luke Garner, Brian Roe, Michael E. Vayda Jan 2004

Genetically Modified Food: What Are Mainers Thinking?, Mario F. Teisl, Luke Garner, Brian Roe, Michael E. Vayda

Maine Policy Review

Whether to allow genetically modified (GM) foods in Maine, and if so, under what circumstances, has been hotly debated in recent years. The authors explore one aspect of the issue—Mainers’ attitudes about the labeling of GM foods. They point out that labeling GM foods is more complex than simply whether to label. Policy decisions need to be made about whether labeling should be mandatory, what pieces of information should be on the label, who should be in charge of monitoring compliance, and even what foods should be labeled. The authors discuss the potential benefits of GM food labeling, and ...


Alternative Swine Cost Of Production Project, David R. Stender Jan 2004

Alternative Swine Cost Of Production Project, David R. Stender

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Pork producers interested in niche market production need information on the costs of alternative operations. Records from current niche producers were collected and analyzed.


Co-Location Of Industries With Small Livestock Slaughter Facilities, Mary Holz-Clause Jan 2004

Co-Location Of Industries With Small Livestock Slaughter Facilities, Mary Holz-Clause

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This November 2003 study researched the possibilities for Iowa producers who are interested in specialized smaller-scale slaughter facilities and their potential, both for co-products and related industries.