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Theses/Dissertations

Food Science

Cheese

University of Vermont

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

An Environmental Approach To Food Safety Assessment Using Artisan Cheese And Fresh Produce As Model Systems, Marie Limoges Jan 2019

An Environmental Approach To Food Safety Assessment Using Artisan Cheese And Fresh Produce As Model Systems, Marie Limoges

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

This dissertation examined recently issued regulatory standards using cheese and produce as model systems. FDA's 2015 Domestic and Imported Cheese and Cheese Products Compliance Program Guidelines (CPG) E. coli standards on cheese safety, and the extent to which these standards affect domestic and imported cheese commerce, was assessed. Results from FDA's Domestic and Imported Cheese Compliance Program for samples collected between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2006 were analyzed. Of 3,007 cheese samples tested for non-toxigenic E. coli, 76% (2,300) of samples exceeded 10/g, FDA's target for regulatory activity. In cheese samples containing ...


Analysis Of Surface Crystals On Soft Washed Rind Cheeses Using Polarized Light Microscopy And Their Effect On The Sensory Perception Of Grittiness, Patrick Polowsky Jan 2018

Analysis Of Surface Crystals On Soft Washed Rind Cheeses Using Polarized Light Microscopy And Their Effect On The Sensory Perception Of Grittiness, Patrick Polowsky

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

With the rising popularity of artisanal cheese in the United States, the soft washed rind category has emerged as a fast-growing segment of the marketplace. There is much anecdotal evidence to suggest a common sensorial defect in soft washed rind cheese is a gritty/sandy texture attributed to crystal growth on the rind of these cheeses

A preliminary study was undertaken to develop a set of criteria to visually identify crystals found on soft washed rind cheeses. Single crystal identities were presumptively determined using polarized light microscopy (PLM), and cross-checked using powder x-ray diffractometry (PXRD). Two distinct crystal groupings were ...


Development And Implementation Of Methods To Study Crystallization In Cheese, Gil Fils Tansman Jan 2017

Development And Implementation Of Methods To Study Crystallization In Cheese, Gil Fils Tansman

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Dissolved compounds and ions, including mineral elements and products of microbial metabolism, are present in many cheeses in relatively high concentrations. These dissolved substances may precipitate from the aqueous phase of cheese to form sparingly soluble crystals that can impart a crunchy, gritty, or sandy texture on the cheese. In the present work, optical and diffractometric methods were optimized for use with cheese samples to identify crystal phases in several cheese varieties. These techniques, which included powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD), single crystal X-ray diffractometry (SCXRD), and petrographic microscopy (PM) have traditionally been used on geological specimens that are quite different ...