Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Transcriptome Analysis In Spleen Reveals Differential Regulation Of Response To Newcastle Disease Virus In Two Chicken Lines, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C.M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont Jan 2018

Transcriptome Analysis In Spleen Reveals Differential Regulation Of Response To Newcastle Disease Virus In Two Chicken Lines, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Deist, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Terra R. Kelly, Jack C.M. Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Enhancing genetic resistance of chickens to Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) provides a promising way to improve poultry health, and to alleviate poverty and food insecurity in developing countries. In this study, two inbred chicken lines with different responses to NDV, Fayoumi and Leghorn, were challenged with LaSota NDV strain at 21 days of age. Through transcriptome analysis, gene expression in spleen at 2 and 6 days post-inoculation was compared between NDV-infected and control groups, as well as between chicken lines. At a false discovery rate <0.05, Fayoumi chickens, which are relatively more resistant to NDV, showed fewer differentially expressed ...


66th National Poultry Breeder Roundtable Poster_Jibin Zhang.Pdf, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont May 2017

66th National Poultry Breeder Roundtable Poster_Jibin Zhang.Pdf, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Fast-growing modern broilers are susceptible to cardiac arrhythmia and heart failure. To understand the developmental regulation related to these problems, cardiac gene expression in Illinois and Ross broilers was investigated at 6 and 21 days post hatch (dph) using RNA-seq (n=5-6 for each group). Because Illinois is a legacy broiler line with isometric heart growth, and Ross is a modern broiler line with a negative allometric heart growth, comparison of gene expression between the two lines and the two time points provides an avenue to understand genetic regulation underlying their different cardiac development.
Sequence data were mapped to the ...


Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Potential Mechanisms Underlying Differential Heart Development In Fast- And Slow-Growing Broilers Under Heat Stress, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont Apr 2017

Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Potential Mechanisms Underlying Differential Heart Development In Fast- And Slow-Growing Broilers Under Heat Stress, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Background
Modern fast-growing broilers are susceptible to heart failure under heat stress because their relatively small hearts cannot meet increased need of blood pumping. To improve the cardiac tolerance to heat stress in modern broilers through breeding, we need to find the important genes and pathways that contribute to imbalanced cardiac development and frequent occurrence of heat-related heart dysfunction. Two broiler lines – Ross 708 and Illinois – were included in this study as a fast-growing model and a slow-growing model respectively. Each broiler line was separated to two groups at 21 days posthatch. One group was subjected to heat stress treatment ...


Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont Jan 2016

Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Prolonged exposure to high temperature can significantly increase metabolism, depress appetite, reduce meat production and raise mortality in broilers. Because the cardiovascular system plays an important role to dissipate heat and transport oxygen, strong cardiac function is indispensable for birds to survive under heat stress. However, due to small hearts relative to body weight, modern broilers have high risk of heart failure at high temperature.
In this study, a Ross 708 line (modern broilers) and a Heritage broiler line (relaxed selection since the 1950s) were subjected to heat stress at 35℃  for 7 hours/day from 21 to 42 days ...