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Cancer Biology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 174

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Tumor Cell-Organized Fibronectin Is Required To Maintain A Dormant Breast Cancer Population, Lauren E. Barney, Christopher L. Hall, Alyssa D. Schwartz, Akia N. Parks, Christopher Sparages, Sualyneth Galarza, Manu O. Platt, Arthur M. Mercurio, Shelly R. Peyton Aug 2019

Tumor Cell-Organized Fibronectin Is Required To Maintain A Dormant Breast Cancer Population, Lauren E. Barney, Christopher L. Hall, Alyssa D. Schwartz, Akia N. Parks, Christopher Sparages, Sualyneth Galarza, Manu O. Platt, Arthur M. Mercurio, Shelly R. Peyton

Arthur M. Mercurio

Tumors can undergo long periods of dormancy, with cancer cells entering a largely quiescent, non-proliferative state before reactivation and outgrowth. For a patient, these post-remission tumors are often drug resistant and highly aggressive, resulting in poor prognosis. To understand the role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in regulating tumor dormancy, we created an in vitro cell culture system that combines carefully controlled ECM substrates with nutrient deprivation to observe entrance into and exit from dormancy with live imaging. We saw that cell populations capable of surviving entrance into long-term dormancy were heterogeneous, containing quiescent, cell cycle arrested, and actively proliferating ...


Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio Mar 2019

Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

The function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer extends beyond angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Specifically, VEGF-mediated signaling occurs in tumor cells and this signaling contributes to key aspects of tumorigenesis including the self-renewal and survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In addition to VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases, the neuropilins (NRPs) are critical for mediating the effects of VEGF on CSCs, primarily because of their ability to impact the function of growth factor receptors and integrins. VEGF/NRP signaling can regulate the expression and function of key molecules that have been implicated in CSC function including Rho family guanosine ...


Epigenetic Regulators Rbbp4 And Hdac1 Are Overexpressed In A Zebrafish Model Of Rb1 Embryonal Brain Tumor, And Are Required For Neural Progenitor Survival And Proliferation, Laura E. Schultz, Jeffrey A. Haltom, Maira P. Almeida, Wesley A. Wierson, Staci L. Solin, Trevor J. Weiss, Jordan A. Helmer, Elizabeth J. Sandquist, Heather R. Shive, Maura Mcgrail Jan 2019

Epigenetic Regulators Rbbp4 And Hdac1 Are Overexpressed In A Zebrafish Model Of Rb1 Embryonal Brain Tumor, And Are Required For Neural Progenitor Survival And Proliferation, Laura E. Schultz, Jeffrey A. Haltom, Maira P. Almeida, Wesley A. Wierson, Staci L. Solin, Trevor J. Weiss, Jordan A. Helmer, Elizabeth J. Sandquist, Heather R. Shive, Maura Mcgrail

Maura McGrail

In this study, we used comparative genomics and developmental genetics to identify epigenetic regulators driving oncogenesis in a zebrafish retinoblastoma 1 (rb1) somatic-targeting model of RB1 mutant embryonal brain tumors. Zebrafish rb1 brain tumors caused by TALEN or CRISPR targeting are histologically similar to human central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (CNS-PNETs). Like the human oligoneural OLIG2+/SOX10+ CNS-PNET subtype, zebrafish rb1 tumors show elevated expression of neural progenitor transcription factors olig2, sox10, sox8b and the receptor tyrosine kinase erbb3a oncogene. Comparison of rb1 tumor and rb1/rb1 germline mutant larval transcriptomes shows that the altered oligoneural precursor signature is ...


Intracellular Signaling And Trafficking In Cancer: Role Of Rab5-Gtpase In Migration And Invasion Of Breast Cells, Nicole Porther Nov 2017

Intracellular Signaling And Trafficking In Cancer: Role Of Rab5-Gtpase In Migration And Invasion Of Breast Cells, Nicole Porther

Nicole Porther

Metastasis is characterized pathologically by uncontrolled cell invasion, proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Steroid hormones, such as estrogen, and growth factors, which include insulin growth factor I/II (IGF-1/IGF-2) therapy has been associated with most if not all of the features of metastasis. It has been determined that IGF-1 increases cell survival of cancer cells and potentiate the effect of E2 and other ligand growth factors on breast cancer cells. However not much information is available that comprehensively expounds on the roles of insulin growth factor receptor (IGFR) and Rab GTPases may play in breast cancer. The latter, Rab GTPases ...


Impact Of The C-Mybe308g Mutation On Mouse Myelopoiesis And Dendritic Cell Development, Peter Papathanasiou, Sawang Petvises, Ying-Ying Hey, Andrew C Perkins, Helen C O'Neill Jun 2017

Impact Of The C-Mybe308g Mutation On Mouse Myelopoiesis And Dendritic Cell Development, Peter Papathanasiou, Sawang Petvises, Ying-Ying Hey, Andrew C Perkins, Helen C O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

Booreana mice carrying the c-Myb308G point mutation were analyzed to determine changes in early hematopoiesis in the bone marrow and among mature cells in the periphery. This point mutation led to increased numbers of early hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), with a subsequent reduction in the development of B cells, erythroid cells, and neutrophils, and increased numbers of myeloid cells and granulocytes. Myelopoiesis was further investigated by way of particular subsets affected. A specific question addressed whether booreana mice contained increased numbers of dendritic-like cells (L-DC subset) recently identified in the spleen, since L-DCs arise in vitro by direct ...


Sumo-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligase (Stubl) Slx5 Regulates Proteolysis Of Centromeric Histone H3 Variant Cse4 And Prevents Its Mislocalization To Euchromatin, Kentaro Ohkuni, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Alyona Flup, Josh La, Wei-Chun Au, Nagesh Pasupala, Ruben Levy-Meyers, Jack Warren, Alexander Strunnikov, Richard E. Baker, Oliver Kerscher, Kerry Bloom, Munira A. Basrai Mar 2017

Sumo-Targeted Ubiquitin Ligase (Stubl) Slx5 Regulates Proteolysis Of Centromeric Histone H3 Variant Cse4 And Prevents Its Mislocalization To Euchromatin, Kentaro Ohkuni, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Alyona Flup, Josh La, Wei-Chun Au, Nagesh Pasupala, Ruben Levy-Meyers, Jack Warren, Alexander Strunnikov, Richard E. Baker, Oliver Kerscher, Kerry Bloom, Munira A. Basrai

Oliver Kerscher

Centromeric histone H3, CENP-ACse4, is essential for faithful chromosome segregation. Stringent regulation of cellular levels of CENP-ACse4 restricts its localization to centromeres. Mislocalization of CENP-ACse4 is associated with aneuploidy in yeast and flies and tumorigenesis in human cells; thus defining pathways that regulate CENP-A levels is critical for understanding how mislocalization of CENP-A contributes to aneuploidy in human cancers. Previous work in budding yeast shows that ubiquitination of overexpressed Cse4 by Psh1, an E3 ligase, partially contributes to proteolysis of Cse4. Here we provide the first evidence that Cse4 is sumoylated by E3 ligases Siz1 and Siz2 in vivo and ...


The Principal Genetic Determinants For Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In China Involve The Hla Class I Antigen Recognition Groove, Minzhong Tang, J. A. Lautenberger, Xiaojiang Gao, Efe Sezgin, Sher L. Hendrickson, Jennifer L. Troyer, Victor A. David, Li Guan, Carl Mcintosh, Xiuchan Guo, Yuming Zheng, Jian Liao, Hong Deng, Michael Malasky, Bailey Kessing, Cheryl Winkler, Mary Carrington, Guy De The, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien Oct 2016

The Principal Genetic Determinants For Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In China Involve The Hla Class I Antigen Recognition Groove, Minzhong Tang, J. A. Lautenberger, Xiaojiang Gao, Efe Sezgin, Sher L. Hendrickson, Jennifer L. Troyer, Victor A. David, Li Guan, Carl Mcintosh, Xiuchan Guo, Yuming Zheng, Jian Liao, Hong Deng, Michael Malasky, Bailey Kessing, Cheryl Winkler, Mary Carrington, Guy De The, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien

Stephen O'Brien

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial malignancy facilitated by Epstein-Barr Virus infection. Here we resolve the major genetic influences for NPC incidence using a genome-wide association study (GWAS), independent cohort replication, and high-resolution molecular HLA class I gene typing including 4,055 study participants from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong province of southern China. We detect and replicate strong association signals involving SNPs, HLA alleles, and amino acid (aa) variants across the major histocompatibility complex-HLA-A, HLA –B, and HLA -C class I genes (PHLA-A-aa-site-62 = 7.4×10−29; P HLA-B-aa-site-116 = 6.5×10−19; P HLA-C-aa-site-156 = 6.8 ...


Genetic Polymorphisms Of Cyp2e1, Gstp1, Nqo1 And Mpo And The Risk Of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In A Han Chinese Population Of Southern China, Xiuchan Guo, Yi Zeng, Hong Deng, Jian Liao, Yuming Zheng, Ji Li, Bailey Kessing, Stephen J. O'Brien Oct 2016

Genetic Polymorphisms Of Cyp2e1, Gstp1, Nqo1 And Mpo And The Risk Of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In A Han Chinese Population Of Southern China, Xiuchan Guo, Yi Zeng, Hong Deng, Jian Liao, Yuming Zheng, Ji Li, Bailey Kessing, Stephen J. O'Brien

Stephen O'Brien

Background Southern China is a major area for endemic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Genetic factors as well as environmental factors play a role in development of NPC. To investigate the roles of previously described carcinogen metabolism gene variants for NPC susceptibility in a Han Chinese population, we conducted a case-control study in two independent study population groups afflicted with NPC in Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces of southern China. Methods Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP2E1-rs2031920, CYP2E1-rs6413432, GSTP1-rs947894, MPO-rs2333227 and NQO1-rs1800566 were genotyped by PCR-based RFLP, sequencing and TaqMan assay in 358 NPC cases and 629 controls (phase I cohort). Logistic ...


Genetic Factors Leading To Chronic Epstein–Barr Virus Infection And Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In South East China: Study Design, Methods And Feasibility, Xiu Chan Guo, Kevin Scott, Yan Liu, Michael Dean, Victor David, George W. Nelson, Randall C. Johnson, Holli H. Dilks, J. A. Lautenberger, Bailey Kessing, Janice S. Martenson, Li Guan, Shan Sun, Hong Deng, Yuming Zheng, Guy De The, Jian Liao, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler Oct 2016

Genetic Factors Leading To Chronic Epstein–Barr Virus Infection And Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In South East China: Study Design, Methods And Feasibility, Xiu Chan Guo, Kevin Scott, Yan Liu, Michael Dean, Victor David, George W. Nelson, Randall C. Johnson, Holli H. Dilks, J. A. Lautenberger, Bailey Kessing, Janice S. Martenson, Li Guan, Shan Sun, Hong Deng, Yuming Zheng, Guy De The, Jian Liao, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler

Stephen O'Brien

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a complex disease caused by a combination of Epstein-Barr virus chronic infection, the environment and host genes in a multi-step process of carcinogenesis. The identity of genetic factors involved in the development of chronic Epstein-Barr virus infection and NPC remains elusive, however. Here, we describe a two-phase, population-based, case-control study of Han Chinese from Guangxi province, where the NPC incidence rate rises to a high of 25-50 per 100,000 individuals. Phase I, powered to detect single gene associations, enrolled 984 subjects to determine feasibility, to develop infrastructure and logistics and to determine error rates in ...


Conserved Regions Of Homologous G-Banded Chromosomes Between Orders In Mammalian Evolution: Carnivores And Primates, William G. Nash, Stephen J. O'Brien Oct 2016

Conserved Regions Of Homologous G-Banded Chromosomes Between Orders In Mammalian Evolution: Carnivores And Primates, William G. Nash, Stephen J. O'Brien

Stephen O'Brien

The recent derivation of a biochemical map of 33 loci of the domestic cat (Felis catus) revealed a striking conservation of chromosomal linkage associations between the cat and humans. A comparison of homologous (by linkage criteria) chromosomes by using conventionally extended and high-resolution G-banding of human and feline chromosomes is presented. Four criteria for establishing probable cytogenetic homologies of chromosomal regions were invoked: (i) map placement of homologous genes to the same chromosomes; (ii) cytological correlation of G-banding pattern; (iii) placement of homologous genes, by regional gene mapping, in the region of cytological homology; and (iv) a requirement that the ...


P-Rex1 Promotes Resistance To Vegf/Vegfr-Targeted Therapy In Prostate Cancer, Hira Lal Goel, Bryan M. Pursell, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Rolf A. Brekken, Craig W. Vander Kooi, Arthur M. Mercurio Aug 2016

P-Rex1 Promotes Resistance To Vegf/Vegfr-Targeted Therapy In Prostate Cancer, Hira Lal Goel, Bryan M. Pursell, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Rolf A. Brekken, Craig W. Vander Kooi, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

Autocrine VEGF signaling is critical for sustaining prostate and other cancer stem cells (CSCs), and it is a potential therapeutic target, but we observed that CSCs isolated from prostate tumors are resistant to anti-VEGF (bevacizumab) and anti-VEGFR (sunitinib) therapy. Intriguingly, resistance is mediated by VEGF/neuropilin signaling, which is not inhibited by bevacizumab and sunitinib, and it involves the induction of P-Rex1, a Rac GEF, and consequent Rac1-mediated ERK activation. This induction of P-Rex1 is dependent on Myc. CSCs isolated from the PTEN(pc-/-) transgenic model of prostate cancer exhibit Rac1-dependent resistance to bevacizumab. Rac1 inhibition or P-Rex1 downregulation increases ...


Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo Aug 2016

Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcohol-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops with advanced alcoholic liver disease and liver fibrosis. Using adult mice, we evaluate the effect of alcoholic steatohepatitis on early hepatobiliary carcinoma after initiation by diethyl-nitrosamine (DEN). Here we show that alcohol-fed DEN-injected mice have higher ALT and liver-to-body weight ratio compared to pair-fed DEN-injected mice. Alcohol feeding results in steatohepatitis indicated by increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and fibrotic genes. MRI and liver histology of alcohol+DEN mice shows hepatobiliary cysts, early hepatic neoplasia and increase in serum alpha-fetoprotein. Proliferation makers (BrdU, cyclin D1, p53) and cancer stem cell markers (CD133 and nanog) are significantly up-regulated ...


Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez Jul 2016

Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez

Jose V. Lopez

No abstract provided.


Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez Jul 2016

Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez

Jose V. Lopez

No abstract provided.


Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez Jul 2016

Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez

Jose V. Lopez

No abstract provided.


Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez Jul 2016

Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez

Jose V. Lopez

No abstract provided.


Ror-Γ Drives Androgen Receptor Expression And Represents A Therapeutic Target In Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Jujian Wang, June X. Zou, Xiaoqian Xue, Demin Cai, Yan Zhang, Zguhuab Duan, Qiuping Xiang, Joy C. Yang, Maggie C. Louie, Alexander D Borowsky, Allen C. Gao, Christopher P. Evans, Kit S. Lam, Jianzhen Xu, Hsing-Jien Kung, Ronald M. Evans, Yong Xu, Hong-Wu Chen Apr 2016

Ror-Γ Drives Androgen Receptor Expression And Represents A Therapeutic Target In Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Jujian Wang, June X. Zou, Xiaoqian Xue, Demin Cai, Yan Zhang, Zguhuab Duan, Qiuping Xiang, Joy C. Yang, Maggie C. Louie, Alexander D Borowsky, Allen C. Gao, Christopher P. Evans, Kit S. Lam, Jianzhen Xu, Hsing-Jien Kung, Ronald M. Evans, Yong Xu, Hong-Wu Chen

Maggie Louie

The androgen receptor (AR) is overexpressed and hyperactivated in human castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, the determinants of AR overexpression in CRPC are poorly defined. Here we show that retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γ (ROR-γ) is overexpressed and amplified in metastatic CRPC tumors, and that ROR-γ drives AR expression in the tumors. ROR-γ recruits nuclear receptor coactivator 1 and 3 (NCOA1 and NCOA3, also known as SRC-1 and SRC-3) to an AR-ROR response element (RORE) to stimulate AR gene transcription. ROR-γ antagonists suppress the expression of both AR and its variant AR-V7 in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines and ...


Identification And Validation Of The Potential Biomarker Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein Acid-Labile Subunit For Breast Cancer In African American Women, Padma P. Tadi Uppala, Carlos A. Garberoglio, Sharon Lum, Willie L. Davis, Michael Liebman, Keiji Oda, Utkarsh P. Patel Mar 2016

Identification And Validation Of The Potential Biomarker Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein Acid-Labile Subunit For Breast Cancer In African American Women, Padma P. Tadi Uppala, Carlos A. Garberoglio, Sharon Lum, Willie L. Davis, Michael Liebman, Keiji Oda, Utkarsh P. Patel

Padma Tadi Uppala

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women, with an estimated 40, 730 breast cancer deaths in the US in 2015. African American (AA) women have a lower breast cancer incidence rate, but a higher breast cancer death rate, than non-Hispanic White women. Research indicates that breast tumor biology in AA women is different from that in Caucasian women. AA women are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer at an earlier age and with more aggressive form of the disease, characterized by higher grade and negative estrogen and progesterone receptor status. Because of the aggressive nature ...


Erbeta Regulation Of Nf-Kb Activation In Prostate Cancer Is Mediated By Hif-1, Paul Mak, Jiarong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Arthur M. Mercurio Dec 2015

Erbeta Regulation Of Nf-Kb Activation In Prostate Cancer Is Mediated By Hif-1, Paul Mak, Jiarong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

We examined the regulation of NF-kappaB in prostate cancer by estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) based on the inverse correlation between p65 and ERbeta expression that exists in prostate carcinomas and reports that ERbeta can inhibit NF-kappaB activation, although the mechanism is not known. We demonstrate that ERbeta functions as a gate-keeper for NF-kappaB p65 signaling by repressing its expression and nuclear translocation. ERbeta regulation of NF-kappaB signaling is mediated by HIF-1. Loss of ERbeta or hypoxia stabilizes HIF-1alpha, which we found to be a direct driver of IKKbeta transcription through a hypoxia response element present in the promoter of the ...


Suboptimal Cytoreduction In Ovarian Carcinoma Is Associated With Molecular Pathways Characteristic Of Increased Stromal Activation, Zhenqiu Liu, Jessica A. Beach, Hasmik Agadjanian, Dongyu Jia, Paul-Joseph Aspuria, Beth Y. Karlan, Sandra Orsulic Nov 2015

Suboptimal Cytoreduction In Ovarian Carcinoma Is Associated With Molecular Pathways Characteristic Of Increased Stromal Activation, Zhenqiu Liu, Jessica A. Beach, Hasmik Agadjanian, Dongyu Jia, Paul-Joseph Aspuria, Beth Y. Karlan, Sandra Orsulic

Dongyu Jia

Objective: Suboptimal cytoreductive surgery in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is associated with poor survival but it is unknown if poor outcome is due to the intrinsic biology of unresectable tumors or insufficient surgical effort resulting in residual tumor-sustaining clones. Our objective was to identify the potential molecular pathway(s) and cell type(s) that may be responsible for suboptimal surgical resection.
Methods: By comparing gene expression in optimally and suboptimally cytoreduced patients, we identified a gene network associated with suboptimal cytoreduction and explored the biological processes and cell types associated with this gene network.
Results: We show that primary ...


Cellular Life Beyond An Individual’S Death, Emily Schmitt Nov 2015

Cellular Life Beyond An Individual’S Death, Emily Schmitt

Emily F Schmitt Lavin

One of the most famous examples of cell lines surviving long after a person has died comes from a tumor found in the body of Henrietta Lacks, who died of cervical cancer in 1950. The study of approximately 50 million tons of her cells, which would conservatively equal the amount of cells in one billion people, has resulted in nearly 11,000 patents, including the polio vaccine. These cells have become a focus of public attention since Rebecca Skloot’s 2010 book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. This talk will discuss what happens to cells once they leave our ...


Mcnamara 201412 Nih Scap Innocentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-Cells And Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – Plus Supplement Plus Posters - 20151027 - Please Download "75" Instead, George Mcnamara Oct 2015

Mcnamara 201412 Nih Scap Innocentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-Cells And Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – Plus Supplement Plus Posters - 20151027 - Please Download "75" Instead, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 201412 NIH SCAP InnoCentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-cells and Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – plus supplement plus posters - 20151027.

///

Please download the current 20151027 (October 27, 2015) Tattletales and T-Bow update from

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/75/

The bepress web site is not letting me replace the old pdf here at "65" with the additional 10 pages update.

///

The download is my/Cooper lab solution (submission) to the 2014 NIH Single Cell Analysis Program (SCAP) InnoCentive Challenge, "Follow That Cell". I submitted the Solution on 20141215Mon (with 20 minutes to spare). The Challenge web ...


Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20151027tue, George Mcnamara Oct 2015

Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20151027tue, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

20151027Tue this "75"

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/75

is my update of "65" posting

See text at

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/65/

for text summary. The PDf here in "75" supersedes "65".

The PDF here has 10 pages added to the end from the "65" version (pages 40-49 of PDF when including the bepress cover page)..

here is the text in my cover page (bepress may add its own cover):

20151027Tue: added 10 page e-poster at bottom explaining Binary Tattletales and T-Bow. That is, binary with respect to protein components. For one color (number of repeats, epitope tags ...


Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu

Md Mahmudur Rahman

No abstract provided.


Crosstalk Between Brca-Fanconi Anemia And Mismatch Repair Pathways Prevents Msh2-Dependent Aberrant Dna Damage Responses, Min Peng, Jenny X. Xie, Anna J. Ucher, Janet Stavnezer, Sharon B. Cantor Aug 2015

Crosstalk Between Brca-Fanconi Anemia And Mismatch Repair Pathways Prevents Msh2-Dependent Aberrant Dna Damage Responses, Min Peng, Jenny X. Xie, Anna J. Ucher, Janet Stavnezer, Sharon B. Cantor

Janet M. Stavnezer

Several proteins in the BRCA-Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway, such as FANCJ, BRCA1, and FANCD2, interact with mismatch repair (MMR) pathway factors, but the significance of this link remains unknown. Unlike the BRCA-FA pathway, the MMR pathway is not essential for cells to survive toxic DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), although MMR proteins bind ICLs and other DNA structures that form at stalled replication forks. We hypothesized that MMR proteins corrupt ICL repair in cells that lack crosstalk between BRCA-FA and MMR pathways. Here, we show that ICL sensitivity of cells lacking the interaction between FANCJ and the MMR protein MLH1 is ...


Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie Jul 2015

Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie

Zijian Xie

Cells contain a large pool of non-pumping Na/K-ATPase that participates in signal transduction. Here, we show that the expression of α1 Na/K-ATPase is significantly reduced in human prostate carcinoma as well as in several human cancer cell lines. This down-regulation impairs the ability of Na/K-ATPase to regulate Src-related signaling processes. Supplement of pNaKtide, a peptide derived from α1 Na/K-ATPase, reduces activities of Src and Src effectors. Consequently, these treatments stimulate apoptosis and inhibit growth in cultures of human cancer cells. Moreover, administration of pNaKtide inhibits angiogenesis and growth of tumor xenograft. Thus, the new findings demonstrate ...


Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie Jul 2015

Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie

Joseph I Shapiro MD

Cells contain a large pool of non-pumping Na/K-ATPase that participates in signal transduction. Here, we show that the expression of α1 Na/K-ATPase is significantly reduced in human prostate carcinoma as well as in several human cancer cell lines. This down-regulation impairs the ability of Na/K-ATPase to regulate Src-related signaling processes. Supplement of pNaKtide, a peptide derived from α1 Na/K-ATPase, reduces activities of Src and Src effectors. Consequently, these treatments stimulate apoptosis and inhibit growth in cultures of human cancer cells. Moreover, administration of pNaKtide inhibits angiogenesis and growth of tumor xenograft. Thus, the new findings demonstrate ...


Prostate Tumorigenesis Induced By Pten Deletion Involves Estrogen Receptor Beta Repression, Paul Mak, Jianrong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Cheng Chang, D. Joseph Jerry, Roger J. Davis, Irwin Leav, Arthur M. Mercurio May 2015

Prostate Tumorigenesis Induced By Pten Deletion Involves Estrogen Receptor Beta Repression, Paul Mak, Jianrong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Cheng Chang, D. Joseph Jerry, Roger J. Davis, Irwin Leav, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

The role of ERbeta in prostate cancer is unclear, although loss of ERbeta is associated with aggressive disease. Given that mice deficient in ERbeta do not develop prostate cancer, we hypothesized that ERbeta loss occurs as a consequence of tumorigenesis caused by other oncogenic mechanisms and that its loss is necessary for tumorigenesis. In support of this hypothesis, we found that ERbeta is targeted for repression in prostate cancer caused by PTEN deletion and that loss of ERbeta is important for tumor formation. ERbeta transcription is repressed by BMI-1, which is induced by PTEN deletion and important for prostate tumorigenesis ...


A Laminin 511 Matrix Is Regulated By Taz And Functions As The Ligand For The Alpha6bbeta1 Integrin To Sustain Breast Cancer Stem Cells, Cheng Chang, Hira Lal Goel, Huijie Gao, Bryan M. Pursell, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Sulev Ingerpuu, Manuel Patarroyo, Shiliang Cao, Elgene Lim, Junhao Mao, Karen Kulju. Mckee, Peter D. Yurchenco, Arthur M. Mercurio May 2015

A Laminin 511 Matrix Is Regulated By Taz And Functions As The Ligand For The Alpha6bbeta1 Integrin To Sustain Breast Cancer Stem Cells, Cheng Chang, Hira Lal Goel, Huijie Gao, Bryan M. Pursell, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Sulev Ingerpuu, Manuel Patarroyo, Shiliang Cao, Elgene Lim, Junhao Mao, Karen Kulju. Mckee, Peter D. Yurchenco, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

Understanding how the extracellular matrix impacts the function of cancer stem cells (CSCs) is a significant but poorly understood problem. We report that breast CSCs produce a laminin (LM) 511 matrix that promotes self-renewal and tumor initiation by engaging the alpha6Bbeta1 integrin and activating the Hippo transducer TAZ. Although TAZ is important for the function of breast CSCs, the mechanism is unknown. We observed that TAZ regulates the transcription of the alpha5 subunit of LM511 and the formation of a LM511 matrix. These data establish a positive feedback loop involving TAZ and LM511 that contributes to stemness in breast cancer.


Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara May 2015

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells and Coverglass 20150520Wed

Many light microscopes have the capability of using camera based brightfield, phase contrast, or fluorescence to find the most contrasty specimen focus. When I worked for UIC (1992-1997) we offered this with a combination of Ludl MAC2000 controller, Z-drive, video card thingy, and video camera (most customers at the time used analog video cameras).

Many automated light microscopes now have clever -- and pricey -- autofocus systems based on an NIR LED structured illumination reflecting light off the bottom of the coverglass.

I encourage a simpler approach - my hardware details are in the text ...