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New State Record And Range Extension For Mycterus Youngi Pollock (Coleoptera: Mycteridae) – But Is It Really Rare?, Daniel K. Young Feb 2020

New State Record And Range Extension For Mycterus Youngi Pollock (Coleoptera: Mycteridae) – But Is It Really Rare?, Daniel K. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Mycterus youngi was described from Wisconsin and “L.S” (presumed to indicate along Lake Superior). All but one of the specimens in the type series were collected between 1947 and 1949. Herein, three females of M. youngi are reported from Michigan, between 1910 and 1940. A discussion of possible implications of the few, and largely old collection dates is provided.


Further New Records Of Coleoptera And Other Insects From Wisconsin, Jordan D. Marche Ii Feb 2020

Further New Records Of Coleoptera And Other Insects From Wisconsin, Jordan D. Marche Ii

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Specimens of eleven different species of insects, representing seven separate families of Coleoptera, and one family each of Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, and Hymenoptera, are herein reported as new to Wisconsin. These genera or species occur respectively within the following families: Leiodidae, Monotomidae, Cucujidae, Cryptophagidae, Ciidae, Tetratomidae, Curculionidae, Pentatomidae, Glyphipterigidae, Phoridae, and Pteromalidae. All but one of these insects were collected at or near the author’s residence (Dane County); the pentatomid was taken in northern Wisconsin (Oconto County). Three of the four non-coleopteran fauna are introduced species.


Parasitism Of Female Neotibicen Linnei (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) By Larvae Of The Sarcophagid Fly Emblemasoma Erro In Wisconsin, Allen M. Young Feb 2020

Parasitism Of Female Neotibicen Linnei (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) By Larvae Of The Sarcophagid Fly Emblemasoma Erro In Wisconsin, Allen M. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Herein it is reported an unusual case of parasitism of a female Neotibicen linnei (Smith and Grossbeck) by the sarcophagid Emblemasoma erro (Aldrich) in western Wisconsin. Sarcophagids typically attack male cicadas, locating them by the latter’s acoustical behavior.

Some members of the dipteran family Sarcophagidae are parasitic on male cicadas (e.g. Soper et. al. 1976, Lakes-Harlan et. al. 2000, Faris et. al. 2008, Stucky 2015). Parasitoids such as Emblemasoma species are attracted to larviposit on male cicadas by responding to the latter’s acoustical signals (Tron et. al. 2016). Sarcophagids, therefore, are generally not attracted to mute female ...


Ciidae Of Michigan (Insecta: Coleoptera), Luna Grey, Anthony I. Cognato Feb 2020

Ciidae Of Michigan (Insecta: Coleoptera), Luna Grey, Anthony I. Cognato

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The family Ciidae Leach, 1819, occurs worldwide with approximately 720 species. In the United States there are 84 species in 13 genera. Given their relatively small size (~0.5 to 6 mm) and cryptic habitats, feeding in decaying fungi, recent regional fauna studies are lacking including the northeastern United States. To alleviate this gap in knowledge, in part, we review and identify 2,123 undetermined specimens collected in Michigan. We provide new state records for four species: Ceracis pecki Lawrence 1971, Cis americanus Mannerheim, 1852, Cis submicans Abeille de Perrin, 1874, Dolicocis manitoba Dury, 1919 which increases the total for ...


Leaf Mining Insects And Their Parasitoids In The Old-Growth Forest Of The Huron Mountains, Ronald J. Priest, Robert R. Kula, Michael W. Gates Feb 2020

Leaf Mining Insects And Their Parasitoids In The Old-Growth Forest Of The Huron Mountains, Ronald J. Priest, Robert R. Kula, Michael W. Gates

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Leaf mining insects in an old-growth forest along the south central shore of Lake Superior in Michigan are documented. We present the results of a 13-year survey of leaf mining species, larval hosts, seasonal occurrence, and parasitoids, as well as report biological observations. Representative larvae, mines, adults, and parasitoids were preserved. Among the larval host associations, 15 are reported as new. Additionally, 42 parasitoid taxa were identified resulting in six first reports from the New World and 32 new host associations. Two undescribed species (Gelechiidae and Figitidae) discovered through this research were described in earlier publications.


Effect Of Laboratory Heat Stress On Mortality And Web Mass Of The Common House Spider, Parasteatoda Tepidariorum (Koch 1841) (Araneae: Theridiidae), Aubrey J. Brown, David Houghton Feb 2020

Effect Of Laboratory Heat Stress On Mortality And Web Mass Of The Common House Spider, Parasteatoda Tepidariorum (Koch 1841) (Araneae: Theridiidae), Aubrey J. Brown, David Houghton

The Great Lakes Entomologist

We determined the effects of chronic heat stress on web construction of Parasteatoda tepidariorum (Araneae: Theridiidae) by measuring the survival and web mass of specimens after a 48-h period within a temperature chamber at 21, 30, 35, 40, or 50°C. The 21, 30 and 35°C treatments had the highest mean survival rate (100%), the 50°C treatment had the lowest (0%), and the 40°C treatment was intermediate (58%). The 21, 30, and 35°C treatments had the highest mean web mass, and the 40 and 50°C treatments had the lowest. Web mass did not correlate with ...


Hidden Dangers To Researcher Safety While Sampling Freshwater Benthic Macroinvertebrates, Ralph D. Stoaks Feb 2020

Hidden Dangers To Researcher Safety While Sampling Freshwater Benthic Macroinvertebrates, Ralph D. Stoaks

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Abstract

This paper reviews hidden dangers that threaten the safety of freshwater (FW) researchers of benthic macroinvertebrates (BMIs). Six refereed journals containing 2,075 papers were reviewed for field research resulting in 505 FW BMI articles. However, danger was reported in only 18% of FW BMI papers. I discussed: 1) papers that did not warn of existing danger and consider researcher safety, 2) metric threshold values (e.g., chemical hazards), and non-metric dangers, (e.g., caves and aquatic habitats), 3), the frequency of danger occurrence, 4) baseline and extreme values. Examples of 28 danger factors that posed a threat to ...


Lessons Learned: Rearing The Crown-Boring Weevil, Ceutorhynchus Scrobicollis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), In Containment For Biological Control Of Garlic Mustard (Alliaria Petiolata), Elizabeth J. Katovich, Roger L. Becker, Esther Gerber, Hariet L. Hinz, Ghislaine Cortat Feb 2020

Lessons Learned: Rearing The Crown-Boring Weevil, Ceutorhynchus Scrobicollis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), In Containment For Biological Control Of Garlic Mustard (Alliaria Petiolata), Elizabeth J. Katovich, Roger L. Becker, Esther Gerber, Hariet L. Hinz, Ghislaine Cortat

The Great Lakes Entomologist

In this paper, we describe lessons learned and protocols developed after a decade of rearing Ceutorhynchus scrobicollis Nerenscheimer and Wagner in a Biosafety Level 2 containment facility. We have developed these protocols in anticipation of approval to release C. scrobicollis in North America for the biocontrol of garlic mustard. The rearing protocol tried to minimize the potential of attack by the adult parasitoid, Perilitus conseutor, which may be present in field collected C. scrobicollis from Europe to prevent inadvertent introduction of parasitoids into North America.

All C. scrobicollis used for our quarantine rearing were field collected near Berlin, Germany. We ...


Photoperiodic Response Of Abrostola Asclepiadis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), A Candidate Biological Control Agent For Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum, Apocynaceae), Lindsey R. Milbrath, Margarita Dolgovskaya, Mark Volkovitsh, René F.H. Sforza, Jeromy Biazzo Feb 2020

Photoperiodic Response Of Abrostola Asclepiadis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), A Candidate Biological Control Agent For Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum, Apocynaceae), Lindsey R. Milbrath, Margarita Dolgovskaya, Mark Volkovitsh, René F.H. Sforza, Jeromy Biazzo

The Great Lakes Entomologist

A biological control program is in development for two swallow-wort species (Vincetoxicum, Apocynaceae), European vines introduced into northeastern North America. One candidate agent is the defoliator Abrostola asclepiadis (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The moth reportedly has up to two generations in parts of its native range. We assessed the potential multivoltinism of Russian and French populations of the moth by rearing them under constant and changing photoperiods, ranging from 13:11 to 16:8 hour (L:D). The French population was also reared outdoors under naturally-changing day lengths at a latitude similar to northern New York State. Less than ...


New State Records For Some Predatory And Parasitic True Bugs (Heteroptera: Cimicomorpha) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson Feb 2020

New State Records For Some Predatory And Parasitic True Bugs (Heteroptera: Cimicomorpha) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Forty new state records, distributed among Anthocoridae, Cimicidae, Lasiochilidae, Lyctocoridae, Nabidae, and Reduviidae, are reported for 25 species of Cimicomorpha found in the United States.


Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Cover Pages Feb 2020

Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Cover Pages

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Pages for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4


Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Cover Art Feb 2020

Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Cover Art

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Art for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4


Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue Feb 2020

Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Full Issue for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 3 & 4


New State Records For The Cicada Parasite Beetle Sandalus Petrophya Knoch (Rhipiceridae), Ed Freese Sep 2019

New State Records For The Cicada Parasite Beetle Sandalus Petrophya Knoch (Rhipiceridae), Ed Freese

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Abstract: New state records are presented for Sandalus petrophya specimens from Nebraska and Iowa along with the currently known distribution of this beetle species.


Acroneuria Lycorias (Boreal Stonefly, Plecoptera: Perlidae) Emergence Behaviors Discovered In Pinus Strobus Canopy, Hannah Hoff, Jonathan G. Martin, Patrick J. Liesch, Erik R. Olson Sep 2019

Acroneuria Lycorias (Boreal Stonefly, Plecoptera: Perlidae) Emergence Behaviors Discovered In Pinus Strobus Canopy, Hannah Hoff, Jonathan G. Martin, Patrick J. Liesch, Erik R. Olson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Species of Plecoptera, or stoneflies, are known to use vertical emergence supports, and researchers believe many species of Plecoptera exploit arboreal habitats during emergence. However, the exact nature of these arboreal behaviors has largely remained a mystery. While exploring the habitat potential of Pinus strobus (L.) (Eastern White Pine) canopies in northern Wisconsin we observed Acroneuria lycorias (Newman) (Boreal Stonefly, Plecoptera: Perlidae) exuviae at heights as high as 12m (observations at 6.6, 9, 9.5, and 12m). Most A. lycorias exuviae appeared to have a strong preference for emergence sites at the underside or base of branches similar to ...


A Five-Year Study Of The Flying Beetles (Coleoptera) From A Grassland And An Adjacent Woods In Southern Québec (Canada), Claire Levesque, Gilles-Yvon Levesque Sep 2019

A Five-Year Study Of The Flying Beetles (Coleoptera) From A Grassland And An Adjacent Woods In Southern Québec (Canada), Claire Levesque, Gilles-Yvon Levesque

The Great Lakes Entomologist

During the entire snow-free season (April or May to October) in 2006-2010, we collected with four flight interception traps a total of 34 629 individuals of 848 Coleoptera species belonging to 60 families in southern Québec (Canada). We catched mainly phytophagous and zoophagous beetles. The majority of species (621 or 73,2%) were represented by less than 10 adults over the five years; however, we collected at least 100 adults for 48 species, including four major species: Meligethes nigrescens Stephens (15,9% of the total catches), Longitarsus luridus (Scopoli) (10,6%), Eusphalerum pothos (Mannerheim) (9,1%) and Acidota subcarinata Erichson ...


Use Of Nest And Pollen Resources By Leafcutter Bees, Genus Megachile (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Central Michigan, Michael F. Killewald, Logan M. Rowe, Kelsey K. Graham, Thomas J. Wood, Rufus Isaacs Sep 2019

Use Of Nest And Pollen Resources By Leafcutter Bees, Genus Megachile (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Central Michigan, Michael F. Killewald, Logan M. Rowe, Kelsey K. Graham, Thomas J. Wood, Rufus Isaacs

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Many landscapes throughout the Great Lakes region have experienced reductions in floral and nesting resources for bees. Identifying the resources used by bees in the family Megachilidae can be used to inform conservation programs that aim to support this group. In this study, we identified the preferred nesting substrate and size, as well as the proportion of distinct pollen types used for offspring provisioning by Megachile species. A total of 39 completed artificial nesting tubes were collected between July 25 and August 30, 2016. A majority of completed nests were in 4 mm diameter tubes. However, more 6 mm and ...


Historical Population Increases And Related Inciting Factors Of Agrilus Anxius, Agrilus Bilineatus, And Agrilus Granulatus Liragus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) In The Lake States (Michigan, Minnesota, And Wisconsin), Robert A. Haack, Toby Petrice Sep 2019

Historical Population Increases And Related Inciting Factors Of Agrilus Anxius, Agrilus Bilineatus, And Agrilus Granulatus Liragus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) In The Lake States (Michigan, Minnesota, And Wisconsin), Robert A. Haack, Toby Petrice

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Three native species of tree-infesting Agrilus have regularly reached outbreak levels in the Lake States (Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin), including A. anxius Gory (bronze birch borer), A. bilineatus (Weber) (twolined chestnut borer), and A. granulatus liragus Barter & Brown (bronze poplar borer). The main host trees for these Agrilus are species of Betula for A. anxius, Castanea and Quercus for A. bilineatus, and Populus for A. granulatus liragus. Based on 197 annual forest health reports for Michigan (1950–2017, 66 years), Minnesota (1950–2017, 64 years), and Wisconsin (1951–2017, 67 years), A. bilineatus was the most often reported Agrilus species in all three states (mentioned in 90 annual reports), with A. anxius second (71 reports) and A. granulatus liragus third (21 reports). Drought was the most commonly reported inciting factor for outbreaks of all three Agrilus species, with defoliation events ranking second. The top two defoliators reported as inciting outbreaks of each species were, in decreasing order, Fenusa pumila Leach (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae; birch leafminer) tied with Malacosoma disstria Hübner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae; forest tent caterpillar) for A. anxius; M. disstria and Alsophila pometaria (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae; fall cankerworm) for A. bilineatus; and M. disstria and Choristoneura conflictana (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae; large aspen tortrix) for A. granulatus liragus. Other environmental factors occasionally listed as inciting Agrilus outbreaks included late spring frosts, ice storms, and strong wind events.


First Records Of The Adventive Pseudoanthidium Nanum (Mocsáry) (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Illinois And Minnesota, With Notes On Its Identification And Taxonomy, Zachary M. Portman, Skyler J. Burrows, Terry Griswold, Mike Arduser, Aaron J. Irber, Rebecca K. Tonietto, Daniel P. Cariveau Sep 2019

First Records Of The Adventive Pseudoanthidium Nanum (Mocsáry) (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) In Illinois And Minnesota, With Notes On Its Identification And Taxonomy, Zachary M. Portman, Skyler J. Burrows, Terry Griswold, Mike Arduser, Aaron J. Irber, Rebecca K. Tonietto, Daniel P. Cariveau

The Great Lakes Entomologist

We report the first records of Pseudoanthidium nanum (Mocsáry) in Illinois and Minnesota in 2016 and 2018, respectively. This represents a relatively rapid expansion since P. nanum was first detected in New Jersey in 2008. In order to help monitor the spread of this bee, we provide information on how to identify P. nanum and provide images of the general habitus, diagnostic features, and male genitalia. Finally, we confirm the taxonomic identity of P. nanum in the United States and highlight potential impacts on native anthidiines.


The Discovery Of Trissolcus Japonicus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) In Michigan, Benjamin J. M. Jarrett, John Pote, Elijah Talamas, Larry Gut, Marianna Szucs Sep 2019

The Discovery Of Trissolcus Japonicus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) In Michigan, Benjamin J. M. Jarrett, John Pote, Elijah Talamas, Larry Gut, Marianna Szucs

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is a pest of growing economic importance in the United States, the control of which currently relies on pesticide applications. Biological control could provide sustainable and long-term control but classical biological control agents have not yet been approved. Adventive populations of a potential biological control agents, the Samurai wasp, Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead), have been found in the United States, first in Maryland in 2014, expanding its range west to Ohio by 2017. Trissolcus japonicus is a highly effective parasitoid of H. halys eggs, but its redistribution and augmentative releases are restricted ...


Epeoloides Pilosulus (Cresson) Rediscovered In Michigan, With Notes On The Distribution And Status Of Its Macropis Hosts., Thomas J. Wood, Michael F. Killewald, Kelsey K. Graham, Jason Gibbs, Rufus Isaacs Sep 2019

Epeoloides Pilosulus (Cresson) Rediscovered In Michigan, With Notes On The Distribution And Status Of Its Macropis Hosts., Thomas J. Wood, Michael F. Killewald, Kelsey K. Graham, Jason Gibbs, Rufus Isaacs

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Epeoloides pilosulus (Cresson 1878) is one of the rarest bees in North America with only a handful of records since 1960. The last collection in Michigan was made in 1944. Epeoloides pilosulus is a brood parasite of Macropis bees, which until recently had not been collected in Michigan for several decades. Bee surveys in Midland County, Michigan have led to the rediscovery of E. pilosulus in this state – the first record in 74 years. Michigan becomes the fourth state where E. pilosulus has been rediscovered after Connecticut in 2006, New York in 2014 and Maine in 2016, and the sixth ...


Cover Pages Sep 2019

Cover Pages

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover pages for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 1 & 2


Cover Art Sep 2019

Cover Art

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover art for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 1 & 2


Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 1 & 2 Full Issue Sep 2019

Tgle Vol. 52 Nos. 1 & 2 Full Issue

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Full issue for TGLE Vol. 52 Nos. 1 & 2


State Record For Stenamma Foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Missouri, Angela D. Pierce, Diane L. Wood Apr 2019

State Record For Stenamma Foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Missouri, Angela D. Pierce, Diane L. Wood

The Great Lakes Entomologist

We report the first known collection of Stenamma foveolocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Missouri. Two specimens were collected in pitfall traps during a field study at Sand Prairie Conservation Area, Scott County, Missouri.


New State Records For Some Pentatomomorpha (Heteroptera) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson Apr 2019

New State Records For Some Pentatomomorpha (Heteroptera) Of The United States, Daniel R. Swanson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Forty-two new state records, distributed among the Alydidae, Coreidae, Largidae, Pyrrhocoridae, and Rhopalidae, are reported for 25 species of Pentatomomorpha found in the United States.


Use Of Spotted Knapweed/Star Thistle (Asterales: Asteraceae) As The Primary Source Of Nectar By Early Migrating Monarch Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) From Beaver Island, Michigan, Matthew M. Douglas Apr 2019

Use Of Spotted Knapweed/Star Thistle (Asterales: Asteraceae) As The Primary Source Of Nectar By Early Migrating Monarch Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) From Beaver Island, Michigan, Matthew M. Douglas

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Recent observations over the past decade suggest that the invasive star thistle (aka spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe L.) provides much of the nectar that supports monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) in their pre-migratory and early migratory flight from the Beaver Island archipelago, an isolated chain of islands located in northern Lake Michigan. With the advent and continuation of global climate change, the opportunistic evolutionary changes that may take place between migrating monarchs and their dependence on non-native nectariferous plants, prior to migration, is worth further documentation and examination.


Cover Pages Apr 2019

Cover Pages

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 cover pages


Cover Art Apr 2019

Cover Art

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 cover art


Tgle Vol. 51 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue Apr 2019

Tgle Vol. 51 Nos. 3 & 4 Full Issue

The Great Lakes Entomologist

TGLE Vol. 51 nos. 3 & 4 full issue