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Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma Jan 2006

Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The debate about the socio-economic and environmental challenges associated with conventional agricultural systems in the U.S.A. in the 1980s vis-a-vis sustainable agriculture (SA) has included the definition of SA, the role of education in addressing the challenges and what should be taught about SA in high school and beyond. Proponents of SA claim education about SA can facilitate solutions to the current problems in agriculture, stimulate rural economic development and enrich scientific teaching of SA (Feldman, 1999; Sanstone, 2003/2004). The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of high school agriculture teachers about SA, and ...


Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis Jan 2006

Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A common recommendation for addressing the serious issue of foodborne illness is to train foodservice managers to handle and store foods safely. Typically, food safety education is considered successful when managers become certified through such programs as ServSafeRTM, which is offered by Cooperative Extension and other organizations. However, sustained behavior change has been limited. The research contributed to understanding the nature of the limitations of current programs, toward betterment of food safety education. The goals of the research was to describe the type and extent of conceptual understandings possessed by trained and certified foodservice workers of scientific principles relevant to ...


An Analysis Of Pre-Service Teacher Preparation And Instructional Supervisory Practices In Agricultural Education , Moreetsi Thobega Jan 2006

An Analysis Of Pre-Service Teacher Preparation And Instructional Supervisory Practices In Agricultural Education , Moreetsi Thobega

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation contained three articles that explored teacher preparation in Agricultural Education. The first article was a descriptive-correlational study; it described the relationship between pre-service teachers' performance on PRAXIS II (initial teacher licensing examination) and their performance on college academic measures. The study utilized existing records from the Department Agricultural Education and studies at Iowa State University. Professional education GPA explained significant variability in principles of learning and teaching (PLT) scores. Males scored higher than females on the Agriculture content (AgC) test. Agriculture GPA did not explain significant variability in AgC scores. Additional research should be conducted to determine whether ...


The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen Jan 2006

The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Professional technical skills (technical skills) and professional practical skills (practical skills) are two kinds of education that are often discussed in terms of technical knowledge and life skills respectively. The acquisition of both technical and practical skills not only is the outcome of education, but also is required by a market economy. However, Chinese rural students are not provided practical skills under the traditional exam-oriented educational system. This study argues to build the educational infrastructure in rural China to provide both kinds of skills to improve the quality of its rural human resources;The purpose of this study is to ...


Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Process Related To Water Quality Issues In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mohamed Camara Jan 2006

Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Process Related To Water Quality Issues In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mohamed Camara

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The North Central Region of the United States is the largest grain producer in the world. Therefore, the soil is intensively exploited which will eventually affect the water in this region. Most of the states in the NCR border the Mississippi River, thus contributing to the quality of water in the Gulf of Mexico. A review of related studies indicated a lack of suitable educational programs to assist farmers, communities, and extension agencies in understanding issues regarding water quality issues. However, these past studies did not focus on agricultural extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching and learning process related to ...


The Influence Of An Integrated Course Cluster On The Communication Skills, Technical Content Knowledge, And Problem-Solving Skills Of Upper-Level College Students , Cynthia Carolyn Crawford Barnett Jan 2006

The Influence Of An Integrated Course Cluster On The Communication Skills, Technical Content Knowledge, And Problem-Solving Skills Of Upper-Level College Students , Cynthia Carolyn Crawford Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine if upper-level college students who participated in AgPAQ, an integrated course cluster learning community, would demonstrate enhanced learning in the areas of oral communication, written communication, technical content knowledge, and problem-solving;The population (N=182) consisted of students who participated in AgPAQ, the treatment group (n=33), and five comparison groups: the AgEdS 450 farm management class (n=57); the Agronomy 356 class (n=36); the Agronomy 356/English 309 integration ( n=35); the paid AgPAQ volunteer group (n=7); and the paid non-AgPAQ volunteer group (n=14). Students in these ...


The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo Jan 2006

The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the increasing population of Latino students in the Iowa secondary agricultural education program and the need for minority leaders in agriculture, the goal of this study was to survey a group of students in agricultural classes to understand their perspectives towards the learning components of the program. This study found that Latino students in Iowa secondary schools were supportive of the agricultural education program and interested in participating in experiential programs. Recommendations from this study are to encourage Latino students to actively participate in secondary agricultural classes. A greater effort from educators to recruit and research minority students ...


Faculty Perceptions Of The Undergraduate Mentoring Process In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Ashley Joelle Wolfe Jan 2006

Faculty Perceptions Of The Undergraduate Mentoring Process In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Ashley Joelle Wolfe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on mentoring in educational settings has traditionally focused on faculty and graduate student mentoring, while it has been somewhat less prevalent at the undergraduate level. Literature indicates that while undergraduate academic achievement and career development are undoubtedly influenced by a variety of factors, mentoring is a significant variable. However, faculty and administrators alike are often uncertain about how to foster effective mentoring relationships with undergraduate students. The few undergraduate research studies on mentoring that have been conducted have focused primarily on the protege's perceptions about their mentor or mentoring relationship. The lack of research regarding faculty perceptions of ...


Secondary Agricultural Educators' Validation Of Selected Agricultural Mechanics Objectives In Wisconsin , Richard Lee Bockhop Jan 2005

Secondary Agricultural Educators' Validation Of Selected Agricultural Mechanics Objectives In Wisconsin , Richard Lee Bockhop

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive study was to validate selected agricultural mechanics objectives in Wisconsin. The population consisted of all secondary agricultural education teachers in Wisconsin. The survey instrument was pilot-tested using 47 educators that had experience in agricultural mechanics and/or agricultural education. The instrument was sent electronically to 286 agricultural teachers. Overall, 269 usable responses were received for this study. Wisconsin agriculture teachers validated 99 agricultural mechanics objectives for consideration in secondary agricultural education programs. Additionally, teachers indicated strong support for pre-service and in-service training for the 99 validated objectives. Teachers averaged 14.1 years of experience and ...


Training Programs In Sustainable Agriculture For Postharvest Loss Minimization And Storage: A Case Sudy In Ethiopia , David Kariuki Kagima Jan 2005

Training Programs In Sustainable Agriculture For Postharvest Loss Minimization And Storage: A Case Sudy In Ethiopia , David Kariuki Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to use a series of adult educational programs conducted in a developing country as a case study of adult extension education. The specific objectives were to describe an adult education program in sustainable agriculture in a selected country in Africa, identify problems and develop an improved adult agricultural education program model for the delivery of the technical information.;Training programs on postharvest loss minimization and storage were conducted in Ethiopia from 1999 to 2003. This program was a part of a five-year program by Agricultural Cooperative Development International and Volunteer Overseas Cooperative Agency (ACDI ...


Examining Non-Participation Through People's Functional Perspectives: A Q Methodology Study Of Non-Participating Uruguayan Dairy Farmers , Brett Andrew Kramer Jan 2004

Examining Non-Participation Through People's Functional Perspectives: A Q Methodology Study Of Non-Participating Uruguayan Dairy Farmers , Brett Andrew Kramer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation illustrates how Q Methodology was used to solve a problem of low enrollment in a dairy herd genetic registry project in Uruguay to better understand the reasons why many farmer producers declined to participate. The results of Q Methodology led to a more satisfying understanding of the needs, interests, and values of non-participants in this agricultural extension project. The dissertation argues for expanded use of Q as a tool for educational program planning and evaluation in addition to its better known use as a research instrument.;Q statements were developed from in-depth interviews with non-participating producers and project ...


Education And Water Conservation In Tucson, Arizona: Towards An Educational Model For Saudi Arabia , Mohammad Sh Al-Shayaa Jan 2004

Education And Water Conservation In Tucson, Arizona: Towards An Educational Model For Saudi Arabia , Mohammad Sh Al-Shayaa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Saudi Arabia and Tucson, Arizona are both surrounded by desert and rely on groundwater. Both places also suffer from similar types of water shortage problems. The average water usage, in gallons per person per day, in Tucson is 160. In contrast, in Saudi Arabia this figure is 260. Respectively, these factors encouraged the researcher to investigate the educational roles in Tucson. The findings and experience gleaned from Tucson will be used in Saudi Arabia where the researcher is planning to pursue his career.;Information circulated to the Tucson public about water conservation demonstrates effectiveness in addressing issues related to water ...


An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub Jan 2004

An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study assessed students' perceptions about the Master of Agriculture in professional agriculture (ProAg) program that is offered off-campus. It also provides information regarding the number of graduate students who enrolled in this program and are now working in agriculture related occupations. Alumni of the program provided feedback regarding the content of the ProAg program in agriculture. It serves as an analysis tool for assessing the effectiveness of the ProAg program in the College of Agriculture at Iowa State University. The College of Agriculture could use the data and information collected from this study for future program planning as well ...


Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner Jan 2004

Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine similarities and differences in students' perceptions towards learning in two senior-level farm management experientially based capstone courses, similar in content, but vastly different in delivery and teaching methods. A secondary purpose was to determine if there was a favorable means for teaching farm business management concepts to young adult learners.;The objectives of the study were: (1) To examine selected demographic characteristics of the students enrolled in these two experientially-based capstone courses. (2) To determine the effectiveness of these two capstone courses using Crunkilton's criteria. (3) To identify the effectiveness of ...


The Role Of Bioscience And Biotechnology In Agricultural Education In The Secondary School Agriculture Curriculum As Perceived By Agricultural Educators , Theresa Adikinyi Sikinyi Jan 2003

The Role Of Bioscience And Biotechnology In Agricultural Education In The Secondary School Agriculture Curriculum As Perceived By Agricultural Educators , Theresa Adikinyi Sikinyi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of agriculture teachers regarding the role of biosciences/biotechnology in the study of agriculture in the North Central Region of the United States. The study sought to determine the degree to which teachers perceived the importance of infusing biosciences/biotechnology into the agriculture curriculum. Another objective of the study was to determine the extent to which competencies in biosciences/biotechnology could be taught if additional instructional materials and inservice training were provided to the teachers.;This was a survey research study, conducted with a stratified random sample of 610 individuals selected ...


Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig Jan 2003

Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The resurgence of distance education, with the introduction of computer and communication technologies, has brought to the forefront the need for higher education to change the way it engages the lifelong learner. In addition, there is need to revisit the importance of the traditional land-grant mission in public higher education as universities and colleges seek to deliver education to the lifelong learner regardless of location or time. Distance education is becoming viewed as a means of meeting societal needs for lifelong learning.;In light of the Kellogg Commission report, the purpose of this research project was to assess the role ...


Instructional Supervision Of Student Teachers In Agricultural Education , Carrie Ann Fritz Jan 2002

Instructional Supervision Of Student Teachers In Agricultural Education , Carrie Ann Fritz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The principal purpose of this dissertation was to explore supervision in agricultural education settings. The dissertation was divided into three specific papers that focused on some aspect of the supervisory process. The first paper presented the Escalation model for the supervision of agricultural instruction. The model is a growth continuum that consists of three levels. The supervisory models included in each level are placed along a continuum of structure and reward and risk. As the supervisor matures in the supervisory process, it is proposed that the model of supervision used should change. As their professional maturity increases and as the ...


Follow-Up Evaluation Of The Agriculture Minority Summer Research Internship Program , Nicole Lynn Gale Jan 2002

Follow-Up Evaluation Of The Agriculture Minority Summer Research Internship Program , Nicole Lynn Gale

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the world becomes more diverse, campus and communities must provide opportunities and conditions conducive to learning for all students of color. Iowa State University is attempting to increase awareness about agriculture-related areas among minority high school and undergraduate students. The College of Agriculture has sponsored an Agriculture Minority Summer Research Program (AMSRIP) each summer since 1994. Students utilize experiential learning skills working under the guidance of faculty mentors to conduct research in agriculture-related areas.;The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the experiences students received while attending the Iowa State University Agriculture Minority Summer ...


Issues Regarding Sustainable Agriculture As Perceived By Upper Level Undergraduate Students Involved In A Student Managed Farm At Iowa State University , Awoke Desta Dollisso Jan 2002

Issues Regarding Sustainable Agriculture As Perceived By Upper Level Undergraduate Students Involved In A Student Managed Farm At Iowa State University , Awoke Desta Dollisso

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of agriculture students regarding sustainable agriculture practices, issues related to sustainable agriculture and learning/teaching processes. These students were enrolled in a capstone course that involved managing a 2000-acre operation. Fifty-seven students participated in this census study. Participants completed a survey questionnaire and a select group of students answered questions in a focus group interview.;The participants in this study perceived that the sustainable agriculture movement promotes environmental concerns about farming more than economic concerns. The participants were mildly interested in learning more about practicing sustainable agriculture practices and how ...


A Case Study Analysis Of The Implementation Process Of The Small Farmers Outreach Training And Technical Assistance (2501) Program, 1994-2001: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education Targeting African American Farmers , Tasha Monique Hargrove Jan 2002

A Case Study Analysis Of The Implementation Process Of The Small Farmers Outreach Training And Technical Assistance (2501) Program, 1994-2001: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education Targeting African American Farmers , Tasha Monique Hargrove

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to provide a case study analysis of the implementation process of the Small Farmers Outreach Training and Technical Assistance (2501) Program with implications for African American farmers. The 2501 Program is an agricultural educational program that was designed to reverse or slow the decline of socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.;In 1994, twenty-seven small farm projects were established as a result of the 2501 Program. Institutions including South Carolina State University, Fort Valley State University, Tuskegee University, Alcorn State University, Lincoln University, and the Federation of Southern Cooperatives/Land Assistance Fund received five-year ...


Secondary School Teachers Perceptions Regarding The Process Of Teaching Sustainable Agriculture In The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Emmanuel Chukwunenye Okeafor Jan 2002

Secondary School Teachers Perceptions Regarding The Process Of Teaching Sustainable Agriculture In The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Emmanuel Chukwunenye Okeafor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine perceptions held by high school teachers of agriculture in the North Central Region of the U.S. regarding teaching sustainable agriculture in the agriculture curriculum. This region is comprised of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.;The specific objectives for this study were to: (1) identify perceptions of teachers regarding teaching sustainable agriculture, (2) identify the extent to which selected sustainable agriculture skills and knowledge were being taught, (3) identify the extent to which inservice training is needed in selected ...


An Analysis Of Institutional Engagement: Perceptions Of Faculty, Staff And Administration In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Michael Devitt Woods Jan 2001

An Analysis Of Institutional Engagement: Perceptions Of Faculty, Staff And Administration In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Michael Devitt Woods

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Significant movement is afoot in higher education around a reinvigoration of civic engagement as well as efforts to reform the 'ivory tower' from societal isolation and irrelevance. This movement is based on the assumption that land grant institutions should play a key role in sustaining our democracy and collaborating to solve complex societal problems. Against this backdrop, in February 1999, the Kellogg Commission on the Future of State and Land-Grant Universities issued the third of its reports, Returning to Our Roots: The Engaged Institution (NASULGC, 1999), calling for greater institutional engagement with society. Specifically the Commission concluded that it is ...


The Role Of Extension In The Cuban Agricultural Knowledge And Information System: The Case Of Havana City Province , Eva Alejandrina Carrasco Jan 2001

The Role Of Extension In The Cuban Agricultural Knowledge And Information System: The Case Of Havana City Province , Eva Alejandrina Carrasco

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and interpret the Agricultural Knowledge and Information System (AKIS) of Havana City Province, Cuba, with particular reference to the role of extension programs in contributing to food security. Specific research objectives were to: (1) describe the AKIS in Havana City Province, (2) identify the role of extension in the AKIS, and (3) develop a model for analyzing the AKIS, which may have utility when studying the AKIS in other countries.;The study was designed using a qualitative research methodology. Specifically, a case study of Havana City Province was conducted. Interviews, participant observation ...


Integrated Pest Management: An Evaluation Of Adoption In Field Crop Production , Carol Lea Pilcher Jan 2001

Integrated Pest Management: An Evaluation Of Adoption In Field Crop Production , Carol Lea Pilcher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In September 1993, the Clinton Administration announced its commitment to reducing pesticide use and promoting sustainable agriculture through promotion of Integrated Pest Management on U.S. crop acreage. In fact, a goal was set to adopt IPM on 75 percent of the U.S. crop acreage by the year 2000. During the past eight years, the complexities associated with defining IPM and the lack of agreement of what constitutes IPM have resulted in dissimilar assessments in documenting progress to achieve this goal. One complication is the absence of a standardized measurement tool for the adoption of IPM that is applicable ...


Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Processes As Related To Sustainable Agriculture: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education , Koralalage Sunil Upali Jayaratne Jan 2001

Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Processes As Related To Sustainable Agriculture: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education , Koralalage Sunil Upali Jayaratne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Development of sustainability in conventional agricultural systems is a challenge that agricultural scientists and educators have to face. Review of related studies indicated that extension educators were skeptical of the application of sustainable agricultural practices. However, none of these past studies focused on extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching learning process related to sustainable agriculture.;The purpose of this study was to determine extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching-learning process pertaining to sustainable agricultural practices, and identify the relationship between extension educators' perceptions and their motivation for learning about sustainable agriculture.;This was a survey research study conducted with a ...


Risk Management Education: Assessment Of Attitudes And Perceptions Of Iowa Farmers , Scott Reed Mickelsen Jan 2001

Risk Management Education: Assessment Of Attitudes And Perceptions Of Iowa Farmers , Scott Reed Mickelsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the preferences of agriculture producers regarding the content and delivery of risk management education using Kolb's learning modes as a set of descriptors. Further, this study sought to analyze producers' attitudes about and perceptions of risk and risk management education and develop an educational model based on these preferences and perceptions.;This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. A six-part questionnaire was developed and sent to members of the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation. Collection of the data via purposive sampling was done using three techniques. The first was a ...


Perceived Impact Of Internship And Practical Training Programs On Professional And Personal Growth: Implications To Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrew Vladimirovich Novotorov Jan 2001

Perceived Impact Of Internship And Practical Training Programs On Professional And Personal Growth: Implications To Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrew Vladimirovich Novotorov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine and analyze former students' perceptions regarding impact of internship programs at Iowa State University. The secondary purpose was to identify existing practical training programs in Nizhni Novgorod Agricultural Academy, Russia. The third purpose was to identify the implications of determined perceptions for the opportunity to apply a new model of internship programming based on both American and Russian experiences.;This study examined the perceptions of agriculture graduates enrolled in internship and practical training programs of agriculture and agribusiness. Those who are proponents of these paradigms differ drastically in their views of ...


Faculty And Staff Members' Perceptions Of Internships In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Chia-Hsing Wu Jan 2001

Faculty And Staff Members' Perceptions Of Internships In The College Of Agriculture At Iowa State University , Chia-Hsing Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Given its theoretical potential, an experiential internship could serve substantial purposes for all that participate: students, educational institutions, and employers. The value of an internship in college curricula has received increased attention in recent years. Internships appear to offer benefits to all three entities. While the benefits of internships toward students and employers are generally well known, little information concerns their potential benefits to educational institutions. Faculty and staff members' support and commitment are vital in planning and implementing the program. Identification of their concerns and perceptions of internships is the first step in gaining respect for the programs.;The ...


An Assessment Of Instructional Technology In Secondary Agricultural Education Curricula In North Carolina And Virginia , Antoine Jerrod Alston Jan 2000

An Assessment Of Instructional Technology In Secondary Agricultural Education Curricula In North Carolina And Virginia , Antoine Jerrod Alston

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive/correlational study was to evaluate instructional technology availability and use in secondary agricultural education curricula in North Carolina and Virginia. The population for this study consisted of secondary agriculture teachers in North Carolina and Virginia that were listed in the 1998--99 North Carolina Agricultural Education Director (N = 370) and Virginia Vocational Agriculture Teacher's Association Directory (N = 313). Based on Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) formula for a 5% margin of error, a random sample of 242 would be required for a population of this size. The researcher based on the objectives of the study ...


A Historical Profile Of Valamo Monastery's Agricultural Practices, With Implications For Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrei Vladimirovich Khomoutov Jan 2000

A Historical Profile Of Valamo Monastery's Agricultural Practices, With Implications For Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrei Vladimirovich Khomoutov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to create a vision to empower monks and civilians to make their decisions about developing a renewed agricultural extension and demonstration system for the Valamo Archipelago based on agricultural technology transfer in time. In other words, the purpose was to propose better ways to educate people of the described area about how to live in harmony with the environment;Two research questions guided the study: (1) What components of an informal agricultural education system were in use at Valamo Monastery prior to World War II; and (2) What basic elements can be applied to ...