Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Efficient Irrigation For Recreational Turfgrass In New England: Evapotranspiration And Crop Coefficients, James W. Poro Jan 2015

Efficient Irrigation For Recreational Turfgrass In New England: Evapotranspiration And Crop Coefficients, James W. Poro

Masters Theses

ABSTRACT

EFFICIENT IRRIGATION FOR RECREATIONAL TURFGRASS IN NEW ENGLAND: EVAPOTRANSPIRATION AND CROP COEFFICIENTS

AUGUST 2014

JAMES PORO, B.S., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

M.S., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Dr. J. Scott Ebdon

As water demand increases it will become more imperative for golf course superintendents, landscape managers, and other industry professionals to improve water use efficiency in the management of recreational turfgrass. Scheduling irrigation according to actual turfgrass evapotranspiration rates (ETT) is an integral component of efficient irrigation practices. Impracticality of field derived ETT for industry use, however, directs the need of weather station derived ...


Transfer And Survival Of Microorganisms To Produce From Surface Irrigation Water, Stuart Jamison Gorman Aug 2014

Transfer And Survival Of Microorganisms To Produce From Surface Irrigation Water, Stuart Jamison Gorman

Masters Theses

Surface water irrigation sources are widely used for fruit and vegetable crop production in the United States. Surface water is inherently prone to direct and indirect contamination with animal fecal material. Hence, the microbial quality of surface water sources can be highly variable. Water used for irrigation is considered a common source for produce contamination. In addition to this, fruits and vegetables are commonly consumed fresh or minimally processed, thus emphasizing the need for preventative measures in production of fresh produce. This study will examine transfer from naturally contaminated irrigation water to cantaloupes using drip and overhead spray irrigation methods ...


Synthetic Turf Surface Temperature Reduction And Performance Characteristics As Affected By Calcined Clay Modified Infill, Eric Hall Reasor May 2014

Synthetic Turf Surface Temperature Reduction And Performance Characteristics As Affected By Calcined Clay Modified Infill, Eric Hall Reasor

Masters Theses

Synthetic turf research plots containing crumb rubber (CR) infill were established in Knoxville, TN in 2012 and 2013. Calcined clay (CC) was amended to CR in several ratios: a 50:50 (vol vol-1) blend; a 50:50 blend with a polymer coating on CC (50 CR:50 CCC); a 15 mm layer of CC under 15 mm of CR (CR over CC); and a 15 mm layer of CC over 15 mm of CR (CC over CR). A 100% CR and a 70:30 blend of CR to sand (70 CR:30 S) were included for comparison. Surface temperature was ...


Locating The Variability Of Soil Water Holding Capacity And Understanding Its Effects On Deficit Irrigation And Cotton Lint Yield, Heath Adam Duncan Aug 2012

Locating The Variability Of Soil Water Holding Capacity And Understanding Its Effects On Deficit Irrigation And Cotton Lint Yield, Heath Adam Duncan

Masters Theses

Precision irrigation equipment such as variable-rate center pivots is readily available to Tennessee growers and producers; however, little research exists describing its application to cotton grown in Tennessee. In order to optimize the use of variable-rate irrigation equipment and water resources, two experiments were performed to determine (1) whether or not ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical conductivity (EC) measurements can be used to delineate variable-rate irrigation zones and (2) examine the response of cotton lint yield to varying rates and duration of irrigation.

GPR and EC measurements were recorded, validated using soil cores, and used to identify the subsurface variability ...


Cotton (Gossipium Hirsutum L.) Response To Irrigation And Environment In A Short Season Climate, Matthew Scott Wiggins May 2012

Cotton (Gossipium Hirsutum L.) Response To Irrigation And Environment In A Short Season Climate, Matthew Scott Wiggins

Masters Theses

Research was conducted in 2010 and 2011 at the West Tennessee Research and Education Center in Jackson, TN to investigate water deficit and irrigation response in cotton to provide a better understanding of physiological growth changes and yield impact on the crop grown in soils of varying depth to a sandy layer. The deep soil yielded more vegetative mass when compared with the shallower soil. This is also true when applying higher rates of irrigation where plants grew two more nodes of growth and 15.2 centimeters of plant height. Time to cotton maturity was delayed seven days in the ...


Irrigation Plus Nitrogen Rate Effects On Hybrid Bermudagrass Hay Yield And Quality, With Preliminary Evaluation Of Ndvi, Tissue, And Soil Nitrate-N Sampling As Diagnostic Tools, Timothy Donald Carter May 2011

Irrigation Plus Nitrogen Rate Effects On Hybrid Bermudagrass Hay Yield And Quality, With Preliminary Evaluation Of Ndvi, Tissue, And Soil Nitrate-N Sampling As Diagnostic Tools, Timothy Donald Carter

Masters Theses

A nitrogen fertility study with Vaughn’s hybrid bermudagrass conducted on a Crider silt loam soil (fine, silty, mixed, active, mesic Typic Paleudalfs) over three (3) years (2008-2011) at the Highland Rim Research and Education Center near Springfield, Tennessee is evaluated in this manuscript. Nitrogen applications are evaluated in both irrigated and non-irrigated plots at five (5) different application rates: 0, 56, 112, 168, and 224 kg N ha-1. These rates are applied beginning in late April, and three (3) additional times upon harvests occurring in June, July, and August. Irrigation plots receive enough water to bring total weekly ...