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Faculty Publications

Rhode Island College

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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Hydrodynamic Function Of Dorsal Fins In Spiny Dogfish And Bamboo Sharks During Steady Swimming, Anabela Maia, George V. Lauder, Cheryl D. Wilga Aug 2017

Hydrodynamic Function Of Dorsal Fins In Spiny Dogfish And Bamboo Sharks During Steady Swimming, Anabela Maia, George V. Lauder, Cheryl D. Wilga

Faculty Publications

A key feature of fish functional design is the presence of multiple fins that allow thrust vectoring and redirection of fluid momentum to contribute to both steady swimming and maneuvering. A number of previous studies have analyzed the function of dorsal fins in teleost fishes in this context, but the hydrodynamic function of dorsal fins in freely swimming sharks has not been analyzed, despite the potential for differential functional roles between the anterior and posterior dorsal fins. Previous anatomical research has suggested a primarily stabilizing role for shark dorsal fins. We evaluated the generality of this hypothesis by using time-resolved ...


Diversity As Opportunity: Insights From 600 Million Years Of Ahr Evolution, Rebeka R. Merson, Mark E. Hahn, Sibel I. Karchner Oct 2016

Diversity As Opportunity: Insights From 600 Million Years Of Ahr Evolution, Rebeka R. Merson, Mark E. Hahn, Sibel I. Karchner

Faculty Publications

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) was for many years of interest only to pharmacologists and toxicologists. However, this protein has fundamental roles in biology that are being revealed through studies in diverse animal species. The AHR is an ancient protein. AHR homologs exist in most major groups of modern bilaterian animals, including deuterostomes (chordates, hemichordates, echinoderms) and the two major clades of protostome invertebrates [ecdysozoans (e.g. arthropods and nematodes) and lophotrochozoans (e.g. molluscs and annelids)]. AHR homologs also have been identified in cnidarians such as the sea anemone Nematostella and in the genome of Trichoplax, a placozoan. Bilaterians ...


Streamwise Vortices Destabilize Swimming Bluegill Sunfish, Anabela Maia, Alex P. Sheltzer, Eric D. Tytell Jan 2014

Streamwise Vortices Destabilize Swimming Bluegill Sunfish, Anabela Maia, Alex P. Sheltzer, Eric D. Tytell

Faculty Publications

In their natural environment, fish must swim stably through unsteady flows and vortices, including vertical vortices, typically shed by posts in a flow, horizontal cross-flow vortices, often produced by a step or a waterfall in a stream, and streamwise vortices, where the axis of rotation is aligned with the direction of the flow. Streamwise vortices are commonly shed by bluff bodies in streams and by ships’ propellers and axial turbines, but we know little about their effects on fish. Here, we describe how bluegill sunfish use more energy and are destabilized more often in flow with strong streamwise vorticity. The ...


Trace Metals (Cu, Zn, Cd And Pb) In Juvenile Fish From Estuarine Nurseries Along The Portugese Coast, Rita P. Vasconcelos, Patrick Reis-Santos, Anabela Maia, Miguel Ruano, Maria J. Costa Universidade De Lisboa Mar 2011

Trace Metals (Cu, Zn, Cd And Pb) In Juvenile Fish From Estuarine Nurseries Along The Portugese Coast, Rita P. Vasconcelos, Patrick Reis-Santos, Anabela Maia, Miguel Ruano, Maria J. Costa Universidade De Lisboa

Faculty Publications

Organic and inorganic pollution can impact organisms directly and affect condition, growth and survival of juvenile fish which use estuaries as nurseries, and thereby affect marine adult populations quantitatively and qualitatively. Trace element contamination (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) in juveniles of commercial fish Solea solea, Solea senegalensis, Platichthys flesus, Diplodus vulgaris and Dicentrarchus labrax collected in putative nurseries of the main Portuguese estuaries (with diverse intensities and sources of anthropogenic pressures) was determined via atomic absorption spectrometry. Contamination was significantly different among species. Similar levels of contamination were found among estuaries, except for D. vulgaris. Cu and Zn concentrations ranged ...


Interaction Of Fish Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Paralogs (Ahr1 And Ahr2) With The Retinoblastoma Protein, Rebeka R. Merson, Sibel I. Karchner, Mark E. Hahn Aug 2009

Interaction Of Fish Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Paralogs (Ahr1 And Ahr2) With The Retinoblastoma Protein, Rebeka R. Merson, Sibel I. Karchner, Mark E. Hahn

Faculty Publications

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-pdioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. In some mammalian cell lines, TCDD induces G1 cell cycle arrest, which depends on an interaction between the AHR and the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB). Mammals possess one AHR, whereas fishes possess two or more AHR paralogs that differ in the domains important for AHR-RB interactions in mammals. To test the hypothesis that fish AHR paralogs differ in their ability to interact with RB, we cloned RB cDNA from Atlantic killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus, and studied the interactions of killifish RB protein with ...


A Unified View Of Base Excision Repair, Karen H. Almeida, Robert W. Sobol Jun 2007

A Unified View Of Base Excision Repair, Karen H. Almeida, Robert W. Sobol

Faculty Publications

Base excision repair (BER) proteins act upon a significantly broad spectrum of DNA lesions that result from endogenous and exogenous sources. Multiple sub-pathways of BER (short-path or longpatch) and newly designated DNA repair pathways (e.g., SSBR and NIR) that utilize BER proteins complicate any comprehensive understanding of BER and its role in genome maintenance, chemotherapeutic response, neurodegeneration, cancer or aging. Herein, we propose a unified model of BER, comprised of three functional processes: Lesion Recognition/Strand Scission, Gap Tailoring and DNA Synthesis/Ligation, each represented by one or more multiprotein complexes and coordinated via the XRCC1/DNA Ligase III ...


The Perils Of Industrial Pig Farming, Richard A. Lobban Oct 1999

The Perils Of Industrial Pig Farming, Richard A. Lobban

Faculty Publications

North Carolina is one the nation's several major meat-producing states. Why should we be much concerned about the lives of animals that were being raised for slaughter in the massive food industry? In fact, there is very much more at stake.


Some Cultivated Plants In Ndumba, Eastern Highlands Province, Terence E. Hays Jan 1981

Some Cultivated Plants In Ndumba, Eastern Highlands Province, Terence E. Hays

Faculty Publications

This paper reports on the cultivation and uses of 47 species of minor food crops and other useful plants in Habi'ina village, a Tairora speaking community in the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.


Uses Of Wild Plants In Ndumba, Eastern Highlands Province, Terence E. Hays Jan 1980

Uses Of Wild Plants In Ndumba, Eastern Highlands Province, Terence E. Hays

Faculty Publications

For Papua New Guineans,l as well as for those who wish to understand them better, traiditional knowledge of the local natural environment is a priceless resource. In the face of increasing commitments to a cash economy, however, many communities are rapidly losing their awareness and appreciation of the rich animal and plant worlds which are immediately available to them. As Powell has recently observed (1976), the recorded information regarding traditional plant knowledge and uses has tended to be widely-scattered in the literature and relatively difficult to access, especially for those who stand to benefit the most from it. A ...