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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth Feb 2019

Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Mental Health America designed ten questionnaires that are used to determine the risk of mental disorders. They are also commonly used by Mental Health Professionals (MHPs) to assess suicidality. Specifically, the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), a widely used suicide assessment questionnaire, helps MHPs determine the severity of suicide risk and offer an appropriate treatment. A major challenge in suicide treatment is the social stigma wherein the patient feels reluctance in discussing his/her conditions with an MHP, which leads to inaccurate assessment and treatment of patients. On the other hand, the same patient is comfortable freely discussing his ...


Empathi: An Ontology For Emergency Managing And Planning About Hazard Crisis, Manas Gaur, Kaeedeh Shekarpour, Amelia Gyrard, Amit P. Sheth Jan 2019

Empathi: An Ontology For Emergency Managing And Planning About Hazard Crisis, Manas Gaur, Kaeedeh Shekarpour, Amelia Gyrard, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

In the domain of emergency management during hazard crises, having sufficient situational awareness information is critical. It requires capturing and integrating information from sources such as satellite images, local sensors and social media content generated by local people.
A bold obstacle to capturing, representing and integrating such heterogeneous and diverse information is lack of a proper ontology which properly conceptualizes this domain, aggregates and unifies datasets. Thus, in this paper, we introduce empathi ontology which conceptualizes the core concepts describing the domain of emergency managing and planning of hazard crises.
Although empathi has a coarse-grained view, it considers the necessary ...


The Wright State – Lake Campus 2018 – 2019 Scholarly Review, Wright State University - Lake Campus Jan 2019

The Wright State – Lake Campus 2018 – 2019 Scholarly Review, Wright State University - Lake Campus

Lake Campus Research Symposium Reports

This report provides a listing of the scholarly endeavors from Lake Campus during the 2018 calendar year spanning across disciplines.

This document contains the Annual Research Report from 2018 and the Research Symposium Program from 2019.


Poster: Privacy-Preserving Boosting With Random Linear Classifiers, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen Oct 2018

Poster: Privacy-Preserving Boosting With Random Linear Classifiers, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen

Kno.e.sis Publications

We propose SecureBoost, a privacy-preserving predictive modeling framework, that allows service providers (SPs) to build powerful boosting models over encrypted or randomly masked user submit- ted data. SecureBoost uses random linear classifiers (RLCs) as the base classifiers. A Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) manages keys and assists the SP’s processing to reduce the complexity of the protocol constructions. The SP learns only the base models (i.e., RLCs) and the CSP learns only the weights of the base models and a limited leakage function. This separated parameter holding avoids any party from abusing the final model or conducting model-based attacks ...


Building Iot Based Applications For Smart Cities: How Can Ontology Catalogs Help?, Amelia Gyrard, Antoine Zimmermann, Amit P. Sheth Oct 2018

Building Iot Based Applications For Smart Cities: How Can Ontology Catalogs Help?, Amelia Gyrard, Antoine Zimmermann, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

The Internet of Things (IoT) plays an ever-increasing role in enabling smart city applications. An ontology-based semantic approach can help improve interoperability between a variety of IoT-generated as well as complementary data needed to drive these applications. While multiple ontology catalogs exist, using them for IoT and smart city applications require significant amount of work. In this paper, we demonstrate how can ontology catalogs be more effectively used to design and develop smart city applications? We consider four ontology catalogs that are relevant for IoT and smart cities: 1) READY4SmartCities; 2) linked open vocabulary (LOV); 3) OpenSensingCity (OSC); and 4 ...


The Learning Loss Effect In Genetics: What Ideas Do Students Retain Or Lose After Instruction?, Amber Todd, William L. Romine Oct 2018

The Learning Loss Effect In Genetics: What Ideas Do Students Retain Or Lose After Instruction?, Amber Todd, William L. Romine

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Modern genetics is a relatively new domain, but it is increasingly important for students to have a firm grasp on the content, because genetic technologies are becoming more commonplace. In a previous study, we used the Learning Progression-based Assessment of Modern Genetics to assess high school students’ knowledge of genetics concepts after an intensive inquiry-based genetics instructional period. Given that this type of intensive inquiry-based instruction is unique, we are now investigating how students’ knowledge of genetics changes after instruction (i.e., learning loss effect). Using a six-measure longitudinal design, we found that students retained significant gains in five of ...


Using Electronic Health Records To Characterize Prescription Patterns: Focus On Antidepressants In Nonpsychiatric Outpatient Settings, Joseph J. Deferio, Tomer T. Levin, Judith Cukor, Samprit Banerjee, Rozan Abdulrahman, Amit P. Sheth, Neel Mehta, Jyotishman Pathak Oct 2018

Using Electronic Health Records To Characterize Prescription Patterns: Focus On Antidepressants In Nonpsychiatric Outpatient Settings, Joseph J. Deferio, Tomer T. Levin, Judith Cukor, Samprit Banerjee, Rozan Abdulrahman, Amit P. Sheth, Neel Mehta, Jyotishman Pathak

Kno.e.sis Publications

Objective

To characterize nonpsychiatric prescription patterns of antidepressants according to drug labels and evidence assessments (on-label, evidence-based, and off-label) using structured outpatient electronic health record (EHR) data. Methods

A retrospective analysis was conducted using deidentified EHR data from an outpatient practice at a New York City-based academic medical center. Structured “medication–diagnosis” pairs for antidepressants from 35 325 patients between January 2010 and December 2015 were compared to the latest drug product labels and evidence assessments. Results

Of 140 929 antidepressant prescriptions prescribed by primary care providers (PCPs) and nonpsychiatry specialists, 69% were characterized as “on-label/evidence-based uses.” Depression diagnoses ...


Best Integrated Writing 2018 - Complete Edition Aug 2018

Best Integrated Writing 2018 - Complete Edition

Best Integrated Writing

Best Integrated Writing includes excellent student writing from Integrated Writing courses taught at Wright State University. The journal is published annually by the Wright State University Department of English Language and Literatures.


Identification Of Novel Δnp63Α-Regulated Mirnas Using An Optimized Small Rna-Seq Analysis Pipeline, Suraj Sakaram, Michael P. Craig, Natasha T. Hill, Amjad Aljiagthmi, Christian Garrido, Oleg Paliy, Michael Bottomley, Michael L. Raymer, Madhavi Kadakia Jul 2018

Identification Of Novel Δnp63Α-Regulated Mirnas Using An Optimized Small Rna-Seq Analysis Pipeline, Suraj Sakaram, Michael P. Craig, Natasha T. Hill, Amjad Aljiagthmi, Christian Garrido, Oleg Paliy, Michael Bottomley, Michael L. Raymer, Madhavi Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Advances in high-throughput sequencing have enabled profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs), however, a consensus pipeline for sequencing of small RNAs has not been established. We built and optimized an analysis pipeline using Partek Flow, circumventing the need for analyzing data via scripting languages. Our analysis assessed the effect of alignment reference, normalization method, and statistical model choice on biological data. The pipeline was evaluated using sequencing data from HaCaT cells transfected with either a non-silencing control or siRNA against ΔNp63α, a p53 family member protein which is highly expressed in non-melanoma skin cancer and shown to regulate a number of miRNAs ...


Creating Real-Time Dynamic Knowledge Graphs, Swati Padhee, Sarasi Lalithsena, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2018

Creating Real-Time Dynamic Knowledge Graphs, Swati Padhee, Sarasi Lalithsena, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Augmented Personalized Health: Using Semantically Integrated Multimodal Data For Patient Empowered Health Management Strategies, Amit P. Sheth, Hong Y. Yip, Utkarshani Jaimini, Dipesh Kadariya, Vaikunth Sridharan, R. Venkataramanan, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Maninder Kalra Jun 2018

Augmented Personalized Health: Using Semantically Integrated Multimodal Data For Patient Empowered Health Management Strategies, Amit P. Sheth, Hong Y. Yip, Utkarshani Jaimini, Dipesh Kadariya, Vaikunth Sridharan, R. Venkataramanan, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Maninder Kalra

Kno.e.sis Publications

Healthcare as we know it is in the process of going through a massive change from:

1. Episodic to continuous

2. Disease-focused to wellness and quality of life focused

3. Clinic-centric to anywhere a patient is

4. Clinician controlled to patient empowered

5. Being driven by limited data to 360-degree, multimodal personal-public-population physical-cyber-social big data-driven URL: https://mhealth.md2k.org/2018-tech-showcase-home


Terminal Phenotypes Observed In Caenorhabditis Hybrids, Anthony Wade Apr 2018

Terminal Phenotypes Observed In Caenorhabditis Hybrids, Anthony Wade

The University Honors Program

When C. briggsae females are mated to C. nigoni males fertile F1 females are obtained. However, all of the F1 males arrest during embryogenesis. In the reciprocal cross of C. nigoni females mated to C. briggsae males, fertile F1 females and some sterile F1 male adult hybrids are obtained. The goal of this study was to determine the terminal phenotypes of the arrested embryos in these crosses. From these terminal phenotypes, tissue-specific defects in the development of hybrid embryos were inferred. Hybrid crosses were set and allowed to mated overnight. The following day gravid females were dissected to release hybrid ...


Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University Apr 2018

Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University

Browse All Celebration of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

The student abstract booklet is a compilation of abstracts from students' oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities on April 13, 2018.


Towards Practical Privacy-Preserving Analytics For Iot And Cloud Based Healthcare Systems, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen, Amit P. Sheth Mar 2018

Towards Practical Privacy-Preserving Analytics For Iot And Cloud Based Healthcare Systems, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Modern healthcare systems now rely on advanced computing methods and technologies, such as IoT devices and clouds, to collect and analyze personal health data at unprecedented scale and depth. Patients, doctors, healthcare providers, and researchers depend on analytical models derived from such data sources to remotely monitor patients, early-diagnose diseases, and find personalized treatments and medications. However, without appropriate privacy protection, conducting data analytics becomes a source of privacy nightmare. In this paper, we present the research challenges in developing practical privacy-preserving analytics in healthcare information systems. The study is based on kHealth - a personalized digital healthcare information system that ...


Microrna Involvement In The Onset And Progression Of Barrett’S Esophagus: A Systematic Review, Reilly J. Clark, Michael P. Craig, Sangeeta Agrawal, Madhavi Kadakia Jan 2018

Microrna Involvement In The Onset And Progression Of Barrett’S Esophagus: A Systematic Review, Reilly J. Clark, Michael P. Craig, Sangeeta Agrawal, Madhavi Kadakia

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Publications

Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy that develops from Barrett's esophagus (BE), an intestinal metaplasia of the distal esophagus. microRNAs (miRNAs), short non-coding regulatory RNAs, are frequently dysregulated in BE and are thought to play key roles in the onset of BE and its progression to EAC. miRNAs thus have potential diagnostic and prognostic value and are increasingly being used as cancer biomarkers. This review summarizes the current literature related to miRNAs that are dysregulated in BE within the context of Hedgehog, Notch, MAPK, NF kappa-B, Wnt and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling which are thought to drive ...


Nanomaterial Charge-Dependent Platelet Activating Factor Receptor Agonism In Human Epidermal Cells, Shahryar Jamshed Qureshi Jan 2018

Nanomaterial Charge-Dependent Platelet Activating Factor Receptor Agonism In Human Epidermal Cells, Shahryar Jamshed Qureshi

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Platelet Activating Factor (PAF) and its associated receptor, the PAF Receptor (PAFR), are important mediators of intercellular communication during an immune response. Once a physiological stimulus triggers an inflammatory response, epithelial, endothelial and immune cells synthesize and release PAF. PAF mediates the recruitment of immune cells, platelets, angiogenesis, expression of various genes, and increased PAF biosynthesis (Brown, 2006; Han, 2006; Whatley, 1988; Axelrod, 1988). In this study, we utilized HaCaT cells and a well characterized KB cell line derived from nasopharyngeal cells, which do not natively express the PAFR. KB cells had previously been transfected with a PAF receptor (KBP ...


Metrics For Evaluating Quality Of Embeddings For Ontological Concepts, Faisal Alshargi, Saeedeh Shekarpour, Tommaso Soru, Amit P. Sheth Jan 2018

Metrics For Evaluating Quality Of Embeddings For Ontological Concepts, Faisal Alshargi, Saeedeh Shekarpour, Tommaso Soru, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Although there is an emerging trend towards generating embeddings for primarily unstructured data and, recently, for structured data, no systematic suite for measuring the quality of embeddings has been proposed yet. This deficiency is further sensed with respect to embeddings generated for structured data because there are no concrete evaluation metrics measuring the quality of the encoded structure as well as semantic patterns in the embedding space. In this paper, we introduce a framework containing three distinct tasks concerned with the individual aspects of ontological concepts: (i) the categorization aspect, (ii) the hierarchical aspect, and (iii) the relational aspect. Then ...


Exosomes Released From Multiple Myeloma Cells Influence The Angiogenic Function Of Endothelial Cells By Regulating Microrna-29b, Qinmao Ye Jan 2018

Exosomes Released From Multiple Myeloma Cells Influence The Angiogenic Function Of Endothelial Cells By Regulating Microrna-29b, Qinmao Ye

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Multiple myeloma is a hematological malignancy characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells generally caused by chromosomal abnormalities. It occurs in the bone marrow, which is the microenvironment of multiple myeloma. Exosomes (EXs) are 30-100 nm membrane-derived micro-vesicles containing various of bioactive molecules, such as microRNAs, to mediate the cell-cell interaction. Numerous studies reported that exosomes play a significant role in tumor microenvironment. Angiogenesis has the important implication in tumor exacerbation to supply nutrients to promote the progression of cancer cells through endothelial cells (ECs). Some studies demonstrated that microRNA-29b (miR-29b) can suppress tumor development and inhibit angiogenesis. Therefore, in ...


Iot-Enhanced Human Experience, Amit P. Sheth, Biplav Srivastava, Florian Michahelles Jan 2018

Iot-Enhanced Human Experience, Amit P. Sheth, Biplav Srivastava, Florian Michahelles

Kno.e.sis Publications

The two articles in this special section represent ongoing Internet of Things applications in the context of Europe trying to make solutions usable to people in daily times.


"What's Ur Type?" Contextualized Classification Of User Types In Marijuana-Related Communications Using Compositional Multiview Embedding, Ugur Kursuncu, Manas Gaur, Usha Lokala, Anurag Illendula, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Raminta Daniulaityte, Amit P. Sheth, Budak Arpinar Jan 2018

"What's Ur Type?" Contextualized Classification Of User Types In Marijuana-Related Communications Using Compositional Multiview Embedding, Ugur Kursuncu, Manas Gaur, Usha Lokala, Anurag Illendula, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Raminta Daniulaityte, Amit P. Sheth, Budak Arpinar

Kno.e.sis Publications

With 93% of pro-marijuana population in US favoring legalization of medical marijuana, high expectations of a greater return for Marijuana stocks, and public actively sharing information about medical, recreational and business aspects related to marijuana, it is no surprise that marijuana culture is thriving on Twitter. After the legalization of marijuana for recreational and medical purposes in 29 states, there has been a dramatic increase in the volume of drug-related communication on Twitter. Specifically, Twitter accounts have been established for promotional and informational purposes, some prominent among them being American Ganja, Medical Marijuana Exchange, and Cannabis Now. Identification and characterization ...


Availability Of Fermentable Nutrients Affect Gut Microbiota Composition, Trupthi Mehta Jan 2018

Availability Of Fermentable Nutrients Affect Gut Microbiota Composition, Trupthi Mehta

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have increasingly established the role of gut microbiota in human health and disease. Diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, cardiovascular disease and many neurological disorders have been linked to specific gut microbiota composition and disturbances. There have also been attempts in recent years to modulate gut microbial composition with the use of prebiotics and probiotics to promote healthy gut and prevent diseases. This thesis investigates whether the availability of fermentable nutrients high in fiber and antioxidants such as found in green coffee, roasted coffee, and salami infused with various prebiotics altered the composition and abundance of ...


Regulation Of Microvesicle Particle Release In Keratinocytes, Azeezat Afolake Awoyemi Jan 2018

Regulation Of Microvesicle Particle Release In Keratinocytes, Azeezat Afolake Awoyemi

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Microvesicle particles (MVPs) are produced from cellular membranes and are thought to mediate cell-cell communication, including in response to stressors such as UVB radiation and thermal burn injury. Previous studies have shown that stress-induced MVP release requires the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor in human keratinocytes and that pharmacological inhibition of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) blocked this release. To validate a genetic role for ASM in MVP release, we used CRISPR-Cas9 gene silencing in human keratinocytes and primary fibroblasts derived from ASM-knockout mice. Though MVP release was partially blocked in ASM-deficient mouse fibroblasts, the inability to fully knockdown ASM in HaCaT cells ...


A Novel Method To Analyze Dna Breaks And Repair In Human Cells, Caitlin Elizabeth Goodman Jan 2018

A Novel Method To Analyze Dna Breaks And Repair In Human Cells, Caitlin Elizabeth Goodman

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Microsatellites repeat sequences are prone to forming non-canonical DNA structures and mutations. These areas of the genome can undergo expansions and contractions and are responsible for a variety of inherited neurological and neuromuscular disorders. Hairpin structures formed by trinucleotide repeats can lead to replication fork stalling, and fork collapse causing DNA double strand breaks. Various mechanisms are involved in processing microsatellites including mismatch repair, base excision repair, and crossover junction endonuclease cleavage. These processes, which are supposed to protect the genome, could also be the culprits which are causing mutations. In order to test and study this hypothesis, the use ...


Hsv-1 Replication In Different Raw 264.7 And J774.1 Macrophage Phenotypes And Macrophage Viability Following Hsv-1 Infection, Yousef Nifaj Alanazi Jan 2018

Hsv-1 Replication In Different Raw 264.7 And J774.1 Macrophage Phenotypes And Macrophage Viability Following Hsv-1 Infection, Yousef Nifaj Alanazi

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HSV-1 is a ubiquitous virus capable of causing lifelong latent infection. The virus contains a large double strand DNA genome covered by an icosahedral capsid. HSV-1 is a cytolytic virus which can cause a lethal infection. The virus possesses critical protein ICP0 which is capable of interfering with host cell signaling and eventually prevent cell apoptosis. Innate immunity plays a crucial role in defense against HSV-1 infection and macrophage plays a significant role in the innate immune system. Macrophage cells can alter their behavior depending upon certain stimuli and tissue environments. Naive macrophage (M0) cells can be polarized to a ...


The Response Of Unpolarized Macrophages (Raw 264.7)/Keratinocytes (Pam-212) Monolayer And Co-Culture System To Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (Hsv-1) Replication During The Infection., Fahad Mohammed Alradi Jan 2018

The Response Of Unpolarized Macrophages (Raw 264.7)/Keratinocytes (Pam-212) Monolayer And Co-Culture System To Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (Hsv-1) Replication During The Infection., Fahad Mohammed Alradi

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Keratinocytes and neurons cells are the main target for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1) invasion. Moreover, keratinocytes are the most abundant cell types in the epidermis layer in the skin. Therefore, they are the first cells to encounter HSV-1 in the primary infection. Next, the virus reaches the nerve endings and is transferred to neuronal cells as a result from the primary infection. In between these two events, innate immune cells including monocytes and macrophages response is activated and recruited to the infection site. In this study, keratinocytes (PAM-212) and murine macrophage (RAW 264.7) cell lines were utilized ...


Community Structure And Epizootic Infection Prevalence Of Northern Wisconsin Anurans, Kayla Christine Watters Jan 2018

Community Structure And Epizootic Infection Prevalence Of Northern Wisconsin Anurans, Kayla Christine Watters

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Amphibian populations are declining globally at historically rapid rates, and while a multitude of factors have contributed to amphibian population declines, emerging infectious diseases, such as chytridiomycosis and ranavirus have been linked to a large proportion of the reported amphibian mass mortality events. Distribution and infection prevalence data for chytridiomycosis and ranavirus are lacking, and effective surveillance is crucial. This project aims to describe anuran richness, relative abundance, habitat occupancy, and community structure and to identify the chytridiomycosis and ranavirus infection prevalence rates of the anuran population at Dairymen's Inc. Wood frogs, spring peepers, boreal chorus frogs, northern leopard ...


The Impact Of Cytokines And Hsv-1 On Rab5 Protein Expression, F-Actin Cytoskeleton Rearrangement, And Cell Viability Of Uninfected And Virus-Infected M0, M1, And M2 Raw264.7 Murine Macrophages, Muhannad Falah Alruwaili Jan 2018

The Impact Of Cytokines And Hsv-1 On Rab5 Protein Expression, F-Actin Cytoskeleton Rearrangement, And Cell Viability Of Uninfected And Virus-Infected M0, M1, And M2 Raw264.7 Murine Macrophages, Muhannad Falah Alruwaili

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The endocytic pathway in all eukaryotic cells is necessary to maintain cellular functions, such as initiating transport of intracellular cargos and ingesting pathogens. The main regulator of this process is a member of small GTPase family, Rab5 protein. Rab5 protein plays a key role in the endocytic dynamic delivery of molecules, receptors, and pathogens from the cell membrane to cytoplasmic vesicles.as well as in the exocytic delivery of cellular products to the cell's exterior (Bonifacino & Glick, 2004). Many pathogens have exploited this protein to enter cells. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1) enters most cells by fusion or utilizes the endocytic pathway using Rab5 protein (Spearman, 2017). Also, HSV-1 depends on Rab5 in the enveloping process to produce mature viral particles (Hollinshead, 2012). F-actin is a major microfilament of the cell's cytoskeleton, aiding migration to the site of infection, muscles contraction, and cell division (Khadijeh, Amir, & Maryam, 2015). As a barrier, F-actin also protects the cellular organelles within the cytoplasm (Vitale, Seward, & Trifaro, 1995). The goals of this study were to determine the effect of the HSV-1 infection on Rab5 expression in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages and on F-actin distribution at 2, 4, 6, and 24 hours or late time at 24 hours after polarization of the macrophages to M1, M2a, and M2c phenotypes. M1 macrophages were polarized by interferon gamma (IFN-¿) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Unpolarized cells (M0) were converted to M2a phenotype by treating them with interleukin 4 (IL-4). M2c phenotype was polarized with interleukin 10 (IL-10). HSV-1 infection upregulated Rab5 protein expression at 2-6 hours in both M2a and M2c phenotypes but not in M1 polarized macrophages. The Impact of Cytokine Treatments and HSV-1 on Rab5 Protein Expression, F-actin Cytoskeleton Rearrangement, and Cell Viability of Uninfected and Virus- Infected M0, M1, and M2 RAW 264.7 Murine Macrophages. increase in Rab5 expression was seen at 24 hours after virus infection in any of the polarized macrophages but was seen in HSV-1 infected unpolarized M0 cells. Both M1 and M2 polarizing agents caused an upregulation in Rab5 expression from 2 to 6 hours after polarization. HSV-1 infection caused a decrease F-actin distribution (staining intensity) levels among test groups at most time points. Polarization caused a decrease in cell viability of M1 macrophage; HSV-1 infection did not enhance this decrease in cell viability after 24 hours. M2 phenotypes, uninfected or HSV-1-infected, did not exhibit any decrease ...


The Effects Of Socs1, Socs3 And Hsv-1 Infection On Morphology, Cell Viability And Rab7 Expression In Polarized M1 And M2 Raw 264.7 Murine Macrophages, Jessica Renee Hey Jan 2018

The Effects Of Socs1, Socs3 And Hsv-1 Infection On Morphology, Cell Viability And Rab7 Expression In Polarized M1 And M2 Raw 264.7 Murine Macrophages, Jessica Renee Hey

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

HSV-1 causes a life-long infection in its host and has evolved multiple strategies to facilitate infection and evade the immune response. This virus has been found to enter cells by both endocytosis and fusion. The way the virus exploits endocytosis is not fully understood. Recent studies have uncovered roles of Rab GTPases, key regulators in intracellular membrane trafficking pathways, in distinct steps of the HSV-1 life cycle (Raza et al., 2018). This study will focus on analyzing the levels of the late endosomal regulator Rab7 expression in macrophages infected with HSV-1. Revealing the effect of virus on the levels of ...


Monitoring Ohio Bat Communities And Populations Using Mobile Acoustics, Molly C. Simonis Jan 2018

Monitoring Ohio Bat Communities And Populations Using Mobile Acoustics, Molly C. Simonis

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The goal of my thesis is to: 1) provide baseline information of where Ohio bats are foraging in Wright State University's (WSU) campus woods in relation to forest age and habitat (Chapter 1), 2) determine potential roost availability for local bats (Chapter 1), and 3) examine changes in state-wide species composition following the introduction of White-nose Syndrome (WNS; Chapter 2). In Chapter 1, I created walking bat acoustic routes and used generalized linear models to determine what forest ages and habitats had the greatest bat activity in the WSU campus woods. I conducted habitat transects throughout all forest ages ...


Anthropogenic Noise Alters Avian Community Composition In Temperate Forests, Chelsea Jill Wright Jan 2018

Anthropogenic Noise Alters Avian Community Composition In Temperate Forests, Chelsea Jill Wright

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Noise is an under-appreciated source of pollution that can influence the spatial distribution of birds. In this study, I examined how noise frequency and intensity (both background noise (kHz) and decibel levels (dB)) affected avian richness, density, and number of birds that sing with the same frequency as anthropogenic noise (low note frequency). I also examined the responses of two species in detail, the Eastern Wood Pewee and the Acadian Flycatcher, because they lack song plasticity. I examined whether they responded to noise by avoiding "noisy" areas or shifting their song frequency. I examined the response of bird communities to ...