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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo May 2020

Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo

Master of Chemical Sciences Capstone Projects

Nanoparticles have shown considerable potential in many biological applications including drug delivery, bio-imaging, and medical diagnostics. Specifically, the development of nanoparticle-based drug formulations holds opportunities to improve the dissolution rate and oral availability of poorly water-soluble drugs. The goal of this project is to improve oral bioavailability of a small molecule drug (“G-1”) through the formation of nanoparticles using the flash nanoprecipitation (FNP) process. Interestingly, “G-1” formed ~80 nm particles that are electrostatically stabilized without the use of stabilizing polymers and concentration as high as 160 mg/mL of “G-1” formed nanoparticles. Additionally, trehalose was found to be an effective ...


Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon Mar 2020

Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Poor sanitation exacerbates adverse health outcomes such as infectious disease, diarrhea and childhood stunting. People of India suffer from disproportionately high rates of poor sanitation. Diarrheal diseases are preventable and better sanitation can reduce disease transmission through improved access to latrines, hygiene education and clean water. A significant concentration of behaviors related to poor sanitation occurring in India requires sustainability and an assessment of programs working towards improving water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). We assessed the health and environmental impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as Sarboday Sangha and Water for People which implemented WASH projects in about 141 ...


Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu Mar 2020

Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Prescilla is a trainer and a mentor of teenagers and young adolescent women. She successfully managed the Girls Leadership and Advocacy Series (GALS Kenya), a Program of Women Campaign International (WCI). WCI is a Philadelphia based non-profit organization that empowers women globally to actively participate in civil society, political leadership, economic development and peace building.


Barriers And Bias: Women In Water Utilities Are Breaking Them All, Swati Hegde Mar 2020

Barriers And Bias: Women In Water Utilities Are Breaking Them All, Swati Hegde

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Around the world, women are the mainstays of society, from raising children to supporting families to caring for the needy. In developing countries, they are also usually responsible for collecting and providing water for the family. In doing so, their time, health, safety, education and income are compromised. Outdated and undisputed social norms create the biases that force women to bear the responsibility to secure and distribute water, thereby creating barriers to women’s advancement in educational opportunities and significantly reducing income-earning potential. Similarly, in the developed world, outdated social norms create biases and barriers in the water industry that ...


Good Mums: A Gender Equality Perspective On The Constructions Of The Mother In Handwashing Campaigns, Sue Cavill, Chelsea Huggett Mar 2020

Good Mums: A Gender Equality Perspective On The Constructions Of The Mother In Handwashing Campaigns, Sue Cavill, Chelsea Huggett

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The first part of this paper provides a brief overview of the framing of women in hygiene interventions. The following section provides a review of the literature on best practices for handwashing and hygiene, as framed by discourses on the good mother. The goal of this paper is to illustrate how promotional approaches are targeting mothers to change handwashing and hygiene behavior, and to contrast such interventions with the possibility of more gender transformative approaches. We argue that women don’t always implement the handwashing practices they would prefer. This is clearly not due to laziness and thoughtlessness, and it ...


Gender Contribution In Household Management Of Water And Its Impact On Residents Of Dholak Basti (Slum) In Haldwani City Of India, Yashi Gupta, Riyan Habeeb, Manya Singh, Anvita Pandey, Vishal Singh, Elizabeth Barker Mar 2020

Gender Contribution In Household Management Of Water And Its Impact On Residents Of Dholak Basti (Slum) In Haldwani City Of India, Yashi Gupta, Riyan Habeeb, Manya Singh, Anvita Pandey, Vishal Singh, Elizabeth Barker

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The paper explores water and gender sensitivity in one of the slum areas of Haldwani City, one of the fastest growing and least studied cities of Uttarakhand. The study is intended to contextualise the analysis of household water management and role of gender with respect to water management in the city. First, a city-wide ward wise analysis was conducted to identify wards with low socio-economic profile and high illiteracy based on Census of India, 2011 data and analysed spatially in Geographical Information System (GIS). The spatial analysis was followed by primary surveys in one of the identified wards and statistical ...


Amigos Por Agua, Pamela J. Lazos Mar 2020

Amigos Por Agua, Pamela J. Lazos

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The role of non-profit organizations in outfitting the developing world with clean water has become more extensive as the world’s population grows, especially in places such as Nicaragua, the second poorest country in the western hemisphere. Nicaraguans suffer high rates of kidney disease, respiratory illnesses and parasites as a result of water borne diseases. NGOs such as Amigos for Christ are stepping in to fill the void in Chinandega where the local government lacks the financial wherewithal to provide a basic WASH infrastructure to its inhabitants. It is the goal of Amigos for Christ to bring water to every ...


Gingival Mscs Improve Bone Phenotype In Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis Via Programmed Cell Death Pathway, Sultan Alghaithi Dec 2019

Gingival Mscs Improve Bone Phenotype In Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis Via Programmed Cell Death Pathway, Sultan Alghaithi

Dental Theses

Estrogen deficiency-related osteoporosis is a skeletal system disorder that affects women after menopause taking a toll on financial and health institutions. Gingival Mesenchymal Stem cells (GMSCs) are a distinctive population of dental tissue-derived stem cells that possess uniquely high proliferation abilities and are capable of self-maintenance and multipotent differentiation. Their use has been investigated in different disease model applications, including cutaneous wound healing models, colitis, and allergy-related inflammatory disease models, but their effect on the bone phenotype of ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis hasn’t been explored. In our study, we show that a single systemic infusion of GMSCs elevated the bone mass ...


Physical Models Of Living Systems Chapter 12: Single Particle Reconstruction In Cryo-Electron Microscopy, Philip C. Nelson Nov 2019

Physical Models Of Living Systems Chapter 12: Single Particle Reconstruction In Cryo-Electron Microscopy, Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

This chapter extends Part III of the book Physical Models of Living Systems (WH Freeman 2015). This preliminary version is made freely available as-is in the hope that it will be useful.


Fabrication Of Organic Thin Film Transistors Using Inkjet Printing Of Pedot:Pss, Sourajit Das, Akshaya Venkatakrishnan, Hiromichi Yamamoto, George Patrick Watson Nov 2019

Fabrication Of Organic Thin Film Transistors Using Inkjet Printing Of Pedot:Pss, Sourajit Das, Akshaya Venkatakrishnan, Hiromichi Yamamoto, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

An Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFT) using poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) is fabricated using a Fuji film Dimatix Inkjet printer, and successfully shows the characteristics of field effect transistor as a result of optimization of the inkjet printing condition. The V-I characteristics of the two devices also satisfy the fundamental property of transistors that wider is the channel length, smaller is the drain current. Another significant property is observed that the higher gate voltage induces the higher drain current as it allows larger carrier concentration in the channel region.


The Integration Of Blockchain Technology To The Beef Industry – A Comparative Analysis, Cole N. Hancock Oct 2019

The Integration Of Blockchain Technology To The Beef Industry – A Comparative Analysis, Cole N. Hancock

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This paper seeks to explore the different plausible and implemented applications of blockchain technology in the beef industry in two representative markets: The United States and Kenya. Previous papers discuss implementation of blockchain to the beef industry, without a focus on the variations between beef industries and supply chains in various countries, a gap this paper aims to address. The main method of research has been primary, traveling to these countries and engaging in conversations with various stakeholders about their industry’s supply chain and the problems and opportunities therein. Overall this paper finds that the integration of blockchain to ...


Progress Report Ii: Fabrication Of Nanopores In Silicon Nitride Membrane Using Self-Assembly Of Ps-B-Pmma: Nanopore Pattern Transfer To The Si Substrate, Kodai Watanabe, Unnati Joshi, Hiromichi Yamamoto Oct 2019

Progress Report Ii: Fabrication Of Nanopores In Silicon Nitride Membrane Using Self-Assembly Of Ps-B-Pmma: Nanopore Pattern Transfer To The Si Substrate, Kodai Watanabe, Unnati Joshi, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

The asymmetric PS(46k)-b-PMMA(21k) film was spin-coated on a neutral brush layer grafted onto a Spin-On-Glass (SOG) layer on the aluminum oxide layer on a Si substrate. An aluminum oxide layer was used as a hard mask. The PS-b-PMMA film was annealed at 190 degree C under vacuum for 3 days, so that the ~20 nm diameter nanopores in the film was successfully prepared as a result of self-assembly. The nanopores in the PS-b-PMMA film were able to be transferred to the Si substrate by CF4 etching through the SOG and aluminum oxide layers, although the etching was ...


The Physiology Of Social-Emotional Learning: Integrating Biomarkers Of Self-Regulation Into The Assessment And Implementation Of Programs, Martin E. Blank Oct 2019

The Physiology Of Social-Emotional Learning: Integrating Biomarkers Of Self-Regulation Into The Assessment And Implementation Of Programs, Martin E. Blank

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

In the last two decades, formalized social-emotional learning (SEL) programs in schools have proliferated in response to a staggering increase in mental, social, and emotional challenges for youth. SEL programs differ in their theoretical foundations, though there are commonalities among them. Self-regulation (SR) surfaces as an important pillar. Researchers have relied mostly on self-reporting and teacher questionnaires to measure the effectiveness of these programs to improve SR and other aspects of youth well-being, without explicitly considering the physiological effects of these interventions on the biomarkers of youth. By addressing this gap, program researchers, developers, and educators can reach their stated ...


New Periodontal Pathogens And Their Biogeography In Ex Vivo Biofilms, Fany B. Ocampo May 2019

New Periodontal Pathogens And Their Biogeography In Ex Vivo Biofilms, Fany B. Ocampo

Dental Theses

Background: About 35% of the oral microbiome remains uncultured due to limitations of conventional laboratory techniques. More than 200 of those phylotypes have been catalogued in the HOMD and a subset of them had been proposed as candidate periodontal pathogens. This segment of the microbiome merits further investigation, as it might harbor important pathogens that are currently overlooked. Objective: The objective of this study was to devise an imaging approach to study such phylotypes in the conditions most conducive to their growth and begin to unveil their ecological and biogeographical characteristics.

Methods: Previous work from the Teles Lab had identified ...


Tools For Growth: A Case Study Processing Uc Green's Planting Records Using Remote Software Tools, Ethan Eric Leatherbarrow Apr 2019

Tools For Growth: A Case Study Processing Uc Green's Planting Records Using Remote Software Tools, Ethan Eric Leatherbarrow

Miscellaneous Papers

Urban tree inventories typically require extensive field work for data collection, but a new software tool has been developed to remotely determine an urban forest’s features using publicly available online images. In this study, tree planting records from UC Green were processed for current features and environmental impacts using only remote data collection and data management tools. Trees in the organization’s planting record were first located geographically, identified by genus and species, and then algorithmically measured for diameter. After aggregating and verifying fifteen years of bi-annual planting records and processing them with the remote tools, the full record ...


Associations Between Neighborhood Ses And Functional Brain Network Development, Ursula A. Tooley, Allyson P. Mackey, Rastko Ciric, Kosha Ruparel, Tyler M. Moore, Ruben C. Gur, Raquel E. Gur, Theodore D. Satterthwaite, Danielle S. Bassett Apr 2019

Associations Between Neighborhood Ses And Functional Brain Network Development, Ursula A. Tooley, Allyson P. Mackey, Rastko Ciric, Kosha Ruparel, Tyler M. Moore, Ruben C. Gur, Raquel E. Gur, Theodore D. Satterthwaite, Danielle S. Bassett

Neuroethics Publications

Higher socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is associated with stronger cognitive abilities, higher academic achievement, and lower incidence of mental illness later in development. While prior work has mapped the associations between neighborhood SES and brain structure, little is known about the relationship between SES and intrinsic neural dynamics. Here, we capitalize upon a large cross-sectional community-based sample (Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, ages 8–22 years, n = 1012) to examine associations between age, SES, and functional brain network topology. We characterize this topology using a local measure of network segregation known as the clustering coefficient and find that it accounts for ...


Associations Between Cortical Thickness And Reasoning Differ By Socioeconomic Status In Development, Julia A. Leonard, Rachel R. Romeo, Anne T. Park, Megumi E. Takada, Sydney T. Robinson, Hannah Grotzinger, Briana S. Last, Amy S. Finn, John D.E. Gabrieli, Allyson P. Mackey Apr 2019

Associations Between Cortical Thickness And Reasoning Differ By Socioeconomic Status In Development, Julia A. Leonard, Rachel R. Romeo, Anne T. Park, Megumi E. Takada, Sydney T. Robinson, Hannah Grotzinger, Briana S. Last, Amy S. Finn, John D.E. Gabrieli, Allyson P. Mackey

Neuroethics Publications

Although lower socioeconomic status (SES) is generally negatively associated with performance on cognitive assessments, some children from lower-SES backgrounds perform as well as their peers from higher-SES backgrounds. Yet little research has examined whether the neural correlates of individual differences in cognition vary by SES. The current study explored whether relationships between cortical structure and fluid reasoning differ by SES in development. Fluid reasoning, a non-verbal component of IQ, is supported by a distributed frontoparietal network, with evidence for a specific role of rostrolateral prefrontal cortex (RLPFC). In a sample of 115 4–7-year old children, bilateral thickness of RLPFC ...


Fabrication Of High Aspect Ratio Nanopillars Using Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Rimjhim Chaudhary, Hiromichi Yamamoto Mar 2019

Fabrication Of High Aspect Ratio Nanopillars Using Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Rimjhim Chaudhary, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

This report describes fabrication of 100 to 200 nm diameter silicon nanopillars with ~140:1 aspect ratio using Metal Assisted Chemical Etching (MacEtch) process giving a high etch rate of ~930 nm/min, and also discusses an area dependence of the etch uniformity and rate, using 0.5 and 1 µm diameter, and 2 mm x 2 mm Au films. It is found that the etching using the Au film with the area of 0.2 µm2 is uniform, but that with the area of more than 0.8 µm2 is not, suggesting that the diffusion length of ...


Institutions And The Sustainability Of Community Borehole Water Supplies In Chiredzi Rural District, Zimbabwe, Emelder Muchadzoka Tagutanazvo Ms, John Bowora Mr Mar 2019

Institutions And The Sustainability Of Community Borehole Water Supplies In Chiredzi Rural District, Zimbabwe, Emelder Muchadzoka Tagutanazvo Ms, John Bowora Mr

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

This paper looks at institutions and sustainability of community-owned borehole water suppliers in Chiredzi Rural District of Zimbabwe. It examines the findings in Wards 13, 14 and 15 of Sengwe Communal Lands. The total number of boreholes in the mentioned wards amounts to 58. The paper also investigates the involvement of local institutions in the management of community boreholes, the socio-economic characteristics of the users of the boreholes, the number of boreholes and their functionality, and suggests a measurement

of sustenance of the boreholes in the study area. The study uses both quantitative and qualitative methodology. Data were collected from ...


Water And Women’S Participation The Case Of One Million Rural Cisterns Program In Serra Talhada, Pernambuco, Islene Pinheiro Façanha Mar 2019

Water And Women’S Participation The Case Of One Million Rural Cisterns Program In Serra Talhada, Pernambuco, Islene Pinheiro Façanha

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The participation of women is crucial in the domain of water management, given the vital role women play in the collection and maintenance of communal water supplies, and in regulating and controlling its use. Unfortunately, they are seldom considered in the development of water policies, and rarely are they members of bodies regulating water management. Current evidence suggests that the participation of women in rural water supply projects leads to improved outcomes for both women and the wider community. Using interviews, focus groups, questionnaires, and field observation, this paper explores the participation of women in the One Million Rural Cisterns ...


How Important Is Gender In Transboundary Groundwater Governance?: A Question For The Ramotswa Aquifer In Southern Africa, Stephanie Hawkins, Nicole Lefore, Saniso Sakuringwa, Matshidiso Thathana Mar 2019

How Important Is Gender In Transboundary Groundwater Governance?: A Question For The Ramotswa Aquifer In Southern Africa, Stephanie Hawkins, Nicole Lefore, Saniso Sakuringwa, Matshidiso Thathana

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

In semi-arid Sub-Saharan Africa, groundwater is a critical resource for rural livelihoods given the pressures on surface water and lack of piped delivery. Socially defined gen- der roles in water management often create disparities and inequalities regarding water access, use, and labour, making consideration of gender issues an important component of groundwater governance. Resources shared across borders raises the question about the relevance of and approach to gender in transboundary ground- water governance. This paper explores this question in light of the lack of gender responsive governance arrangements over transboundary groundwater resources. It uses qualitative methodologies to examine the need ...


Interview With Philadelphia Water Expert Tiffany Ledesma, Mahvish Ilyas Mar 2019

Interview With Philadelphia Water Expert Tiffany Ledesma, Mahvish Ilyas

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Tiffany Ledesma leads the Public Engagement Team for the Public Affairs Division at the Philadelphia Water Department, where she has spent 15 years as a contract employee, currently employed by CDM Smith. Tiffany’s background is in water resources and her expertise is in public affairs, partnership development, capacity- building and strategic communications. Tiffany is especially passionate about work in urban communities. The Public Engagement Team helps facilitate the implementation of infrastructure investments in the City of Philadelphia, including Green City, Clean Waters, through creative community outreach, public participation and program development. Tiffany holds a bachelor of arts from Villanova ...


Comparison Of Students ́Acceptance Of Conventional And Ecological Sanitation In Rural Schools, Claudia Wendland Mar 2019

Comparison Of Students ́Acceptance Of Conventional And Ecological Sanitation In Rural Schools, Claudia Wendland

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

In rural areas of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) without reliable piped water supply, the conventional school sanitation system – the pit latrine – is leading to hygienic and environmental problems. Urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT) have been demonstrated to be an alternative, ecological sanitation solution for rural schools of the EECCA region. This study compares the acceptance, perception and absenteeism of students at schools served by the two different sanitation systems (ecosan versus pit latrine), comprising 18 schools in six countries of the region. A combination of quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was applied: absenteeism data from ...


Cinderella And The Missing Slipper: Gender Dynamics In Water Management In The Coastal Region Of Bangladesh, Khalid Md. Bahauddin, Hamidul Huq Mar 2019

Cinderella And The Missing Slipper: Gender Dynamics In Water Management In The Coastal Region Of Bangladesh, Khalid Md. Bahauddin, Hamidul Huq

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The water world is socially constructed, reflecting continuous gender inequalities and discrimination by those who hold dominant perspectives on water. This qualitative study was conducted in coastal areas of Bangladesh i.e. Bajua and Laodob union of Dacope upazilla of Khulna district. This study explored the gendered roles, responsibilities, and inequalities of access to and control over water management in the household, irrigation and agriculture. Results of this study lightened the importance of taking into account the complexity of power and negotiation in local water structures within women’s social realities. This study observed that there are considerable gender imbalance ...


Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim Jan 2019

Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

Parylene-C has been deposited on bare Si wafers by physical vapor deposition using the SCS Coating Systems. Results show a 12 µm thick Parylene-C film with 10 g of dimer and negligible thickness variation across a wafer. We find a positive linear relationship between film thickness and mass of dimer at a range of 1 g to 18 g. However, the Al boat for dimer was burnt with 18 g of dimer, suggesting multiple depositions with 1 g to 10 g of dimer are recommended to achieve the Parylene-C film thicker than 12 µm.


Seasons Winter/Spring 2019 Volume 48 Number 1, Anthony S. Aiello, Pamela Olshefski, Paul W. Meyer, Joyce H. Munro, Jessica Slade, Liza Hawley Jan 2019

Seasons Winter/Spring 2019 Volume 48 Number 1, Anthony S. Aiello, Pamela Olshefski, Paul W. Meyer, Joyce H. Munro, Jessica Slade, Liza Hawley

Seasons Newsletter

  • Winter-Flowering Shrubs
  • A Fallen Monarch : The Bender Oak
  • The Architect of the Swan Pond Love Temple Revealed
  • Botany for Beginners - Part II (Conifers)
  • A Royal Exchange (Staff Exchange Program)
  • Nature Play


Surface Polysaccharides Promote Innate Immune Evasion By The Pediatric Pathogen Kingella Kingae, Vanessa Lynne Munoz Jan 2019

Surface Polysaccharides Promote Innate Immune Evasion By The Pediatric Pathogen Kingella Kingae, Vanessa Lynne Munoz

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The gram-negative coccobacillus Kingella kingae is an emerging pediatric pathogen and is increasingly recognized as a common etiological agent of osteoarticular infections and bacteremia in young children. The pathogenesis of K. kingae disease involves colonization of the posterior pharynx, invasion into the bloodstream, and dissemination to distant sites of infection. Previous studies have revealed that K. kingae produces a number of surface factors that may contribute to the pathogenic process, including a polysaccharide capsule and an exopolysaccharide. The purpose of this work was to determine the role of the K. kingae polysaccharide capsule and exopolysaccharide in promoting resistance to complement-mediated ...


Innate Immune Antagonism By Diverse Coronavirus Phosphodiesterases, Stephen Goldstein Jan 2019

Innate Immune Antagonism By Diverse Coronavirus Phosphodiesterases, Stephen Goldstein

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Coronaviruses comprise a large family of viruses within the order Nidovirales containing single-stranded positive-sense RNA genomes of 27-32 kilobases. Divided into four genera (alpha, beta, gamma, delta) and multiple newly defined subgenera, coronaviruses include a number of important human and livestock pathogens responsible for a range of diseases. Historically, human coronaviruses OC43 and 229E have been associated with up to 30% of common colds, while the 2002 emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) first raised the specter of these viruses as possible pandemic agents. Although the SARS-CoV pandemic was quickly contained and the virus has not returned, the ...


Establishment And Regulation Of Epithelial Enhancers By P63, Enrique Lin Shiao Jan 2019

Establishment And Regulation Of Epithelial Enhancers By P63, Enrique Lin Shiao

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The transcription factor p63 is a key mediator of epidermal commitment, development, and differentiation. Point mutations in p63 in human patients lead to developmental defects, including orofacial clefting, one of the most common congenital defects in humans. To date, knowledge is limited about how pivotal is p63’s role in human craniofacial development, due in part to a lack of tractable models to study de novo expression of p63 and its role at developmentally regulated genes. Using an inducible trans-differentiation model, combined with epigenomic sequencing and multi-cohort meta-analysis of GWAS data, we show that p63 establishes enhancers at craniofacial development ...


Event Structure In Vision And Language, Alon Hafri Jan 2019

Event Structure In Vision And Language, Alon Hafri

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Our visual experience is surprisingly rich: We do not only see low-level properties such as colors or contours; we also see events, or what is happening. Within linguistics, the examination of how we talk about events suggests that relatively abstract elements exist in the mind which pertain to the relational structure of events, including general thematic roles (e.g., Agent), Causation, Motion, and Transfer. For example, “Alex gave Jesse flowers” and “Jesse gave Alex flowers” both refer to an event of transfer, with the directionality of the transfer having different social consequences. The goal of the present research is to ...