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Encapsulation Of Astaxanthin-Enriched Camelina Seed Oil Obtained By Ethanol-Modified Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction, Liyang Xie Apr 2019

Encapsulation Of Astaxanthin-Enriched Camelina Seed Oil Obtained By Ethanol-Modified Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction, Liyang Xie

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Astaxanthin is a high-value carotenoid widely used in the food, feed, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical industries. Natural sources of astaxanthin are preferable to synthetic sources. However, current sources of natural astaxanthin are limited and fall short of global demand. In addition, effective extraction and stabilization strategies are needed before the utilization of natural astaxanthin in food applications. This work investigated 1) the feasibility of ethanol-modified supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction of astaxanthin from engineered camelina seed, a potential source of natural astaxanthin, and 2) the potential of an emulsion-based system to protect astaxanthin after extraction. The physical properties of the emulsion ...


Ability Of Phenolics In Isolation, Components Present In Supina Turf Grass To Remediate Candida Albicans (A72 And Sc5314) Adhesion And Biofilm Formation, Fatima Alessa Aug 2018

Ability Of Phenolics In Isolation, Components Present In Supina Turf Grass To Remediate Candida Albicans (A72 And Sc5314) Adhesion And Biofilm Formation, Fatima Alessa

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Candida albicans inhabits the gastrointestinal tract dormant commensal member but can become an opportunistic pathogen when the host microflora or immune system is compromised. Adhesion to a biological or synthetic surface, followed by a morphological change from the yeast to hyphae phenotype. Biofilm formation is becoming a common occurrence on types of medical devices. Because C. albicans resistant to commonly available anti-fungal drugs is increasing, innovative treatments are critically needed. Phenolic compounds are promising anti-fungal synergists. Supina grass was used as the complex matrix as it is abundant and highly sustainable source of phytochemicals even though grass cuttings are typically ...


Effect Of Processing On In-Vitro Protein Digestibility And Other Nutritional Aspects Of Nebraska Crops, Paridhi Gulati May 2018

Effect Of Processing On In-Vitro Protein Digestibility And Other Nutritional Aspects Of Nebraska Crops, Paridhi Gulati

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Among plant based agricultural products, Nebraska ranks first nationwide in the production of Great Northern beans (GNB), second in proso millet production, and eighth in production of winter wheat. The present research was focused on the effect of processing on nutritive components and in vitroprotein digestibility of these crops with the aim of promoting their human consumption. Proso millet based extrudates had physical properties similar to commonly extruded rice but had lower expansion than corn. GNB extrudates had limited expansion and high bulk density mostly due to high fiber and protein content. Extrusion significantly reduced the anti-nutritional components in ...


Effect Of Gallic And Ferulic Acids On Oxidative Phosphorylation On Candida Albicans (A72 And Sc5314) During The Yeast-To-Hyphae Transition, Rehab Aldahash May 2018

Effect Of Gallic And Ferulic Acids On Oxidative Phosphorylation On Candida Albicans (A72 And Sc5314) During The Yeast-To-Hyphae Transition, Rehab Aldahash

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Candida albicans is a dormant commensal in the mucosa of healthy individuals but can become an opportunistic pathogen when the host microflora is compromised. It has been reported as the most common cause of fungal infection among hospitalized U.S. patients, with elevated mortality rate. Candida species have been reported as resistant to antifungal drugs that increase the application of novel strategies to treat this infection. Among the natural compounds that have most gained attention as potential agents against fungi are phenolic compounds against fungi. C. albicans has the ability to switch phenotype from yeast-to-hyphae cells, with hyphae being the ...


Whole Grain Processing And Effects On Carbohydrate Digestion And Fermentation, Sandrayee Brahma Dec 2017

Whole Grain Processing And Effects On Carbohydrate Digestion And Fermentation, Sandrayee Brahma

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Whole grains are a major source of dietary fibers in the human diet that provide specific nutrients to the gut microbiota and thereby plays a major role in modulating microbiota composition and increasing diversity of the gut ecosystem. A common approach of consuming whole grains is in the form of ready-to-eat extruded breakfast cereals. Studies reported herein established that extrusion conditions not only affected the physicochemical properties but also in vitro starch digestibility, β-glucan extractability and in vitro fermentation characteristics of whole grain oats. Moderate screw speed (300 rpm) led to higher slowly digestible starch (SDS) with an accompanying decrease ...


Radiofrequency Processing For Inactivation Of Salmonella Spp. And Enterococcus Faecium Nrrl B-2354 In Whole Black Peppercorn And Ground Black Pepper, Xinyao Wei Dec 2017

Radiofrequency Processing For Inactivation Of Salmonella Spp. And Enterococcus Faecium Nrrl B-2354 In Whole Black Peppercorn And Ground Black Pepper, Xinyao Wei

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Black pepper has been implicated in several foodborne illness outbreaks and food product recalls due to Salmonella contamination. Conventional decontamination methods for black pepper are challenged by harmful residues or quality deterioration. Radiofrequency (RF) heating reduces the come-up time which allows to design a high-temperature short-time processing to inactivate Salmonella with minimal deterioration in product quality. The objectives of this study were to investigate RF heating for inactivation of Salmonella in whole black peppercorn and ground black pepper samples, evaluate Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354 as a surrogate for Salmonella, and assess quality deterioration during RF heating of whole black peppercorn ...


Increasing Cis-Lycopene Content Of The Oleoresin From Tomato Processing Byproducts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide And Assessment Of Its Bioaccessibility, Lisbeth Vallecilla Yepez Dec 2017

Increasing Cis-Lycopene Content Of The Oleoresin From Tomato Processing Byproducts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide And Assessment Of Its Bioaccessibility, Lisbeth Vallecilla Yepez

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

In recent years, health- and wellness-promoting foods have been one of the major focus of consumers; therefore, the food industry is increasing its efforts in developing these food products. Tomatoes, tomato-food products and their byproducts have gained special attention in virtue of the carotenoids-rich source that they represent, especially lycopene (~90%). The role of lycopene in human diet has been highlighted as a result of its direct relationship with the decrease of chronic diseases. Nevertheless, lycopene is water-insoluble making its extraction simple with organic-toxic solvents; in addition, lycopene degrades easily with light, time, and storage. Lycopene exist in nature mostly ...


Edible Insects As A Source Of Food Allergens, Lee Palmer Dec 2016

Edible Insects As A Source Of Food Allergens, Lee Palmer

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Increasing global population increasingly limited by resources has spurred interest in novel food sources. Insects may be an alternative food source in the near future, but consideration of insects as a food requires scrutiny due to risk of allergens. Currently, the insect Dactylopius coccus, known as cochineal, is used to produce carmine, a natural red pigment used in food, which has caused allergic reactions. This study investigated allergens of cochineal focusing on purification from the pigment. Mass spectrometry identified a previously described major allergen of cochineal and a tropomyosin, although further work is required.

Tropomyosin is a major cross-reactive allergen ...


Studies On Asparagine In Nebraska Wheat And Other Grains, Sviatoslav Navrotskyi Oct 2016

Studies On Asparagine In Nebraska Wheat And Other Grains, Sviatoslav Navrotskyi

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Understanding of the contribution of environmental and genetic factors on the chemical composition of different grains is a critical issue in the area of food safety of cereal products. Numerous studies have reported that asparagine can form acrylamide, a toxic and potentially carcinogenic precursor compound, during a Milliard reaction. Therefore, studying the environmental and genetic effects that contribute to accumulation of asparagine in wheat and proso millet lines, which were grown in the state of Nebraska, is important for supporting breeding programs aimed at providing safer crops for consumers. In the realm of reduction of the asparagine concentration in wheat-based ...


Matrix Effects On The Detection Of Milk And Peanut Residues By Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (Elisa), Abigail S. Burrows Aug 2016

Matrix Effects On The Detection Of Milk And Peanut Residues By Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (Elisa), Abigail S. Burrows

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Food matrices are complex systems of lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins in which interactions between matrix components and allergenic proteins are known to have negative effects on the recovery of allergens when analyzed by ELISA. The purpose of this study was to first evaluate the recovery of milk and peanut residues from multiple food matrices and mixes and to secondly evaluate the use of a modified extraction protocol, sequential extractions, on the recovery of milk and peanut allergens.

Pastry dough matrices and pastry dough mixes incurred with milk were prepared at varying concentrations of flour and evaluated for recovery of NFDM ...


Improving The Utilization Of Dry Edible Beans In A Ready-To-Eat Snack Product By Extrusion Cooking, Franklin Sumargo Apr 2016

Improving The Utilization Of Dry Edible Beans In A Ready-To-Eat Snack Product By Extrusion Cooking, Franklin Sumargo

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The growing snacking habit and steady increasing demand for healthy snacks have drastically changed the ready-to-eat snack market in recent years. While the current healthy, ready-to-eat snack products are still dominated by whole cereal grains, legumes, especially dry edible beans, have a high potential to emerge in nutritional, novel food. Dry edible beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L) are not only economically valuable but also nutritionally important, since they are important sources of proteins, B vitamins, mineral elements, and soluble dietary fibers even when compared to whole grain cereals. Recent studies have shown extrusion processing is not only effective at producing an ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans (Baja) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mohammed Alrugaibah Apr 2016

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans (Baja) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mohammed Alrugaibah

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Pinto beans contain high levels of diverse phenols, known mainly for their potent antioxidative properties. However, reports have shown that phenols can inhibit the carbohydrate–hydrolysis enzymes, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, thereby retarding glucose absorption. Still, a severe gap in knowledge exists on the ability of pinto beans to inhibit these enzymes. Therefore, the objective of this project was to determine the ability of phenolic rich extracts obtained from pinto beans (BaJa) to inhibit alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase. The hypothesis was that pinto beans would be able to inhibit these enzymes due to the presence of high levels of chemically diverse phenols ...


Phenolic Rich Extracts Obtained From Small Red Beans In Preventing Macrophage Mediated Chronic Inflammation, Nidhi Sharma Nov 2015

Phenolic Rich Extracts Obtained From Small Red Beans In Preventing Macrophage Mediated Chronic Inflammation, Nidhi Sharma

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Small red beans, commonly called Mexican beans, are a part of the legume family, the genus Phaseolus vulgaris, i.e., dry edible beans or the common bean. In addition to being a rich source of nutrients, small red beans also contain phenolic compounds, such as flavonoids, tannins, phenolic acids, and anthocyanins that have shown a plethora of health benefits against such conditions as obesity, diabetes, heart disease and cancer. In particular, the phenolic compounds common to the red beans have been reported to protect against chronic inflammation that if left unchecked can lead to various other chronic degenerative diseases. These ...


Corn Characterization And Development Of A Convenient Laboratory Scale Alkaline Cooking Process, Shreya N. Sahasrabudhe May 2015

Corn Characterization And Development Of A Convenient Laboratory Scale Alkaline Cooking Process, Shreya N. Sahasrabudhe

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Nixtamalized (alkaline cooked) corn (Zea mays L.) products are increasing in popularity due to their affordable cost, ease of production, and the diversity of products that can be made using similar unit operations. The nixtamal produced after alkaline cooking depends on the processing parameters used during cooking and steeping, as well as the physicochemical properties of the corn hybrids used. Processors incur high costs in narrowing down hybrids suitable for a given process, or they must be able to adjust cooking conditions to obtain the desired end-product characteristics. Improper processing generates large quantities of waste. Researchers have developed small scale ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari Apr 2014

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The pinto bean has been linked to the prevention of multiple diseases due in large part to the presence of phenolic antioxidants, which are higher in beans than in many fruits and vegetables. These components deliver health properties beyond basic nutritional characteristics by scavenging free oxygen radicals. However, these benefits are most likely due to the ability of these chemically diverse phenols to impart greater protective properties as additives or synergists acting in combination. However, optimal parameters to isolate these compounds (in terms of ratios and types) from a given natural source are not known. Without this knowledge, understanding the ...


New Technologies For Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling And Storage Issues, Andres F. Doblado-Maldonado Nov 2012

New Technologies For Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling And Storage Issues, Andres F. Doblado-Maldonado

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Whole wheat flour production and demand has increased dramatically during the last decade due to evidence supporting the benefits of whole grains in the diet. Hence, the food industry has provided a wide variety of new whole grain products. There are unique challenges that accompany whole wheat flour production, especially related to milling and storage. The present thesis provides new strategies on the adaptation of new technologies to overcome whole wheat processing issues. These issues are first discussed in a literature review and then followed by three research studies. In the first study, retail whole wheat flours were evaluated for ...


Effect Of Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Erythorbate And Organic Acid Salts On Germination And Outgrowth Of Clostridium Perfringens Spores In Ham During Abusive Cooling, Mauricio A. Redondo Sep 2011

Effect Of Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Erythorbate And Organic Acid Salts On Germination And Outgrowth Of Clostridium Perfringens Spores In Ham During Abusive Cooling, Mauricio A. Redondo

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The effect of sodium nitrite (NaNO2), sodium erythorbate, sodium chloride (NaCl) and organic acid salts (potassium lactate and sodium diacetate) on C. perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in ham was evaluated. The research was divided in two parts. The first experiment consisted of potential C. perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in ham containing combinations of NaNO2 (0, 50, 100, 150 or 200 ppm) and sodium erythorbate (0 or 557 ppm) during cooling. This experiment included the evaluation of residual nitrite levels as affected by temperature (heat shock at 75°C for 20 min and subsequent cooling from 54 ...


Factors Affecting The B-Vitamin Content Of Cottage Cheese, Gary Dean Reif Sep 1964

Factors Affecting The B-Vitamin Content Of Cottage Cheese, Gary Dean Reif

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The purpose of this study was to investigate the vitamin content of Cottage cheese and to study the factors which may alter the content of certain B-vitamins. The specific objectives were as follows:

  1. To determine the niacin, B6, B12 and folic acid content of skimmilk and Cottage cheese and the retention of those vitamins in the curd from the milk.
  2. To study the synthesis of niacin, B6, B12 and folic acid during the 16-hr setting period used in making Cottage cheese, and to determine whether the vitamin synthesis by the starter was partly responsible for the ...