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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Simulation And Validation Of Radio Frequency Heating Of Shell Eggs, Soon Kiat Lau Jul 2015

Simulation And Validation Of Radio Frequency Heating Of Shell Eggs, Soon Kiat Lau

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Finite element models were developed with the purpose of finding an optimal radio frequency (RF) heating setup for pasteurizing shell eggs. Material properties of the yolk, albumen, and shell were measured and fitted into equations that were used as inputs for the model. When the egg was heated by itself, heating tend to be focused at the air cell to result in a “coagulation ring.” The focused heating near the air cell of the egg prevented satisfactory pasteurization of the egg, but deeper analysis of the simulation results offered a new perspective on how non-uniform RF heating could occur in ...


A Finite Element Method Based Microwave Heat Transfer Modeling Of Frozen Multi-Component Foods, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai Apr 2015

A Finite Element Method Based Microwave Heat Transfer Modeling Of Frozen Multi-Component Foods, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Microwave heating is fast and convenient, but is highly non-uniform. Non-uniform heating in microwave cooking affects not only food quality but also food safety. Most food industries develop microwavable food products based on “cook-and-look” approach. This approach is time-consuming, labor intensive and expensive and may not result in optimal food product design that assures food safety and quality. Design of microwavable food can be realized through a simulation model which describes the physical mechanisms of microwave heating in mathematical expressions. The objective of this study was to develop a microwave heat transfer model to predict spatial and temporal profiles of ...


Starch-Pectin Matrices For Encapsulation Of Ascorbic Acid, Yiwei Liu May 2014

Starch-Pectin Matrices For Encapsulation Of Ascorbic Acid, Yiwei Liu

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Starch and pectin are two food-grade carbohydrates widely utilized in the food industry. Starch and pectin polymers have been investigated in encapsulating functional food ingredients and in pharmaceutical applications. Resistance to enzyme hydrolysis, differential solubilities, depending on the pH, and the ability to ‘protect’ unstable molecules are considered some of the beneficial properties of starch and pectin polymers, for encapsulation applications. Food ingredients could be delivered in a controlled manner to a specific target by encapsulating in micro-scale particles, i. e., microencapsulation. Two studies were conducted to investigate the ability of selected starch-pectin blends in microencapsulating ascorbic acid (vitamin C ...


Electromagnetic And Heat Transfer Modeling Of Microwave Heating In Domestic Ovens, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai Apr 2011

Electromagnetic And Heat Transfer Modeling Of Microwave Heating In Domestic Ovens, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Microwave (MW) ovens are used extensively for heating a variety of not-ready-to-eat food products. It is vital to achieve target temperature uniformly throughout the food to inactivate foodborne pathogens to assure safety. Non-uniform heating of foods in microwave ovens is the major concern in assuring microbiological safety of such products. The non-uniform heating of foods in domestic microwave ovens is due to complex interactions of microwaves with foods. A comprehensive coupled electromagnetic and heat transfer model was developed using finite-difference time-domain based numerical method to understand the complex interaction of microwaves with foods. Simulation parameters such as cell size, heating ...