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University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cellular and Molecular Physiology

2005

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The Frequency Of Calcium Oscillations Induced By 5-Ht, Ach, And Kcl Determine The Contraction Of Smooth Muscle Cells Of Intrapulmonary Bronchioles, Jose F. Perez, Michael J. Sanderson Jun 2005

The Frequency Of Calcium Oscillations Induced By 5-Ht, Ach, And Kcl Determine The Contraction Of Smooth Muscle Cells Of Intrapulmonary Bronchioles, Jose F. Perez, Michael J. Sanderson

Open Access Articles

Increased resistance of airways or blood vessels within the lung is associated with asthma or pulmonary hypertension and results from contraction of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). To study the mechanisms regulating these contractions, we developed a mouse lung slice preparation containing bronchioles and arterioles and used phase-contrast and confocal microscopy to correlate the contractile responses with changes in [Ca(2+)](i) of the SMCs. The airways are the focus of this study. The agonists, 5-hydroxytrypamine (5-HT) and acetylcholine (ACH) induced a concentration-dependent contraction of the airways. High concentrations of KCl induced twitching of the airway SMCs but had little effect ...