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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

A Prospective Analysis Of Circulating Saturated And Monounsaturated Fatty Acids And Risk Of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Yu-Han Chiu, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Shumin Zhang, Francine Laden, Mara M. Epstein, Bernard A. Rosner, Stephanie Chiuve, Hannia Campos, Edward L. Giovannucci, Jorge E. Chavarro, Brenda M. Birmann May 2018

A Prospective Analysis Of Circulating Saturated And Monounsaturated Fatty Acids And Risk Of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Yu-Han Chiu, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Shumin Zhang, Francine Laden, Mara M. Epstein, Bernard A. Rosner, Stephanie Chiuve, Hannia Campos, Edward L. Giovannucci, Jorge E. Chavarro, Brenda M. Birmann

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Circulating saturated (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), which are predominantly derived from endogenous metabolism, may influence non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk by modulating inflammation or lymphocyte membrane stability. However, few biomarker studies have evaluated NHL risk associated with these fats. We conducted a prospective study of 583 incident NHL cases and 583 individually matched controls with archived pre-diagnosis red blood cell (RBC) specimens in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). RBC membrane fatty acid levels were measured using gas chromatography. Using multivariable logistic regression, we estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for ...


Enteroendocrine Cells Support Intestinal Stem-Cell-Mediated Homeostasis In Drosophila, Alla Amcheslavsky, Wei Song, Qi Li, Yingchao Nie, Ivan Bragatto, Dominique Ferrandon, Norbert Perrimon, Y. Tony Ip Oct 2014

Enteroendocrine Cells Support Intestinal Stem-Cell-Mediated Homeostasis In Drosophila, Alla Amcheslavsky, Wei Song, Qi Li, Yingchao Nie, Ivan Bragatto, Dominique Ferrandon, Norbert Perrimon, Y. Tony Ip

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Intestinal stem cells in the adult Drosophila midgut are regulated by growth factors produced from the surrounding niche cells including enterocytes and visceral muscle. The role of the other major cell type, the secretory enteroendocrine cells, in regulating intestinal stem cells remains unclear. We show here that newly eclosed scute loss-of-function mutant flies are completely devoid of enteroendocrine cells. These enteroendocrine cell-less flies have normal ingestion and fecundity but shorter lifespan. Moreover, in these newly eclosed mutant flies, the diet-stimulated midgut growth that depends on the insulin-like peptide 3 expression in the surrounding muscle is defective. The depletion of Tachykinin-producing ...


Tlr Sorting By Rab11 Endosomes Maintains Intestinal Epithelial-Microbial Homeostasis, Shiyan Yu, Yingchao Nie, Y. Tony Ip, Nan Gao Sep 2014

Tlr Sorting By Rab11 Endosomes Maintains Intestinal Epithelial-Microbial Homeostasis, Shiyan Yu, Yingchao Nie, Y. Tony Ip, Nan Gao

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Compartmentalization of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) regulates distinct immune responses to microbes; however, the specific cellular machinery that controls this mechanism has not been fully identified. Here we provide genetic evidences that the recycling endosomal compartment in enterocytes maintains a homeostatic TLR9 intracellular distribution, supporting mucosal tolerance to normal microbiota. Genetic ablation of a recycling endosome resident small GTPase, Rab11a, a gene adjacent to a Crohn's disease risk locus, in mouse IECs and in Drosophila midgut caused epithelial cell-intrinsic cytokine production, inflammatory bowel phenotype, and early mortality. Unlike wild-type controls, germ-free Rab11a-deficient mouse intestines failed ...


The Cpeb Protein Orb2 Has Multiple Functions During Spermatogenesis In Drosophila Melanogaster, Shuwa Xu, Nathaniel Hafer, Blessing Agunwamba, Paul Schedl Nov 2012

The Cpeb Protein Orb2 Has Multiple Functions During Spermatogenesis In Drosophila Melanogaster, Shuwa Xu, Nathaniel Hafer, Blessing Agunwamba, Paul Schedl

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Cytoplasmic Polyadenylation Element Binding (CPEB) proteins are translational regulators that can either activate or repress translation depending on the target mRNA and the specific biological context. There are two CPEB subfamilies and most animals have one or more genes from each. Drosophila has a single CPEB gene, orb and orb2, from each subfamily. orb expression is only detected at high levels in the germline and has critical functions in oogenesis but not spermatogenesis. By contrast, orb2 is broadly expressed in the soma; and previous studies have revealed important functions in asymmetric cell division, viability, motor function, learning, and memory. Here ...