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Invitro-Q: A High-Throughput Biosensor Used To Evaluate The Mechanism Of Phagocytosis Of Macrophages Using Different Particles, Marynawal Abdou, Abiche H. Dewilde May 2017

Invitro-Q: A High-Throughput Biosensor Used To Evaluate The Mechanism Of Phagocytosis Of Macrophages Using Different Particles, Marynawal Abdou, Abiche H. Dewilde

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The method of phagocytosis of a particle can provide information on how macrophages respond to a detected particle. The response elicited varies based on the nature of the particle and in turn changes which receptor-mediated phagocytosis is initiated. We have developed a multi-well cell-based sensor that can monitor real-time biological changes in living cells, such as mass redistribution, and viscoelasticity. This system provides unique kinetic information regarding the phenotypic change in the cells post treatment. As a proof of principle study, we evaluate macrophage phagocytosis using three different particles: latex beads, Zymosan A, and Staphylococcus aureus. These studies show the ...


Measuring Changes In Brain Metabolite Levels Using Live-Animal Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Offline Lc-Ms Metabolomics In A Binge-Ethanol Murine Model, Michelle L. Dubuke, Guillaume L. Poirier, Laurellee Payne, Arlene Lim, Pranoti Mandrekar, Constance M. Moore, Jean A. King, Scott A. Shaffer May 2017

Measuring Changes In Brain Metabolite Levels Using Live-Animal Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Offline Lc-Ms Metabolomics In A Binge-Ethanol Murine Model, Michelle L. Dubuke, Guillaume L. Poirier, Laurellee Payne, Arlene Lim, Pranoti Mandrekar, Constance M. Moore, Jean A. King, Scott A. Shaffer

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Alcoholism and acute alcohol binge are significant public health concerns. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based metabolomics is a robust and sensitive technique for determining and quantifying transient or permanent biochemical changes within the central nervous system (CNS). However, access to human tissue and CNS biofluid for such analyses is limited in a clinical context. In-vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is an attractive alternative for clinical measurement but currently the technique is limited to a small to a number of well-characterized, highly abundant analytes. We therefore seek to correlate LC-MS and MRS measurements to better understand and leverage the strengths of ...


Hepatic Changes Associated With Chronic Alcohol Exposure In An Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Piz Mouse Model, Zhuoyao Lyu, Alisha M. Gruntman, Brian O'Sullivan-Murphy, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte May 2017

Hepatic Changes Associated With Chronic Alcohol Exposure In An Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Piz Mouse Model, Zhuoyao Lyu, Alisha M. Gruntman, Brian O'Sullivan-Murphy, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The PiZ mutation in the alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) gene causes the PiZ mutant protein to be sequestered in the endoplasmic reticulum of hepatocytes, causing significant liver pathology in ~10% of PiZZ homozygous AAT disease patients. Current transgenic mouse models of the disease include the liver-specific over-expression of mutant PiZ protein. However, these animal models do not efficiently recapitulate the liver damage found in PiZZ homozygous patients. Since only a small percentage of patients develop liver disease and it is not reproducible in animal models of AATD, it suggests that there are other factors that participate in disease pathogenesis. Here, we ...


Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Regulates Mitochondrial Dynamics Proteins In Primary Human Myotubes Derived From Severely Obese Humans, Kai Zou, J. Matthew Hinkley, Sanghee Park, Donghai Zheng, G. Lynis Dohm, Joseph A. Houmard May 2017

Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Regulates Mitochondrial Dynamics Proteins In Primary Human Myotubes Derived From Severely Obese Humans, Kai Zou, J. Matthew Hinkley, Sanghee Park, Donghai Zheng, G. Lynis Dohm, Joseph A. Houmard

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Mitochondrial dynamics including mitochondrial fission (e.g., Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and Fission 1 (Fis1)) and fusion (e.g., Mitofusin 2 (MFN 2)) regulates mitochondrial homeostasis. Defects in mitochondrial dynamics are suggested to contribute to skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance associated with severe obesity. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery markedly improves metabolic health as indicated by enhanced substrate oxidation and insulin action in skeletal muscle. However, the underlying cellular mechanisms responsible for these are unclear and could possibly be due to the improvement of mitochondrial dynamics.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether RYGB surgery ...


Geometric Control Of Yap-Dependent Mechanotransduction: A Proposed Model, Ngozi A. Eze, Heather A. Cirka, Kristen L. Billiar May 2016

Geometric Control Of Yap-Dependent Mechanotransduction: A Proposed Model, Ngozi A. Eze, Heather A. Cirka, Kristen L. Billiar

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The Billiar lab is interested in the interplay between mechanical tension and programmed cell death (namely, apoptosis) in cells growing on micro-contact printed aggregates. The Billiar lab uses a bioinspired hydrogel to develop an in vitro model for mechanosensitive signaling in mammalian cells. The micro-contact printed cell aggregates experience a loss of tensional homeostasis at the center of the aggregates, which results in selective cell death at the center, but not periphery of the aggregates, followed by calcification, similar to excised diseased aortic valves. However, the subcellular mechanisms responsible for transducing the mechanical cues from the loss of tensional homeostasis ...


Microfluidic Platforms To Study Host-Microbiome Interactions, Abhinav Sharma, Neil Forbes, Jungwoo Lee May 2016

Microfluidic Platforms To Study Host-Microbiome Interactions, Abhinav Sharma, Neil Forbes, Jungwoo Lee

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

About three-quarters of human body surface is exposed to dense microbial population along the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) that accommodates around 80% of immune cells. The GIT is one of the most critical sites for metabolic and immunologic homeostasis in the body. While large-scale genomic analysis and germ-free mice have been widely used, they are limited to capture the dynamic functional interaction between host-microbiome in a humanized setting. in-vitro recapitulation of GIT physiology can be a powerful alternative for hypothesis testing in diseases like IBD and cancer.

As a first step, we developed a simple transwell assembly to closely emulate GIT ...


Prenylated Retinal Ciliopathy Protein Rpgr Regulates Ciliary Localization Of Joubert Syndrome-Associated Protein Inpp5e In Cooperation With Pde6, Wei Zhang, Kollu N. Rao, Linjing Li, Manisha Anand, Hemant Khanna May 2016

Prenylated Retinal Ciliopathy Protein Rpgr Regulates Ciliary Localization Of Joubert Syndrome-Associated Protein Inpp5e In Cooperation With Pde6, Wei Zhang, Kollu N. Rao, Linjing Li, Manisha Anand, Hemant Khanna

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Ciliary dysfunction is an underlying cause of severe human disorders (collectively called ciliopathies), such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP), Joubert Syndrome (JBTS), and Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. Ciliary proteins form distinct functional networks for localization to cilia as well as regulation of ciliary function. However, not much is known about the mechanism of ciliary localization and function of RPGR (retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator), a ciliary protein frequently associated with RP worldwide. Using tandem mass spectrometry analysis, we show that RPGR interacts with two JBTS-associated proteins: PDE6Π (delta subunit of Phosphodiesterase; a prenyl-binding protein) and INPP5E (inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase 5E; a ciliary cargo). Whereas PDE6Π ...


Skeletal Muscle Function Changes With Aging And Exercise: From The Myosin Molecule To The Whole Muscle, Mark S. Miller May 2016

Skeletal Muscle Function Changes With Aging And Exercise: From The Myosin Molecule To The Whole Muscle, Mark S. Miller

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Advancing Translational Research at the UMass Amherst Center for Personalized Health Monitoring," Dr. Miller's presentation highlights current research initiatives on muscle function changes with aging and exercise.


Activin Limits Progenitor Capability By Promoting Epithelial Cell Differentiation In The Mammary Gland, Karen A. Dunphy, Thiruppavai Chandrasekaran, Niraj Bhatt, Michelle Chen, Amy L. Roberts, Mary Hagen, D. Joseph Jerry May 2014

Activin Limits Progenitor Capability By Promoting Epithelial Cell Differentiation In The Mammary Gland, Karen A. Dunphy, Thiruppavai Chandrasekaran, Niraj Bhatt, Michelle Chen, Amy L. Roberts, Mary Hagen, D. Joseph Jerry

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and activin utilize common signaling pathways, via smad2/3 and smad4, to mediate tumor suppression by effecting cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Differences in temporal expression patterns suggest that each cytokine has specific roles in mammary gland development. Activin is expressed during pregnancy and lactation and is required for branching and lactogenesis, implying a role in mammary gland maturation. In contrast, TGF-beta is expressed during involution during mammary gland regression and functions to re-organize the mammary epithelial content to the non-lactating state. Previously, we found that TGF-beta and activin do share common signaling pathways allowing ...


High Performance Amphiphilic Polymer/Hydroxyapatite Composite Tissue Scaffolds, Artem B. Kutikov, Jie Song May 2014

High Performance Amphiphilic Polymer/Hydroxyapatite Composite Tissue Scaffolds, Artem B. Kutikov, Jie Song

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

There is a critical clinical need for alternatives to autograft and allograft bone for over 500,000 bone grafting operations performed each year in the United States. Current synthetic bone grafts suffer from poor handling characteristics, brittle mechanical properties, and inconsistent bioactivity. By blending a biodegradable amphiphilic polymer with hydroxyapatite (HA), the main mineral component in bone, we developed an improved synthetic bone graft. The polymer/HA composites were fabricated in both 2-D and 3-D forms by electrospinning and 3-D printing. These materials exhibited unique handling characteristics such as high tensile elasticity (>200% failure strain) and self-stiffening properties upon hydration ...


Pericyte Nf-Κb Activation Enhances Endothelial Cell Proliferation And Proangiogenic Cytokine Secretion, Katherine E. Labarbera, Robert D. Hyldahl, Sarah Witkowski May 2014

Pericyte Nf-Κb Activation Enhances Endothelial Cell Proliferation And Proangiogenic Cytokine Secretion, Katherine E. Labarbera, Robert D. Hyldahl, Sarah Witkowski

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Pericytes are skeletal muscle resident, multipotent stem cells that are localized to capillaries. They respond to damage through activation of nuclear-factor kappa-B (NF-κB), a transcription factor that regulates many cellular processes including inflammation. Research has shown that pericyte NF-κB activation positively affects myoblast proliferation. It is unknown how pericyte NF-κB affects signaling and proliferation of endothelial cells, an important component of muscle tissue microcirculation.

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of altered pericyte NF-κB activity on endothelial cell proliferation and identify inflammatory factors involved in this cell-cell signaling.

METHODS: Human primary pericytes were transfected with vectors designed to increase or decrease ...


Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Rna Interference And Mirna Mimic, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence N. Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo May 2014

Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Rna Interference And Mirna Mimic, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence N. Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Exosomes, membranous nanovesicles, naturally carry bio-macromolecules and play pivotal roles in both physiological intercellular crosstalk and disease pathogenesis. Here, we showed that B cell-derived exosomes can function as vehicles to deliver exogenous miRNA-155 mimic or inhibitor into hepatocytes or macrophages, respectively. Stimulation of B cells significantly increased exosome production. Unlike in parental cells, baseline level of miRNA-155 was very low in exosomes derived from stimulated B cells. Exosomes loaded with a miRNA-155 mimic significantly increased miRNA-155 levels in primary mouse hepatocytes and the liver of miRNA-155 knockout mice. Treatment of RAW macrophages with miRNA-155 inhibitor loaded exosomes resulted in statistically ...


Associations Of Adipose Tissue Architecture, Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers With Body Mass Index And Gestational Weight Gain In Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Crina Boeras, Ningning Zhang, Olga Gaelikman, Katherine G. Leung, Nicole M. Wedick, Laura Robidoux, Jodi Adams Puleo, Mary M. Lee, Silvia Corvera, Milagros C. Rosal May 2014

Associations Of Adipose Tissue Architecture, Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers With Body Mass Index And Gestational Weight Gain In Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Crina Boeras, Ningning Zhang, Olga Gaelikman, Katherine G. Leung, Nicole M. Wedick, Laura Robidoux, Jodi Adams Puleo, Mary M. Lee, Silvia Corvera, Milagros C. Rosal

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Some pregnancy weight gain is stored as adipose tissue (AT). Human AT depots vary in their capacity for expansion. Data suggests that subcutaneous (SQ) is adapted for healthy lipid storage. Conversely visceral (V) accumulation is associated with inflammation, obesity-related co-morbidities and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk. We investigated SQ and VAT histologic architecture along with insulin, adipokines and inflammatory markers in relationship to prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG).

Methods: Subset of non-diabetic singleton gravidas from the Pregnancy & Postpartum Observational Dietary Study (PPODS), undergoing Cesareans and consenting to SQ & VAT biopsies were included. Average adipocyte size assessed in10 sections/depot/subject. Maternal and cord blood insulin, adiponectin, leptin, PAI-1, CRP, TNFα, IL1b, IL6 and IL8 evaluated using Luminex MAGPIX, laser based fluorescent analytical test instrumentation with MILLIPLEX® multi-analyte panels. GWG determined by difference in pre-pregnancy and last prenatal visit weight.

Results: Of 110 subjects enrolled, 19 (17.3%) delivered by Cesarean with 14 consenting to AT sampling, and 7 (50%) having both SQ and VAT available for analysis. These 7 had mean pre-pregnancy BMI 27.8±5.6 kg/m2 and GWG 50.0±25.7 lb (range 19-83) with delivery age 39.2±0.7 wks. Mean SQ and VAT adipocyte sizes were 2892±716 pixels2 (range 1866-3775) and 2427±641 pixels2 (range 1416-3397) respectively (p=0.310); neither were statistically correlated with BMI or GWG. Pre-pregnancy BMI statistically correlated with maternal serum insulin (0.786, p=0 ...


The Effects Of Rhodiola Crenulata Extract On Proliferation And Differentiation In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Maria Carmen Mora, Kaitlyn Wong, Michael Tirabassi, Richard Arenas, Sallie S. Schneider May 2014

The Effects Of Rhodiola Crenulata Extract On Proliferation And Differentiation In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Maria Carmen Mora, Kaitlyn Wong, Michael Tirabassi, Richard Arenas, Sallie S. Schneider

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Purpose: Purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of rhodiola crenulata plant extract on glioblastoma in vitro. Methods: U-87MG glioblastoma multiforme cell line was utilized for evaluation in this study. Cells were treated with 100ug/ml or 200ug/ml of rhodiola crenulata and compared to ethanol vehicle control. Proliferation was measured at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after treatment utilizing an MTS proliferation assay. To further assess proliferation a clonogenicity assay was conducted. These cells were treated with ethanol vehicle control, 100ug/ml of rhodiola, radiation, or combined rhodiola/radiation treatment. To evaluate differentiation the expression of ...


Anti-Ppkcθ (T538) Delivery Via Cell Penetrating Peptide Mimics As A Novel Treatment Of Aplastic Anemia, Emrah Ilker Ozay, Gabriela Gonzalez-Perez, Joe Torres, Gregory N. Tew, Lisa M. Minter May 2014

Anti-Ppkcθ (T538) Delivery Via Cell Penetrating Peptide Mimics As A Novel Treatment Of Aplastic Anemia, Emrah Ilker Ozay, Gabriela Gonzalez-Perez, Joe Torres, Gregory N. Tew, Lisa M. Minter

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The objective of this study is to deliver anti-pPKCθ (T538) into T cells (hPBMCs) by using cell penetrating peptide mimics (CPPMs) to neutralize PKCθ activity both in vitro and in vivo, with the eventual goal of treating aplastic anemia (AA). AA is an immune-mediated bone marrow failure disease caused by T helper type 1 (Th1) autoimmune responses, which destroy blood cell progenitors. It was previously reported that protein kinase C theta (PKCθ), expressed specifically in T cells, plays an important role in T cell signaling by mediating Th1 differentiation. Mice treated with Rottlerin, a pharmacological inhibitor of PKCθ, are rescued ...


Ablation Of Raf-1 Kinase Inhibitory Protein (Rkip) Improves Photoreceptor Structure And Function In A Cep290-Mutant Mouse Model Of Severe Retinal Degeneration, Balajikarthick Subramanian, Manisha Anand, Hemant Khanna May 2014

Ablation Of Raf-1 Kinase Inhibitory Protein (Rkip) Improves Photoreceptor Structure And Function In A Cep290-Mutant Mouse Model Of Severe Retinal Degeneration, Balajikarthick Subramanian, Manisha Anand, Hemant Khanna

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Purpose: Mutations in the CEP290 gene are a frequent cause of childhood blindness disorder, Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). Not much is known about the mode of action of CEP290 in the retina. We previously showed that CEP290 interacts with RKIP and that RKIP protein is abnormally accumulated in rd16 (retinal degeneration 16) mouse, a model of Cep290- associated retinal degeneration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of RKIP accumulation in mediating photoreceptor degeneration in the rd16 mouse.

Methods: rd16/rd16:Rkip ko/Rkip ko double homozygous knock out mice were generated by breeding rd16 and Rkip ...


Mice Deficient In Sfrp1 Exhibit Increased Adiposity, Dysregulated Glucose Metabolism, Lotfi M. Bassa, Kelly J. Gauger, Elizabeth M. Henchey, Melissa Brown, Sallie S. Schneider May 2014

Mice Deficient In Sfrp1 Exhibit Increased Adiposity, Dysregulated Glucose Metabolism, Lotfi M. Bassa, Kelly J. Gauger, Elizabeth M. Henchey, Melissa Brown, Sallie S. Schneider

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The molecular mechanisms involved in the development of obesity and related complications remain unclear. Wnt signaling plays an important role in preadipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis. The expression of a Wnt antagonist, secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1), is increased in response to initial weight gain, then levels are reduced under conditions of extreme obesity in both humans and animals. Here we report that loss of Sfrp1 exacerbates weight gain and glucose homeostasis in mice in response to diet induced obesity (DIO). Sfrp1-/- mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) exhibited an increase in body mass accompanied by increases in body ...


Fluorescent Probes For Molecular Imaging Of Ros/Rns Species In Living Systems, Maolin Guo, Yibin Wei, Weiqi Yang, Xiaofei Fu, Yi Zhang, Bing Yan May 2014

Fluorescent Probes For Molecular Imaging Of Ros/Rns Species In Living Systems, Maolin Guo, Yibin Wei, Weiqi Yang, Xiaofei Fu, Yi Zhang, Bing Yan

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS) are highly reactive species which play crucial roles in many fundamental physiological processes including cellular signalling pathways. Over-production of these reactive species by various stimuli leads to cellular oxidative stress which is linked to various disease conditions. Therefore, the development of novel detection methods for ROS and RNS is of great interest and indispensable for monitoring the dynamic changes of ROS and RNS in cells and for elucidating their mechanisms of trafficking and connections to diseases. We have been recently developing various fluorescent sensors which can selectively detect metal ions, ROS ...


Adipose Tissue Inflammation In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Raziel Rojas-Rodriguez, Jacqueline Tessa Draper, Aylin Sert, Maxwell Kruse, Crina Boeras, Brittany Rosenthal, Olga Gaelikman, So-Yun Min, Katherine G. Leung, Silvia Corvera May 2014

Adipose Tissue Inflammation In Diabetic Versus Non-Diabetic Pregnancies, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Raziel Rojas-Rodriguez, Jacqueline Tessa Draper, Aylin Sert, Maxwell Kruse, Crina Boeras, Brittany Rosenthal, Olga Gaelikman, So-Yun Min, Katherine G. Leung, Silvia Corvera

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objective: Beyond weight associated with fetus, placenta, amniotic fluid and increased blood volume, adipose tissue (AT) expansion is an accepted and expected component of pregnancy weight gain. Normal pregnancy is associated with relative insulin resistance (IR). In non-pregnant humans, AT expansion has been associated with IR and AT inflammation. However, it is not known whether AT expansion and IR in pregnancy are also associated with AT inflammation. This pilot study examined relationships between AT expansion and inflammation in control versus diabetic pregnancies.

Methods: Eligible subjects undergoing scheduled Cesarean delivery for obstetric indications were prospectively enrolled. Subjects provided demographic and anthropometric ...


Transdifferentiation Of Α- To Β-Cells Is Enhanced In Fstl3 Ko Mice, Alan Schneyer, Danielle Andrzejewski, Amy Burnside, Melissa Brown May 2014

Transdifferentiation Of Α- To Β-Cells Is Enhanced In Fstl3 Ko Mice, Alan Schneyer, Danielle Andrzejewski, Amy Burnside, Melissa Brown

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes involve loss of functional pancreatic B-cells which is driving research into potential replacement sources. Expansion of functional B-cell mass, such as through induction of B-cell neogenesis or through transdifferentiation of A-cells into functional B-cells represent appealing therapeutic solutions to restoring glucose control. To date, however, these processes have been induced through genetic manipulation or severe pancreatic injury. It remains to be determined whether transdifferentiation or neogenesis contribute to functional B-cell mass under normal physiological conditions and/or contribute to B-cell expansion and how these processes are regulated.

We have reported that inactivation of ...


Activation Of The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (Egrf) Is Required For Cxcl12 Mediated Erk And Akt Signaling During Prostate Myofibroblast Phenoconversion, Jose A. Rodriguez-Nieves, Jill A. Macoska May 2013

Activation Of The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (Egrf) Is Required For Cxcl12 Mediated Erk And Akt Signaling During Prostate Myofibroblast Phenoconversion, Jose A. Rodriguez-Nieves, Jill A. Macoska

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), a condition of the prostate common in aging in men, is associated with urinary voiding dysfunction, or Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS). Although inflammation and abnormal muscle contraction are known to be key players in the development of LUTS, tissue fibrosis may also be an important and previously unrecognized contributing factor. Tissue fibrosis arises from the differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts, which produce and secrete collagens and fibronectins that remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM). This differentiation process is usually accomplished by activation of the TGF-β/TGFβRII axis. However, in this study we report that the CXC-type ...


Pathogenesis Of Atherosclerosis: Focusing On The Role Of Exercise And Flavonoids, Mahdi Garelnabi, Halleh Mahini May 2013

Pathogenesis Of Atherosclerosis: Focusing On The Role Of Exercise And Flavonoids, Mahdi Garelnabi, Halleh Mahini

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease accounts for the majority of death in the world. A number of determinants most of them associated with lifestyle starting from early childhood onwards are responsible for Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). Some risk factors facilitate the development of atherosclerosis, while others participate in the plaques formation, resulting in the manifestation of the disease.

Objectives: In the current study we investigated the role of exercise and antioxidants intakes; specifically quercetin in mouse model. We looked into the sex responses to the quercetin intake and physical activity. We also looked into the effect of quercetin treatment on HepG2 cell ...


Increased Oxidative Capacity Of Circulating Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils (Pmns) In Non-Diabetic Nash Patients, Timea Csak, Karen Kodys, Angela Dolganiuc, Dora Lippai, Michal Ganz, Christopher Marshall, Gyongyi Szabo May 2012

Increased Oxidative Capacity Of Circulating Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils (Pmns) In Non-Diabetic Nash Patients, Timea Csak, Karen Kodys, Angela Dolganiuc, Dora Lippai, Michal Ganz, Christopher Marshall, Gyongyi Szabo

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Inflammation and oxidative stress are key factors in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Polymorphonuclear neutrophils are capable to produce significant amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the NADPH oxidase complex. Increased hepatic neutrophil infiltration has been described in steatohepatitis. We aimed to investigate the in vitro ROS generation by neutrophils of NASH patients and the hepatic NADPH oxidase activity in murine steatohepatitis.

Material and methods: PMNs were isolated from peripheral blood of NASH patients (n=16) and healthy controls (n=16). In vitro ROS production was measured by luminol chemiluminescence after phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or opsonized ...