Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

SelectedWorks

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 31 - 60 of 1190

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jun 2015

Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation ...


Mcnamara 2010 Metamatters Newletter Series - Rogers Pmn The Chase And Temporal Area Maps, George Mcnamara Jun 2015

Mcnamara 2010 Metamatters Newletter Series - Rogers Pmn The Chase And Temporal Area Maps, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

My four 2010 MetaMorph MetaMatters newsletter articles on "The Chase" (video available for download here on my bepress site) and history / use of temporal area maps.


The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks Jun 2015

The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks

Rachele M Hendricks-Sturrup

The “Renewable Fuel Standard” was the first renewable fuel mandate set forth by the United States Environmental Protection Agency initially under the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005. Alternative fuels are defined by the US EPA as alternatives to conventional fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Alternative fuels are lauded for their “clean energy” attributes and also because they can be resourced domestically, allowing for per-capita reductions in greenhouse gas emissions with less dependency on foreign energy resources. Alternative fuel conversions are methods used to convert gasoline and/or diesel engines into engines that operate on natural gas, alcohols, or ...


Changes In Microbial Communities Along Redox Gradients In Polygonized Arctic Wet Tundra Soils, David A. Lipson, Ted K. Raab, Melanie Parker, Scott T. Kelley, Colin J. Brislawn, Janet Jansson Jun 2015

Changes In Microbial Communities Along Redox Gradients In Polygonized Arctic Wet Tundra Soils, David A. Lipson, Ted K. Raab, Melanie Parker, Scott T. Kelley, Colin J. Brislawn, Janet Jansson

Ted K. Raab

This study investigated how microbial community structure and diversity varied with depth and topography in ice wedge polygons of wet tundra of the Arctic Coastal Plain in northern Alaska, and what soil variables explain these patterns. We observed strong changes in community structure and diversity with depth, and more subtle changes between areas of high and low topography, with the largest differences apparent near the soil surface. These patterns are most strongly correlated with redox gradients (measured using the ratio of reduced Fe to total Fe in acid extracts as a proxy): conditions grew more reducing with depth and were ...


Influence Of Simulated Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax Auritus, Predation On Multiple-Batch Production Of Channel Catfish, Ictalurus Punctatus, Brian S. Dorr, Carole R. Engle Jun 2015

Influence Of Simulated Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax Auritus, Predation On Multiple-Batch Production Of Channel Catfish, Ictalurus Punctatus, Brian S. Dorr, Carole R. Engle

Brian S Dorr

The double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus, is considered the primary depredating bird species on commercially produced channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, in the southeastern USA. We simulated different levels of cormorant predation on losses at harvest and economic effects on channel catfish production in a multiple-batch cropping system. We observed significant (P<0.05) declines in catfish production at increasing levels of cormorant predation in this study. This decline was mitigated by increased individual growth of catfish at higher predation rates (i.e., lower catfish densities). This mitigating effect produced a non-linear relationship with total kg of catfish harvested per pond resulting in a non-linear incremental increase in breakeven price related to predation. Costs of production ($/kg) increased with increasing predation levels up to very high levels of predation with a cumulative maximum increase in breakeven price of $0.143/kg. These results indicate that losses at harvest due to cormorant predation occur immediately but are mitigated in part by compensatory growth of individual catfish. Losses due to cormorant predation in multi-batch systems can be considerable, but there is not a 1:1 relationship between losses and kg of catfish harvested due to compensatory actors.


Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara May 2015

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells and Coverglass 20150520Wed

Many light microscopes have the capability of using camera based brightfield, phase contrast, or fluorescence to find the most contrasty specimen focus. When I worked for UIC (1992-1997) we offered this with a combination of Ludl MAC2000 controller, Z-drive, video card thingy, and video camera (most customers at the time used analog video cameras).

Many automated light microscopes now have clever -- and pricey -- autofocus systems based on an NIR LED structured illumination reflecting light off the bottom of the coverglass.

I encourage a simpler approach - my hardware details are in the text ...


Impacts Of Colonial Waterbirds On Vegetation And Potential Restoration Of Island Habitats, Christopher R. Ayers, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Sadie O'Dell, Charles D. Lovell, Michael L. Jones, Jason R. Suckow, Brian S. Dorr May 2015

Impacts Of Colonial Waterbirds On Vegetation And Potential Restoration Of Island Habitats, Christopher R. Ayers, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Sadie O'Dell, Charles D. Lovell, Michael L. Jones, Jason R. Suckow, Brian S. Dorr

Brian S Dorr

Colonial waterbirds have impacted forested island ecosystems throughout their breeding range, changing vegetation, and soil characteristics and bird communities.Our objectives were to (1) determine effects of three levels of colonial waterbird exclusion on overall vegetation diversity and growth, and survival of a candidate restoration species (black elderberry; Sambucus nigra canadensis); (2) investigate effects of different planting techniques on survival and growth of black elderberry; and (3) determine effects of waterbird colonization on soil chemistry. In 2012, we investigated effects of three levels of waterbird exclusion (none control plots [CON]; partial, which excluded waterbirds larger than gulls [PEX]; and full ...


Mohammed Madai: Significance Of The Earth Day, Ubuntu Institute Students Apr 2015

Mohammed Madai: Significance Of The Earth Day, Ubuntu Institute Students

Ubuntu Institute Students

One may ask himself: What is the significance of Earth Day? Mohammed Madai explores the significance of this day to our daily lives


American Muslims Can They Become A Cohesive Political Force In The 2016 Elections, Muqtedar Khan Apr 2015

American Muslims Can They Become A Cohesive Political Force In The 2016 Elections, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

The article argues that the diversity within the American Muslims community is a barrier to their becoming a united political force in America.


Isolation And Comparative Genomic Analysis Of Mycobacteriophage Enkatz, Thomas Van Horn, Micah Rickles-Young, Shaarada Srivasta, Tina Zudock Apr 2015

Isolation And Comparative Genomic Analysis Of Mycobacteriophage Enkatz, Thomas Van Horn, Micah Rickles-Young, Shaarada Srivasta, Tina Zudock

Thomas Van Horn

Phage Enkatz is a temperate mycobacteriophage isolated from an un-enriched soil sample collected from the South Forty housing area of the Washington University in St. Louis campus. Enkatz displays unequally sized plaques with a clear center that become cloudier with radial distance from the center. Genome analysis indicates that Enkatz is a cluster A1 mycobacteriophage with a genome size of 49,738 bases and 82 identified genes, 33 of which have been assigned functions. This analysis reveals that the majority of the genes in the positive strand code for structural proteins, while the majority of the genes in the negative ...


Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara Apr 2015

Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Focus On Microscopy FOM 2006-2015 abstracts

FOM's are cutting edge microscopy meetings. Their abstracts are posted online soon after the meeting. FOM2015's abstracts are at http://www.focusonmicroscopy.org/2015/program.html

I have been downloading the single PDF abstracts, and making a single large PDF. every year. I figure the "annual organized" PDF may be useful to others, so am posting a ZIP file here containing: FOM 2006 FOM 2007 FOM 2008 FOM 2009 FOM 2010 FOM 2011 FOM 2012 FOM 2013 FOM 2014 FOM 2015 I note the abstracts do not contain copyright notices, but anyone ...


Effect Of Fibre Blend Ratios On Yarn Properties, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, A. Ghosh, M. Raihan Apr 2015

Effect Of Fibre Blend Ratios On Yarn Properties, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, A. Ghosh, M. Raihan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Yarn properties can be altered through blending fibres. According to the requirement different properties can be achieved by different blending ratios. Among the different blends cotton and polyester, cotton and wool, wool and acrylic, cotton and nylon, jute and acrylic, cotton and rayon etc are common. Flax and polyester has been a popular blend now-adays and depicts excellent properties than their individual yarn properties. Different proportion of flax and polyester has been tested to observe the yarn properties and it is found that polyester was perfectly fits with low proportion of flax. Their blends with specific ratios exhibit excellent properties ...


Seed Set And Xenia Effects On Grain Iron And Zinc Density In Pearl Millet, Mahalingam Govindaraj Apr 2015

Seed Set And Xenia Effects On Grain Iron And Zinc Density In Pearl Millet, Mahalingam Govindaraj

Mahalingam Govindaraj

Three types of seed samples (selfed, sibbed and open pollinated) can be used for mineral analysis in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] and other cross-pollinated crops. Cost effectiveness and reliability of mineral estimates in these types of seed samples have a direct bearing on breeding efficiency. Three sets of experiments using a diverse range of materials were conducted to examine the potential use of selfed and open pollinated (OP) seed samples for the analysis of grain Fe and Zn density in pearl millet. The results of this study showed that reduction in seed set under selfing, a genotype- ...


Is Fortification Or Bio Fortification Of Staple Food Crops Will Offer A Simple Solution To Complex Nutritional Disorder In Developing Countries?, Mahalingam Govindaraj Apr 2015

Is Fortification Or Bio Fortification Of Staple Food Crops Will Offer A Simple Solution To Complex Nutritional Disorder In Developing Countries?, Mahalingam Govindaraj

Mahalingam Govindaraj

Large segment of global populations, especially in developing countries is currently at risk from one or more micronutrient deficiency, so called malnutrition. This could be due to our current food systems are fail to provide enough balanced dietary nutrients to meet all the nutritional requirements of every individual, especially resource-poor women and children in the developing countries. A variety of interventions have been used to address micronutrient malnutrition so far such as pharmaceutical supplementation, industrial fortifications and dietary diversification. However, success of supplementation and fortification in developing countries remains challenges due to poor infrastructure, delivery system, more often it need ...


Dynastic Egypt Dating Using Short Lived Plants, David A. Lightfoot Apr 2015

Dynastic Egypt Dating Using Short Lived Plants, David A. Lightfoot

David A. Lightfoot

No abstract provided.


Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil Mar 2015

Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil

panelesloneczne Kamil

No abstract provided.


Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra Mar 2015

Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

This paper was presented in the panel discussion on Implementing the FAO-SSF Guidelines: Is there need for governance reforms? (How to create an enabling socio-economic, legal and policy environment for small-scale fisheries). the present paper focuses on the small scale fishers in Inland fisheries sector in India and the fisheries governance system in various states of india.


The Pollution Of River Ibër With Heavy Metals From Landfill Of Kelmend, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Rafet Zeqiri, Izet Zeqiri, Sadija Nikshiq -Kadriu, Mehush Aliu Mar 2015

The Pollution Of River Ibër With Heavy Metals From Landfill Of Kelmend, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Rafet Zeqiri, Izet Zeqiri, Sadija Nikshiq -Kadriu, Mehush Aliu

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

In this paper treated the degree of water pollution that emerges from mining and mixed with industrial wastes and as such in the form of pulp thrown in landfills. From the landfill through drainage and water flows in the river Ibër, penetrate the different pollutants that affect in water quality of this river. The degree of contamination of the river Ibër is monitored at several points, on which it is made water sampling of landfill and where we have reached the conclusion on the possibilities of prevention of water pollution of the river Ibër


Comparative Analysis Of Biodegradability Of Biodiesel Obtained By Conventional And Non-Conventional Methods, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Nagaraja Y. P, Chandrashekhar Biradar Mar 2015

Comparative Analysis Of Biodegradability Of Biodiesel Obtained By Conventional And Non-Conventional Methods, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Nagaraja Y. P, Chandrashekhar Biradar

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Biodiesel is an alternative to conventional diesel fuel made from renewable resources. No engine modifications are required to use biodiesel in place of crude oil-based diesel. The use of biodiesel resulted in lower emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter. Biodiesel also increased catalytic converter efficiency in reducing particulate emissions. Chemical characterization also revealed lower levels of some toxic and reactive hydrocarbon species when biodiesel fuels were used. In the present work, biodiesel is produced by both conventional and non-conventional methods to determine the biodegradability effect using microorganisms obtained from soil collected from the vicinity of a petrol ...


Study On The Demolition Waste Management In Malaysia Construction Industry, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Gunalaan Vasudevan Mar 2015

Study On The Demolition Waste Management In Malaysia Construction Industry, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Gunalaan Vasudevan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The Malaysia construction industry generates a large quantity of construction and demolition waste nowadays. In the handbook for demolition work only comprised small portion of demolition waste management. It is important to study and determine the ways to provide a practical guide for the professional in the building industry about handling the demolition waste. In general, demolition defined as tearing down or wrecking of structural work or architectural work of the building and other infrastructures work such as road, bridge and etc. It’s a common misconception that demolition is nothing more than taking down a structure and carrying the ...


Improving Economic And Environmental Performance Through A Precision Business Plan, David J. Muth Jr. Feb 2015

Improving Economic And Environmental Performance Through A Precision Business Plan, David J. Muth Jr.

David J. Muth

No abstract provided.


Production And Purification Of Tannase From Aspergillus Aculeatus Using Plant Derived Raw Tannin, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Jasbir Bagga, Soumya Kanti Pramanik, Vibha Pandey Feb 2015

Production And Purification Of Tannase From Aspergillus Aculeatus Using Plant Derived Raw Tannin, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Jasbir Bagga, Soumya Kanti Pramanik, Vibha Pandey

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Tannase, an enzyme with immense potential has lot of applications in food, beverage, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. During the present study, tannin content of different plant materials was determined. Tannase has been produced from Aspergillus aculeatus through fermentation of tannin rich plant materials. Among the plant materials used, Cassia ciamia gives better result. Maximum oxygen is utilized by the organism after 24 h of growth. pH of the fermented broth falls to 4.1 after 28 h of growth. Organism utilizes wheat bran as a solid substrate to produce maximum tannase. Maximum enzyme production through solid state fermentation was achieved ...


Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan,Kun-Yuan Chuang,Jo-Ming Tseng,Teh-Sheng Su, Fang-Chen Lin Feb 2015

Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan,Kun-Yuan Chuang,Jo-Ming Tseng,Teh-Sheng Su, Fang-Chen Lin

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The “Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals” (GHS) not only provides a unified system for dealing with the labeling of intrinsic materials and compound chemicals but also furnishes hazard information to the contingency personnel, work site workforce, transportation workforce and consumers for the prevention of acute and chronic health impairments as well as ecological hazards. Since 2008, the GHS has gradually been observed internationally to substitute the classification and labeling of hazardous substances, the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), and relevant regulations on hazardous chemicals which are currently used by many countries; substantial influences have been seen ...


Data Estimation At Unmeasured Positions Using Measured Receptance Frequency Response Function, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Hee-Chang Eun, Dong-Ho Cho, Su-Yong Park Feb 2015

Data Estimation At Unmeasured Positions Using Measured Receptance Frequency Response Function, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Hee-Chang Eun, Dong-Ho Cho, Su-Yong Park

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The dynamic responses of finite element model do not match with those of the experimental results due to modeling and measurement errors. It is impractical to collect the data for the full set of DOFs of a dynamic system. And there are some cases to have difficulty in measuring the response such as slope. This work presents an analytical method to estimate the frequency response function (FRF) at the unmeasured nodes of the actual system. The method is derived by minimizing the discrepancy between the analytical and actual FRF data sets dividing into the real and imaginary parts. The validity ...


Social Science Contributions Compared In Synthetic Biology And Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Yin Li Feb 2015

Social Science Contributions Compared In Synthetic Biology And Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Yin Li

Philip Shapira

With growing attention to societal issues and implications of synthetic biology, we investigate sources of social science publication knowledge in synthetic biology and probe what might be learned by comparison with earlier rounds of social science research in nanotechnology. “Social science” research is broadly defined to include publications in conventional social science as well as humanities, law, ethics, business, and policy fields. We examine the knowledge clusters underpinning social science publications in nanotechnology and synthetic biology using a methodology based on the analysis of cited references. Our analysis finds that social science research in synthetic biology already has traction and ...


Human-Wildlife Conflict-Causes, Consequences And Mitigation Measures With Special Reference To Kashmir, Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat Feb 2015

Human-Wildlife Conflict-Causes, Consequences And Mitigation Measures With Special Reference To Kashmir, Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat

JOZS JOURNAL

The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected from Shere Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura, Srinagar and its associated medical college hospital at Bemina Srinagar. The data indicates rising levels of man-carnivore conflicts in Kashmir. The leopard and Asiatic black bear were mainly involved in causing several forms of conflict. The human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land ...


Development Of Appropriate Packaging For Shelf Life Extension Of Smoked Fish In A Developing Economy, Michael Ayodele Omodara Jan 2015

Development Of Appropriate Packaging For Shelf Life Extension Of Smoked Fish In A Developing Economy, Michael Ayodele Omodara

Michael Ayodele Omodara

Three composite packaging materials; Paper-Polyethylene (PaPe,), Polyethylene-Paper (PePa) Polyethylene-Paper Polyethylene (PePaPe) were developed for packaging of dried fish samples with Polyethylene used as control. Some engineering properties (thickness, water and oil absorption rates) were determined using standard methods. Smoked dried catfish were stored in the three composite packing materials and in polyethylene for six months. The composite materials’thicknesses ranged from 0.23 to 0.31 mm while that of control was 0.27 mm. The water and oil absorption rates ranged from 1.73 to 10.00 g/cm2/min and 2.50 to 10.86 g/cm2/min ...


Effect Of Biofield Treatment On The Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Aluminium Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2015

Effect Of Biofield Treatment On The Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Aluminium Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Aluminium powders are used in a wide range from propelling rockets to improving personal hygiene. More popular industrial applications include manufacture of silver metallic pigments, paints, inks, plastics, packaging, textiles and aerospace industry. As thick film pastes used in the manufacture of silicon solar cells, and as reducing agent and sources of heat, used in alumina thermic and exothermic applications. In the present investigation, Aluminium powders were exposed to non-contact Biofield treatment. Both the exposed and unexposed powders were later characterized by various techniques. The average particle size, after a slight initial decrease was found to increase after 80 days ...


Effect Of A Biofield Treatment On Plant Growth And Adaptation (Benth.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2015

Effect Of A Biofield Treatment On Plant Growth And Adaptation (Benth.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Quantum mechanics was developed when human energies of consciousness were found to influence observations at the scale of elementary particles, here referred as non-contact biofield treatment or biofield energies . Quantum mechanics has also proved efficacious in biological processes. The present experiments found an enhanced and significant impact of the biofield treatment on adaptive micropropagation response and callus induction of two plant species, Withania somnifera and Amaranthus dubius. The enhancement was perhaps due to greater focus on adaptation rather than specific mechanisms, showing high potential including at biochemical and genetic levels. Possible reasons for the enhancement are discussed and a possible ...


Annual Variation In Autumn Migration Phenology And Energetic Condition At A Stopover Site In The Western United States, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Neil Paprocki, Gregory S. Kaltenecker, Julie A. Heath Jan 2015

Annual Variation In Autumn Migration Phenology And Energetic Condition At A Stopover Site In The Western United States, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Neil Paprocki, Gregory S. Kaltenecker, Julie A. Heath

Robert Miller

Climate change is having a dramatic effect on many migratory species. Changes in climate may lead to changes in food availability or other proximate cues that affect migratory behavior. We used 13 years (2000–2012) of data on songbird banding and raptor migration counts and captures during autumn migration in the intermountain West to evaluate whether regional temperature or precipitation or hemispheric climate indices predicted autumn migratory timing and energetic condition. We examined overall trends and evaluated the effects of diet and migratory distance on phenology and conditional responses. For the 13-year study period, no temperature, precipitation, or climate index ...