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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Functional Car Models For Spatially Correlated Functional Datasets, Lin Zhang, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Hongxiao Zhu, Keith A. Baggerly, Tadeusz Majewski, Bogdan Czerniak, Jeffrey S. Morris Jan 2016

Functional Car Models For Spatially Correlated Functional Datasets, Lin Zhang, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Hongxiao Zhu, Keith A. Baggerly, Tadeusz Majewski, Bogdan Czerniak, Jeffrey S. Morris

Jeffrey S. Morris

We develop a functional conditional autoregressive (CAR) model for spatially correlated data for which functions are collected on areal units of a lattice. Our model performs functional response regression while accounting for spatial correlations with potentially nonseparable and nonstationary covariance structure, in both the space and functional domains. We show theoretically that our construction leads to a CAR model at each functional location, with spatial covariance parameters varying and borrowing strength across the functional domain. Using basis transformation strategies, the nonseparable spatial-functional model is computationally scalable to enormous functional datasets, generalizable to different basis functions, and can be used on ...


James-Stein Estimation And The Benjamini-Hochberg Procedure, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2012

James-Stein Estimation And The Benjamini-Hochberg Procedure, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

For the problem of multiple testing, the Benjamini-Hochberg (B-H) procedure has become a very popular method in applications. Based on a spacings theory representation of the B-H procedure, we are able to motivate the use of shrinkage estimators for modifying the B-H procedure. Several generalizations in the paper are discussed, and the methodology is applied to real and simulated datasets.


Shrinkage In Adaptive Procedures For False Discovery Rate Estimation In Multiple Testing: Structure And Synthesis, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2012

Shrinkage In Adaptive Procedures For False Discovery Rate Estimation In Multiple Testing: Structure And Synthesis, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

There has been much interest in the study of adaptive estimation procedures for controlling the false discovery rate (FDR). In this article, we take the direct approach to estimation of FDR of Storey (2002) and show how it can reexpressed as a particular type of shrinkage estimator. This representation leads to natural conditions on finite-sample FDR control for a general class of shrinkage estimators. In addition, many previous proposals from the literature can be unified under this framework for which finite-sample FDR results can be developed. Some asymptotic results are also provided.


Generalized Benjamini-Hochberg Procedures Using Spacings, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2011

Generalized Benjamini-Hochberg Procedures Using Spacings, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

For the problem of multiple testing, the Benjamini-Hochberg (B-H) procedure has become a very popular method in applications. We show how the B-H procedure can be interpreted as a test based on the spacings corresponding to the p-value distributions. Using this equivalence, we develop a class of generalized B-H procedures that maintain control of the false discovery rate in finite-samples. We also consider the effect of correlation on the procedure; simulation studies are used to illustrate the methodology.


A Causal Framework For Surrogate Endpoints With Semi-Competing Risks Data, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2011

A Causal Framework For Surrogate Endpoints With Semi-Competing Risks Data, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

In this note, we address the problem of surrogacy using a causal modelling framework that differs substantially from the potential outcomes model that pervades the biostatistical literature. The framework comes from econometrics and conceptualizes direct effects of the surrogate endpoint on the true endpoint. While this framework can incorporate the so-called semi-competing risks data structure, we also derive a fundamental non-identifiability result. Relationships to existing causal modelling frameworks are also discussed.


Wavelet-Based Functional Linear Mixed Models: An Application To Measurement Error–Corrected Distributed Lag Models, Elizabeth J. Malloy, Jeffrey S. Morris, Sara D. Adar, Helen Suh, Diane R. Gold, Brent A. Coull Jan 2010

Wavelet-Based Functional Linear Mixed Models: An Application To Measurement Error–Corrected Distributed Lag Models, Elizabeth J. Malloy, Jeffrey S. Morris, Sara D. Adar, Helen Suh, Diane R. Gold, Brent A. Coull

Jeffrey S. Morris

Frequently, exposure data are measured over time on a grid of discrete values that collectively define a functional observation. In many applications, researchers are interested in using these measurements as covariates to predict a scalar response in a regression setting, with interest focusing on the most biologically relevant time window of exposure. One example is in panel studies of the health effects of particulate matter (PM), where particle levels are measured over time. In such studies, there are many more values of the functional data than observations in the data set so that regularization of the corresponding functional regression coefficient ...


Detecting Outlier Genes From High-Dimensional Data: A Fuzzy Approach, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2010

Detecting Outlier Genes From High-Dimensional Data: A Fuzzy Approach, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

A recent nding in cancer research has been the characterization of previously undis- covered chromosomal abnormalities in several types of solid tumors. This was found based on analyses of high-throughput data from gene expression microarrays and motivated the development of so-called `outlier' tests for dierential expression. One statistical issue was the potential discreteness of the test statistics. Using ideas from fuzzy set theory, we develop fuzzy outlier detection algorithms that have links to ideas in multiple comparisons. Two- and K-sample extensions are considered. The methodology is illustrated by application to two microarray studies.


Meta-Analysis For Surrogacy: Accelerated Failure Time Models And Semicompeting Risks Modelling, Debashis Ghosh, Jeremy M. Taylor, Daniel J. Sargent Jan 2010

Meta-Analysis For Surrogacy: Accelerated Failure Time Models And Semicompeting Risks Modelling, Debashis Ghosh, Jeremy M. Taylor, Daniel J. Sargent

Debashis Ghosh

There has been great recent interest in the medical and statistical literature in the assessment and validation of surrogate endpoints as proxies for clinical endpoints in medical studies. More recently, authors have focused on using meta-analytical methods for quanti cation of surrogacy. In this article, we extend existing procedures for analysis based on the accelerated failure time model to this setting. An advantage of this approach relative to proportional hazards model is that it allows for analysis in the semi-competing risks setting, where we constrain the surrogate endpoint to occur before the true endpoint. A novel principal components procedure is ...


Discrete Nonparametric Algorithms For Outlier Detection With Genomic Data, Debashis Ghosh Jan 2009

Discrete Nonparametric Algorithms For Outlier Detection With Genomic Data, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

In high-throughput studies involving genetic data such as from gene expression microarrays, differential expression analysis between two or more experimental conditions has been a very common analytical task. Much of the resulting literature on multiple comparisons has paid relatively little attention to the choice of test statistic. In this article, we focus on the issue of choice of test statistic based on a special pattern of differential expression. The approach here is based on recasting multiple comparisons procedures for assessing outlying expression values. A major complication is that the resulting p-values are discrete; some theoretical properties of sequential testing procedures ...