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SelectedWorks

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 176

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Piscine Myocarditis Virus (Pmcv) In Wild Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar, Torstein Tengs Dr. Dec 2012

Piscine Myocarditis Virus (Pmcv) In Wild Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar, Torstein Tengs Dr.

Dr. Torstein Tengs

Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) is a severe cardiac disease of sea-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., but CMS-like lesions have also been found in wild Atlantic salmon. In 2010 a double-stranded RNA virus of the Totiviridae family, provisionally named piscine myocarditis virus (PMCV), was described as the causative agent of CMS. In the present paper we report the first detection of PMCV in wild Atlantic salmon. The study is based on screening of 797 wild Atlantic salmon by real-time RT-PCR. The samples were collected from 35 different rivers along the coast of Norway, and all individuals included in the study were ...


An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd Dec 2012

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socio-economic problems of our time. Desertification describes circumstances of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from the climatic variation and human activities. The fundamental goal of this thesis was to assess the effects of desertification in Yobe State, Nigeria. The present threat of desertification in the sahel has reached an alarming stage where crops cultivation and animal rearing/grazing are no more productive, soil has lost its nutrient/fertility, various infrastructure had given way because of windstorm from the neighbouring Niger Republic and sand dunes had taken ...


Buried Clay Pipe Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge Dec 2012

Buried Clay Pipe Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

The buried clay pipe method of irrigation is one of the most efficient systems known and is ideal for gardeners and small farmers. Buried clay pipe irrigation uses a buried, unglazed clay pipe filled with water to provide controlled irrigation to plants as the water seeps out through the clay wall at a rate that is influenced by the plant's water use. It has been used for more than one hundred years.This auto-regulation leads to very high efficiency--considerably better than drip irrigation and many times better than conventional surface irrigation. This also reduces weeds, increases yields, and can ...


Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa Dec 2012

Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

This research work looked in the used of Remote Sensing to improve Agricultural production in Kutigi, Niger State. The aim of the study is to use remote sensing to improve rice farming activities in Kutigi, Niger State. It is very important to identify such methods to improve Agricultural production because experts are always interested in new researches and findings to better the standard of living in any environment. In view of this, Remotely-sensed data could be used or employed to elevate most of these agricultural problems in Kutigi through the following objectives: Using Landsat imagery to assess the present landuse ...


Effect Of Potassium Fertilizer And Different Fertilization Methods On The Growth Of Tuberose, A Mohammadi Torkashvand, Yaser Shariati, R Onsinejad Dec 2012

Effect Of Potassium Fertilizer And Different Fertilization Methods On The Growth Of Tuberose, A Mohammadi Torkashvand, Yaser Shariati, R Onsinejad

y shariati

An appropriate fertilization method is an important topic in nutrition of ornamental plants for obtaining suitable quality and quantity yield. This study was conducted in Farvardin greenhouse of Mashhad Township, Khorasan province, Iran, in summer and autumn 2011 to find appropriate fertilization method on the growth of tuberose as the test plant. The experiment was performed by 21 treatments and 3 replications in a randomized completely design. Different methods of fertilization by different fertilizers in three levels of basic potassium were evaluated. The treatment containing 100 kg potassium as base + one-third N and P as base and two-third N as ...


Biosorption Of Heavy Metals By Bacillus Thuringiensis Strain Osm29 Originating From Industrial Effluent Contaminated North Indian Soil, Mohammad Oves Dec 2012

Biosorption Of Heavy Metals By Bacillus Thuringiensis Strain Osm29 Originating From Industrial Effluent Contaminated North Indian Soil, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Use Of Communication Media In Wetland Fisheries Development Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra Dec 2012

Use Of Communication Media In Wetland Fisheries Development Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

The study was carried out in 21 districts of Assam. Two categories of respondents, namely fishers (106 nos) of floodplain wetlands and lower level field extension functionaries (30 officials) constituted the sample for the study. The study revealed that the interpersonal communication sources like consultation with Fisheries Extention Officer Beel manager and scientists were the most important sources for obtaining information on new, improved practices. Demonstration and consultation with progressive farmers were assigned second and third rank. Field extension functionaries preferred group discussion as the main source of extension programme followed by demonstration, fisheries publication and field day/ fish farmers ...


Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra Dec 2012

Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

The new agricultural technologies are considered to be the prime mover to the process of agricultural development in India. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of a given technology is crucial in the generation and diffusion of new technologies and farm household information dissemination. Pulses in India have long been considered as the poor man’s only source of protein. Moongbean (green gram) is one of the important pulse crop in India, plays a major role in augmenting the income of small and marginal farmers of Sundarban. Constraints are the circumstances or causes, which prohibit farmer to adopt improved farm technology. This constraint ...


Molecular Surveillance Of Low Pathogenic Avianinfluenza Viruses In Wild Birds Across The United States:Inferences From The Hemagglutinin Gene, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Susan A. Shriner, Kaci Van Dalen, Alan B. Franklin, Theodore D. Anderson, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis Dec 2012

Molecular Surveillance Of Low Pathogenic Avianinfluenza Viruses In Wild Birds Across The United States:Inferences From The Hemagglutinin Gene, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Susan A. Shriner, Kaci Van Dalen, Alan B. Franklin, Theodore D. Anderson, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis

Alan B Franklin

A United States interagency avian influenza surveillance plan was initiated in 2006 for early detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) in wild birds. The plan included a variety of wild bird sampling strategies including the testing of fecal samples from aquatic areas throughout the United States from April 2006 through December 2007. Although HPAIV was not detected through this surveillance effort we were able to obtain 759 fecal samples that were positive for low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV). We used 136 DNA sequences obtained from these samples along with samples from a public influenza sequence database for ...


Mapping The Surface Characteristics Of The Mojave With Remote Sensing For Terrestrial Habitat Modeling, Scott A. Nowicki Dec 2012

Mapping The Surface Characteristics Of The Mojave With Remote Sensing For Terrestrial Habitat Modeling, Scott A. Nowicki

Scott A Nowicki

High-resolution ecological and climate modeling requires quantification of surface characteristics such as rock abundance, soil induration and surface roughness at fine-scale, since these features can affect the micro and macro habitat of a given area and ultimately determine the assemblage of plant and animal species that may occur there. Our objective is to develop quantitative data layers of thermophysical properties of the entire Mojave Desert Ecoregion for applications to habitat modeling being conducted by the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. These research efforts are focused on developing habitat models and a better physical understanding of the Mojave Desert, which have ...


Nanoroughened Surfaces For Efficient Capture Of Circulating Tumor Cells Without Using Capture Antibodies, Weiqiang Chen, Shinuo Weng, Feng Zhang, Steven Allen, Xiang Li, Liwei Bao, Raymond H. W. Lam, Jill A. Macoska, Sofia D. Merajver, Jianping Fu Nov 2012

Nanoroughened Surfaces For Efficient Capture Of Circulating Tumor Cells Without Using Capture Antibodies, Weiqiang Chen, Shinuo Weng, Feng Zhang, Steven Allen, Xiang Li, Liwei Bao, Raymond H. W. Lam, Jill A. Macoska, Sofia D. Merajver, Jianping Fu

Weiqiang Chen

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detached from both primary and metastatic lesions represent a potential alternative to invasive biopsies as a source of tumor tissue for the detection, characterization and monitoring of cancers. Here we report a simple yet effective strategy for capturing CTCs without using capture antibodies. Our method uniquely utilized the differential adhesion preference of cancer cells to nanorough surfaces when compared to normal blood cells and thus did not depend on their physical size or surface protein expression, a significant advantage as compared to other existing CTC capture techniques.


Screening Of Lactic Acid Bacteria As Biocontrol Against (Colletotrichum Capsici) On Chilli Bangi, Asma Saleh Elmabrok Nov 2012

Screening Of Lactic Acid Bacteria As Biocontrol Against (Colletotrichum Capsici) On Chilli Bangi, Asma Saleh Elmabrok

Asma Saleh Elmabrok

Abstract: Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the major crops, vegetables grown in Malaysia and belongs to family Solanaceae. Pepper is suffering from many illnesses caused by fungi, bacteria and virus. The fungal disease is both seed and air borne and affect the germination of seeds and plant vital to a greater extent. Biological control by antagonistic microorganisms is widely recognized as a promising method for control plant diseases. This study reports the effectiveness of using Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) cultures or their supernatant as a biological control against anthracnose disease in chilli caused by fungus Colletotrichum capsid. From ...


Effect Of Paired Apertures In A Periodic Hole Array On Higher Order Plasmon Modes, Fang-Tzu Chuang Nov 2012

Effect Of Paired Apertures In A Periodic Hole Array On Higher Order Plasmon Modes, Fang-Tzu Chuang

Fang-Tzu Chuang

We demonstrate that the transmission of higherorder surface plasmon modes in the mid-infrared range can be enhanced through rectangular hole array on the basis of paired apertures. Experiments prove that enhanced high-order transmission can be generated by either identical shapes or combinations of different hole shapes in pairs. The structure factor is adopted to explain the observed intensity of enhanced transmission. Numerical simulations of the enhanced secondorder mode verify a significant field enhancement in a unit cell of pairs. It is clarified that the separation between the paired apertures and the paired resonance is the key to determine certain higher-order ...


Democracia E Biotecnologia: Argumentos Para A Construção De Um Discurso Pautado Na Agência Humana Como Vetor Transformador Da Realidade, Carolina Altoé Velasco Nov 2012

Democracia E Biotecnologia: Argumentos Para A Construção De Um Discurso Pautado Na Agência Humana Como Vetor Transformador Da Realidade, Carolina Altoé Velasco

Carolina Altoé Velasco

O artigo objetiva demonstrar que os processos biotecnológico e democrático têm em comum a interferência da agência humana como vetor transformador de suas realidades. Utiliza-se como marco teórico-metodológico as obras de Guillermo O’Donnell e Adela Cortina. Guillermo O’Donnell reconhece o impacto motivado pela tecnologia e globalização na sociedade e a agência humana como fomentadora do processo democrático. Já Adela Cortina considera a pessoa (contemplada por sujeito autônomo e solidário) a medida da democracia e esta como forma de vida. A eleição de Cortina para travar um diálogo com o pensamento de O’Donnell se dá em razão da ...


Application Of Gis In Inland Fisheries. Training Manual, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Ganesh Chandra Nov 2012

Application Of Gis In Inland Fisheries. Training Manual, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

No abstract provided.


Fungal Superhighways: Do Common Mycorrhizal Networks Enhance Belowground Communication?, E K. Barto, Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer, D Cipollini Nov 2012

Fungal Superhighways: Do Common Mycorrhizal Networks Enhance Belowground Communication?, E K. Barto, Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer, D Cipollini

Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer

In many natural communities communication between plants and other organisms below ground drives community dynamics. This communication is primarily through the release and detection of infochemicals, which must traverse the soil matrix to be effective. In this opinion article, we propose the Network Enhanced Bioactive Zone (NEBaZ) model, which posits that common mycorrhizal networks (CMNs) increase the bioactive zones of infochemicals by serving as superhighways directly connecting plants below ground. Here we argue that infochemical transport via CMNs allows for systemic defense signaling across plant populations and directed allelochemical delivery to target plants. Plant-animal interactions may also be facilitated by ...


Do We Really Need New Policies? A Study On Soil Sealing In Egypt, Ahmed Harb Rabia Oct 2012

Do We Really Need New Policies? A Study On Soil Sealing In Egypt, Ahmed Harb Rabia

Ahmed Harb Rabia A.H. Rabia

Egypt has the lowest area of agricultural land per individual in Africa. The agricultural land stands for a total of approximately 3.5 million ha which characterized about 3.5% of the total area of Egypt in 2007. The urban encroachment over arable productive agricultural land in Egypt is common and is called (urban desertification). Therefore, the annual loss of arable land to urbanization is 1.2%. This indicates a serious situation to the agricultural area. the Academy of Scientific Research & Technology (1994) has reported that during the period from 1978 to 1984, the annual expansion rates of the dwelling ...


Halloween 2012 Jack O'Lanterns Trick Or Treat, George Mcnamara Oct 2012

Halloween 2012 Jack O'Lanterns Trick Or Treat, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Halloween 2012 makes trick or treating more visual and interactive than in past years.

the download is a ZIP file containing three files.

Print out the (unnumbered) image on as large and nice printer paper as possible - I used glossy 44" wide here in Miami (University of Miami, MillerSchool of Medicine, Calder Library, Biomedical Communications dept - I also made another print on "fabric", also 44" wide to take with me to an HHMI Janelia Farm conference on 'turning images into knowledge' that ends on Oct 31 - might stay up for a second conference, "GFP..." that start Nov 4).

The other ...


Variations In Climatic Parameters And Food Crop Yields: Implications On Food Security In Benue State, Nigeria., Emmanuel Adamgbe, Fanan Ujoh Oct 2012

Variations In Climatic Parameters And Food Crop Yields: Implications On Food Security In Benue State, Nigeria., Emmanuel Adamgbe, Fanan Ujoh

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Agricultural production in Nigeria like in other developing countries is highly vulnerable to variations in climatic parameters which may have inverse or direct effect on the performance of food crops. This paper examines the patterns and trends of the variations in the climatic parameters and the implications of such variations on efficient yield rates of some food crops in Benue State using data on climatic variables (rainfall, temperature, sunshine) and the yield of some crops per hectare for 25 years (1986-2010). Data on the climatic variables were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency, AirForce Base, Makurdi while the data on ...


How Can Pacific Island Economies Benefits From The Advent Of Ict’S – Review Of Best Practices In Education, Deogratias Harorimana Sr Oct 2012

How Can Pacific Island Economies Benefits From The Advent Of Ict’S – Review Of Best Practices In Education, Deogratias Harorimana Sr

Dr Deogratias Harorimana

This paper explored implementation and use of information and communication technologies in Fiji, in order to gain insight into recent government initiatives to introduce computers and other ICTs for the community of Fiji. The focus of this paper in that it provided the framework for an in-depth exploration of e-learning centers around the country and the benefits from the advent of ICT’s in e-learning community centers in Fiji. Areas concentrated on are outcome of ICT’s in formal education to students and community as a whole in areas of agriculture, health, environment and infrastructure etc. The research sought understanding ...


The Institutional Repository: Open Access’S Green Alternative, Douglas T. Macbeth Oct 2012

The Institutional Repository: Open Access’S Green Alternative, Douglas T. Macbeth

Douglas Thomas Macbeth

No abstract provided.


Two Infrared Emission Modes With Different Wavelengths And Orthogonal Polarization In A Waveguide Thermal Emitter, Fang-Tzu Chuang Oct 2012

Two Infrared Emission Modes With Different Wavelengths And Orthogonal Polarization In A Waveguide Thermal Emitter, Fang-Tzu Chuang

Fang-Tzu Chuang

This study investigates a Au/SiO2/Au waveguide thermal emitter incorporating a metallic grating embedded in the SiO2 layer. The metal grating acts as a beam splitter, dividing the device into two waveguide structures determined by the polarization of the waveguide modes. The thermal radiation spectrum exhibits two peaks with orthogonal polarization. The emitted wavelengths of the two waveguide modes can be adjusted by controlling the thickness of the SiO2 layers on both sides of the metallic grating during the fabrication process. The emission peaks have ratios of the full width at half maximum to the peak wavelength of 0 ...


Evidence That Glucose Is The Major Transferred Metabolite In Dinoflagellate–Cnidarian Symbiosis, Matthew S. Burriesci, Ted K. Raab, John R. Pringle Oct 2012

Evidence That Glucose Is The Major Transferred Metabolite In Dinoflagellate–Cnidarian Symbiosis, Matthew S. Burriesci, Ted K. Raab, John R. Pringle

Ted K. Raab

Reef-building corals and many other cnidarians are symbiotic with dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. It has long been known that the endosymbiotic algae transfer much of their photosynthetically fixed carbon to the host and that this can provide much of the hostʼs total energy. However, it has remained unclear which metabolite(s) are directly translocated from the algae into the host tissue. We reexamined this question in the small sea anemone Aiptasia using labeling of intact animals in the light with 13C-bicarbonate, rapid homogenization and separation of animal and algal fractions, and analysis of metabolite labeling by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ...


Screening Of Lactic Acid Bacteria As Biocontrol Against (Colletotrichum Capsici) On Chilli Bangi, Asma Saleh Elmabrok, Khaled M.A Hussin Sep 2012

Screening Of Lactic Acid Bacteria As Biocontrol Against (Colletotrichum Capsici) On Chilli Bangi, Asma Saleh Elmabrok, Khaled M.A Hussin

Khaled M.A Hussin

Abstract: Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the major crops, vegetables grown in Malaysia and belongs to family Solanaceae. Pepper is suffering from many illnesses caused by fungi, bacteria and virus. The fungal disease is both seed and air borne and affect the germination of seeds and plant vital to a greater extent. Biological control by antagonistic microorganisms is widely recognized as a promising method for control plant diseases. This study reports the effectiveness of using Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) cultures or their supernatant as a biological control against anthracnose disease in chilli caused by fungus Colletotrichum capsid. From ...


Mcnamara 20120831fri-20120904tue Cosmic Ray Particles By Ccd Imaging, George Mcnamara Sep 2012

Mcnamara 20120831fri-20120904tue Cosmic Ray Particles By Ccd Imaging, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20120831Fri-20120904Tue Cosmic Ray Particles by CCD imaging.zip contains image files in support of a Microscopy Today article - please see

http://www.microscopy-today.com/


Technical Assistance, Knowledge Gatekeeping And Indigenous Knowledge: Re-Thinking The International Development Practice, Deogratias Harorimana Sr Sep 2012

Technical Assistance, Knowledge Gatekeeping And Indigenous Knowledge: Re-Thinking The International Development Practice, Deogratias Harorimana Sr

Dr Deogratias Harorimana

This paper presents results from a multi-disciplinary conceptual analysis of development theory and practice. It reviews issues raised and proposes a shift in the epistemology of possession towards an epistemology of practice which is guided by the following aspects (1) The consideration of the learning culture of parties involved, (2) the ability and willingness for decontextualisation of the knowledge by the source and (3) the ability to embedded it by recipients (embededness ), (4) the importance that is attached to knowledge of the host country as reflected through (5) Similarity in culture, values, understanding of context and knowledge bases; (6) the ...


Fisheries Management In M. P. Reservoirs Including Enclosure Culture, M K. Bandhyopadhyay, Aparna Roy, Ganesh Chandra Sep 2012

Fisheries Management In M. P. Reservoirs Including Enclosure Culture, M K. Bandhyopadhyay, Aparna Roy, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

No abstract provided.


Differentiating Entamoeba Histolytica, Entamoeba Dispar And Entamoeba Moshkovskii Using Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (Pcr) In Rural Communities In Malaysia, Rohela Mahmud Sep 2012

Differentiating Entamoeba Histolytica, Entamoeba Dispar And Entamoeba Moshkovskii Using Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (Pcr) In Rural Communities In Malaysia, Rohela Mahmud

Rohela Mahmud

Background: In this study, a total of 426 human faecal samples were examined for the presence of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba moshkovskii infection via a combination of microscopic examination and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting 16S ribosomal RNA of Entamoeba species. Methods: Faecal sample were collected from 426 participants in five rural villages in Peninsular Malaysia. The faecal samples were processed by direct wet smear and formalin ethyl acetate concentration technique followed by iodine staining and examined via microscopy for the presence of Entamoeba species and other intestinal parasites. Microscopically positive samples for Entamoeba species cysts were further ...


Prevalence Of Tick Borne Encephalitis Virus In Tick Nymphs In Relation To Climatic Factors On The Southern Coast Of Norway, Torstein Tengs Dr. Aug 2012

Prevalence Of Tick Borne Encephalitis Virus In Tick Nymphs In Relation To Climatic Factors On The Southern Coast Of Norway, Torstein Tengs Dr.

Dr. Torstein Tengs

BACKGROUND

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is among the most important vector borne diseases of humans in Europe and is currently identified as a major health problem in many countries. TBE endemic zones have expanded over the past two decades, as well as the number of reported cases within endemic areas. Multiple factors are ascribed for the increased incidence of TBE, including climatic change. The number of TBE cases has also increased in Norway over the past decade, and the human cases cluster along the southern coast of Norway. In Norway the distribution and prevalence of TBE virus (TBEV) in tick populations ...


Cosmic Ray Particles Images With Orca-Ii Erg, George Mcnamara Aug 2012

Cosmic Ray Particles Images With Orca-Ii Erg, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Cosmic ray particles image series acquired using a Hamamatsu ORCA-II ERG scientific grade CCD camera, cooled to -60 C. Each image is a consecutive 600 second (10 minute) exposure time with no light to the camera.

While processing the data, I discoverd that the background changed around planes 25 and 227 (see Excel file and jpeg screenshots), so I also processed only planes 025-227 (203 planes total, 2030 minutes, 33.83 hours). the CCD industry "rule of thumb" for a "typical" CCD sensor (i.e. 1/3" CCD) is that one cosmic ray particle strikes a sensor approximately every 30 ...