Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

SelectedWorks

1997

Discipline
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Evolutionary Genetics And Genetic Variation Of Haplodiploids And X-Linked Genes, Philip W. Hedrick, Joel D. Parker Nov 1997

Evolutionary Genetics And Genetic Variation Of Haplodiploids And X-Linked Genes, Philip W. Hedrick, Joel D. Parker

Joel D Parker

The evolutionary genetics of haplodiploids and X-linked genes share many features and are different from diploid (autosomal) genes in many respects. For example, the conditions for a stable polymorphism, the amount of genetic load, and the effective population size are all expected to be quite different between haplodiploids or X-linked genes and diploids. From experimental data, the genetic load for X-linked genes is much less than autosomal genes and appears less for haplodiploids than for diploids. The observed amount of molecular variation for haplodiploids is much less than that for diploids, even more so than predicted from the differences in ...


Signal Transduction: Rhomantic Interludes Raise Blood Pressure, Andrew P. Somlyo Oct 1997

Signal Transduction: Rhomantic Interludes Raise Blood Pressure, Andrew P. Somlyo

Jama S. Coartney

No abstract provided.


Iron Regulatory Protein 1 Is Not Required For The Modulation Of Ferritin And Transferrin Receptor Expression By Iron In A Murine Pro-B Lymphocyte Cell Line, Kevin Schalinske, Kenneth P. Blemings, Daniel W. Steffen, Opal S. Chen, Richard S. Eisenstein Sep 1997

Iron Regulatory Protein 1 Is Not Required For The Modulation Of Ferritin And Transferrin Receptor Expression By Iron In A Murine Pro-B Lymphocyte Cell Line, Kevin Schalinske, Kenneth P. Blemings, Daniel W. Steffen, Opal S. Chen, Richard S. Eisenstein

Kevin Schalinske

Iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) are cytoplasmic RNA binding proteins that are central components of a sensory and regulatory network that modulates vertebrate iron homeostasis. IRPs regulate iron metabolism by binding to iron responsive element(s) (IREs) in the 5* or 3* untranslated region of ferritin or transferrin receptor (TfR) mRNAs. Two IRPs, IRP1 and IRP2, have been identified previously. IRP1 exhibits two mutually exclusive functions as an RNA binding protein or as the cytosolic isoform of aconitase. We demonstrate that the BayF3 family of murine pro-B lymphocytes represents the first example of a mammalian cell line that fails to express ...


Acute Toxicity And Behavioral Effects Of Chlorpyrifos, Permethrin, Phenol, Strychnine, And 2,4-Dinitrophenol To 30-Day-Old Japanese Medaka (Oryzias Latipes), Steven P. Bradbury, Patricia J. Rice, Charles D. Drewes, Theresa M. Klubertanz, Joel R. Coats Apr 1997

Acute Toxicity And Behavioral Effects Of Chlorpyrifos, Permethrin, Phenol, Strychnine, And 2,4-Dinitrophenol To 30-Day-Old Japanese Medaka (Oryzias Latipes), Steven P. Bradbury, Patricia J. Rice, Charles D. Drewes, Theresa M. Klubertanz, Joel R. Coats

Steven P. Bradbury

Five chemicals with different modes of action were evaluated in laboratory studies to determine their acute toxicity (48-h median lethal concentration [LC50]) and behavioral effects on 30-d-old Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). The order of toxicity for these xenobiotics was permethrin > chlorpyrifos > 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) > strychnine > phenol. The 48-h LC50s were significantly different and ranged from 0.011 to 24.1 mg/L. In addition, chlorpyrifos and permethrin accumulated in the tissues of juvenile O. latipes. Observations of five behavioral/morphological responses, including changes in equilibrium, general activity, startle response, and morphology (e.g., hemorrhage and deformities) were used as ...


The Brain As A Symbol-Processing Machine., Armando F. Rocha Jan 1997

The Brain As A Symbol-Processing Machine., Armando F. Rocha

Armando F Rocha

The knowledge accumulated about the biochemistry of the synapsis in the last decades completely changes the notion of brain processing founded exclusively over an electrical mechanism, toward that supported by a complex chemical message exchange occurring both locally, at the synaptic site, as well as at other localities, depending on the solubility of the involved chemical substances in the extracellular compartment. These biochemical transactions support a rich symbolic processing of the information both encoded by the genes and provided by actual data collected from the surrounding environment, by means of either special molecular or cellular receptor systems. In this processing ...


Hadhramaut And The Hadhrami Diaspora: Problems In Theoretical History, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 1997

Hadhramaut And The Hadhrami Diaspora: Problems In Theoretical History, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

If we understand history as a field constituted by a type of research and inquiry that concerns itself with human action in the past and is based on the interpretation of evidence, regardless of whether positivist or interpretive methods are used, then it can be said that historical works on Hadhramaut and its diaspora have been written. These works can be divided in broad terms into the two general categories of Arab and Western historiography. Nevertheless, in both cases, owing to certain theoret- ical problems that have beset these works, little progress has been made in the advancement of Hadhrami ...


Methods Of Identifying The Avian Repellent Effects Of A Compound And Methods Of Repelling Birds From Materials Susceptible To Consumption By Birds, Larry Clark Jan 1997

Methods Of Identifying The Avian Repellent Effects Of A Compound And Methods Of Repelling Birds From Materials Susceptible To Consumption By Birds, Larry Clark

Larry Clark

No abstract provided.


Isolation Of A Mannose-Binding And Ige- And Igm-Reactive Lectin From The Seeds Of Artocarpus Integer, Onn Haji Hashim Jan 1997

Isolation Of A Mannose-Binding And Ige- And Igm-Reactive Lectin From The Seeds Of Artocarpus Integer, Onn Haji Hashim

Onn Haji Hashim

A mannose-binding lectin, termed champedak lectin-M, was isolated from an extract of the crude seeds of champedak (Artocarpus integer). On gel filtration chromatography, the lectin eluted in a single peak at elution volumes corresponding to 64 kDa, SDS-PAGE showed the mannose-binding lectin to be composed of 16.8 kDa polypeptides with some of the polypeptides being disulphide-linked to give dimers. When tested with all isotypes of immunoglobulins, champedak lectin-M demonstrated a selective strong interaction with human IgE and IgM, and a weak interaction with IgA2, The binding interactions of lectin-M were metal ion independent. The lectin was also shown to ...


A Computationally-Based Hazard Identification Algorithm That Incorporates Ligand Flexibility. 1. Identification Of Potential Androgen Receptor Ligands, Steven P. Bradbury, Ovanes Mekenyan, Julian Ivanov, Stoyan Karabunarliev, Gerald T. Ankley, Walter Karcher Jan 1997

A Computationally-Based Hazard Identification Algorithm That Incorporates Ligand Flexibility. 1. Identification Of Potential Androgen Receptor Ligands, Steven P. Bradbury, Ovanes Mekenyan, Julian Ivanov, Stoyan Karabunarliev, Gerald T. Ankley, Walter Karcher

Steven P. Bradbury

To advance techniques for screening large data sets of diverse structures for toxicologically active compounds, an algorithm was developed that is not dependent upon a predetermined and specified toxicophore or an alignment of conformers to a lead compound. Instead, the approach provides the means to identify and quantify specific global and local stereoelectronic characteristics associated with active compounds through a comparison of energeticallyreasonable conformer distributions for specific descriptors. To illustrate the algorithm, the stereoelectronic requirements associated with the binding affinity of 28 steroidal and non-steroidal ligands to the androgen receptor were defined. Common ranges of interatomic distances, atomic charges, and ...


The Silviculture-Wood Quality Connection In Eastern Black Walnut, Douglas D. Stokke, Bruce E. Cutter, John E. Phelps Jan 1997

The Silviculture-Wood Quality Connection In Eastern Black Walnut, Douglas D. Stokke, Bruce E. Cutter, John E. Phelps

Douglas D. Stokke

The known effects of silvicultural practices on eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) wood quality are reviewed. Since desirable quality differs from end user to end user, no specific recommendations are made.


Processing Small Quantities Of Walnut Logs For Lumber And Craft Items, Douglas D. Stokke, Peter Y. S. Chen, J. W. Van Sambeek Jan 1997

Processing Small Quantities Of Walnut Logs For Lumber And Craft Items, Douglas D. Stokke, Peter Y. S. Chen, J. W. Van Sambeek

Douglas D. Stokke

Many walnut plantation owners and woodworking hobbyists would like to process small quantities of walnut logs into lumber and discs for furniture and craft items. Various options exist for sawing, drying, and processing small diameter or short logs into lumber and cross-sectional discs. Portable band saws are a safe and inexpensive log breakdown option to commercial headsaw mills. Processing using the saw-dry-rip method will yield higher quantities of usable lumber from small diameter logs than the conventional saw-rip-dry method. Small quantities of lumber and discs can be inexpensively air dried under shelters or open sheds followed by approximately 15 to ...


Effects Of Elevated Co2 And Defoliation On Grasses: A Comparative Ecosystem Approach, Brian J. Wilsey, James S. Coleman, Samuel J. Mcnaughton Jan 1997

Effects Of Elevated Co2 And Defoliation On Grasses: A Comparative Ecosystem Approach, Brian J. Wilsey, James S. Coleman, Samuel J. Mcnaughton

Brian J. Wilsey

Three plant species from each of three grassland ecosystems were grown under elevated (700 mL/m3) and ambient (350 mL/m3) CO2 and were defoliated or left undefoliated to test whether species response to elevated CO2 and grazing is related to evolutionary grazing history or to mode of photosynthesis. The three ecosystems represented a tropical grassland dominated by C4 species (the Serengeti of Africa), a temperate grassland dominated by a mixture of C3 and C4 species (Flooding Pampa of South America), and a northern temperate grassland dominated by C3 species (Yellowstone National Park of North America). Plants were grown in ...


Risk Analysis Of Black Walnut And Red Oak Plantations, Douglas D. Stokke, Stephen H. Kolison Jr., Jianbang Gan Jan 1997

Risk Analysis Of Black Walnut And Red Oak Plantations, Douglas D. Stokke, Stephen H. Kolison Jr., Jianbang Gan

Douglas D. Stokke

Risks and uncertainties are prevalent in timber production due to the nature and length of the production process. This paper examines the volatility of timber prices and the effects of some economic uncertainties and risks such as fluctuations in timber prices and the interest rate on the economic returns of black walnut and red oak plantations. Historical patterns of timber prices for black walnut and oaks are investigated and compared with those of other timber species and stock price. The sensitivity of economic returns from black walnut and red oak plantations to changes in timber prices and the discount rate ...


Identification Of A Fish Host Of The Inflated Heelsplitter Potamilus Inflatus( Bivalvia: Unionidae) With A Description Of Its Glochidium, Kevin J. Roe, Andrew M. Simons, Paul Hartfield Jan 1997

Identification Of A Fish Host Of The Inflated Heelsplitter Potamilus Inflatus( Bivalvia: Unionidae) With A Description Of Its Glochidium, Kevin J. Roe, Andrew M. Simons, Paul Hartfield

Kevin J. Roe

A survey of the fishes of the lack Warrior River was undertaken to determine fish host(s) of the federally threatened inflated heelsplitter, Potamilus inflatus. Seven hundred-twenty individual fishes representing 30 species were examined; mussel glochidia were found on 10 individual fishes representing nine species. Potamilus inflatus glochidia were only found infesting one freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens), which is concordant with previous findings for the genus Potamilus. The morphology of P. inflatus glochidia is described and compared to P. purpuratus.