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Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Study background: Nowadays, hepatitis is a major challenge for clinical research, regulatory bodies, and clinicians who are trying to assess the more effectiveness of antiviral therapy against patients. Viral load count is the amount of particular viral DNA or RNA in a blood samples. It is one of the surrogate biomarker of hepatitis. High viral load indicates that the immune system is failed to fight against viruses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield modality on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in terms of viral load as surrogate marker.

Method: The ...


Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Boron nitride (BN) is known for high hardness, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, and catalytic action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of BN powder. The control and treated sample of BN powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD results indicated that biofield treatment had substantially changed the crystallinity of BN powder as compared to control. Apart from the crystallinity, significant changes were also observed in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of the treated BN powder as ...


Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Global emergence of Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) displays a mechanism of resistance to all existing antimicrobials. Due to its strong ability to acquire resistance, there is a need of some alternative treatment strategy. Objective of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of P. fluorescens. P. fluorescens cells were procured from MicroBioLogics in sealed packs bearing the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 49838) number. Two sets of ATCC samples were taken in this experiment and denoted as A and B. ATCC-A sample was revived and divided into two groups (Gr) i.e. Gr ...


Changes In Microbial Communities Along Redox Gradients In Polygonized Arctic Wet Tundra Soils, David A. Lipson, Ted K. Raab, Melanie Parker, Scott T. Kelley, Colin J. Brislawn, Janet Jansson Jun 2015

Changes In Microbial Communities Along Redox Gradients In Polygonized Arctic Wet Tundra Soils, David A. Lipson, Ted K. Raab, Melanie Parker, Scott T. Kelley, Colin J. Brislawn, Janet Jansson

Ted K. Raab

This study investigated how microbial community structure and diversity varied with depth and topography in ice wedge polygons of wet tundra of the Arctic Coastal Plain in northern Alaska, and what soil variables explain these patterns. We observed strong changes in community structure and diversity with depth, and more subtle changes between areas of high and low topography, with the largest differences apparent near the soil surface. These patterns are most strongly correlated with redox gradients (measured using the ratio of reduced Fe to total Fe in acid extracts as a proxy): conditions grew more reducing with depth and were ...


Isolation And Comparative Genomic Analysis Of Mycobacteriophage Enkatz, Thomas Van Horn, Micah Rickles-Young, Shaarada Srivasta, Tina Zudock Apr 2015

Isolation And Comparative Genomic Analysis Of Mycobacteriophage Enkatz, Thomas Van Horn, Micah Rickles-Young, Shaarada Srivasta, Tina Zudock

Thomas Van Horn

Phage Enkatz is a temperate mycobacteriophage isolated from an un-enriched soil sample collected from the South Forty housing area of the Washington University in St. Louis campus. Enkatz displays unequally sized plaques with a clear center that become cloudier with radial distance from the center. Genome analysis indicates that Enkatz is a cluster A1 mycobacteriophage with a genome size of 49,738 bases and 82 identified genes, 33 of which have been assigned functions. This analysis reveals that the majority of the genes in the positive strand code for structural proteins, while the majority of the genes in the negative ...


Effect Of Biofield Treatment On The Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Aluminium Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2015

Effect Of Biofield Treatment On The Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Aluminium Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Aluminium powders are used in a wide range from propelling rockets to improving personal hygiene. More popular industrial applications include manufacture of silver metallic pigments, paints, inks, plastics, packaging, textiles and aerospace industry. As thick film pastes used in the manufacture of silicon solar cells, and as reducing agent and sources of heat, used in alumina thermic and exothermic applications. In the present investigation, Aluminium powders were exposed to non-contact Biofield treatment. Both the exposed and unexposed powders were later characterized by various techniques. The average particle size, after a slight initial decrease was found to increase after 80 days ...


Comparative Studies Of Oleaginous Fungal Strains (Mucor Circinelloides And Trichoderma Reesei) For Effective Wastewater Treatment And Bio-Oil Production, Anshuman Bhanja, Gauri P. Minde, Sandip S. Magdum, Kalyanraman V. Nov 2014

Comparative Studies Of Oleaginous Fungal Strains (Mucor Circinelloides And Trichoderma Reesei) For Effective Wastewater Treatment And Bio-Oil Production, Anshuman Bhanja, Gauri P. Minde, Sandip S. Magdum, Kalyanraman V.

Sandip S. Magdum

Biological wastewater treatment typically requires the use of bacteria for degradation of carbonaceous and nitrogenous compounds present in wastewater. The high lipid containing biomass can be used to extract oil and the contents can be termed as bio-oil (or biodiesel or myco-diesel after transesterification). The separate experiments were conducted on actual wastewater samples with 5% v/v inoculum of Mucor circinelloides MTCC1297 and Trichoderma reesei NCIM992 strains. The observed reductions in chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 88.72% and 86.75% in 96 hrs and the observed substrate based biomass yields were 0.21 mg VSS/mg COD and 0 ...


Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial Activity And Applications Of Polyanilineti(Iv)Arsenophosphate Adsorbent For The Analysis Of Organic And Inorganic Pollutants, Mohammad Oves Jul 2014

Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial Activity And Applications Of Polyanilineti(Iv)Arsenophosphate Adsorbent For The Analysis Of Organic And Inorganic Pollutants, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Microbe-Mineral Relationships And Biogenic Mineral Transformations In Actively Venting Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sulfide Chimneys, Tzihsuan J. Lin May 2014

Microbe-Mineral Relationships And Biogenic Mineral Transformations In Actively Venting Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sulfide Chimneys, Tzihsuan J. Lin

TZIHSUAN J LIN

This dissertation uses a combination of microbiology, mineralogy, and geochemistry to understand dissimilatory iron reduction in hyperthermophilic archaea and the role and potential impact of these and other vent microorganisms within active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimneys. The central objective of the dissertation is to determine if mineral composition and chimney type are among the primary determinants of microbial community composition and hyperthermophilic, dissimilatory iron reducer growth, in addition to other environmental factors such as nutrient availability, temperature, pH, and chlorinity. This is done using samples and organisms collected from the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the ...


Synthesis, Physico-Chemical And Antimicrobial Studies Of Ionic Liquid, Mohammad Oves Jan 2014

Synthesis, Physico-Chemical And Antimicrobial Studies Of Ionic Liquid, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Fungal Solid-State Fermentation And Various Methods Of Enhancement In Cellulase Production, Li Wan Yoon, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr Jan 2014

Fungal Solid-State Fermentation And Various Methods Of Enhancement In Cellulase Production, Li Wan Yoon, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr

Teck Nam Ang Dr.

Cellulase serves vast applications in the industries of biofuel, pulp and paper, detergent and textile. With the presence of its three components i.e. endoglucanase, exoglucanase and β-glucosidase, the enzyme can effectively depolymerize the cellulose chains in lignocellulosic substrate to produce smaller sugar units that consists of cellobiase and glucose. Fungi are the most suitable cellase producers attributing to its ability to produce a complete cellulase system. Solid state fermentation (SSF) by fungi is a preferable production route for cellulase as it imposes lower cost and enables the production of cellulase with higher titre. This article gives an overview on ...


Chromium Reducing And Plant Growth Promoting Novel Strain Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Osg41 Enhance Chickpea Growth In Chromium Amended Soils, Mohammad Oves Feb 2013

Chromium Reducing And Plant Growth Promoting Novel Strain Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Osg41 Enhance Chickpea Growth In Chromium Amended Soils, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Biofield And Fungicide Seed Treatment Influences On Soybean Productivity,Seed Quality And Weed Community, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2013

Biofield And Fungicide Seed Treatment Influences On Soybean Productivity,Seed Quality And Weed Community, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Soybean production in Iowa USA is among the most productive for raínfed regions in the world. Despite generally having excellent soils, growing season temperatures and rainfall, soybean yields are decreased by weed interference and inadequate available soil water at key stages of crop development. A field study was conducted at two locations in lowa in 2012 to determine if seed-applied fungicide or biofield treatments influenced weed community, soil volumetric water concentration and soybean yield and quality. Application of biofield treatment resulted in lower density of tall waterhemp density, greater soybean stand density at R8 stage and greater seed pod-1 compared ...


Impact Of Biofield Treatment On Ginseng And Organic Blueberry Yield, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2013

Impact Of Biofield Treatment On Ginseng And Organic Blueberry Yield, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

This study tested the Null Hypothesis forthe effect of BioField Energy applied to two separate crops under typical growing conditions, namelyginseng and organic blueberry in commercial plantings in Wisconsin and California, respectively. Following treatment to replicated plots in standard experimental design, data were collected at harvest for yield quantity and quality. Ginseng plants treated both pre-harvest and a combination of pre- and post-harvest showed market grade increases of 33.3% and 40.0%, respectively. Point of sale gross return for this crop is dependent upon tuber quality, and from these data the economics of these treatments were calculated. Based on ...


Commensal Microbiotica - Biological Frontier And Legal Challenge, Kenneth L. Sanders Md Jan 2013

Commensal Microbiotica - Biological Frontier And Legal Challenge, Kenneth L. Sanders Md

Kenneth L Sanders MD

Recent advances in bacteriology and medical science affirm that the commensal relationship between surface microbial flora and the human host is intricate and important. Legal theory has thus far lagged behind the impact of the medical discoveries.


An Efficient Biotreatment Process For Polyvinyl Alcohol Containing Textile Wastewater, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, Kalyanraman V. Jan 2013

An Efficient Biotreatment Process For Polyvinyl Alcohol Containing Textile Wastewater, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, Kalyanraman V.

Sandip S. Magdum

The aim of this work was to optimize the biodegradation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) containing actual textile wastewater for a sustainable treatment solution. The isolated microbial consortia of effective PVA degrader namely Candida Sp. and Pseudomonas Sp., which were responsible for symbiotic degradation of chemical oxidation demand (COD) and PVA from desizing wastewater. In the process optimization, the maximum aeration was essential to achieve a high degradation rate, where as stirring enhances further degradation and foam control. Batch experiments concluded with the need of 16 lpm/l and 150 rpm of air and stirring speed respectively for high rate of ...


Development Of A Novel Inoculum Preparation Method For Solid-State Fermentation - Cellophane Film Culture (Cfc) Technique, Teck Nam Ang, Gek Cheng Ngoh, Adeline Seak May Chua Jan 2013

Development Of A Novel Inoculum Preparation Method For Solid-State Fermentation - Cellophane Film Culture (Cfc) Technique, Teck Nam Ang, Gek Cheng Ngoh, Adeline Seak May Chua

Teck Nam Ang Dr.

This study reports a user-friendly technique in the preparation of fungal inoculum intended for solid-state fermentation (SSF) – Cellophane Film Culture (CFC) technique. This technique uses cellophane film-overlaid agar plates to facilitate the separation of fungal biomass. The findings showed that inoculum of P. sajor-caju produced is viable, and it was confirmed by the presence of laccase enzyme activity in SSF of rice husk. The correlation between fungal dry and wet weights (r2 = 0.9329) provides an accurate estimation of fungal dry weight from its wet weight during inoculum preparation. Besides, this technique does not require a strict sterile handling condition ...


Biosorption Of Heavy Metals By Bacillus Thuringiensis Strain Osm29 Originating From Industrial Effluent Contaminated North Indian Soil, Mohammad Oves Dec 2012

Biosorption Of Heavy Metals By Bacillus Thuringiensis Strain Osm29 Originating From Industrial Effluent Contaminated North Indian Soil, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Hslic Fall 2012 Scholarship Committee Report, Ann Jordan Jan 2012

Hslic Fall 2012 Scholarship Committee Report, Ann Jordan

Ann Jordan

No abstract provided.


Desiccation Induces Viable But Non-Culturable Cells In Sinorhizobium Meliloti 1021, Jan A.C. Vriezen Dr., Frans J. Debruijn Dr., Klaus R. Nusslein Dr. Jan 2012

Desiccation Induces Viable But Non-Culturable Cells In Sinorhizobium Meliloti 1021, Jan A.C. Vriezen Dr., Frans J. Debruijn Dr., Klaus R. Nusslein Dr.

Jan A.C. Vriezen Dr.

Sinorhizobium meliloti is a microorganism commercially used in the production of e.g. Medicago sativa seed inocula. Many inocula are powder-based and production includes a drying step. Although S. meliloti survives drying well, the quality of the inocula is reduced during this process. In this study we determined survival during desiccation of the commercial strains 102F84 and 102F85 as well as the model strain USDA1021. The survival of S. meliloti 1021 was estimated during nine weeks at 22% relative humidity. We found that after an initial rapid decline of colony forming units, the decline slowed to a steady 10-fold reduction ...


Differential Expression Of Gastric Muc5ac In Colonic Epithelial Cells: Tff-3 Wired Il1Β/Akt Crosstalk Induced Mucosal Immune Response Against Shigella Dysenteriae Infection, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Devaraj H, Devaraj Sn Jan 2012

Differential Expression Of Gastric Muc5ac In Colonic Epithelial Cells: Tff-3 Wired Il1Β/Akt Crosstalk Induced Mucosal Immune Response Against Shigella Dysenteriae Infection, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Devaraj H, Devaraj Sn

Murali Malliga Raman

An understanding of the signaling mechanism(s) that regulate the differential expression of gastric mucin MUC5AC in colonic epithelial cells would contribute significantly to investigations of its role in colonic mucosa infected with the bacterial pathogen Shigella dysenteriae. Here we show that S. dysenteriae-Sinduced expression of interleukin-1β upregulates MUC2 expression and the differential expression of MUC5AC. Differential expression of MUC5AC involves crosstalk between interleukin-1β and Akt, whereby the trefoil factor family peptide TFF3 activates Akt by phosphorylation of EGFR. TFF3 also downregulates E-cadherin expression, causing accumulation of β-catenin in the cytosol. Phosphorylation of GSK-3β (inactivated) by activated Akt inhibits ubiquitylation ...


First Report Of Hog-Plum (Spondias Pinnata) Leaf Spot Disease, Kunal Mandal Dec 2011

First Report Of Hog-Plum (Spondias Pinnata) Leaf Spot Disease, Kunal Mandal

Kunal Mandal

Hog–plum is a tree species with edible fruits. The plant is naturally distributed in the tropical areas of the Indian subcontinent. Our effort to introduce it in the semi– arid conditions of western India failed as the plants developed severe shot–hole type leaf spot symptoms. Association of a fungus with the disease was detected and its pathogenicity was established. The pathogen was identified to the genus level (Colletotrichum) based on the morphological and molecular markers.


Isolation And Partial Characterization Of A Novel Lectin From Aegle Marmelos Fruit And Its Effect On Adherence And Invasion Of Shigella To Ht29 Cells, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Kumar Nk, Devaraj Sn Jan 2011

Isolation And Partial Characterization Of A Novel Lectin From Aegle Marmelos Fruit And Its Effect On Adherence And Invasion Of Shigella To Ht29 Cells, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Kumar Nk, Devaraj Sn

Murali Malliga Raman

Lectins are a class of ubiquitous proteins/glycoproteins that are abundantly found in nature. Lectins have unique carbohydrate binding property and hence have been exploited as drugs against various infectious diseases. We have isolated one such novel lectin from the fruit pulp of Aegle marmelos. The isolated lectin was partially characterised and its effect against Shigella dysenteriae infection was evaluated. The isolated lectin was found to be a dimeric protein with N-acetylgalactosamine, mannose and sialic acid binding specificity. The effect of Aegle marmelos fruit lectin on the adherence of Shigella dysenteriae to human colonic epithelial cells (HT29 cells) was evaluated ...


Niche Of Harmful Alga Aureococcus Anophagefferens Revealed Through Ecogenomics, Christopher Gobler, Dianna Berry, Sonya Dyhrman, Steven Wilhelm Jan 2011

Niche Of Harmful Alga Aureococcus Anophagefferens Revealed Through Ecogenomics, Christopher Gobler, Dianna Berry, Sonya Dyhrman, Steven Wilhelm

Steven Wilhelm

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) cause significant economic and ecological damage worldwide. Despite considerable efforts, a comprehensive understanding of the factors that promote these blooms has been lacking, because the biochemical pathways that facilitate their dominance relative to other phytoplankton within specific environments have not been identified. Here, biogeochemical measurements showed that the harmful alga Aureococcus anophagefferens outcompeted co-occurring phytoplankton in estuaries with elevated levels of dissolved organic matter and turbidity and low levels of dissolved inorganic nitrogen. We subsequently sequenced the genome of A. anophagefferens and compared its gene complement with those of six competing phytoplankton species identified through metaproteomics ...


Phenotypic, Pathogenic, Molecular And Phylogenetic Comparisons Of Bacteria Causing Aloe Rot From Three Countries, Yogeshwar Kumar, Jatindra Nath Samanta, Kunal Mandal, Narendra A. Gajbhiye Jan 2011

Phenotypic, Pathogenic, Molecular And Phylogenetic Comparisons Of Bacteria Causing Aloe Rot From Three Countries, Yogeshwar Kumar, Jatindra Nath Samanta, Kunal Mandal, Narendra A. Gajbhiye

Kunal Mandal

Bacterial soft rot disease of Aloe caused by heterogeneous genus Erwinia was reported from different parts of the world. In the recent past the genus underwent major taxonomic modifications. In the present study, four Aloe pathogenic bacterial strains isolated from India, The Netherlands and Yugoslavia have been compared. Different cultural, biochemical, physiological and pathological characters and protein/lipid profiles indicated that the strains belonged to two different genera, Pectobacterium and Dickeya. Species specific amplification of pel gene sequences also supported this. Phylogenetic analysis of rRNA gene (rDNA) sequence placed these Dickeya strains close to D. dieffenbachiae and D. zeae. On ...


Capsular Serotyping Of Pasteurella Multocida From Various Animal Hosts - A Comparison Of Phenotypic And Genotypic Methods, Thong Kwai Lin Jan 2011

Capsular Serotyping Of Pasteurella Multocida From Various Animal Hosts - A Comparison Of Phenotypic And Genotypic Methods, Thong Kwai Lin

Thong Kwai Lin

One hundred and fourteen strains of Pasteurella multocida were isolated from different domestic animals species (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, rabbit, dog, cat), avian species (chicken, duck, turkey) and wild animals (deer, tiger, orang utan, marmoset). The serogroups of P multocida were determined by both conventional capsular serotyping and a multiplex PCR assay targeting specific capsular genes. Based on the conventional serotyping method, the 114 strains of P multocida were subtyped into 55 species-specific (untypeable strains) P. multocida, 15 serogroup A, 23 serogroup B and 21 serogroup D. Based on the multiplex PCR assay on the specific capsular genes associated ...


Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiling And Genomic Diversity Of Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii Isolates From A Teaching Hospital In Malaysia, Thong Kwai Lin Jan 2011

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiling And Genomic Diversity Of Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii Isolates From A Teaching Hospital In Malaysia, Thong Kwai Lin

Thong Kwai Lin

The resistance phenotypes and genomic diversity of 185 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates obtained from the intensive care unit (ICU) of a local teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur from 2006 to 2009 were determined using antimicrobial susceptibility testing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Antibiogram analyses showed that the isolates were fully resistant to beta-lactam antimicrobials and had high resistance rates to the other antimicrobial agents tested. However, the isolates were susceptible to polymyxin B. Resistance to cefoperazone/sulbactam was only detected in strains isolated from 2007 to 2009. Some environmental isolates and an isolate from the hands of a healthcare worker (HCW ...


A Quantitative Method For Fungal Ligninolytic Enzyme, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr Jan 2011

A Quantitative Method For Fungal Ligninolytic Enzyme, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr

Teck Nam Ang Dr.

Screening is conducted to select a fungus with desired characteristics intended for various applications, e.g. bioremediation and enzyme production. A qualitative method was used in this study for screening of fungal ligninolytic enzymes activities. The fungal ligninolytic activity was correlated with its growth from the screenings to identify a suitable fungus for solid substrate fermentation. Four strains of fungi, namely Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Phlebia radiata and Pleurotus sajor-caju, were screened for their ligninolytic enzymes activities using guaiacol and Remazol Brilliant Blue-R (RBB-R) as screening reagents. The screenings were conducted at both the optimal growth temperature of each fungus ...


Imperatorin A Furocoumarin Inhibits Periplasmic Cu-Zn Sod Of Shigella Dysenteriae Their By Modulates Its Resistance Towards Phagocytosis During Host Pathogen Interaction, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Roopa K, Devaraj Sn Jan 2011

Imperatorin A Furocoumarin Inhibits Periplasmic Cu-Zn Sod Of Shigella Dysenteriae Their By Modulates Its Resistance Towards Phagocytosis During Host Pathogen Interaction, Raja Sb, Murali Mr, Roopa K, Devaraj Sn

Murali Malliga Raman

Shigella dysenteriae continues to be a major health problem, which leads to death, due to diarrhoea and dysentery, predominantly in children below the age of 5. Bacterial invasion of the colonic epithelium leads to severe inflammation together with bacterial dissemination generates abscesses and ulcerations. Periplasmic copper, zinc super oxide dismutase of Shigella protects it from exogenous superoxide produced by host, during its invasion. Hence, in present study an attempt was made to study the effect of aqueous extract of Aegle marmelos on host and pathogen defence. Histology analysis of rat ileal loop showed the loss of virulence in aqueous extract ...


Socioeconomic Characteristics And Perceptions Of Cattle Keepers And Constraints To Cattle Production In Western Kenya, Joshua O. Amimo, S Thumbi, B O. Inyangala, J O. Junga, R O. Mosi Jan 2011

Socioeconomic Characteristics And Perceptions Of Cattle Keepers And Constraints To Cattle Production In Western Kenya, Joshua O. Amimo, S Thumbi, B O. Inyangala, J O. Junga, R O. Mosi

Joshua O Amimo

No abstract provided.