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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Hemocyte Differentiation Mediates The Mosquito Late-Phase Immune Response Against Plasmodium In Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Carolina Barillas-Mury, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Jun 2015

Hemocyte Differentiation Mediates The Mosquito Late-Phase Immune Response Against Plasmodium In Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Carolina Barillas-Mury, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Plasmodium parasites must complete development in the mosquito vector for transmission to occur. The mosquito innate immune response is remarkably efficient in limiting parasite numbers. Previous work has identified a LPS-induced TNFα transcription factor (LITAF)-like transcription factor, LITAF-like 3 (LL3), which significantly influences parasite numbers. Here, we demonstrate that LL3 does not influence invasion of the mosquito midgut epithelium or ookinete-to-oocyst differentiation but mediates a late-phase immune response that decreases oocyst survival. LL3 expression in the midgut and hemocytes is activated by ookinete midgut invasion and is independent of the mosquito microbiota, suggesting that LL3 may be a component ...


Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara Apr 2015

Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Focus On Microscopy FOM 2006-2015 abstracts

FOM's are cutting edge microscopy meetings. Their abstracts are posted online soon after the meeting. FOM2015's abstracts are at http://www.focusonmicroscopy.org/2015/program.html

I have been downloading the single PDF abstracts, and making a single large PDF. every year. I figure the "annual organized" PDF may be useful to others, so am posting a ZIP file here containing: FOM 2006 FOM 2007 FOM 2008 FOM 2009 FOM 2010 FOM 2011 FOM 2012 FOM 2013 FOM 2014 FOM 2015 I note the abstracts do not contain copyright notices, but anyone ...


Resistant Hypertension: Risk Factors, Subclinical Atherosclerosis, And Comorbidities Among Adults—The Brazilian Longitudinal Study Of Adult Health (Elsa-Brasil), Paulo A. Lotufo Jan 2015

Resistant Hypertension: Risk Factors, Subclinical Atherosclerosis, And Comorbidities Among Adults—The Brazilian Longitudinal Study Of Adult Health (Elsa-Brasil), Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

The frequency of resistant hypertension—defined as blood

pressure (BP) ≥140/90 mm Hg with proven use of three

antihypertensive medications, or as the use of four antihypertensive drug classes regardless of BP—is unknown in low-middle–income countries. Using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, a cohort of 15,105 civil servants aged 35 to 74 years, the authors identified 4116 patients taking treatment for hypertension, 11% of who had resistant hypertension. These participants were more likely to be older, black, less educated, poorer, and obese. The adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) were diabetes, 1 ...


Repeated Stressors In Adulthood Increase The Rate Of Biological Ageing, Michaela Hau, Mark F. Haussmann, Timothy J. Greives, Christa Matlack, David Costantini, Michael Quetting, James S. Adelman, Ana C. Miranda, Jesko Partecke Jan 2015

Repeated Stressors In Adulthood Increase The Rate Of Biological Ageing, Michaela Hau, Mark F. Haussmann, Timothy J. Greives, Christa Matlack, David Costantini, Michael Quetting, James S. Adelman, Ana C. Miranda, Jesko Partecke

James S. Adelman

Individuals of the same age can differ substantially in the degree to which they have accumulated tissue damage, akin to bodily wear and tear, from past experiences. This accumulated tissue damage reflects the individual’s biological age and may better predict physiological and behavioural performance than the individual‘s chronological age. However, at present it remains unclear how to reliably assess biological age in individual wild vertebrates. We exposed hand-raised adult Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula) to a combination of repeated immune and disturbance stressors for over one year to determine the effects of chronic stress on potential biomarkers of biological ...


The Plasmodium Bottleneck: Malaria Parasite Losses In The Mosquito Vector, Ryan C. Smith, Joel Vega-Rodríguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Aug 2014

The Plasmodium Bottleneck: Malaria Parasite Losses In The Mosquito Vector, Ryan C. Smith, Joel Vega-Rodríguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Nearly one million people are killed every year by the malaria parasite Plasmodium. Although the disease-causing forms of the parasite exist only in the human blood, mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles are the obligate vector for transmission. Here, we review the parasite life cycle in the vector and highlight the human and mosquito contributions that limit malaria parasite development in the mosquito host. We address parasite killing in its mosquito host and bottlenecks in parasite numbers that might guide intervention strategies to prevent transmission.


Immunization Against A Merozoite Sheddase Promotes Multiple Invasion Of Red Blood Cells And Attenuates Plasmodium Infection In Mice, Ryan C. Smith, Daisy D. Colón-López, Jürgen Bosch Aug 2014

Immunization Against A Merozoite Sheddase Promotes Multiple Invasion Of Red Blood Cells And Attenuates Plasmodium Infection In Mice, Ryan C. Smith, Daisy D. Colón-López, Jürgen Bosch

Ryan C. Smith

Subtilisin-like protease 2 (SUB2) is a conserved serine protease utilized by Plasmodium parasites as a surface sheddase required for successful merozoite invasion of host red blood cells and has been implicated in ookinete invasion of the mosquito midgut. To determine if SUB2 is a suitable vaccine target to interfere with malaria parasite development, the effects of SUB2-immunization on the Plasmodium life cycle were examined in its vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Swiss Webster mice were immunized with SUB2 peptides conjugated to Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or KLH alone, and then challenged with Plasmodium berghei. To determine the effects of immunization on ...


Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara Jul 2014

Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20140703 - Additional Pathscan and Tiki_Goddess related resources

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/52

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/1/

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/11/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/georgemcnamara

Our Pathscan Enabler IV, delivered July 2014, uses the QuickScan software to scan a histology slide in "two clicks" (after loading the

slide):

1. Push the QuickScan button on the front of the Pathscan Enabler.

2. Click the Scan button in the QuickScan pop-up application (optional: change scan area in the Prescan image window).

The image gets saved as a TIFF file to ...


Chui Named As Department Chair Of Physical Therapy And Human Movement Science, Kevin Chui Ed Apr 2014

Chui Named As Department Chair Of Physical Therapy And Human Movement Science, Kevin Chui Ed

Kevin Chui

Sacred Heart University recently named Kevin Chui chair of the department of physical therapy and human movement science.


Bayesian Joint Selection Of Genes And Pathways: Applications In Multiple Myeloma Genomics, Lin Zhang, Jeffrey S. Morris, Jiexin Zhang, Robert Orlowski, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani Jan 2014

Bayesian Joint Selection Of Genes And Pathways: Applications In Multiple Myeloma Genomics, Lin Zhang, Jeffrey S. Morris, Jiexin Zhang, Robert Orlowski, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani

Jeffrey S. Morris

It is well-established that the development of a disease, especially cancer, is a complex process that results from the joint effects of multiple genes involved in various molecular signaling pathways. In this article, we propose methods to discover genes and molecular pathways significantly associ- ated with clinical outcomes in cancer samples. We exploit the natural hierarchal structure of genes related to a given pathway as a group of interacting genes to conduct selection of both pathways and genes. We posit the problem in a hierarchical structured variable selection (HSVS) framework to analyze the corresponding gene expression data. HSVS methods conduct ...


Characterization Of Bovine-Derived Porous Hydroxyapatite Scaffold And Its Potential To Support Osteogenic Differentiation Of Human Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells., Krishnamurithy G, Murali Mr, Hamdi M, Abbas Aa, Raghavendran Hb, Kamarul T Jan 2014

Characterization Of Bovine-Derived Porous Hydroxyapatite Scaffold And Its Potential To Support Osteogenic Differentiation Of Human Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells., Krishnamurithy G, Murali Mr, Hamdi M, Abbas Aa, Raghavendran Hb, Kamarul T

Murali Malliga Raman

Porous three-dimensional hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds were prepared using bovine cortical bone derived HA (BDHA). Analyses of the morphology, chemical composition, and phase purity of the scaffold were performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), micro-computer tomography (micro-CT), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). SEM images revealed the rough and porous surface of the scaffold, while micro-CT showed the average porous volume of 76.7±0.6% and pore size of 0.04–0.25 mm. Single phase corresponding to standard HA was observed using XRD, and FTIR confirmed the presence of functional groups ...


Histology, Glycosaminoglycan Level And Cartilage Stiffness In Monoiodoacetate-Induced Osteoarthritis: Comparative Analysis With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Transection In Rat Model And Human Osteoarthritis, Naveen Sv, Ahmad Re, Hui Wj, Suhaeb Am, Murali Malliga Raman, Shanmugam R, Kamarul T Jan 2014

Histology, Glycosaminoglycan Level And Cartilage Stiffness In Monoiodoacetate-Induced Osteoarthritis: Comparative Analysis With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Transection In Rat Model And Human Osteoarthritis, Naveen Sv, Ahmad Re, Hui Wj, Suhaeb Am, Murali Malliga Raman, Shanmugam R, Kamarul T

Murali Malliga Raman

Monosodium -iodoacetate (MIA)-induced animal model of osteoarthritis (OA) is under-utilised despite having many inherent advantages. At present, there is lack of studies that directly compare the degenerative changes induced by MIA with the surgical osteoarthritis induction method and human osteoarthritis, which would further verify a greater use of this model. Therefore, we compared the histological, biochemical and biomechanical characteristics in rat model using MIA against the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) and human cartilage with clinically established osteoarthritis. The right knees of Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either MIA or ACLT (n=18 in each group). Six rats were ...


Fluoroscopy Assisted Minimally Invasive Transplantation Of Allogenic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Embedded In Hystemtm Reduce The Progression Nucleus Pulposus Degeneration In The Damaged Intervertebral Disc - A Preliminary Study In Rabbits, Suhban Ra, Puvanan K, Murali Mr, Raghavendran Hb, Shani S, Abdullah Bj, Abbas Aa, Mohamad Ja, Kamarul T Jan 2014

Fluoroscopy Assisted Minimally Invasive Transplantation Of Allogenic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Embedded In Hystemtm Reduce The Progression Nucleus Pulposus Degeneration In The Damaged Intervertebral Disc - A Preliminary Study In Rabbits, Suhban Ra, Puvanan K, Murali Mr, Raghavendran Hb, Shani S, Abdullah Bj, Abbas Aa, Mohamad Ja, Kamarul T

Murali Malliga Raman

This study was conducted to develop a technique for minimally invasive and accurate delivery of stem cells to augment nucleus pulposus (NP) in damaged intervertebral discs (IVD). IVD damage was created in noncontiguous discs at L4-L5 level; rabbits (N = 12) were randomly divided into three groups: group I treated with MSCs in HyStem hydrogel, group II treated with HyStem alone, and group III received no intervention. MSCs and hydrogel were administered to the damaged disc under guidance of fluoroscopy. Augmentation of NP was assessed through histological and MRI T2 mapping of the NP after eight weeks of transplantation. T2 weighted ...


Linking Social Behavior And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein Jan 2014

Linking Social Behavior And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein

Cassandra M.V. Nuñez

Feral horses (Equus caballus) have a complex social structure, the stability of which is important to their overall health. Behavioral and demographic research has shown that decreases in group (or band) stability reduce female fitness, but the potential effects on the physiological stress response have not been demonstrated. To fully understand how band stability affects group-member fitness, we need to understand not only behavioral and demographic, but also physiological consequences of decreases to that stability. We studied group changes in feral mares (an activity that induces instability, including both male and female aggression) on Shackleford Banks, NC. We found that ...


A Free-Ranging, Feral Mare Equus Caballus Affords Similar Maternal Care To Her Genetic And Adopted Offspring, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Daniel I. Rubenstein Nov 2013

A Free-Ranging, Feral Mare Equus Caballus Affords Similar Maternal Care To Her Genetic And Adopted Offspring, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Daniel I. Rubenstein

Cassandra M.V. Nuñez

Adoption of nongenetic offspring occurs in a variety of species but is rare in equids. We report a case of adoption by a free-ranging, feral mare Equus caballus and compare the maternal care received by her genetic offspring (born 1995) to that of her adopted offspring (born 1996) for the first 30 weeks of development. We compare five measures of care: (1) total time spent suckling, (2) mare aggression during suckling, (3) number of mare-terminated suckling bouts, (4) contact maintenance, and (5) mare-foal distance. For most behaviors, we detected no difference in the mare’s treatment of the two foals ...


Transgenic Mosquitoes Expressing A Phospholipase A(2) Gene Have A Fitness Advantage When Fed Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Blood, Ryan C. Smith, Christopher Kizito, Jason L. Rasgon, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Oct 2013

Transgenic Mosquitoes Expressing A Phospholipase A(2) Gene Have A Fitness Advantage When Fed Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Blood, Ryan C. Smith, Christopher Kizito, Jason L. Rasgon, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Genetically modified mosquitoes have been proposed as an alternative strategy to reduce the heavy burden of malaria. In recent years, several proof-of-principle experiments have been performed that validate the idea that mosquitoes can be genetically modified to become refractory to malaria parasite development. We have created two transgenic lines of Anophelesstephensi, a natural vector of Plasmodium falciparum, which constitutively secrete a catalytically inactive phospholipase A2 (mPLA2) into the midgut lumen to interfere with Plasmodium ookinete invasion. Our experiments show that both transgenic lines expressing mPLA2 significantly impair the development of rodent malaria parasites, but only one line impairs the development ...


Brain Activity And Medical Diagnosis: An Eeg Study, Laila M. Ribas, Fábio T. Rocha, Neli R. Ortega, Armando F. Rocha, Eduardo Massad Sep 2013

Brain Activity And Medical Diagnosis: An Eeg Study, Laila M. Ribas, Fábio T. Rocha, Neli R. Ortega, Armando F. Rocha, Eduardo Massad

Armando F Rocha

Despite new brain imaging techniques that have improved the study of the underlying processes of human decision-making, to the best of our knowledge, there have been very few studies that have attempted to investigate brain activity during medical diagnostic processing.The main purpose of this paper was to investigate brain electroencephalography (EEG) activity associated with diagnostic decision-making in the realm of veterinary medicine using X-rays as a fundamental auxiliary test. The principal component analysis revealed four patterns that accounted for 85% of the total variance in the EEG activity recorded while veterinary doctors read a clinical history, examined an X-ray ...


Enterobacter-Activated Mosquito Immune Responses To Plasmodium Involve Activation Of Srpn6 In Anopheles Stephensi, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena May 2013

Enterobacter-Activated Mosquito Immune Responses To Plasmodium Involve Activation Of Srpn6 In Anopheles Stephensi, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Successful development of Plasmodium in the mosquito is essential for the transmission of malaria. A major bottleneck in parasite numbers occurs during midgut invasion, partly as a consequence of the complex interactions between the endogenous microbiota and the mosquito immune response. We previously identified SRPN6 as an immune component which restricts Plasmodium berghei development in the mosquito. Here we demonstrate that SRPN6 is differentially activated by bacteria in Anopheles stephensi, but only when bacteria exposure occurs on the lumenal surface of the midgut epithelium. Our data indicate that AsSRPN6 is strongly induced following exposure to Enterobacter cloacae, a common component ...


House Finch Populations Differ In Early Inflammatory Signaling And Pathogen Tolerance At The Peak Of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum Infection, James S. Adelman, Laila Kirkpatrick, Jessica L. Grodio, Dana M. Hawley May 2013

House Finch Populations Differ In Early Inflammatory Signaling And Pathogen Tolerance At The Peak Of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum Infection, James S. Adelman, Laila Kirkpatrick, Jessica L. Grodio, Dana M. Hawley

James S. Adelman

Host individuals and populations often vary in their responses to infection, with direct consequences for pathogen spread and evolution. While considerable work has focused on the mechanisms underlying differences in resistance—the ability to kill pathogens— we know little about the mechanisms underlying tolerance— the ability to minimize fitness losses per unit pathogen. Here, we examine patterns and mechanisms of tolerance between two populations of house finches (Haemorhous [formerly Carpodacus] mexicanus) with different histories with the bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG). After infection in a common environment, we assessed two metrics of pathology, mass loss and eye lesion severity, as ...


Flash4 Dark Reference Images, George Mcnamara Apr 2013

Flash4 Dark Reference Images, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Hamamatsu FLASH4.0 dark reference images, acquired with 10 second exposure times, no light to camera. Camera offset (set by Hamamatsu( is ~100 (the average intensity of the first image is always ~1 intensity level higher - an odd feature, but trivial in practice for a 16-bit camera).

George McNamara, Ph.D.

Single Cells Analyst at L.J.N. Cooper Lab

University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


Video Codec Performance (Excel Spreadsheet), George Mcnamara Feb 2013

Video Codec Performance (Excel Spreadsheet), George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Video codec performance (Excel spreadsheet). Movie was made in 2005-2006 when I worked at City of Hope National Medical Center. VTLF refers to Video Timelapse Light Facility. Videos were outputted from MetaMorph as AVI files. Personally, I always recommend uncompressed video files fro scientific uses. I also encourage posting the original scientific data format (ex. .lsm, .zvi, .lif, .stk).


Pubspectra Tattletales, George Mcnamara Feb 2013

Pubspectra Tattletales, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Tattletales for Multiplex Fluorescent Reporters in Single Cells for Metabolomics

George McNamara

As of April 2013: L.J.N. Cooper & D.A. Lee Cellular Immunotherapy Lab, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Email: gtmcnamara@mdanderson.org, geomcnamara@earthlink.net

Tattletales is my concept for spatial multiplexing many fluorescent protein (FP) biosensors in the same live cell. For example, there are excellent FP biosensors to Ca++ ions, pH, glucose, ribose, glutamine, glutamate, ATP, redox, ROS, pyruvate, cAMP, cGMP, IP3, PI(3,4,5)P3, cell cycle indicators (Fucci2), PKA, PKC, photsphatases, caspase(s) [1, 2]. However, these are typically used one biosensor per experiment, due in part to flooding the cell with soluble biosensor. That is, conventionally, either a metabolite (glucose) reporter or a signal transduction (Ca++) reporter can be imaged. By flooding the cell with the reporter, signal to noise ratio is compromized by autofluorescence.

Tattletales takes advantage of spatial multiplexing to both increase the number of different reporters, and improve signal to noise ratio by localizing each biosensor to a small volume. I started with the observation by Robinett et al [3] who localized 512 GFP-nls-LacI to a 256 LacO array as a 200 nm diameter diffraction limited spot (nuclear background due to overexpression). Many thousands of DNA binding proteins, of known sequence specifities, exist (LacI, TetR, GalR, etc for cell line studies; ZF-FPs, TALE-FPs to STRs, telomere repeat binding factors-FPs, etc for primary cells) and can be fused (as cDNAs) to different fluorescent proteins and FP biosensors.

Many biosensors are available as affinity series [1, 4], now enabling extended dynamic range. I realized that spatial multiplexing of many DNA binding protein-reporters by localizing to different spots in the cell nucleus and distinguished by combinatorial addressing, where N address colors provide 2^N addresses (example, 3 colors is 2^3 = 8 combinations). Multiplexing ...


Global Quantitative Assessment Of The Colorectal Polyp Burden In Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Using A Web-Based Tool, Patrick M. Lynch, Jeffrey S. Morris, William A. Ross, Miguel A. Rodriguez-Bigas, Juan Posadas, Rossa Khalaf, Diane M. Weber, Valerie O. Sepeda, Bernard Levin, Imad Shureiqi Jan 2013

Global Quantitative Assessment Of The Colorectal Polyp Burden In Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Using A Web-Based Tool, Patrick M. Lynch, Jeffrey S. Morris, William A. Ross, Miguel A. Rodriguez-Bigas, Juan Posadas, Rossa Khalaf, Diane M. Weber, Valerie O. Sepeda, Bernard Levin, Imad Shureiqi

Jeffrey S. Morris

Background: Accurate measures of the total polyp burden in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are lacking. Current assessment tools include polyp quantitation in limited-field photographs and qualitative total colorectal polyp burden by video.

Objective: To develop global quantitative tools of the FAP colorectal adenoma burden.

Design: A single-arm, phase II trial.

Patients: Twenty-seven patients with FAP.

Intervention: Treatment with celecoxib for 6 months, with before-treatment and after-treatment videos posted to an intranet with an interactive site for scoring.

Main Outcome Measurements: Global adenoma counts and sizes (grouped into categories: less than 2 mm, 2-4 mm, and greater than 4 mm) were ...


Enhanced Transmission Of Higher Order Plasmon Modes With Random Au Nanoparticles In Periodic Hole Arrays, Fang-Tzu Chuang Jan 2013

Enhanced Transmission Of Higher Order Plasmon Modes With Random Au Nanoparticles In Periodic Hole Arrays, Fang-Tzu Chuang

Fang-Tzu Chuang

The enhanced transmission of higher order plasmon modes with random gold nanoparticles embedded in periodic hole arrays using asymmetric pair aperture as a unit is investigated in the midinfrared regime. Different thicknesses of gold film were deposited inside holes and then annealed to form randomly sized and distributed nanoparticles. The holes deposited with thin gold film exhibit significantly enhanced transmission in higher order modes after thermal annealing. The enormous local electric field around the nanoparticles enhances the scattering effect that contributes to the enhanced infrared transmission. This unique design, which integrates localized and propagating surface plasmons, provides an easy way ...


Could You Repeat That Please? Forty-Five Years Of Testing Pesticides On People, Barbara R. Leiterman Esq. Jan 2013

Could You Repeat That Please? Forty-Five Years Of Testing Pesticides On People, Barbara R. Leiterman Esq.

Barbara R. Leiterman Esq.

Little has been published in the literature about pesticide experiments conducted on human subjects. Yet there were at least twenty-two tests between 1967 and 2011 in which people were intentionally exposed to specific doses of pesticides. Almost all of these experiments violated scientific ethics and human rights. This article aims to describe those tests and their shortcomings, and explore the laws and regulations that incentivize such human experimentation. Ironically, as the public desire for pesticide safety increases, so does the industry’s motivation to test pesticides on people. Bringing these pesticide experiments to light, expanding the public discourse on the ...


The Use Of X-Shaped Cross-Link In Posterior Spinal Constructs Improves Stability In Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture: A Finite Element Analysis, Alizadeh M, Kadir Mr, Fadhli Mm, Fallahiarezoodar A, Azmi B, Murali Malliga Raman, Kamarul T Jan 2013

The Use Of X-Shaped Cross-Link In Posterior Spinal Constructs Improves Stability In Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture: A Finite Element Analysis, Alizadeh M, Kadir Mr, Fadhli Mm, Fallahiarezoodar A, Azmi B, Murali Malliga Raman, Kamarul T

Murali Malliga Raman

Posterior instrumentation is a common fixation method used to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures. However, the role of different cross-link configurations in improving fixation stability in these fractures has not been established. A 3D finite element model of T11-L3 was used to investigate the biomechanical behavior of short (2 level) and long (4 level) segmental spine pedicle screw fixation with various cross-links to treat a hypothetical L1 vertebra burst fracture. Three types of cross-link configurations with an applied moment of 7.5 Nm and 200 N axial force were evaluated. The long construct was stiffer than the short construct irrespective of ...


Corona Protein Composition And Cytotoxicity Evaluation Of Ultra-Small Zeolites Synthesized From Template Free Precursor Suspensions, Eng-Poh Ng Dr. Jan 2013

Corona Protein Composition And Cytotoxicity Evaluation Of Ultra-Small Zeolites Synthesized From Template Free Precursor Suspensions, Eng-Poh Ng Dr.

Eng-Poh Ng

No abstract provided.


Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 Inhibition Of Tgfβ-2 Induced Cross-Linked Actin Networks In Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells, Rafael A. Lima, Michela Montecchi-Palmer, Jaclyn Bermudez, Abbot F. Clark Phd, Robert J. Wordinger Phd Jan 2013

Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 Inhibition Of Tgfβ-2 Induced Cross-Linked Actin Networks In Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells, Rafael A. Lima, Michela Montecchi-Palmer, Jaclyn Bermudez, Abbot F. Clark Phd, Robert J. Wordinger Phd

ral5@rice.edu

Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 Inhibition of TGFβ-2 Induced Cross-Linked Actin Networks (CLANs) in Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells

RAFAEL A. LIMA1, MICHELA MONTECCHI-PALMER2,3, JACLYN BERMUDEZ2 ABBOT F. CLARK2, AND ROBERT J. WORDINGER2

1 Rice University, Houston, Texas, 2 Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, North Texas Eye Research Institute, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, 3 Alcon Research, Ltd., Fort Worth, Texas

Background:

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a degenerative eye disease characterized by irreversible loss of retinal ganglion cells. One of the most significant risk factors for POAG is increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Elevated IOP ...


Piscine Myocarditis Virus (Pmcv) In Wild Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar, Torstein Tengs Dr. Dec 2012

Piscine Myocarditis Virus (Pmcv) In Wild Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar, Torstein Tengs Dr.

Dr. Torstein Tengs

Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) is a severe cardiac disease of sea-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., but CMS-like lesions have also been found in wild Atlantic salmon. In 2010 a double-stranded RNA virus of the Totiviridae family, provisionally named piscine myocarditis virus (PMCV), was described as the causative agent of CMS. In the present paper we report the first detection of PMCV in wild Atlantic salmon. The study is based on screening of 797 wild Atlantic salmon by real-time RT-PCR. The samples were collected from 35 different rivers along the coast of Norway, and all individuals included in the study were ...


An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd Dec 2012

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socio-economic problems of our time. Desertification describes circumstances of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from the climatic variation and human activities. The fundamental goal of this thesis was to assess the effects of desertification in Yobe State, Nigeria. The present threat of desertification in the sahel has reached an alarming stage where crops cultivation and animal rearing/grazing are no more productive, soil has lost its nutrient/fertility, various infrastructure had given way because of windstorm from the neighbouring Niger Republic and sand dunes had taken ...


Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa Dec 2012

Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

This research work looked in the used of Remote Sensing to improve Agricultural production in Kutigi, Niger State. The aim of the study is to use remote sensing to improve rice farming activities in Kutigi, Niger State. It is very important to identify such methods to improve Agricultural production because experts are always interested in new researches and findings to better the standard of living in any environment. In view of this, Remotely-sensed data could be used or employed to elevate most of these agricultural problems in Kutigi through the following objectives: Using Landsat imagery to assess the present landuse ...