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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Sep 2099

Effect Of External Energy On The Atomic, Crystalline, And Powder Characteristics Of Antimony And Bismuth Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are compared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy ...


Mcnamara 201412 Nih Scap Innocentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-Cells And Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – Plus Supplement Plus Posters - 20151027 - Please Download "75" Instead, George Mcnamara Oct 2015

Mcnamara 201412 Nih Scap Innocentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-Cells And Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – Plus Supplement Plus Posters - 20151027 - Please Download "75" Instead, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 201412 NIH SCAP InnoCentive Challenge Solution - T-Bow Rainbow T-cells and Tumor Cells Spatial Multiplexing Gene Expression Reporter System – plus supplement plus posters - 20151027.

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Please download the current 20151027 (October 27, 2015) Tattletales and T-Bow update from

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/75/

The bepress web site is not letting me replace the old pdf here at "65" with the additional 10 pages update.

///

The download is my/Cooper lab solution (submission) to the 2014 NIH Single Cell Analysis Program (SCAP) InnoCentive Challenge, "Follow That Cell". I submitted the Solution on 20141215Mon (with 20 minutes to spare). The Challenge web ...


Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20151027tue, George Mcnamara Oct 2015

Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20151027tue, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

20151027Tue this "75"

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/75

is my update of "65" posting

See text at

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/65/

for text summary. The PDf here in "75" supersedes "65".

The PDF here has 10 pages added to the end from the "65" version (pages 40-49 of PDF when including the bepress cover page)..

here is the text in my cover page (bepress may add its own cover):

20151027Tue: added 10 page e-poster at bottom explaining Binary Tattletales and T-Bow. That is, binary with respect to protein components. For one color (number of repeats, epitope tags ...


Evaluation Of Effective Operational Cycle Time And Bioprocess Parameters In A Sequential Batch Reactor For Efficient Organic And Nutrient Removal From Domestic Sewage, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Yogesh N. Patil, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman Oct 2015

Evaluation Of Effective Operational Cycle Time And Bioprocess Parameters In A Sequential Batch Reactor For Efficient Organic And Nutrient Removal From Domestic Sewage, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Yogesh N. Patil, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic environment can be simulated in the single stage sequential batch reactor (SBR) . Various design conditions viz., combinations of different phase time and different cycle time, hydraulic residence time (HRT), substrate loading rate, sludge age (SRT) and aeration time were analyzed for optimum biological treatment. The pilot runs were evaluated with the design conditions of food/microbe ratio (F/M) 0.2 per day and MLSS of 4950 mg/L. For the given design conditions 4, 5 and 6 hours cycle lengths were analyzed for their efficient performance with 30-33% of decant volume for sewage containing C ...


Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Study background: Nowadays, hepatitis is a major challenge for clinical research, regulatory bodies, and clinicians who are trying to assess the more effectiveness of antiviral therapy against patients. Viral load count is the amount of particular viral DNA or RNA in a blood samples. It is one of the surrogate biomarker of hepatitis. High viral load indicates that the immune system is failed to fight against viruses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield modality on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in terms of viral load as surrogate marker.

Method: The ...


Spectroscopic Characterization Of Chloramphenicol And Tetracycline: An Impact Of Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Spectroscopic Characterization Of Chloramphenicol And Tetracycline: An Impact Of Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Objective: Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are broad-spectrum antibiotics and widely used against variety of microbial infections. Nowadays, several microbes have acquired resistance to chloramphenicol and tetracycline. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment for spectroscopic characterization of chloramphenicol and tetracycline using FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Methods:The study was performed in two groups (control and treatment) of each antibiotic. The control groups remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treatment groups. Results: FT-IR spectrum of treated chloramphenicol exhibited the decrease in wavenumber of NO2 from 1521 cm-1 to 1512 cm-1 and increase in wavenumber ...


Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Boron nitride (BN) is known for high hardness, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, and catalytic action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of BN powder. The control and treated sample of BN powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD results indicated that biofield treatment had substantially changed the crystallinity of BN powder as compared to control. Apart from the crystallinity, significant changes were also observed in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of the treated BN powder as ...


An Effect Of Biofield Treatment On Multidrug-Resistant Burkholderia Cepacia: A Multihost Pathogen, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

An Effect Of Biofield Treatment On Multidrug-Resistant Burkholderia Cepacia: A Multihost Pathogen, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Burkholderia cepacia (B. cepacia) is an opportunistic, Gram negative pathogen which causes infection mainly in immunocompromised population and associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis patients. Aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of biofield treatment on multidrug resistant B. cepacia. Clinical sample of B. cepacia was divided into two groups i.e. control and biofield treated. The analysis was done after 10 days of treatment and compared with control group. Control and treated group were analyzed for susceptibility pattern, MIC value, biochemical studies and biotype number using MicroScan Walk-Away® system.Sensitivity assay ...


Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Global emergence of Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) displays a mechanism of resistance to all existing antimicrobials. Due to its strong ability to acquire resistance, there is a need of some alternative treatment strategy. Objective of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of P. fluorescens. P. fluorescens cells were procured from MicroBioLogics in sealed packs bearing the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 49838) number. Two sets of ATCC samples were taken in this experiment and denoted as A and B. ATCC-A sample was revived and divided into two groups (Gr) i.e. Gr ...


Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman Jul 2015

Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Comparing with lesser algal growth rate for biofuel production along with many constraints, fungal route should be analyzed for its capability of biodiesel or mycodiesel production. The two fungal strains namely, Mucor circinelloides (MTCC1297) and Gliocladium roseum (MTCC6474) were analyzed for laboratory scale mycodiesel production. The M. circinelloides and G. roseum were able to produce biomass of 0.404 mg VSS/mg sucrose and 0.642 mg VSS/ mg sucrose with the mycodiesel content of 20.69% (w/w) and 11.37% (w/w) respectively. Furthermore, qualitative analysis of the oil contents by GC-MS were identified the presence of Tetradecanoic ...


Bio-Field Treatment: An Effective Strategy To Improve The Quality Of Beef Extract And Meat Infusion Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jun 2015

Bio-Field Treatment: An Effective Strategy To Improve The Quality Of Beef Extract And Meat Infusion Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

The present research work investigated the influence of bio-field treatment on two common flavoring agents used in food industries namely beef extract powder (BEP) and meat infusion powder (MIP). The treated powders were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, surface area analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FT-IR results showed disappearance of triglycerides peaks in both the treated powders as compared to control. XRD results corroborated the amorphous nature of both control and treated samples. The BEP showed enhanced average particle size (d50) and d99 (size exhibited by 99 ...


Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman Jun 2015

Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Pilot plant studies of sequential batch reactor (SBR) cycles revealed the role of selector phase biology (SPB) involved in COD removal, nitrification, denitrification and total phosphate removal. The phases namely anoxic, anaerobic and aerobic in single tank reactor design of SBR were showed effective biological nutrient removal (BNR) > 90% on average in 4 h designed cycle time with 12 h of hydraulic retention time (HRT). The phases were 2 h fill which includes 1 h simultaneous fill and aeration, 1 h settle and 1 h decant. This cycle design found effective to create selective environment for microbes to carry biological ...


Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jun 2015

Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation ...


The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks Jun 2015

The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks

Rachele M Hendricks-Sturrup

The “Renewable Fuel Standard” was the first renewable fuel mandate set forth by the United States Environmental Protection Agency initially under the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005. Alternative fuels are defined by the US EPA as alternatives to conventional fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Alternative fuels are lauded for their “clean energy” attributes and also because they can be resourced domestically, allowing for per-capita reductions in greenhouse gas emissions with less dependency on foreign energy resources. Alternative fuel conversions are methods used to convert gasoline and/or diesel engines into engines that operate on natural gas, alcohols, or ...


Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara Apr 2015

Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Focus On Microscopy FOM 2006-2015 abstracts

FOM's are cutting edge microscopy meetings. Their abstracts are posted online soon after the meeting. FOM2015's abstracts are at http://www.focusonmicroscopy.org/2015/program.html

I have been downloading the single PDF abstracts, and making a single large PDF. every year. I figure the "annual organized" PDF may be useful to others, so am posting a ZIP file here containing: FOM 2006 FOM 2007 FOM 2008 FOM 2009 FOM 2010 FOM 2011 FOM 2012 FOM 2013 FOM 2014 FOM 2015 I note the abstracts do not contain copyright notices, but anyone ...


Effect Of A Biofield Treatment On Plant Growth And Adaptation (Benth.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jan 2015

Effect Of A Biofield Treatment On Plant Growth And Adaptation (Benth.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Quantum mechanics was developed when human energies of consciousness were found to influence observations at the scale of elementary particles, here referred as non-contact biofield treatment or biofield energies . Quantum mechanics has also proved efficacious in biological processes. The present experiments found an enhanced and significant impact of the biofield treatment on adaptive micropropagation response and callus induction of two plant species, Withania somnifera and Amaranthus dubius. The enhancement was perhaps due to greater focus on adaptation rather than specific mechanisms, showing high potential including at biochemical and genetic levels. Possible reasons for the enhancement are discussed and a possible ...


The Complexity Of Molecular Interactions And Bindings Between Cyclic Peptide And Inhibit Polymerase A And B1 (Pac-Pb1n) H1n1, Arli A. Parikesit, Harry Noviardi Hn, Djati Kerami Dk, Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan Usft Nov 2014

The Complexity Of Molecular Interactions And Bindings Between Cyclic Peptide And Inhibit Polymerase A And B1 (Pac-Pb1n) H1n1, Arli A. Parikesit, Harry Noviardi Hn, Djati Kerami Dk, Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan Usft

Arli A Parikesit

The influenza/H1N1 virus has caused hazard in the public health of many countries. Hence, existing influenza drugs could not cope with H1N1 infection due to the high mutation rate of the virus. In this respect, new method to block the virus was devised. The polymerase pac-pb1n enzyme is responsible for the replication of H1N1 virus. Thus, novel inhibitors were developed to ward off the functionality of the enzyme. In this research, cyclic peptides has been chosen to inhibit PAc-PB1n due to its proven stability in reaching the drug target. Thus, computational method for elucidating the molecular interaction between cyclic ...


Atomic, Crystalline And Powder Characteristics Of Treated Zirconia And Silica Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Nov 2014

Atomic, Crystalline And Powder Characteristics Of Treated Zirconia And Silica Powders, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Zirconium oxide and silicon dioxide powders are selected and subjected to a non-contact Biofield energy known to be transmitted by Mahendra Kumar Trivedi. Particle sizes d50 and d99 showed up to 71.5 percent decrease indicating that the energy had caused deformation and fracture as if the powders have been subjected to high energy milling. This is also supported by increase in specific surface area up to 19.48 percent. In the present investigation Zirconium oxide and silicon dioxide powders are exposed to Bio-field. Both the exposed and unexposed powders are later characterized by various techniques. The treated powders when ...


Comparative Studies Of Oleaginous Fungal Strains (Mucor Circinelloides And Trichoderma Reesei) For Effective Wastewater Treatment And Bio-Oil Production, Anshuman Bhanja, Gauri P. Minde, Sandip S. Magdum, Kalyanraman V. Nov 2014

Comparative Studies Of Oleaginous Fungal Strains (Mucor Circinelloides And Trichoderma Reesei) For Effective Wastewater Treatment And Bio-Oil Production, Anshuman Bhanja, Gauri P. Minde, Sandip S. Magdum, Kalyanraman V.

Sandip S. Magdum

Biological wastewater treatment typically requires the use of bacteria for degradation of carbonaceous and nitrogenous compounds present in wastewater. The high lipid containing biomass can be used to extract oil and the contents can be termed as bio-oil (or biodiesel or myco-diesel after transesterification). The separate experiments were conducted on actual wastewater samples with 5% v/v inoculum of Mucor circinelloides MTCC1297 and Trichoderma reesei NCIM992 strains. The observed reductions in chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 88.72% and 86.75% in 96 hrs and the observed substrate based biomass yields were 0.21 mg VSS/mg COD and 0 ...


Experimental Demonstration Of Bindingless Signal Delivery In Human Cells Via Microfluidics, Fang-Tzu Chuang Jul 2014

Experimental Demonstration Of Bindingless Signal Delivery In Human Cells Via Microfluidics, Fang-Tzu Chuang

Fang-Tzu Chuang

The cellular signal transduction is commonly believed to rely on the direct “contact” or “binding” of the participating molecule reaction that depends positively on the corresponding molecule concentrations. In living systems, however, it is somewhat difficult to precisely match the corresponding rapid “binding,” depending on the probability of molecular collision, existing in the cellular receptor-ligand interactions. Thus, a question arises that if there is another mechanism (i.e., bindingless) that could promote this signal communication. According to this hypothesis, we report a cellular model based on the examination of intracellular calcium concentration to explore whether the unidentified signal delivery in ...


Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20140602mon, George Mcnamara Jun 2014

Tattletales And T-Bow Update 20140602mon, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Tattletales and T-Bow Update 20140602Mon

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/42

Please see also http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/26

Tattletales: multiplex fluorescent protein biosensors by spatial localization with TALE-FPs, Cas9-FPs, ZF-FPs, LacI-FPs, TetR-FPs, etc.

T-Bow: Rainbow T-cells and Tumor cells (and ES cells, iPS cells, other cells and organisms). You can think of this as "Brainbow meets TALENs/Cas9/ZFNs/other DNA sequence specific binding proteins".

If not familiar with Brainbow, see

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brainbow

If not familiar with TALENs, Cas9, etc, see

http://www.addgene.org/genome_engineering/

Big idea: localizing fluorescent proteins - and/or Nano-Lanterns ...


Biokimia Dan Teknologi Farmasi: Desain Obat Dan Vaksin Dengan Pendekatan Biomedis Molekular, Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan Usft, Arli A. Parikesit Aap Jun 2014

Biokimia Dan Teknologi Farmasi: Desain Obat Dan Vaksin Dengan Pendekatan Biomedis Molekular, Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan Usft, Arli A. Parikesit Aap

Arli A Parikesit

No abstract provided.


Modeled Impacts Of Cover Crops And Vegetative Barriers On Corn Stover Availability And Soil Quality, Ian J. Bonner, David J. Muth Jr., Joshua B. Koch, Douglas L. Karlen Jun 2014

Modeled Impacts Of Cover Crops And Vegetative Barriers On Corn Stover Availability And Soil Quality, Ian J. Bonner, David J. Muth Jr., Joshua B. Koch, Douglas L. Karlen

David J. Muth

Environmentally benign, economically viable, and socially acceptable agronomic strategies are needed to launch a sustainable lignocellulosic biofuel industry. Our objective was to demonstrate a landscape planning process that can ensure adequate supplies of corn (Zea mays L.) stover feedstock while protecting and improving soil quality. The Landscape Environmental Assessment Framework (LEAF) was used to develop land use strategies that were then scaled up for five U.S. Corn Belt states (Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Minnesota) to illustrate the impact that could be achieved. Our results show an annual sustainable stover supply of 194 million Mg without exceeding soil erosion ...


Time Series Data For 3b Image Processing, George Mcnamara Jan 2014

Time Series Data For 3b Image Processing, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Time series data for 3B image processing

Four time series data sets of Stellaris single molecules RNA FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization). All four datasets are 301 imaqe planes. FISH probes are to TOP1 mRNA (Topoisomerase I)in Saos osterosarcoma cells.

One dataset is 10 millisecond exposures (very dim), acquired in Streaming acquisition mode (no hardware overhead).

The other three datasets are a three consecutive planes of the same XY field of view.

I have included image processing results for:

PiMP - a fast method developed by Sebastian Munck et al 2012, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=22357945 ...


Sensitivity Analysis And Parameter Identification For A Nonlinear Time-Delay System In Microbial Fed-Batch Process, Chongyang Liu Jan 2014

Sensitivity Analysis And Parameter Identification For A Nonlinear Time-Delay System In Microbial Fed-Batch Process, Chongyang Liu

Chongyang Liu

Developing suitable dynamic models of bioprocess is a difficult issue in bioscience. In this paper, considering the microbial metabolism mechanism, i.e., the production of new biomass is delayed by the amount of time it takes to metabolize the nutrients, in glycerol bioconversion to 1,3-propanediol, we propose a nonlinear time-delay system to formulate the fed-batch fermentation process. Some important properties are also discussed. Then, in view of the effect of time-delay and the high number of kinetic parameters in the system, the parametric sensitivity analysis is used to determine the key parameters. Finally, a parameter identification model is presented ...


Inducing A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Within A Package, Vladimir Milosavljevic Jan 2014

Inducing A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Within A Package, Vladimir Milosavljevic

Vladimir Milosavljevic

Cold atmospheric plasma offers significant potential as a nonthermal decontamination tool for food and medical applications. We present results of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma induced in a gas confined by a polymer package. The resultant discharge and contained afterglow are found to have a strong antimicrobial effect.


Inducing A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Within A Package, Vladimir Milosavljevic Jan 2014

Inducing A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Within A Package, Vladimir Milosavljevic

Vladimir Milosavljevic

Cold atmospheric plasma offers significant potential as a nonthermal decontamination tool for food and medical applications. We present results of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma induced in a gas confined by a polymer package. The resultant discharge and contained afterglow are found to have a strong antimicrobial effect.


Fungal Solid-State Fermentation And Various Methods Of Enhancement In Cellulase Production, Li Wan Yoon, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr Jan 2014

Fungal Solid-State Fermentation And Various Methods Of Enhancement In Cellulase Production, Li Wan Yoon, Teck Nam Ang Dr., Gek Cheng Ngoh Dr, Adeline Seak May Chua Dr

Teck Nam Ang Dr.

Cellulase serves vast applications in the industries of biofuel, pulp and paper, detergent and textile. With the presence of its three components i.e. endoglucanase, exoglucanase and β-glucosidase, the enzyme can effectively depolymerize the cellulose chains in lignocellulosic substrate to produce smaller sugar units that consists of cellobiase and glucose. Fungi are the most suitable cellase producers attributing to its ability to produce a complete cellulase system. Solid state fermentation (SSF) by fungi is a preferable production route for cellulase as it imposes lower cost and enables the production of cellulase with higher titre. This article gives an overview on ...


Progress And Future Prospects Of Developing Transgenics In Mango, Rajesh Pati Oct 2013

Progress And Future Prospects Of Developing Transgenics In Mango, Rajesh Pati

Rajesh Pati

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the most important fruit crop of the world. India ranks first among world’s mango producing countries accounting for 57.18 % of the total world mango production of 19.22 million tones. With the development of rDNA technology, plant breeders have access to a large number of genes that can be integrated into the plant genome.


Histological And Biochemical Changes In Aegle Marmelos, Rajesh Pati Oct 2013

Histological And Biochemical Changes In Aegle Marmelos, Rajesh Pati

Rajesh Pati

Aegle marmelos Corr., belongs to family Rutaceae, is more prized for its pharmacological virtues than its edible quality. Because of pharmacological importance, it’s become potential candidate for developing transgenics to enhance its medicinal properties. Maximum mortality of micropropagated plants occur during acclimatization phase because plantlets undergo rapid and extreme changes in physiological functioning, histological and biochemical changes. In order to investigate the actual reason of this limitation, test samples were collected at different stages of micropropagation of Aegle marmelos Corr. (In vitro stage, acclimation stage, and field established plants).