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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Prevalence And Knowledge Of Brucellosis In Dairy Cattle In Makuyu Division, Murang’A County, Kenya, Dr. Michael N. Gicheru, Dr. Eric Mwangi, Mwangi Rachel Mbaire Dec 2015

Prevalence And Knowledge Of Brucellosis In Dairy Cattle In Makuyu Division, Murang’A County, Kenya, Dr. Michael N. Gicheru, Dr. Eric Mwangi, Mwangi Rachel Mbaire

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Brucellosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic disease that affects man, domestic animals and wildlife. The bacteria Brucella abortus is the principle cause of brucellosis in cattle. The incidence of the disease in humans, and which directly relates to that in other animals, is highly dependent on animal husbandry practices, the interaction between humans and animals, living standards, hygiene, food customs, and animal and human population density. Makuyu Division where the study was undertaken experiences hot and dry climate, the area has no permanent rivers and domestic water is obtained from boreholes. Most families live in congested homes and are provided with ...


Physico Chemical, Azhagu Raj Ramakrishnan Oct 2015

Physico Chemical, Azhagu Raj Ramakrishnan

Azhaguraj Ramakrishnan

No abstract provided.


High Prevalence Of Leucocytozoon Parasites In Nestling Northern Goshawks (Accipiter Gentilis) In The Northern Great Basin, U.S.A., Michelle I. Jeffries, Robert A. Miller, Michelle D. Laskowski, Jay D. Carlisle Sep 2015

High Prevalence Of Leucocytozoon Parasites In Nestling Northern Goshawks (Accipiter Gentilis) In The Northern Great Basin, U.S.A., Michelle I. Jeffries, Robert A. Miller, Michelle D. Laskowski, Jay D. Carlisle

Robert Miller

The Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) is currently listed as a sensitive species by the U.S.D.A. Forest Service. Previous research in our study area, the South Hills of the Minidoka Ranger District of the Sawtooth National Forest, Idaho, identified possible signs of parasite infections among the banded adult and nestling goshawks, which could influence their survival and breeding success. Therefore, we sought to quantify the prevalence and intensity of Leucocytozoon parasites among a sample of nestling goshawks in the South Hills during the 2012 breeding season. We sampled 27 nestlings from 12 nests for Leucocytozoon parasites by examining ...


Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil Mar 2015

Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil

panelesloneczne Kamil

No abstract provided.


Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra Mar 2015

Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

This paper was presented in the panel discussion on Implementing the FAO-SSF Guidelines: Is there need for governance reforms? (How to create an enabling socio-economic, legal and policy environment for small-scale fisheries). the present paper focuses on the small scale fishers in Inland fisheries sector in India and the fisheries governance system in various states of india.


Human-Wildlife Conflict-Causes, Consequences And Mitigation Measures With Special Reference To Kashmir, Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat Feb 2015

Human-Wildlife Conflict-Causes, Consequences And Mitigation Measures With Special Reference To Kashmir, Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat

JOZS JOURNAL

The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected from Shere Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura, Srinagar and its associated medical college hospital at Bemina Srinagar. The data indicates rising levels of man-carnivore conflicts in Kashmir. The leopard and Asiatic black bear were mainly involved in causing several forms of conflict. The human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land ...


Development Of Appropriate Packaging For Shelf Life Extension Of Smoked Fish In A Developing Economy, Michael Ayodele Omodara Jan 2015

Development Of Appropriate Packaging For Shelf Life Extension Of Smoked Fish In A Developing Economy, Michael Ayodele Omodara

Michael Ayodele Omodara

Three composite packaging materials; Paper-Polyethylene (PaPe,), Polyethylene-Paper (PePa) Polyethylene-Paper Polyethylene (PePaPe) were developed for packaging of dried fish samples with Polyethylene used as control. Some engineering properties (thickness, water and oil absorption rates) were determined using standard methods. Smoked dried catfish were stored in the three composite packing materials and in polyethylene for six months. The composite materials’thicknesses ranged from 0.23 to 0.31 mm while that of control was 0.27 mm. The water and oil absorption rates ranged from 1.73 to 10.00 g/cm2/min and 2.50 to 10.86 g/cm2/min ...


Annual Variation In Autumn Migration Phenology And Energetic Condition At A Stopover Site In The Western United States, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Neil Paprocki, Gregory S. Kaltenecker, Julie A. Heath Jan 2015

Annual Variation In Autumn Migration Phenology And Energetic Condition At A Stopover Site In The Western United States, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Neil Paprocki, Gregory S. Kaltenecker, Julie A. Heath

Robert Miller

Climate change is having a dramatic effect on many migratory species. Changes in climate may lead to changes in food availability or other proximate cues that affect migratory behavior. We used 13 years (2000–2012) of data on songbird banding and raptor migration counts and captures during autumn migration in the intermountain West to evaluate whether regional temperature or precipitation or hemispheric climate indices predicted autumn migratory timing and energetic condition. We examined overall trends and evaluated the effects of diet and migratory distance on phenology and conditional responses. For the 13-year study period, no temperature, precipitation, or climate index ...


Web 2.0 Y Medios Sociales Para El Desarrollo En Pesca Y Acuicultura. En Ruta Hacia Las Redes Sociales, ¿Cuál Puede Ser Un Itinerario De Puesta En Marcha?, Enrique Wulff Dec 2014

Web 2.0 Y Medios Sociales Para El Desarrollo En Pesca Y Acuicultura. En Ruta Hacia Las Redes Sociales, ¿Cuál Puede Ser Un Itinerario De Puesta En Marcha?, Enrique Wulff

Enrique Wulff

El modelo usado por la antigua red, en base a carpetas compartidas y repositorios, para desarrollar nuevos contenidos y transmitirlos se agota. En éste libro se propone recordar que si nadie visita tu página, que si uno se limita a hablar de si mismo sin formular preguntas, que si por el contrario facilita respuestas y las promociona construyendo algo excitante, si establece objetivos trimestrales, y si siempre tiene un horizonte a largo término. Entonces accede a las nuevas y fáciles de usar herramientas que se conocen como Web 2.0, las cuales conectan gente dando lugar a redes sociales, colaborando ...


Wintering Ecology Of Adult North American Ospreys, Brian E. Washburn, Charles J. Henny, Mark S. Martell, Richard O. Bierregaard, Brian S. Dorr, Thomas J. Olexa Dec 2014

Wintering Ecology Of Adult North American Ospreys, Brian E. Washburn, Charles J. Henny, Mark S. Martell, Richard O. Bierregaard, Brian S. Dorr, Thomas J. Olexa

Brian S Dorr

North American Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) typically migrate long distances to their wintering grounds in the tropics. Beyond the general distribution of their wintering range (i.e., the Caribbean, South America, and Central America), very little is known about the wintering ecology of these birds. We used satellite telemetry to determine the duration of wintering period, to examine the characteristics of wintering areas used by Ospreys, and to quantify space use and activity patterns of wintering Ospreys. Adult Ospreys migrated to wintering sites and exhibited high wintering site fidelity among years. Overall, Ospreys wintered on river systems (50.6%) more than ...


Geographic Segregation And Evidence Of Density-Dependent Changes In Sex Ratios In An Abundant Colonial Waterbird, Brian S. Dorr, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Travis L. Devault, Alban Guillaumet, Scott C. Barras Dec 2014

Geographic Segregation And Evidence Of Density-Dependent Changes In Sex Ratios In An Abundant Colonial Waterbird, Brian S. Dorr, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Travis L. Devault, Alban Guillaumet, Scott C. Barras

Brian S Dorr

Demographic information, such as geographic segregation of sexes and sex ratio data, is needed to develop, model and evaluate conservation and management strategies for wildlife. A variety of physiological, behavioral and environmental factors can influence segregation of sexes and sex ratios, many of which originate with density- dependent processes. Departure from 50:50 sex ratios of double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) collected during control efforts in breeding and wintering areas across their eastern range of the USA were evaluated using using a Z-test as well as Stouffer’s weighted Z-tests. In addition, a specifically-designed randomization test was used to evaluate density-dependent ...


Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra Aug 2014

Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Assam is endowed with copious aquatic wealth in the form of beels, swamps, ponds and rivers. The floodplain wetlands (beels) extending over one lakh hectare, constitute the most important fishery resource of the state. The beels are considered as one of the most productive ecosystems owing to their characteristic interactions between land and water system. These wetlands are the common property resource and under different management regimes. These wetlands are under various management regimes, i.e., private management (individuals and groups), fishermen cooperative management, Community-based fisheries management (decentralized management, Government works as facilitator) and open access. Most of the unregistered ...


Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella Brevirostris) Is Death On Sonadia Island, Cox’S Bazar, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain, Mohammad Abdul Baki Apr 2014

Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella Brevirostris) Is Death On Sonadia Island, Cox’S Bazar, Bangladesh, Md.Muzammel Hossain, Mohammad Abdul Baki

Md.Muzammel Hossain

Sonadia, about with an area of 9 square km and it’s the north–west of Cox’s Bazar. Survey was conducted from 7 am to 5 pm on March 20, 2014. Sonadia Island located between 21°28'26.92"N, 91°55'53.74"E and 21°32'49.47"N, 91°50'38.45"E. One dead Irrawaddy dolphin was found on Sonadia Island, Cox’s bazar which near Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh during faunal survey.


Population Dynamics Of Spiders In Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College Campus, Sivakasi, Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu, India, Jeyaparvathi S Jan 2014

Population Dynamics Of Spiders In Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College Campus, Sivakasi, Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu, India, Jeyaparvathi S

JOZS JOURNAL

Spiders play an important role in regulating insect pests in the agricultural ecosystem. There are a large number of species, many of them with high population densities. A survey was conducted in the Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College campus from January, 2011 - March, 2011. 29 individuals were collected representing 11 families and 21 genera. From these, 25 species were present throughout the campus; however, only 5 of these were taken in the ground, they are the ground dwellers. Peucetia viridana (Stolizcka), Oxyopes hindostanicus (Tikader), Lycosa pseudoannulata (Bosenberg) and Plexippus petersi, were common. P. viridana was the dominant species followed by ...


Surveillance Of Feral Swine For Trichinella Spp. And Toxoplasma Gondii In The Usa And Host-Related Factors Associated With Infection, John A. Baroch Jan 2014

Surveillance Of Feral Swine For Trichinella Spp. And Toxoplasma Gondii In The Usa And Host-Related Factors Associated With Infection, John A. Baroch

John A Baroch

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Mexican Free-Tailed Bat Chirp Syllables: Bayesian Functional Mixed Modeling Of Nonstationary Time Series Data With Time-Dependent Spectra, Josue G. Martinez, Kirsten M. Bohn, Raymond J. Carroll, Jeffrey S. Morris Feb 2013

A Study Of Mexican Free-Tailed Bat Chirp Syllables: Bayesian Functional Mixed Modeling Of Nonstationary Time Series Data With Time-Dependent Spectra, Josue G. Martinez, Kirsten M. Bohn, Raymond J. Carroll, Jeffrey S. Morris

Jeffrey S. Morris

We describe a new approach to analyze chirp syllables of free-tailed bats from two regions of Texas in which they are predominant: Austin and College Station. Our goal is to characterize any systematic regional differences in the mating chirps and assess whether individual bats have signature chirps. The data are analyzed by modeling spectrograms of the chirps as responses in a Bayesian functional mixed model. Given the variable chirp lengths, we compute the spectrograms on a relative time scale interpretable as the relative chirp position, using a variable window overlap based on chirp length. We use 2D wavelet transforms to ...


State Of Inland Fisheries And Inland Fisher Community Of India, A P. Sharma, P K. Katiha, A K. Sahoo, Ganesh Chandra Jan 2013

State Of Inland Fisheries And Inland Fisher Community Of India, A P. Sharma, P K. Katiha, A K. Sahoo, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

With exponential increase in human population. the food demand, shrinkage of cultivable land and decline in the agricultural productivity. role of livestock and fisheries sectors to fulfill growing demand for food is of paramount importance for nutritional security. In this context significance of fisheries sector is enormous and well documented. Starting from a purely traditional activity in the early fifties. the fisheries sector has transformed into a significant commercial enterprise with impressive growth (overI 0 fold increase in last six decades). The sector is employer of more than 14 million people. The environmental and social perspectives of inland open water ...


Agricultural Geo-Engineering; Past, Present & Future, Erich J. Knight Mr. Jan 2013

Agricultural Geo-Engineering; Past, Present & Future, Erich J. Knight Mr.

Erich J Knight Mr.

Historic hall marks of GHG emissions are reviewed, providing repeated demonstration of anthropogenic land use changes on climate forcing.

New Astrophysical and Paleoclimate concordance with extinction events demonstrating climate adaptation by prehistoric man.

A review of new research concerning Soil Carbon, Carboniferous Aerosols, extent of Pyrolytic-Carbon fraction in soil and the first survey of the extensive deep soil carbon sink.

How thermal conversion technologies can integrate and optimize the recycling of valuable nutrients while providing energy and building soil carbon.

New discoveries from the Advanced Spectrometry & Meta-Genomics studies in soil microbiology which demonstrate unaccounted for ecological services provided by a ...


Fractal Approach To Heat Transfer In Silkworm Cocoon Hierarchy, Dong-Dong Fei, Fu-Juan Liu, Qiu-Na Cui, Ji-Huan He Jan 2013

Fractal Approach To Heat Transfer In Silkworm Cocoon Hierarchy, Dong-Dong Fei, Fu-Juan Liu, Qiu-Na Cui, Ji-Huan He

Ji-Huan He

Silkworm cocoon has a complex hierarchic structure with discontinuity. In this paper, heat transfer through the silkworm cocoon is studied using fractal theory. The fractal approach has been successfully applied to explain the fascinating phenomenon of cocoon survival under extreme temperature environment. A better understanding of heat transfer mechanisms for the cocoon could be beneficial to the design of biomimetic clothes for special applications.


Use Of Communication Media In Wetland Fisheries Development Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra Dec 2012

Use Of Communication Media In Wetland Fisheries Development Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

The study was carried out in 21 districts of Assam. Two categories of respondents, namely fishers (106 nos) of floodplain wetlands and lower level field extension functionaries (30 officials) constituted the sample for the study. The study revealed that the interpersonal communication sources like consultation with Fisheries Extention Officer Beel manager and scientists were the most important sources for obtaining information on new, improved practices. Demonstration and consultation with progressive farmers were assigned second and third rank. Field extension functionaries preferred group discussion as the main source of extension programme followed by demonstration, fisheries publication and field day/ fish farmers ...


Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra Dec 2012

Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

The new agricultural technologies are considered to be the prime mover to the process of agricultural development in India. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of a given technology is crucial in the generation and diffusion of new technologies and farm household information dissemination. Pulses in India have long been considered as the poor man’s only source of protein. Moongbean (green gram) is one of the important pulse crop in India, plays a major role in augmenting the income of small and marginal farmers of Sundarban. Constraints are the circumstances or causes, which prohibit farmer to adopt improved farm technology. This constraint ...


Molecular Surveillance Of Low Pathogenic Avianinfluenza Viruses In Wild Birds Across The United States:Inferences From The Hemagglutinin Gene, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Susan A. Shriner, Kaci Van Dalen, Alan B. Franklin, Theodore D. Anderson, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis Dec 2012

Molecular Surveillance Of Low Pathogenic Avianinfluenza Viruses In Wild Birds Across The United States:Inferences From The Hemagglutinin Gene, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Susan A. Shriner, Kaci Van Dalen, Alan B. Franklin, Theodore D. Anderson, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis

Alan B Franklin

A United States interagency avian influenza surveillance plan was initiated in 2006 for early detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) in wild birds. The plan included a variety of wild bird sampling strategies including the testing of fecal samples from aquatic areas throughout the United States from April 2006 through December 2007. Although HPAIV was not detected through this surveillance effort we were able to obtain 759 fecal samples that were positive for low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV). We used 136 DNA sequences obtained from these samples along with samples from a public influenza sequence database for ...


Application Of Gis In Inland Fisheries. Training Manual, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Ganesh Chandra Nov 2012

Application Of Gis In Inland Fisheries. Training Manual, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

No abstract provided.


Fisheries Management In M. P. Reservoirs Including Enclosure Culture, M K. Bandhyopadhyay, Aparna Roy, Ganesh Chandra Sep 2012

Fisheries Management In M. P. Reservoirs Including Enclosure Culture, M K. Bandhyopadhyay, Aparna Roy, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

No abstract provided.


Communication Sources Used By Fish Farmers And Field Extension Functionaries In Floodplain Wetland Fisheries Of Assam : A Comparative Study, Ganesh Chandra Jun 2012

Communication Sources Used By Fish Farmers And Field Extension Functionaries In Floodplain Wetland Fisheries Of Assam : A Comparative Study, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

A study was carried out in 106 floodplain wetlands of Assam with the objective of ascertaining the preference of communication media use by the fishers of floodplain wetlands and extent of their use by field extension functionaries. Two categories of respondents namely 106 lessee fishermen and 30 officials lower level field extension functionaries constituted the sample of the study. The findings revealed that the interpersonal communication sources like consultation with FEO/ Beel manager was the most important sources for obtaining information by fishers. Demonstration and consultation with progressive farmers were assigned second and third rank. Field extension functionaries preferred group ...


Effects Of Pre-Treatments And Drying Temperatures On The Drying Rate And Qualityof African Catfish (Claris Gariepinus), Michael Ayodele Omodara, Adesoji Matthew Olaniyan Apr 2012

Effects Of Pre-Treatments And Drying Temperatures On The Drying Rate And Qualityof African Catfish (Claris Gariepinus), Michael Ayodele Omodara, Adesoji Matthew Olaniyan

Michael Ayodele Omodara

Effects of pre-treatments and drying temperatures on the drying rate and the quality of African Catfish Clarias gariepinus was examined by drying samples of catfish under four different temperatures (40 0C, 45 0C, 50 0C and 55 0C) and four different pre-treatment methods (Salting, Sugaring, Blanching, and Control) using an experimental dryer. Drying of the fish samples for all the pre-treatments at 40 0C to 55 0C occurred in the falling rate period only showing that the predominant mechanism of mass transfer in drying process of catfish is that of internal mass transfer. The drying rate increases with increase in ...


Double-Crested Cormorant Distribution On Catfish Aquaculture In The Yazoo River Basin Of Mississippi, Brian S. Dorr, Loren W. Burger, Scott C. Barras, Kristina Casscles Godwin Mar 2012

Double-Crested Cormorant Distribution On Catfish Aquaculture In The Yazoo River Basin Of Mississippi, Brian S. Dorr, Loren W. Burger, Scott C. Barras, Kristina Casscles Godwin

Brian S Dorr

No abstract provided.


Hslic Fall 2012 Scholarship Committee Report, Ann Jordan Jan 2012

Hslic Fall 2012 Scholarship Committee Report, Ann Jordan

Ann Jordan

No abstract provided.


Drying Of African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus); Effects Of Some Drying Parameters On The Drying Rate And Quality Of African Catfish., Michael Ayodele Omodara, Adesoji Matthew Olaniyan, Shuaeeb Niyi Oyewole Jan 2012

Drying Of African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus); Effects Of Some Drying Parameters On The Drying Rate And Quality Of African Catfish., Michael Ayodele Omodara, Adesoji Matthew Olaniyan, Shuaeeb Niyi Oyewole

Michael Ayodele Omodara

No abstract provided.


Efficacy, Effort, And Cost Comparisons Of Trapping And Acetaminophen-Baiting For Control Of Brown Treesnakes On Guam, Larry Clark, Peter J. Savarie, John A. Shivik, Stewart W. Breck, Brian S. Dorr Jan 2012

Efficacy, Effort, And Cost Comparisons Of Trapping And Acetaminophen-Baiting For Control Of Brown Treesnakes On Guam, Larry Clark, Peter J. Savarie, John A. Shivik, Stewart W. Breck, Brian S. Dorr

Brian S Dorr

Abstract: Brown treesnakes (Boiga irregularis) are an invasive species to the island of Guam. Because they have extirpated the native forest avifauna on Guam and are a threat to other Pacific islands, the development of efficient and cost-effective methods to control them is desired. We compared the efficacy, cost, and effort required to remove brown treesnakes on 6-ha plots in forest scrub on Guam, using 2 methods: trapping and poison baiting. Toxic baits consisted of dead neonatal mice adulterated with 80-mg acetaminophen. To assess efficacy, we used mark-recapture methods to estimate snake abundance on plots 12 days before and 12 ...