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Articles 1 - 30 of 14957

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart Dec 2102

An Orange Fluorescent Protein Tagging System For Real-Time Pollen Tracking, J. Rice, R. Mundell, R. Millwood, O. Chambers, L. Abercrombie, H. Davies, C. Stewart

C. Neal Stewart Jr.

Background Monitoring gene flow could be important for future transgenic crops, such as those producing plant-made-pharmaceuticals (PMPs) in open field production. A Nicotiana hybrid (Nicotiana. tabacum × Nicotiana glauca) shows limited male fertility and could be used as a bioconfined PMP platform. Effective assessment of gene flow from these plants is augmented with methods that utilize fluorescent proteins for transgenic pollen identification. Results We report the generation of a pollen tagging system utilizing an orange fluorescent protein to monitor pollen flow and as a visual assessment of transgene zygosity of the parent plant. This system was created to generate a tagged ...


Titus Thesis Figures.Docx, Titus Hou May 2020

Titus Thesis Figures.Docx, Titus Hou

Titus Hou

No abstract provided.


Titus Thesis.Docx, Titus Hou May 2020

Titus Thesis.Docx, Titus Hou

Titus Hou

No abstract provided.


The Biased Media And Their Utilization Of Propaganda: The True Obstructionists Of World Events And Our Minds, David B. Ross, Gina Peyton, Melissa Tara Sasso, Rande Matteson, Cortney Matteson Dec 2019

The Biased Media And Their Utilization Of Propaganda: The True Obstructionists Of World Events And Our Minds, David B. Ross, Gina Peyton, Melissa Tara Sasso, Rande Matteson, Cortney Matteson

Dr. Melissa Tara Sasso

Propaganda is a widely controversial issue, especially when it collides with the media and politicians. This complex system creates tension between those who have a personal agenda to disseminate false statements to advance their plan to manipulate the minds of the public. Based upon 24/7 cable news and social media, there seems to be a miscommunication and disconnect from the truth regarding how the media reports world events, politics, environment, and how politicians were elected to help their constituents, not their own personal agendas. This chapter will address the concern for a better system of reporting the facts and ...


Jual Obat Aborsi Ponorogo >>085624642095>> Alamat Obat Cytotec Penggugur Janin Di Ponorogo, Mega Marshella1 Dec 2019

Jual Obat Aborsi Ponorogo >>085624642095>> Alamat Obat Cytotec Penggugur Janin Di Ponorogo, Mega Marshella1

mega marshella1

penyedia jasa jual obat aborsi di ponorogo yang beredar di internet, dengan berbagai penawar yang sangat menggiurkan, namun sangat sedikit pedagang obat aborsi online di ponorogo yang bisa di percaya. karena kelangkaan obat cytotec asli di ponorogo sangatlah sulit di dapat apalagi mendapatkan obat aborsi asli dengan kualiatas yang terbaik, oleh karena itu alangkah baiknya lebih berhati-hati sebelum menentukan proses jual beli obat aborsi di ponorogo.
Cara menggunakan obat aborsi cytotec atau klinik aborsi sendiri dari usia 1 hingga 6 bulan. Dengan produk pil asli ampuh dan disini kami akan menjelaskan secara jelas efek samping dari obat cytotec atau gastrul ...


Máy Lọc Nước Điện Giải Kangen Leveluk K8 Nhật Bản Chính Hãng, Nhung Seven Dec 2019

Máy Lọc Nước Điện Giải Kangen Leveluk K8 Nhật Bản Chính Hãng, Nhung Seven

Nhung Seven

Giới thiệu sản phẩm máy lọc nước điện giải kangen leveluk k8 Nhật Bản chính hãng đến từ thương hiệu kangen water (Enagic). Máy điện giải leveluk k8 (Kangen 8) là loại máy chống oxy hóa mạnh mẽ nhất của Enagic – có 8 tấm titan platin nhúng để cải thiện ion hóa nước và tăng khả năng sản xuất chất chống oxy hoá.

Máy kangen k8 là sản phẩm được nhiều người quan tâm nhất trong thời gian hiện tại với khả năng điện phân cao nhất mang lại nguồn nước sạch dinh dưỡng đảm bảo sức khỏe người dùng ...


Jual Obat Aborsi Malang 082242266717 Toko Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Acep Shop Nov 2019

Jual Obat Aborsi Malang 082242266717 Toko Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Acep Shop

acep shop

Obat Aborsi Malang, Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Malang, Jual Obat Penggugur Kandungan Malang, Jual Obat Cytotec Malang, Jual Obat Aborsi Malang, Jual Obat Abirsi Malang Yang Aman Dan Terpercaya, Obat Aborsi Di Malang, Obat Aborsi Asli Malang.

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Rasa mudah lelah tanpa sebab seringkali muncul di ...


Enhancing Digestibility And Ethanol Yield Of Populus Wood Via Expression Of An Engineered Monolignol 4-O-Methyltransferase, Yuanheng Cai, Kewei Zhang, Hoon Kim, Guichuan Hou, Xuebin Zhang, Huijun Yang, Huan Feng, Lisa Miller, John Ralph, Chang-Jun Liu Nov 2019

Enhancing Digestibility And Ethanol Yield Of Populus Wood Via Expression Of An Engineered Monolignol 4-O-Methyltransferase, Yuanheng Cai, Kewei Zhang, Hoon Kim, Guichuan Hou, Xuebin Zhang, Huijun Yang, Huan Feng, Lisa Miller, John Ralph, Chang-Jun Liu

Huan Feng

Producing cellulosic biofuels and bio-based chemicals from woody biomass is impeded by the presence of lignin polymer in the plant cell wall. Manipulating the monolignol biosynthetic pathway offers a promising approach to improved processability, but often impairs plant growth and development. Here, we show that expressing an engineered 4-O-methyltransferase that chemically modifies the phenolic moiety of lignin monomeric precursors, thus preventing their incorporation into the lignin polymer, substantially alters hybrid aspens’ lignin content and structure. Woody biomass derived from the transgenic aspens shows a 62% increase in the release of simple sugars and up to a 49% increase in the ...


Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas Nov 2019

Embryonic Origin And Genetic Basis Of Cave Associated Phenotypes In The Isopod Crustacean Asellus Aquaticus., Hafasa Mojaddidi, Franco E Fernandez, Priscilla A Erickson, Meredith E. Protas

Meredith Protas

Characteristics common to animals living in subterranean environments include the reduction or absence of eyes, lessened pigmentation and enhanced sensory systems. How these characteristics have evolved is poorly understood for the majority of cave dwelling species. In order to understand the evolution of these changes, this study uses an invertebrate model system, the freshwater isopod crustacean, Asellus aquaticus, to examine whether adult differences between cave and surface dwelling individuals first appear during embryonic development. We hypothesized that antennal elaboration, as well as eye reduction and pigment loss, would be apparent during embryonic development. We found that differences in pigmentation, eye ...


Mite Dna In Mantle Clips, Robert A. Krebs, Brian D. Allen, Na'tasha M. Evans Nov 2019

Mite Dna In Mantle Clips, Robert A. Krebs, Brian D. Allen, Na'tasha M. Evans

Robert A. Krebs

No abstract provided.


Modeling Habitat Of Freshwater Mussels (Bivalvia:Unionidae) In The Lower Great Lakes 25 Years After The Dreissena Invasion, Jonathan M. Bossenbroek, Lyubov E. Burlakova, Todd C. Crail, Alexander Y. Karatayev, Robert A. Krebs, David T. Zanatta Nov 2019

Modeling Habitat Of Freshwater Mussels (Bivalvia:Unionidae) In The Lower Great Lakes 25 Years After The Dreissena Invasion, Jonathan M. Bossenbroek, Lyubov E. Burlakova, Todd C. Crail, Alexander Y. Karatayev, Robert A. Krebs, David T. Zanatta

Robert A. Krebs

Finding remnant populations of species that are of conservation concern can be difficult, particularly in aquatic habitats. Models of ecological niches can aid in the discovery of refuges. Remnant populations of native freshwater mussels (unionids) have been found in Lakes Erie and St Clair. Our goals were to predict undiscovered refuges in Lake Ontario based on habitat analysis from Lake Erie and to conduct surveys to test those predictions. We built a presence-only model on environmental data including attributes of the benthic zone and shoreline where mussels occurred in Lake Erie. We found a link between small- and large-scale variables ...


An Evaluation Of The Genetic Structure Of Mapleleaf Mussels (Quadrula Quadrula) In The Lake Erie Watershed, Wendy L. Paterson, Traci A. Griffith, Robert A. Krebs, Lyubov E. Burlakova, David T. Zanatta Nov 2019

An Evaluation Of The Genetic Structure Of Mapleleaf Mussels (Quadrula Quadrula) In The Lake Erie Watershed, Wendy L. Paterson, Traci A. Griffith, Robert A. Krebs, Lyubov E. Burlakova, David T. Zanatta

Robert A. Krebs

Physical barriers, habitat fragmentation, invasive species and geographic distance have isolated remnant populations of unionids in Great Lakes coastal refuges. Dreissenid species (Dreissena polymorpha and Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) may be the greatest threat to the survival of unionids in the Great Lakes since their introduction in the late 1980s and early 1990s; however, native unionids remain in coastal habitats of western Lake Erie. One of the most abundant unionid species in Lake Erie, Quadrula quadrula, was collected along coastal areas within the lake and from three tributaries, the Maumee River, Huron River (Ohio), and Grand River (Ontario, Canada) and genotyped ...


A Quantitative Evaluation Of Growth In Leptodea Fragilis Before And After The Arrival Of Zebra Mussels In Lake Erie, Elizabeth Barkett, Robert A. Krebs, Matthew T. Begley Nov 2019

A Quantitative Evaluation Of Growth In Leptodea Fragilis Before And After The Arrival Of Zebra Mussels In Lake Erie, Elizabeth Barkett, Robert A. Krebs, Matthew T. Begley

Robert A. Krebs

The arrival of zebra mussels in the Great Lakes in the 1980’s marked several environmental changes, most notably in freshwater mussels in the Unionidae. There are no studies of population demographics of native Great Lake species before this period of time. In this study, several recent shell collections of Leptodea fragilis, a fast-growing freshwater mussel, were made on various beaches along Lake Erie. To compare the effects of the zebra mussels on L. fragilis, we compared growth rates, determined from size and estimated age of shells, to additional collections of L. fragilis from 1941 to 1967available at the Cleveland ...


Streaming?????Bayern Vs Olympiakos Live, Dhfj Fgjfgj Nov 2019

Streaming?????Bayern Vs Olympiakos Live, Dhfj Fgjfgj

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UEFA Champions League, Bayern Munich vs Olympiakos LIVE Streaming: When and Where to Watch Online, TV Telecast, Team News
 
 


Bayern Munich host Olympiakos at the Allianz Arena in the UEFA Champions League.
 
 
Days after Bayern Munich have parted ways with Coach Niko Kovac, the German side will face Olympiakos in their Champions League 2019-20 match day four fixture on Wednesday. The Champions League 2019-20 Bayern Munich vs Olympiakos game is scheduled to take place at the Allianz Arena. Bayern Munich, who lost their German league match to Eintracht Frankfurt ...


Eastern Red-Backed Salamanders Regulate Top-Down Effects In A Temperate Forest-Floor Community, Carl Anthony, Cari-Ann M. Hickerson, B. Michael Walton Nov 2019

Eastern Red-Backed Salamanders Regulate Top-Down Effects In A Temperate Forest-Floor Community, Carl Anthony, Cari-Ann M. Hickerson, B. Michael Walton

Bernard M Walton (Michael)

Understanding the role of species interactions as regulatory mechanisms for ecosystem processes presents a challenge to ecologists working in systems with high species diversity and habitat complexity. Recent studies suggest that interactions among intraguild predators, such as terrestrial salamanders and large arthropods, might be important for the regulation of detritivores, fungivores, and perhaps detritus within terrestrial webs. A key prediction is that interactions among predators weaken trophic cascades. Our research examined this prediction by removing predators for 4 yr from unfenced field plots to investigate the effects on litter arthropods, the microbial community, and rates of leaf litter decomposition. We ...


Pot1‐Independent Single‐Strand Telomeric Dna Binding Activities In Brassicaceae, Eugene V. Shakirov, Thomas D. Mcknight, Dorothy E. Shippen Nov 2019

Pot1‐Independent Single‐Strand Telomeric Dna Binding Activities In Brassicaceae, Eugene V. Shakirov, Thomas D. Mcknight, Dorothy E. Shippen

Yevgeniy (Eugene) Shakirov

Telomeres define the ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes and are required for genome maintenance and continued cell proliferation. The extreme ends of telomeres terminate in a single‐strand protrusion, termed the G‐overhang, which, in vertebrates and fission yeast, is bound by evolutionarily conserved members of the POT1 (protection of telomeres) protein family. Unlike most other model organisms, the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana encodes two divergent POT1‐like proteins. Here we show that the single‐strand telomeric DNA binding activity present in A. thaliana nuclear extracts is not dependent on POT1a or POT1b proteins. Furthermore, in contrast to POT1 proteins ...


Characterization Of The Microbiome And Bioluminescent Symbionts Across Life Stages Of Ceratioid Anglerfishes Of The Gulf Of Mexico, Lindsay L. Freed, Cole Easson, Lydia Baker, D. Fenolio, Tracey Sutton, Yasmin Khan, Patricia Blackwelder, Tory Hendry, Jose Lopez Nov 2019

Characterization Of The Microbiome And Bioluminescent Symbionts Across Life Stages Of Ceratioid Anglerfishes Of The Gulf Of Mexico, Lindsay L. Freed, Cole Easson, Lydia Baker, D. Fenolio, Tracey Sutton, Yasmin Khan, Patricia Blackwelder, Tory Hendry, Jose Lopez

Patricia Blackwelder

The interdependence of diverse organisms through symbiosis reaches even the deepest parts of the oceans. As part of the DEEPEND project (deependconsortium.org) research on deep Gulf of Mexico biodiversity, we profiled the bacterial communities (‘microbiomes’) and luminous symbionts of 36 specimens of adult and larval deep-sea anglerfishes of the suborder Ceratioidei using 16S rDNA. Transmission Electron Microscopy was used to characterize the location of symbionts in adult light organs (esca). Whole larval microbiomes, and adult skin and gut microbiomes, were dominated by bacteria in the genera Moritella and Pseudoalteromonas genera. 16S rDNA sequencing results from adult fishes corroborate the ...


The Effect Of Caffeine On The Bacterial Populations In A Freshwater Aquarium System, Adrienne M. Gibson, Roderick M. Morgan, Alexey G. Nikitin Nov 2019

The Effect Of Caffeine On The Bacterial Populations In A Freshwater Aquarium System, Adrienne M. Gibson, Roderick M. Morgan, Alexey G. Nikitin

Alexey Nikitin

Caffeine is becoming a common chemical found in the environment but, little research has been done to understand the environmental effects of caffeine, including dissolved caffeine in aquatic systems. The goal of this research study was to begin to understand how caffeine may interact with aquatic environment, using the bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas, commonly found in the aquatic habitat. We found that Pseudomonas shows an increase in growth when exposed to caffeine, which results in a change in spectrophotometric absorbance, increase in bacterial colony count in the presence of caffeine, and in bio-film like sheen appearing on the glass ...


Mitochondrial Dna Analysis Of Eneolithic Trypillians From Ukraine Reveals Neolithic Farming Genetic Roots, Alexey Nikitin, Inna Potekhina, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Malcolm Lillie Nov 2019

Mitochondrial Dna Analysis Of Eneolithic Trypillians From Ukraine Reveals Neolithic Farming Genetic Roots, Alexey Nikitin, Inna Potekhina, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Malcolm Lillie

Alexey Nikitin

The agricultural revolution in Eastern Europe began in the Eneolithic with the Cucuteni-Trypillia culture complex. In Ukraine, the Trypillian culture (TC) existed for over two millennia (ca. 5,400±2,700 BCE) and left a wealth of artifacts. Yet, their burial rituals remain a mystery and to date almost nothing is known about the genetic composition of the TC population. One of the very few TC sites where human remains can be found is a cave called Verteba in western Ukraine. This report presents four partial and four complete mitochondrial genomes from nine TC individuals uncovered in the cave. The ...


The Molecular Basis Of High-Altitude Adaptation In Deer Mice, Jay F. Storz, Stephen J. Sabatino, Federico G. Hoffmann, Eben Gering, Hideaki Moriyama, Nuno Ferrand, Bruno Monteiro, Michael W. Nachman Oct 2019

The Molecular Basis Of High-Altitude Adaptation In Deer Mice, Jay F. Storz, Stephen J. Sabatino, Federico G. Hoffmann, Eben Gering, Hideaki Moriyama, Nuno Ferrand, Bruno Monteiro, Michael W. Nachman

Eben Gering

Elucidating genetic mechanisms of adaptation is a goal of central importance in evolutionary biology, yet few empirical studies have succeeded in documenting causal links between molecular variation and organismal fitness in natural populations. Here we report a population genetic analysis of a two-locus α-globin polymorphism that underlies physiological adaptation to high-altitude hypoxia in natural populations of deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus. This system provides a rare opportunity to examine the molecular underpinnings of fitness-related variation in protein function that can be related to a well-defined selection pressure. We surveyed DNA sequence variation in the duplicated α-globin genes of P. maniculatus from ...


Variation In Flight Morphology In A Damselfly With Female-Limited Polymorphism, Emily Jane Mctavish, Genevieve K. Smith, Rafael F. Guerrero, Eben Gering Oct 2019

Variation In Flight Morphology In A Damselfly With Female-Limited Polymorphism, Emily Jane Mctavish, Genevieve K. Smith, Rafael F. Guerrero, Eben Gering

Eben Gering

Background: Female-limited colour polymorphisms occur in many species of dragonflies and damselflies. Often one female morph appears male-like in coloration (androchromes) whereas one or more others are distinct from males (gynochromes). These androchromes are hypothesized to be male-mimics, thereby avoiding the harassment of excessive male mating attempts.

Organism: The damselfly Ischnura ramburii, Rambur’s forktail, is a widespread New World species with androchrome and gynochrome females. It was introduced to the Hawaiian Islands in the mid-1970s and females were thought to be exclusively gynochromatic there.

Questions: How do males and females differ in their flight apparatus? Do females with different ...


Prevalence And Diversity Of Avian Hematozoan Parasites In Asia: A Regional Study, Farah Ishtiaq, Eben Gering, Jon H. Rappole, Asad R. Rahmani, Yadvendradev V. Jhala, Carla J. Dove, Christopher M. Milensky, Storrs L. Olson, Mike A. Peirce, Robert C. Fleischer Oct 2019

Prevalence And Diversity Of Avian Hematozoan Parasites In Asia: A Regional Study, Farah Ishtiaq, Eben Gering, Jon H. Rappole, Asad R. Rahmani, Yadvendradev V. Jhala, Carla J. Dove, Christopher M. Milensky, Storrs L. Olson, Mike A. Peirce, Robert C. Fleischer

Eben Gering

Tissue samples from 699 birds from three regions of Asia (Myanmar, India, and South Korea) were screened for evidence of infection by avian parasites in the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus. Samples were collected from November 1994 to October 2004. We identified 241 infected birds (34.0%). Base-on-sequence data for the cytochrome b gene from 221 positive samples, 34 distinct lineages of Plasmodium, and 41 of Haemoproteus were detected. Parasite diversity was highest in Myanmar followed by India and South Korea. Parasite prevalence differed among regions but not among host families. There were four lineages of Plasmodium and one of Haemoproteus ...


Mixed Ancestry And Admixture In Kauai's Feral Chickens: Invasion Of Domestic Genes Into Ancient Red Junglefowl Reservoirs, Eben Gering, M. Johnsson, P. Willis, T. Getty, D. Wright Oct 2019

Mixed Ancestry And Admixture In Kauai's Feral Chickens: Invasion Of Domestic Genes Into Ancient Red Junglefowl Reservoirs, Eben Gering, M. Johnsson, P. Willis, T. Getty, D. Wright

Eben Gering

A major goal of invasion genetics is to determine how establishment histories shape non‐native organisms' genotypes and phenotypes. While domesticated species commonly escape cultivation to invade feral habitats, few studies have examined how this process shapes feral gene pools and traits. We collected genomic and phenotypic data from feral chickens (Gallus gallus) on the Hawaiian island of Kauai to (i) ascertain their origins and (ii) measure standing variation in feral genomes, morphology and behaviour. Mitochondrial phylogenies (D‐loop & whole Mt genome) revealed two divergent clades within our samples. The rare clade also contains sequences from Red Junglefowl (the domestic ...


Maladaptation In Feral And Domesticated Animals, Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, R. Henriksen, Dominic Wright Oct 2019

Maladaptation In Feral And Domesticated Animals, Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, R. Henriksen, Dominic Wright

Eben Gering

Selection regimes and population structures can be powerfully changed by domestication and feralization, and these changes can modulate animal fitness in both captive and natural environments. In this review, we synthesize recent studies of these two processes and consider their impacts on organismal and population fitness. Domestication and feralization offer multiple windows into the forms and mechanisms of maladaptation. Firstly, domestic and feral organisms that exhibit suboptimal traits or fitness allow us to identify their underlying causes within tractable research systems. This has facilitated significant progress in our general understandings of genotype–phenotype relationships, fitness trade‐offs, and the roles ...


Getting Back To Nature: Feralization In Animals And Plants, Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, R. Henriksen, Jeffrey Conner, Thomas Getty, Dominic Wright Oct 2019

Getting Back To Nature: Feralization In Animals And Plants, Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, R. Henriksen, Jeffrey Conner, Thomas Getty, Dominic Wright

Eben Gering

Formerly domesticated organisms and artificially selected genes often escape controlled cultivation, but their subsequent evolution is not well studied. In this review, we examine plant and animal feralization through an evolutionary lens, including how natural selection, artificial selection, and gene flow shape feral genomes, traits, and fitness. Available evidence shows that feralization is not a mere reversal of domestication. Instead, it is shaped by the varied and complex histories of feral populations, and by novel selection pressures. To stimulate further insight we outline several future directions. These include testing how ‘domestication genes’ act in wild settings, studying the brains and ...


Feralisation Targets Different Genomic Loci To Domestication In The Chicken, M. Johnsson, Eben Gering, P. Willis, S. Lopez, L. Van Dorp, G. Hellenthal, R. Henriksen, U. Friberg, D. Wright Oct 2019

Feralisation Targets Different Genomic Loci To Domestication In The Chicken, M. Johnsson, Eben Gering, P. Willis, S. Lopez, L. Van Dorp, G. Hellenthal, R. Henriksen, U. Friberg, D. Wright

Eben Gering

Feralisation occurs when a domestic population recolonizes the wild, escaping its previous restricted environment, and has been considered as the reverse of domestication. We have previously shown that Kauai Island's feral chickens are a highly variable and admixed population. Here we map selective sweeps in feral Kauai chickens using whole-genome sequencing. The detected sweeps were mostly unique to feralisation and distinct to those selected for during domestication. To ascribe potential phenotypic functions to these genes we utilize a laboratory-controlled equivalent to the Kauai population—an advanced intercross between Red Junglefowl and domestic layer birds that has been used previously ...


Policing A Negotiated World: A Partial Test Of Klinger’S Ecological Theory Of Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi Oct 2019

Policing A Negotiated World: A Partial Test Of Klinger’S Ecological Theory Of Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi

Christopher Salvatore

The primary goal of the current study is to examine a portion of Klinger’s theory. Specifically, we test the influence of organizational and environmental contextual factors, guided by Klinger’s theory, on one measure of officer vigor. To date, few studies have taken this approach to examine Klinger’s theory. The study builds on prior research that has tested aspects of Klinger’s theory and adds new analytic strategies that prior studies have not used. The results of this study have implications for both theory and practice, and they add to the growing literature examining the influence of ecological ...


Prime-Natural-Cbd-Oil.Png, Rippleiesth Leiesth Oct 2019

Prime-Natural-Cbd-Oil.Png, Rippleiesth Leiesth

Rippleiesth leiesth

Made with generally high assembling principles and tried for intensity and consistency, SeraRelief CBD Hemp Oil has no reactions. It is free of harmful synthetic compounds like pesticides, bug sprays, and herbicides. This oil is non-GMO, veggie lover benevolent, and all common.


Aposematic Signal Variation Predicts Male-Male Interactions In A Polymorphic Poison Frog, Laura Crothers, Eben Gering, Molly Cummings Oct 2019

Aposematic Signal Variation Predicts Male-Male Interactions In A Polymorphic Poison Frog, Laura Crothers, Eben Gering, Molly Cummings

Eben Gering

Many species use conspicuous “aposematic” signals to communicate unpalatability/unprofitability to potential predators. Although aposematic traits are generally considered to be classic examples of evolution by natural selection, they can also function in the context of sexual selection, and therefore comprise exceptional systems for understanding how conspicuous signals evolve under multifarious selection. We used males from a highly territorial poison frog species in a dichotomous choice behavioral test to conduct the first examination of how aposematic signal variation influences male–male interactions. Our results reveal two behavioral patterns: (1) male dorsal brightness influences the behaviors of male conspecifics such that ...


A Method For Rearing Large Quantities Of The Damselfly, Ischnura Ramburii (Odonata: Coenagrionidae), In The Laboratory, Jason L. Locklin, Joshua S. Huckabee, Eben Gering Oct 2019

A Method For Rearing Large Quantities Of The Damselfly, Ischnura Ramburii (Odonata: Coenagrionidae), In The Laboratory, Jason L. Locklin, Joshua S. Huckabee, Eben Gering

Eben Gering

Laboratory based experimental designs typically require large sample sizes of genetically related organisms at the same developmental stage. Several described methods for rearing damselflies have been published, but these methods require laborious techniques when rearing large quantities of damselflies simultaneously. We have developed a relatively easy and inexpensive method for rearing large quantities of a coenagrionid damselfly that streamlines previously published methods and employs new techniques that increase efficiency and yield. Culturing large numbers of damselflies in the laboratory is manageable and opens diverse research avenues.