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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Expression Pattern Of The Tonoplast Intrinsic Protein Γ-Tip In Arabidopsis Thaliana Is Correlated With Cell Enlargement, Edward Himelblau, Herman Hofte, Dolors Ludevid, Maarten J. Chrispeels Dec 1992

The Expression Pattern Of The Tonoplast Intrinsic Protein Γ-Tip In Arabidopsis Thaliana Is Correlated With Cell Enlargement, Edward Himelblau, Herman Hofte, Dolors Ludevid, Maarten J. Chrispeels

Biological Sciences

The vacuolar membrane (tonoplast) contains an abundant intrinsic protein with six membrane-spanning domains that is encoded by a small gene family. Different isoforms of tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) are expressed in different tissues or as a result of specific signals. Using promoter-β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusions and in situ hybridization, we have examined the expression of γ-TIP in Arabidopsis thaliana. GUS staining of plants transformed with promoter-GUS fusions showed that γ-TIP gene expression is high in recently formed tissues of young roots. In the shoot, γ-TIP gene expression was highest in the vascular bundles of stems and petioles, as well as in ...


Elucidation Of The Complete Azorhizobium Nicotinate Catabolism Pathway, Christopher Kitts, Jerome P. Lapointe, Van Thai Lam, Robert A. Ludwig Dec 1992

Elucidation Of The Complete Azorhizobium Nicotinate Catabolism Pathway, Christopher Kitts, Jerome P. Lapointe, Van Thai Lam, Robert A. Ludwig

Biological Sciences

A complete pathway for Azorhizobium caulinodans nicotinate catabolism has been determined from mutant phenotype analyses, isolation of metabolic intermediates, and structural studies. Nicotinate serves as a respiratory electron donor to O2 via a membrane-bound hydroxylase and a specific c-type cytochrome oxidase. The resulting oxidized product, 6-hydroxynicotinate, is next reduced to 1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-6-oxonicotinate. Hydrolytic ring breakage follows, with release of pyridine N as ammonium. Decarboxylation then releases the nicotinate C-7 carboxyl group as CO2, and the remaining C skeleton is then oxidized to yield glutarate. Transthioesterification with succinyl coenzyme A (succinyl-CoA) yields glutaryl-CoA, which is then oxidatively ...


The Occurrence And Effect Of A Protozoan Parasite, Ophryocystis Elektroscirrha (Neogregarinida: Ophryocystidae) On Overwintering Monarch Butterflies, Danaus Plexippus (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) From Two California Winter Sites, Kingston L. H. Leong, H. K. Kaya, Michael A. Yoshimura, Dennis F. Frey Nov 1992

The Occurrence And Effect Of A Protozoan Parasite, Ophryocystis Elektroscirrha (Neogregarinida: Ophryocystidae) On Overwintering Monarch Butterflies, Danaus Plexippus (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) From Two California Winter Sites, Kingston L. H. Leong, H. K. Kaya, Michael A. Yoshimura, Dennis F. Frey

Biological Sciences

1. Monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus, from two overwintering populations, were found to have Ophryocystis elektroscirrha spores on their scales at rates between 53% and 68%. The frequency of butterflies with O.elektroscirrhaspores remained about the same between sites and throughout the winter.

2. The spores, recovered from all parts of the body of the butterfly, were most numerous on the abdomen, particularly near the posterior third.

3. Butterflies with spores survived as long as those without detectable spores at 10.1°C ±0.4 SE and 78.3% r.h. ±0.6SE. Insects with spores held at 19.4 ...


Two-Dimensional Analysis Of Skim Milk Proteins Using Preparative Isoelectric Focusing Followed By Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Hye-Hyun Y. Kim, Rafael Jiménez-Flores Oct 1992

Two-Dimensional Analysis Of Skim Milk Proteins Using Preparative Isoelectric Focusing Followed By Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Hye-Hyun Y. Kim, Rafael Jiménez-Flores

Dairy Science

A preparative isoelectric focusing (IEF) method was applied to separate skim milk proteins using the Rotofor device in a pH 3-10 gradient containing 4 M urea/1% triton X-100. Each of the 20 fractions obtained from the Rotofor device was then analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Both urea-PAGE and SDS-PAGE were used to separate purified caseins and skim milk resulting in comparable two-dimensional pattern. The major bovine caseins (αs1, αs2, β, κ-casein) were resolved better on urea-PAGE. The αs1- and β -casein were focused at pH ~ 4.5 and 4.8, respectively, whereas αs2-caseins ...


Utilizing Iron In Turfgrass Management, David J. Wehner Jul 1992

Utilizing Iron In Turfgrass Management, David J. Wehner

Office of the Dean (CAFES) Scholarship

The purpose of this article is to review some of the basic information on iron, look at one of the discoveries made during the 1980s, and present some of the published research studies that have been conducted with iron on turfgrasses. Additional information on the use of iron can be found in popular magazines and in the proceedings of turfgrass conferences.


Giant Sequoia Insect, Disease, And Ecosystem Interactions, Douglas D. Piirto Jun 1992

Giant Sequoia Insect, Disease, And Ecosystem Interactions, Douglas D. Piirto

Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences

Individual trees of giant sequoia (Sequoia gigantea [Lindl.] Decne.) have demonstrated a capacity to attain both a long life and very large size. It is not uncommon to find old-growth giant sequoia trees in their native range that are 1,500 years old and over 15 feet in diameter at breast height. The ability of individual giant sequoia trees to survive over such long periods of time has often been attributed to the species high resistance to disease, insect, and fire damage. Such a statement, however, is a gross oversimplification, given broader ecosystem and temporal interactions. For example, why isn ...


Comparative Stress Dynamics Of Brood Stock Striped Bass Morone Saxatilis Associated With Two Capture Techniques, Reginal M. Harrell, Mark A. Moline Mar 1992

Comparative Stress Dynamics Of Brood Stock Striped Bass Morone Saxatilis Associated With Two Capture Techniques, Reginal M. Harrell, Mark A. Moline

Biological Sciences

Mature striped bass (Morone saxatilis) were collected from the spawning reaches of the Choptank River, Maryland for the purpose of evaluating stress effects associated with capture. Two commonly used capture devices were evaluated—gillnetting and electrofishing. Results indicated that stress, as measured by changes in plasma corticosteroid and chloride concentrations, was significantly lower and recovery time quicker in those fish captured by electrofishing compared to gillnetting. By the end of the study period (48 h), those fish captured by electrofishing had recovered from the initial capture shock as evidenced by corticosteroid levels returning to near baseline levels. Conversely, at 48 ...


Enterprise Projects: Experiential Learning In Applied Entomology, Mark D. Shelton Jan 1992

Enterprise Projects: Experiential Learning In Applied Entomology, Mark D. Shelton

Office of the Dean (CAFES) Scholarship

During 1924, when jobs for college students were difficult to find in San Luis Obispo, Calif., a group of entrepreneurial students at the California Polytechnic School negotiated an $80 bank loan from a local lender to raise chickens. Parents and college faculty cosigned the loan, and thus was born the Agricultural Enterprise Program.


New Combinations In Gnaphalium (Asteraceae: Inuleae), G. Ledyard Stebbins, David J. Keil Jan 1992

New Combinations In Gnaphalium (Asteraceae: Inuleae), G. Ledyard Stebbins, David J. Keil

Biological Sciences

Because of extensive morphological intermediacy, plants formerly distinguished at the species level as Gnaphalium beneolens, G. microcephalum, G. thermale, and G. wrightii are treated as intergrading races of the widespread G. canescens. The new combinations, G. canescens subsp. beneolens, G. canescens subsp. microcephalum and G. canescens subsp. thermale are made.


Palmer Lter Program: Spatial Variability In Phytoplankton Distribution And Surface Photosynthetic Potential Within The Peninsula Grid, November 1991, Barbara B. Prezelin, Nicholas P. Boucher, Mark A. Moline, Elise Stephens, Keith Seydel, Kai Scheppe Jan 1992

Palmer Lter Program: Spatial Variability In Phytoplankton Distribution And Surface Photosynthetic Potential Within The Peninsula Grid, November 1991, Barbara B. Prezelin, Nicholas P. Boucher, Mark A. Moline, Elise Stephens, Keith Seydel, Kai Scheppe

Biological Sciences

No abstract provided.


Palmer Lter: Temporal Variability In Hplc Pigmentation And Inorganic Nutrient Distribution In Surface Waters Adjacent To Palmer Station, December 1991-February 1992, Barbara B. Prezelin, Mark A. Moline, Keith Seydel, Kai Scheppe Jan 1992

Palmer Lter: Temporal Variability In Hplc Pigmentation And Inorganic Nutrient Distribution In Surface Waters Adjacent To Palmer Station, December 1991-February 1992, Barbara B. Prezelin, Mark A. Moline, Keith Seydel, Kai Scheppe

Biological Sciences

No abstract provided.


Pleistocene Terrestrial Vertebrates From Near Point San Luis, And Other Localities In San Luis Obispo County, California, George T. Jefferson, Harry L. Fierstine, John R. Wesling, Teh-Lung Ku Jan 1992

Pleistocene Terrestrial Vertebrates From Near Point San Luis, And Other Localities In San Luis Obispo County, California, George T. Jefferson, Harry L. Fierstine, John R. Wesling, Teh-Lung Ku

Biological Sciences

Terrestrial vertebrate remains were recovered from sediments that lie on remnants of the lowest marine wave-cut platform between Point Buchon and Point San Luis. Uranium series ages of these samples, which range from 83 to about 49 ka suggest a correlation to late Pleistocene climatic and eustatic events associated with marine oxygen isotope substage 5a, and establish a maximum age of ≈80 ka for the occurrence of terrestrial mammal fossils. The Point San Luis area assemblage appears typical of the late Pleistocene regional vertebrate paleofauna fauna from west-central California. Five mammalian taxa are added to the Pleistocene record from San ...


Phosphorus Sorption By Gravels In Lateritic Soils, D. M. Weaver, G. S.P. Ritchie, R. J. Gilkes Jan 1992

Phosphorus Sorption By Gravels In Lateritic Soils, D. M. Weaver, G. S.P. Ritchie, R. J. Gilkes

Food Science and Nutrition

The effect of sesquioxidic gravels (>2 mm size fraction) on phosphorus sorption by two gravelly lateritic soils was investigated by phosphorus sorption experiments, X-ray diffraction, autoradiography and electron microscopy.In one soil the abundance and size of gravels decreased downslope. As the gravel content of both soils increased (13-61%), the proportion of large (>8 mm) gravels increased (0-70%). Phosphorus sorption increased in the order: (>2 mm fraction) < (whole soils) < (2 mm) decreased with increasing gravel size and increased with increasing time. Phosphorus sorption by whole soils decreased with increasing gravel content. Phosphorus sorption by the >2 mm fraction was principally by the external surfaces of the gravels. The estimation of phosphorus application rates for lateritic soils depended on the amount of phosphorus required by the plant and the ...


Fitness: A Viable Adjunct To Treatment For Young Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities, Karen V. Unger, Gary S. Skrinar, Dori S. Hutchinson, Ann Yelmokas Mcdermott Jan 1992

Fitness: A Viable Adjunct To Treatment For Young Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities, Karen V. Unger, Gary S. Skrinar, Dori S. Hutchinson, Ann Yelmokas Mcdermott

Kinesiology

The role of physical illness as a factor of mental illness and the positive effects of exercise on psychological functioning are examined A study of six persons who participated in a fitness program as an adjunct to an existing psychoeducational program is discussed. Methodology, description of the students, results, and personal responses to the fitness program are described. outcomes include a slight decrease in body fat and an increase in cardiovascular fitness as measured by oxygen intake. Although a formal measure of self esteem did not show changes over the course of the study, students report positive attitude changes. An ...