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Country Of Birth And Prevalence Of Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert Millikan, Kurt R. Maurer, Meena Khare, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler Jan 2000

Country Of Birth And Prevalence Of Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert Millikan, Kurt R. Maurer, Meena Khare, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler

Kinesiology

OBJECTIVES: This research sought to describe the association between country of birth and gallbladder disease (GBD) in Mexican Americans, identify subgroups at especially high risk, and identify risk factors that may mediate a birthplace-GBD association. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Our study population included 4157 Mexican Americans aged 20-74 who participated in the 1988-94 third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. GBD was diagnosed by ultrasound. Information on country of birth, education, income, and selected GBD risk factors was obtained from interviews. Prevalence odds ratios (POR) for GBD in Mexico- vs. US-born Mexican Americans were estimated by unconditional logistic regression, along with ...


Short-Term Progressive Resistance Training Increases Strength And Lean Body Mass In Adults Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Ronenn Roubenoff, Ann Mcdermott, Lauren Weiss, Juliet Suri, Michael Wood, Rina Bloch, Sherwood Gorbach Nov 1999

Short-Term Progressive Resistance Training Increases Strength And Lean Body Mass In Adults Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Ronenn Roubenoff, Ann Mcdermott, Lauren Weiss, Juliet Suri, Michael Wood, Rina Bloch, Sherwood Gorbach

Kinesiology

To assess the efficacy of progressive resistance training (PRT) in increasing strength and lean body mass (LBM) in HIV-infected adults.


Food Intake Patterns And Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert F. Devellis, Kurt R. Maurer, Meena Khare, Lenore Kohlmeier, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler Sep 1999

Food Intake Patterns And Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert F. Devellis, Kurt R. Maurer, Meena Khare, Lenore Kohlmeier, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler

Kinesiology

Objective: Results of previous studies on diet and gallbladder disease (GBD), defined as having gallstones or having had surgery for gallstones, have been inconsistent. This research examined patterns of food intake in Mexican Americans and their associations with GBD. Design: Cross-sectional. Subjects: The study population included 4641 Mexican Americans aged 20±74 years who participated in the 1988±94 third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). GBD was diagnosed by ultrasound. Food intake patterns were identifed by principal components analysis based on food frequency questionnaire responses. Component scores representing the level of intake of each pattern were categorized ...


A Pilot Study Of Exercise Training To Reduce Trunk Fat In Adults With Hiv-Associated Fat Redistribution, Ronenn Roubenoff, Lauren Weiss, Ann Mcdermott, Tanya Heflin, Gregory J. Cloutier, Michael Wood, Sherwood Gorbach Jul 1999

A Pilot Study Of Exercise Training To Reduce Trunk Fat In Adults With Hiv-Associated Fat Redistribution, Ronenn Roubenoff, Lauren Weiss, Ann Mcdermott, Tanya Heflin, Gregory J. Cloutier, Michael Wood, Sherwood Gorbach

Kinesiology

Body fat redistribution (‘lipodystrophy’), with gain in abdominal and trunk fat, and decline in facial and limb fat, is a newly recognized problem in patients with HIV infection that has been linked to use of HIV-1 protease inhibitors. Increased abdominal fat may predispose these patients to hypertension, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. At this time no effective treatment is available. We examined whether exercise training could reduce trunk fat in men with fat redistribution.


Calculation Of Population Attributable Risk For Alcohol And Breast Cancer (United States), Marilyn Tseng, Clarice R. Weinberg, David M. Umbach, Matthew P. Longnecker Apr 1999

Calculation Of Population Attributable Risk For Alcohol And Breast Cancer (United States), Marilyn Tseng, Clarice R. Weinberg, David M. Umbach, Matthew P. Longnecker

Kinesiology

Objectives: Because of increasing evidence that alcohol may be causally associated with breast cancer, we reconsider the population attributable risk (PAR) for alcohol and breast cancer for the US adult female population using an effect estimate from a meta- analysis and incorporating a revised perspective on measurement error correction. Methods: To estimate PAR, we employed a formula appropriate to use with an adjusted effect estimate. To estimate intermediate quantities needed to apply that formula, we used adjusted relative risk estimates from a previously published meta- analysis, as well as SEER cancer statistics and general population data from the third National ...


Dietary Intake And Gallbladder Disease: A Review, Marilyn Tseng, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler Jan 1999

Dietary Intake And Gallbladder Disease: A Review, Marilyn Tseng, James E. Everhart, Robert S. Sandler

Kinesiology

Objective: Dietary intake has long been looked upon as a potentially modifiable risk factor for gallbladder disease (GBD), here defined as either having gallstones or having had surgery for gallstones. This paper reviews the epidemiological evidence for an association between dietary intake and GBD, focusing on six dietary factors that have received the most attention in studies in this area: energy intake, fatty acids, cholesterol, carbohydrates and fibre, calcium and alcohol. The objectives of this review are to evaluate the potential usefulness of altering the diet to prevent GBD and to consider future research in this area. Design: We reviewed ...


Genetic Admixture And Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert C. Williams, Kurt R. Maurer, Moses S. Schanfield, William C. Knowler, James E. Everhart Jul 1998

Genetic Admixture And Gallbladder Disease In Mexican Americans, Marilyn Tseng, Robert C. Williams, Kurt R. Maurer, Moses S. Schanfield, William C. Knowler, James E. Everhart

Kinesiology

Gallbladder disease is a common source of morbidity in the Mexican American population. Genetic heritage has been proposed as a possible contributor, but evidence for this is limited. Because gallbladder disease has been associated with Native American heritage, genetic admixture may serve as a useful proxy for genetic susceptibility to the disease in epidemiologic studies. The objective of our study was to examine thepossibility that gallbladder disease is associated with greater Native American admixture in Mexican Americans. This study used data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and was based on 1,145 Mexican Americans who underwent gallbladder ...


Alcohol, Hormones, And Postmenopausal Women, Matthew P. Longnecker, Marilyn Tseng Jan 1998

Alcohol, Hormones, And Postmenopausal Women, Matthew P. Longnecker, Marilyn Tseng

Kinesiology

Many women take supplemental estrogens after menopause, a practice called hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Moderate alcohol consumption may increase estrogen levels in women receiving HRT, potentially affecting their risk for various adverse health effects. Two recent studies, however, provide no strong evidence for an effect of alcohol on hormones in postmenopausal women. The possible association between alcohol consumption and risk of cancer of the breast does not appear to be mediated by estrogens. Both estrogens and moderate alcohol consumption have been associated with a decreased risk for cardiovascular disease; however, alcohol’s beneficial effect on heart disease does not appear ...


Dietary Iron And Recurrence Of Colorectal Adenomas, Marilyn Tseng, Robert S. Sandler, E. Robert Greenberg, Jack S. Mandel, Robert W. Haile, John A. Baron Jun 1997

Dietary Iron And Recurrence Of Colorectal Adenomas, Marilyn Tseng, Robert S. Sandler, E. Robert Greenberg, Jack S. Mandel, Robert W. Haile, John A. Baron

Kinesiology

Previous research suggests that iron acts as a prooxidant to increase the risk of colorectal neoplasia. This study examined effects of dietary intake of iron on colorectal adenoma recurrence using data from an antioxidant clinical trial. All subjects were free of polyps at study entry but had at least one adenoma removed within the 3 months before enrollment. Follow-up colonoseopies were conducted after 1 and 4 years. Patients who developed one or more adenomatous polyps between years 1 and 4 were classified as cases; all others were controls. Dietary iron intake at baseline and at the end of the study ...


Micronutrients And The Risk Of Colorectal Adenomas, Marilyn Tseng, Sharon C. Murray, Lawrence L. Kupper, Robert S. Sandler Dec 1996

Micronutrients And The Risk Of Colorectal Adenomas, Marilyn Tseng, Sharon C. Murray, Lawrence L. Kupper, Robert S. Sandler

Kinesiology

Recent studies suggest that micronutrients, especially folate, calcium, iron, and antioxidant vitamins, affect the risk of colorectal neoplasia. The objective of this case-control study was to examine the association between these micronutrients and the risk of colorectal adenomas. The study was based on 236 cases with adenomatous polyps or cancer and 409 controls, all colonoscopy patients at University of North Carolina Hospitals between July 1988 and March 1991. After colonoscopy, subjects were interviewed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and average daily nutrient intakes were calculated. Sex-specific odds ratios relative to the lowest quartile of intake for each micronutrient were ...


Fitness: A Viable Adjunct To Treatment For Young Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities, Karen V. Unger, Gary S. Skrinar, Dori S. Hutchinson, Ann Yelmokas Mcdermott Jan 1992

Fitness: A Viable Adjunct To Treatment For Young Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities, Karen V. Unger, Gary S. Skrinar, Dori S. Hutchinson, Ann Yelmokas Mcdermott

Kinesiology

The role of physical illness as a factor of mental illness and the positive effects of exercise on psychological functioning are examined A study of six persons who participated in a fitness program as an adjunct to an existing psychoeducational program is discussed. Methodology, description of the students, results, and personal responses to the fitness program are described. outcomes include a slight decrease in body fat and an increase in cardiovascular fitness as measured by oxygen intake. Although a formal measure of self esteem did not show changes over the course of the study, students report positive attitude changes. An ...