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Food Science Education, Research, And Professional Development, Phillip S. Tong Oct 2016

Food Science Education, Research, And Professional Development, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

Food science knowledge and experience obtained through education, research, and professional development are the engines for innovative solutions that have historically solved key challenges in providing food for man since ancient times, and hold the key to meeting future needs of a growing global population. The systems in place that have been used to evolve our education programs conduct research and provide continuous learning opportunities that are essential to insuring a vibrant and widely available nutritious, safe, and wholesome food supply. This article provides an overview of the topics of the hierarchy related to food science education, research, and professional ...


Short Communication: Effect Of Storage Temperature On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrate 80 (Mpc80) Treated With Nacl Or Kcl, V. Sikand, P.S. Tong, J. Walker, T. Wang, L.E. Rodriguez-Saona Mar 2016

Short Communication: Effect Of Storage Temperature On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrate 80 (Mpc80) Treated With Nacl Or Kcl, V. Sikand, P.S. Tong, J. Walker, T. Wang, L.E. Rodriguez-Saona

Dairy Science

A previous study in our laboratory showed that addition of 150 mM NaCl or KCl into diafiltration water improved the solubility of freshly made milk protein concentrate 80 (MPC80). In the present study, the objectives were (1) to evaluate the solubility of NaCl- or KCl-treated MPC80 samples kept at varying temperatures and then stored for extensive periods at room temperature (21°C ± 1°C); and (2) to determine if MPC80 samples stored at different temperatures and protein conformation can be grouped or categorized together. Freshly manufactured MPC80 samples were untreated (control), processed with NaCl, or processed with KCl. One ...


Culturally Speaking: Ways To Tame Our Sweet Tooth, Phillip Tong Feb 2016

Culturally Speaking: Ways To Tame Our Sweet Tooth, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Culturally Speaking: Of Rotary Phones And Dairy Foods, Phillip Tong Dec 2015

Culturally Speaking: Of Rotary Phones And Dairy Foods, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Partial Calcium Depletion During Membrane Filtration Affects Gelation Of Reconstituted Milk Protein Concentrates, H. Eshpari, R. Jiménez-Flores, P. S. Tong, M. Corredig Dec 2015

Partial Calcium Depletion During Membrane Filtration Affects Gelation Of Reconstituted Milk Protein Concentrates, H. Eshpari, R. Jiménez-Flores, P. S. Tong, M. Corredig

Dairy Science

Milk protein concentrate powders (MPC) with improved rehydration properties are often manufactured using processing steps, such as acidification and high-pressure processing, and with addition of other ingredients, such as sodium chloride, during their production. These steps are known to increase the amount of serum caseins or modify the mineral equilibrium, hence improving solubility of the retentates. The processing functionality of the micelles may be affected. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of partial acidification by adding glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) to skim milk during membrane filtration on the structural changes of the casein micelles by observing their chymosin-induced ...


Culturally Speaking: Beyond The Dairy Case: Cultured Products As Food Ingredients, Phillip Tong Sep 2015

Culturally Speaking: Beyond The Dairy Case: Cultured Products As Food Ingredients, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Culturally Speaking: Move Over Blueberry: Make Way For Parsnip Yogurt, Phillip S. Tong Feb 2015

Culturally Speaking: Move Over Blueberry: Make Way For Parsnip Yogurt, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Culturally Speaking: The Time Is Right For Drinkable Yogurts To Take Off In The United States, Phillip Tong Feb 2014

Culturally Speaking: The Time Is Right For Drinkable Yogurts To Take Off In The United States, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Culturally Speaking: You Don't Know Beans About Cottage Cheese, Phillip Tong Dec 2013

Culturally Speaking: You Don't Know Beans About Cottage Cheese, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Culturally Speaking: Lactose Intolerance: A Condition As Old As The Stone Age, Phillip Tong Sep 2013

Culturally Speaking: Lactose Intolerance: A Condition As Old As The Stone Age, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Adding Salt During The Diafiltration Step Of Milk Protein Concentrate Powder Manufacture On Mineral And Soluble Protein Composition, Vandna Sikand, Phillip S. Tong, John Walker Jul 2013

Effect Of Adding Salt During The Diafiltration Step Of Milk Protein Concentrate Powder Manufacture On Mineral And Soluble Protein Composition, Vandna Sikand, Phillip S. Tong, John Walker

Dairy Science

Milk protein concentrate (MPC) powders offer a great potential for use in an array of food applications because of their nutritional and functional values. However, MPC powders with protein content ≥80% (MPC80) exhibit poor solubility and hence restrict their potential use. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of adding salt during the diafiltration stage of MPC80 manufacture on solubility, turbidity, and to compare minerals and protein content of supernatants of ultracentrifuged samples with control sample. Three types of samples were produced: MPC80-C (control) with or without salt treatment, MPC80-Na (150 mM NaCl), and MPC80-K (150 mM ...


Milk Fat Globule Membrane Isolated From Buttermilk Or Whey Cream And Their Lipid Components Inhibit Infectivity Of Rotavirus In Vitro, K. L. Fuller, T. B. Kuhlenschmidt, M. S. Kuhlenschmidt, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, S M. Donovan Jun 2013

Milk Fat Globule Membrane Isolated From Buttermilk Or Whey Cream And Their Lipid Components Inhibit Infectivity Of Rotavirus In Vitro, K. L. Fuller, T. B. Kuhlenschmidt, M. S. Kuhlenschmidt, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, S M. Donovan

Dairy Science

Milk fat is encapsulated in a milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) that contains bioactive glycoproteins and glycolipids. The MFGM inhibits infectivity of rotavirus (RV), activity that has been attributed to its glycoprotein and carbohydrate components. However, previous studies of proteins and oligosaccharides in the MGFM have not accounted for all the bioactivity associated with the complete MFGM. The lipid fraction of the MFGM accounts for half of its composition by weight, and we postulate that this fraction should be tested by itself to determine if it plays a role in antiviral activity. Herein, the anti-RV activity of an organic extract ...


Culturally Speaking: Options For Making Greek Yogurt, Phillip Tong May 2013

Culturally Speaking: Options For Making Greek Yogurt, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Rna Sequencing To Study Gene Expression And Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Variation Associated With Citrate Content In Cow Milk, A. Cánovas, G. Rincón, A. Islas-Trejo, R. Jiménez-Flores, A. Laubscher, J. F. Medrano Apr 2013

Rna Sequencing To Study Gene Expression And Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Variation Associated With Citrate Content In Cow Milk, A. Cánovas, G. Rincón, A. Islas-Trejo, R. Jiménez-Flores, A. Laubscher, J. F. Medrano

Dairy Science

The technological properties of milk have significant importance for the dairy industry. Citrate, a normal constituent of milk, forms one of the main buffer systems that regulate the equilibrium between Ca2+ and H+ ions. Higher-than-normal citrate content is associated with poor coagulation properties of milk. To identify the genes responsible for the variation of citrate content in milk in dairy cattle, the metabolic steps involved in citrate and fatty acid synthesis pathways in ruminant mammary tissue using RNA sequencing were studied. Genetic markers that could influence milk citrate content in Holstein cows were used in a marker-trait association study to ...


Effects Of Addition Of Somatic Cells To Caprine Milk On Cheese Quality, D. Sánchez-Macías, A. Morales-Delanuez, A. Torres, L. E. Hernández-Castellano, R. Jiménez-Flores, N Castro, A. Argüello Apr 2013

Effects Of Addition Of Somatic Cells To Caprine Milk On Cheese Quality, D. Sánchez-Macías, A. Morales-Delanuez, A. Torres, L. E. Hernández-Castellano, R. Jiménez-Flores, N Castro, A. Argüello

Dairy Science

Milk quality criteria and limits for somatic cell count (SCC) established in many countries make it difficult to maintain SCC of bulk tank goat milk below the threshold, due to non-infection factors linked to goat physiology. The aim of this study was to objectively verify the effects of SCC on fresh caprine milk cheese. Somatic cells were recovered from pooled healthy goat milk, and added to low SCC raw or pasteurised goat milk. Miniature cheeses were made and evaluated after 1 and 7 d. Somatic cells had a major effect on lipolysis, increasing free fatty acids regardless of whether milk ...


Culturally Speaking: Deliver The Full Benefits Of Cultures, Phillip Tong Feb 2013

Culturally Speaking: Deliver The Full Benefits Of Cultures, Phillip Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


How Cultured Dairy Products Can Have A Long Shelf Life And A Clean Label, Phillip S. Tong Dec 2012

How Cultured Dairy Products Can Have A Long Shelf Life And A Clean Label, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Dietary Fat Composition Influences Tissue Lipid Profile And Gene Expression In Fischer-344 Rats, Albert L. Zhou, Korry J. Hintze, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Robert E. Ward Dec 2012

Dietary Fat Composition Influences Tissue Lipid Profile And Gene Expression In Fischer-344 Rats, Albert L. Zhou, Korry J. Hintze, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Robert E. Ward

Dairy Science

The AIN-76A diet causes fatty liver in rodents when fed for long periods of time. The aimof this study was to utilize fatty acid analysis and transcriptomics to investigate the effects of different fat sources in the AIN-76A diet on tissue lipid profiles and gene expression in male, weanling Fischer-344 rats. Animals were fed isocaloric diets that differed only in the fat source: (1) corn oil (CO) (2) anhydrous milk fat (AMF), and (3) AMF supplemented with 10 % phospholipids from the milk fat globule membrane (AMFMFGM). There were no differences in food intake, body weight, growth rate, or body fat ...


Production Of Highly Concentrated, Heat-Stable Hepatitis B Surface Antigen In Maize, Celine A. Hayden, Erin M. Egelkrout, Alessa M. Moscoso, Cristina Enrique, Todd K. Keener, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Jeffrey C. Wong, John A. Howard Oct 2012

Production Of Highly Concentrated, Heat-Stable Hepatitis B Surface Antigen In Maize, Celine A. Hayden, Erin M. Egelkrout, Alessa M. Moscoso, Cristina Enrique, Todd K. Keener, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Jeffrey C. Wong, John A. Howard

Dairy Science

Plant-based oral vaccines are a promising emergent technology that could help alleviate disease burden worldwide by providing a low-cost, heat-stable, oral alternative to parenterally administered commercial vaccines. Here, we describe high-level accumulation of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at a mean concentration of 0.51%TSP in maize T1 seeds using an improved version of the globulin1 promoter. This concentration is more than fourfold higher than any previously reported lines. HBsAg expressed in maize seeds was extremely heat stable, tolerating temperatures up to 55 °C for 1 month without degradation. Optimal heat stability was achieved after oil extraction of ...


Cultures And Stabilizers In Cultured Dairy Foods, Phillip S. Tong Sep 2012

Cultures And Stabilizers In Cultured Dairy Foods, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Precision-Feeding Dairy Heifers With Different Levels Of Dietary Fiber And F:C. Effects On Protein Utilization, N Efficiency, And Rumen Fermentation, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs Jul 2012

Precision-Feeding Dairy Heifers With Different Levels Of Dietary Fiber And F:C. Effects On Protein Utilization, N Efficiency, And Rumen Fermentation, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Nacl Addition During Diafiltration On The Solubility, Hydrophobicity, And Disulfide Bonds Of 80% Milk Protein Concentrate Powder, X. Y. Mao, P. S. Tong, S. Gualco, S. Vink Jul 2012

Effect Of Nacl Addition During Diafiltration On The Solubility, Hydrophobicity, And Disulfide Bonds Of 80% Milk Protein Concentrate Powder, X. Y. Mao, P. S. Tong, S. Gualco, S. Vink

Dairy Science

We investigated the surface hydrophobicity index based on different fluorescence probes [1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS) and 6-propionyl-2-(N,N-dimethylamino)-naphthalene (PRODAN)], free sulfhydryl and disulfide bond contents, and particle size of 80% milk protein concentrate (MPC80) powders prepared by adding various amounts of NaCl (0, 50, 100, and 150 mM) during the diafiltration process. The solubility of MPC80 powder was not strictly related to surface hydrophobicity. The MPC80 powder obtained by addition of 150 mM NaCl during diafiltration had the highest solubility but also the highest ANS-based surface hydrophobicity, the lowest PRODAN-based surface hydrophobicity, and the least aggregate ...


Formulating The Next Generation Of Cultured Dairy Foods, Phillip S. Tong May 2012

Formulating The Next Generation Of Cultured Dairy Foods, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Who Will Create The Iphone Equivalent In Dairy Foods?, Phillip S. Tong Feb 2012

Who Will Create The Iphone Equivalent In Dairy Foods?, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Powder Source And Processing Conditions On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrates 80, V. Sikand, Phillip S. Tong, S. Vink, J. Walker Jan 2012

Effect Of Powder Source And Processing Conditions On The Solubility Of Milk Protein Concentrates 80, V. Sikand, Phillip S. Tong, S. Vink, J. Walker

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


How To Control Texture In Cultured Dairy, Phillip S. Tong Dec 2011

How To Control Texture In Cultured Dairy, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Cultured Cream Products Must Live Up To The Name, Phillip S. Tong Sep 2011

Cultured Cream Products Must Live Up To The Name, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Digestion And Rumen Fermentation In Precision-Fed Dairy Heifers On Low Or High Forage Rations At Four Levels Of Dry Distillers Grain, F. X. Suarez-Mena, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs Jul 2011

Digestion And Rumen Fermentation In Precision-Fed Dairy Heifers On Low Or High Forage Rations At Four Levels Of Dry Distillers Grain, F. X. Suarez-Mena, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Chewing Activities Of Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed A Low Or High Forage Ration At Four Levels Of Dry Distillers Grain, F. X. Suarez-Mena, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs Jul 2011

Chewing Activities Of Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed A Low Or High Forage Ration At Four Levels Of Dry Distillers Grain, F. X. Suarez-Mena, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Put Cultured Dairy Products On The School Lunch Menu, Phillip S. Tong May 2011

Put Cultured Dairy Products On The School Lunch Menu, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.