Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

2013

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 121 - 150 of 988

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Oct 2013

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Santa Clara, 2013-10-03, Santa Clara University Oct 2013

The Santa Clara, 2013-10-03, Santa Clara University

The Santa Clara

No abstract provided.


Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass Oct 2013

Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass

Aaron P Blaisdell

Welcome to the first issue of the Journal of Evolution and Health! The Journal of Evolution and Health is the peer-reviewed, open-access journal of the Ancestral Health Society, a community of scientists, healthcare professionals, and laypersons who collaborate to understand health challenges from an evolutionary perspective.


The Mosakowski Institute For Public Enterprise Five Year Report, Mosakowski Institute Oct 2013

The Mosakowski Institute For Public Enterprise Five Year Report, Mosakowski Institute

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

This report contains the highlights of the first five years of Clark University’s Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise. It includes a description of the Institute’s founding, its commitment to use-inspired research, transformational educational experiences, and community connectedness, the Institute’s leadership and finances, and a listing of projects undertaken and faculty partners.


Strategic Interactions Among Private And Public Efforts When Preventing And Stamping Out An Highly Infectious Animal Disease, David A. Hennessy, Tong Wang Oct 2013

Strategic Interactions Among Private And Public Efforts When Preventing And Stamping Out An Highly Infectious Animal Disease, David A. Hennessy, Tong Wang

CARD Working Papers

Upon outbreak of a contagious animal disease, a primary motive for restoring disease-free status is often to regain access to international product markets. Efforts applied toward continuing or regaining such access is a public good—all growers benefit regardless of extent of private efforts taken while exclusion is impractical. Private incentives to take preventive measures and stamp-out efforts interact in complex ways. There are intra-farm temporal interactions and also inter-farm contemporaneous interactions. Public effort also takes place and interacts with private efforts. This paper provides a succinct multi-agent model to explore these interactions in social optimum and in Nash equilibrium ...


2012-2013 Hccp Year-End Summary, Kristen S. Cloutier Oct 2013

2012-2013 Hccp Year-End Summary, Kristen S. Cloutier

Year-end Summaries

No abstract provided.


Research: South Dakota State University, Fall 2013, Chrisite Delfanian, Eric Landwehr Oct 2013

Research: South Dakota State University, Fall 2013, Chrisite Delfanian, Eric Landwehr

Research: South Dakota State University

CONTENTS:

Breaking Waves: Study of breaking waves relevant for lake shorelines [Page] 2
Poetic imagery rooted in research [Page] 3
Virus genome may hold key to better PRRS vaccine [Page] 4
Consumer survey examines savings behaviors, goals [Page] 4
Soybean meal may decrease fish production costs [Page] 5
Alternative fuel sources add value to SD products [Page] 6
International collaboration helps meet global demand for wheat [Page] 7
Commercialization requires big thinking [Page] 9
Young scientist develops software for cancer detection, image transmission [Page] 10
Nursing research to improve rural health care [Page] 11
New vaccine-delivery system targets influenza, cancer ...


Factors Related To Depression Among Latina Immigrant Mothers, Dawn Browder, Kimberly A. Greder, Sedahlia Jasper Oct 2013

Factors Related To Depression Among Latina Immigrant Mothers, Dawn Browder, Kimberly A. Greder, Sedahlia Jasper

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Latinos account for 16.3 percent (50.5 million) of the total U.S. population, for more than half of the total growth of the U.S. population in the last decade (Humes, Jones, and Ramirez, 2011), and halting, and in some cases reversing, the gradual population decline in pockets of rural America (Kandel and Cromatie, 2004). However, as the Latino population has grown, so has the prevalence of poverty (21.5% in 2000; 26.6% in 2010) (DeNavas-Walt C, Proctor BD, and Smith, 2011) and food insecurity (21.8% in 2000; 26.2% in 2010) (Nord, Andrews and Carlson ...


Strength, But Not Direction, Of Handedness Is Related To Height, Ruth E. Propper, Tad T. Brunyé, Karly Frank, Sean E. Mcgraw Oct 2013

Strength, But Not Direction, Of Handedness Is Related To Height, Ruth E. Propper, Tad T. Brunyé, Karly Frank, Sean E. Mcgraw

Department of Psychology Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Left-handers are reputed to be shorter than right-handers. However, previous research has confounded handedness direction (left- versus right-handedness) with handedness strength (consistency with which one hand is chosen across a variety of tasks; consistent- versus inconsistent-handedness). Here, we support a relationship between handedness strength, but not direction, and stature, with increasing inconsistent-handedness associated with increasing self-reported height.


Economic Contribution Of The Agricultural Sector To The Arkansas Economy In 2011, Leah English, Jennie Popp, Wayne Miller Oct 2013

Economic Contribution Of The Agricultural Sector To The Arkansas Economy In 2011, Leah English, Jennie Popp, Wayne Miller

Research Reports and Research Bulletins

This report is the eighth in a series of reports examining agriculture’s economic contribution on the Arkansas economy. Utilizing data from the United States Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), and Minnesota IMPLAN Group, Inc. (MIG), the economic contribution of agriculture on the Arkansas economy was estimated for the most recent year available, 2011. The total economic contribution of agriculture (direct, indirect, and induced effects) to value added, employment, and labor income was estimated using the Impact Analysis for Planning System (IMPLAN). The economic contributions of agricultural production and ...


Biosecurity And Disease Management In China’S Animal Agriculture Sector, Xinjie Wei, Wanlong Lin, David A. Hennessy Oct 2013

Biosecurity And Disease Management In China’S Animal Agriculture Sector, Xinjie Wei, Wanlong Lin, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

China’s livestock production sector is changing rapidly to meet a variety of challenges. At the same time, China’s domestic consumers have begun to demand better quality and safer dietary protein sources; potential for international food market penetration has been compromised by food scandals; and her animal agriculture sector remains a concern for emergence of zoonotic diseases. The country is in the process of a major public animal health infrastructure upgrade, and is seeking better integration with international public animal health governance structures. The intent of this article is two-fold. We provide an overview of and commentary on China ...


Internet Reviews: Smithsonian Ocean Portal, John Creech Oct 2013

Internet Reviews: Smithsonian Ocean Portal, John Creech

Library Scholarship

This column comprises a review of the Smithsonian Ocean Portal, an Internet resource created by Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History.


Impacts And Feasibility Of The Us And The Eu Sustainability Criteria On Existing Land-Use Practices, Krissana Treesilvattanakul Oct 2013

Impacts And Feasibility Of The Us And The Eu Sustainability Criteria On Existing Land-Use Practices, Krissana Treesilvattanakul

Open Access Dissertations

Several studies have examined the land use and economic consequences of national and multi-national biofuel policies. They explored the impacts of biofuels mandates mainly based on the quantitative biofuel targets. However, the recently updated renewable policies of the United States and the European Union, which are the US Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and EU Directive 2009/28 of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) both place restrictions on land that can be used to produce biofuel, and these restrictions are generally known as sustainability criteria. This research aims to determine to what extent sustainability criteria are actually binding; that is, would ...


Welfare Impacts Of False Codling Moth Threatening California Oranges, Azza Mohamed Kamal Ahmed Mohamed Oct 2013

Welfare Impacts Of False Codling Moth Threatening California Oranges, Azza Mohamed Kamal Ahmed Mohamed

Open Access Dissertations

Welfare impacts of alternative pest management strategies of False Codling Moth (FCM) threatening California's oranges are examined. Different economic agents along the supply chain of fresh oranges and orange products in the United States are considered, including consumers, retailers, wholesalers, and growers. A partial equilibrium dynamic framework that accounts for supply response from the other US orange producing states is developed. Data for supply shocks (orange yield losses and control costs) are obtained from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (APHIS).

FCM is not presently in the United States. If introduced ...


Comparison Of The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Time To Exhaustion Between Endurance Trained And Untrained Men, Steven Porterfield, Jon Linderman, Lloyd L. Laubach, Corinne M. Daprano Oct 2013

Comparison Of The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Time To Exhaustion Between Endurance Trained And Untrained Men, Steven Porterfield, Jon Linderman, Lloyd L. Laubach, Corinne M. Daprano

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

This study compared the ergogenic effects of caffeine on men who were endurance trained to those who were untrained. The study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover experimental design. Ten endurance trained men (mean age 24.4 ± 2.0 yrs, weight 79.4 ± 8.5 kg, predicted VO2 max 46.3 ± 1.8 mL·kg-1·min-1) and 10 untrained men (mean age 22.8 ± 1.9 yrs, weight 88.9 ± 9.9 kg, predicted VO2 max 37.6 ± 2.7 mL·kg-1·min-1) completed two cycle ergometer trials to exhaustion at 80% of their predicted workload max 30 min after ingesting ...


An Evaluation Of Potential Management Options For The Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops Aduncus) Population In Kizimkazi, Zanzibar, Rebecca Hamilton Oct 2013

An Evaluation Of Potential Management Options For The Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops Aduncus) Population In Kizimkazi, Zanzibar, Rebecca Hamilton

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

A short-term study was conducted between November 3rd and November 30th of 2013 in which dolphin area usage was assessed and interviews conducted in order to evaluate which actions should be considered in order to improve dolphin management in Kizimkazi, Zanzibar. GPS coordinates during dolphin sightings were recorded while on tourist and volunteer boat trips to assess dolphin movement and distribution. While on the tourist boats, observations were also made regarding boat operator, tour guide, and tourist knowledge and behavior in relation to tourism interaction guidelines. Interviews were conducted with locals involved in the dolphin tourism sector, tour company representatives ...


Brb Newsletter, Fall 2013, Biomechanics Research Building Oct 2013

Brb Newsletter, Fall 2013, Biomechanics Research Building

Biomechanics Annual Report

This issue features:

Updates - Featured Story: Our New Home, American Society of Biomechanics Meting, Nonlinear Workshop 2013, European Nonlinear Workshop, and Staff Updates;

Projects - VA Peripheral Arterial Disease, Motor Development, Optical Topography System, Effects of Virtual Reality, Virtual Reality, Robotic Surgery, Sports Medicine, Amputee, Proof of Concept Grant, Lateral Stepping, The Marriage of Music and Math, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Balance, NASA Grant, Back Pain Research, and Faculty Research International Grants.

Other Content - Other Visitors/Tours, Student Awards, Travels, and Campaign for Nebraska.


Las Raíces De La Deforestación En El Departamento Pando, Jeremy Levine-Drizin Oct 2013

Las Raíces De La Deforestación En El Departamento Pando, Jeremy Levine-Drizin

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This research paper examines the phenomenon of the recent trend of deforestation in the Pando department in northwestern Bolivia. Historically, the economy of Pando has always been based primarily in agro-forestal extraction activities that provided income to communities without the need to destroy the surrounding forests. The most important of these agro-forestal products have been rubber (primarily during the beginning of the 20th century) and more recently Castaña (Brazilian Nut). Recently however, as the result of various forces, the inhabitants of Pando have begun to cut down there forests at an alarming rate. The most relevant causes of this phenomenon ...


Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V9n2, Fall 2013, Iowa Academy Of Science Oct 2013

Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V9n2, Fall 2013, Iowa Academy Of Science

The New Bulletin

Inside This Issue:

--Message from the Executive Director

--ICTM-ISTS Math Science Fall Conference

--Next Generation Science Standards Updates

--Academy to Host NGSS Alignment Workshop

--Abstract Submission Deadline

--All Puns Intended: New Facilitators Dive into Project WET

--Iowa Science Foundation

--Recognizing Excellence

--Events and Deadlines

--New Excellence in Science Teaching Award


Soup Consumption Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Overweight And Obesity But Not Metabolic Syndrome In Us Adults: Nhanes 2003-2006, Yong Zhu, James H. Hollis Sep 2013

Soup Consumption Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Overweight And Obesity But Not Metabolic Syndrome In Us Adults: Nhanes 2003-2006, Yong Zhu, James H. Hollis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

A limited number of studies have found that soup consumption is related to a lower risk of overweight and obesity in Asian and European populations, however, these studies do not provide a consistent picture regarding the association between soup consumption and markers of metabolic syndrome. To date, no study examining the relationship between soup and body weight or metabolic syndrome have been conducted in the US population. The present study used a sample of 4158 adults aged 19–64 who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2003 and 2006. The frequency of soup consumption was determined ...


The Santa Clara, 2013-09-26, Santa Clara University Sep 2013

The Santa Clara, 2013-09-26, Santa Clara University

The Santa Clara

No abstract provided.


Goats Favour Personal Over Social Information In An Experimental Foraging Task, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. Mcelligott, Elodie F. Briefer Sep 2013

Goats Favour Personal Over Social Information In An Experimental Foraging Task, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. Mcelligott, Elodie F. Briefer

Ethology Collection

Animals can use their environments more efficiently by selecting particular sources of information (personal or social), according to specific situations. Group-living animals may benefit from gaining information based on the behaviour of other individuals. Indeed, social information is assumed to be faster and less costly to use than personal information, thus increasing foraging efficiency. However, when food sources change seasonally or are randomly distributed, individual information may become more reliable than social information. The aim of this study was to test the use of conflicting personal versus social information in goats (Capra hircus), in a foraging task.We found that ...


Food Insecurity Among Children In Massachusetts, Stephanie Ettinger De Cuba, Deborah A. Frank, Maya Pilgrim, Maria Buitrago, Anna Voremberg, Harris Rollinger, Denise A. Hines Sep 2013

Food Insecurity Among Children In Massachusetts, Stephanie Ettinger De Cuba, Deborah A. Frank, Maya Pilgrim, Maria Buitrago, Anna Voremberg, Harris Rollinger, Denise A. Hines

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article focuses on the prevalence among Massachusetts children and families of food insecurity, inadequate access to enough nutritious food for an active and healthy life. It summarizes research findings on the association of food insecurity with less optimal children’s health and development from the prenatal period through adolescence. Food insecurity also correlates with other material hardships, such as housing and energy insecurity. Data show families’ participation in public nutrition and other assistance program is associated with decreased prevalence of food insecurity and with mitigation of its impact on children’s health and well-being. The article concludes with recommendations ...


Agriculture And The Food System: A Short History And Country Case Study In Mongolia, Marissa L. Markowitz Sep 2013

Agriculture And The Food System: A Short History And Country Case Study In Mongolia, Marissa L. Markowitz

Capstone Collection

This paper includes a brief history of the human food system. It includes an exploration of the formation of the food system, the development of the modernized food and agriculture system, and challenges arisen throughout. Additionally, a specific case study into Mongolia and the unique geography of its food system is highlighted. The purpose of providing the case study is to consider challenges of a food system in transition amidst development in one country. Recommendations for Mongolia anent sustainable development are provided.


Guidance For Same-Sex Marriage Filings, Neil E. Harl Sep 2013

Guidance For Same-Sex Marriage Filings, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

As is now widely known, the United States Supreme Court, by a 5 to 4 vote, on June 26, 2013,1 struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act.2 That Act had barred the federal government from recognizing same-sex marriages which had been legalized by some states.3 The case also allowed same-sex marriages to resume in California by declining to decide a separate case. The Internal Revenue Service has now issued guidance on tax return filing and filing status for same-sex married couples.4


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Sep 2013

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Technical Appendix: Economic Impact Of Commercial Fisheries On Local County Economies From Catch In California National Marine Sanctuaries 2010, 2011 And 2012, Vernon R. Leeworthy, Desiree Jerome, Kelsey Schueler Sep 2013

Technical Appendix: Economic Impact Of Commercial Fisheries On Local County Economies From Catch In California National Marine Sanctuaries 2010, 2011 And 2012, Vernon R. Leeworthy, Desiree Jerome, Kelsey Schueler

Working Papers

This report documents the data and methods of estimation used in estimating the economic impact of commercial fishing catch from all four National Marine Sanctuaries in California on local county economies in terms of harvest revenue received by fishermen and the associated economic impacts, including multiplier impacts, on total output, value added, income and the number of full- and part-time jobs.

This report is part of a series of reports meeting the priorities in the “Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS) West Coast Region Socioeconomic Plan FY 2013 – FY 2014” and “national program priorities” on establishing the connection between sanctuary ...


New Media And New Publics: An Example With Polar Bears, Etienne S. Benson Sep 2013

New Media And New Publics: An Example With Polar Bears, Etienne S. Benson

Departmental Papers (HSS)

Etienne Benson is a historian of science, technology, and environment in the Department of History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. In this guest post he describes his interactive web-based map plotting publicly available government data about who has applied for polar bear trophy import permits, and its implications.


Local Attitudes Towards Bear Management After Illegal Feeding And Problem Bear Activity, Sara Dubois, David Fraser Sep 2013

Local Attitudes Towards Bear Management After Illegal Feeding And Problem Bear Activity, Sara Dubois, David Fraser

Wildlife Population Management Collection

The “pot bears” received international media attention in 2010 after police discovered the intentional feeding of over 20 black bears during the investigation of an alleged marijuana-growing operation in Christina Lake, British Columbia, Canada. A two-phase random digit dialing survey of the community was conducted in 2011 to understand local perspectives on bear policy and management, before and after a summer of problem bear activity and government interventions. Of the 159 households surveyed in February 2011, most had neutral or positive attitudes towards bears in general, and supported the initial decision to feed the food-conditioned bears until the autumn hibernation ...


Just Add Water: Colonisation, Water Governance, And The Australian Inland, Leah M. Gibbs Sep 2013

Just Add Water: Colonisation, Water Governance, And The Australian Inland, Leah M. Gibbs

Leah Maree Gibbs

Water has played a key role in the development of the Australian inland and the nation. For European colonists, the dry and variable landscape challenged ideas about nature imported from northern temperate regions. I argue first, that colonists brought with them ideas for ordering nature and tools for transforming landscapes that led to inappropriate and destructive water management and the silencing of local voices and knowledge systems. Secondly, colonial patterns of ordering and transforming landscapes are ongoing, but new ways of governing water, which challenge colonialism, are emerging. In the first section of the paper I discuss colonial relationships with ...