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Teacher Perceptions Of School Breakfast Programs In Utah, Emily Breanne Krueger Aug 2017

Teacher Perceptions Of School Breakfast Programs In Utah, Emily Breanne Krueger

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study was to identify differences in teacher perceptions of benefits, challenges, and preferences to different School Breakfast Program (SBP) service models. A survey instrument was developed, pilot tested, and then distributed electronically to K-12 teachers throughout the state of Utah, who were part of the Utah Education Association. Demographics and factors influencing SBP models in Utah were gathered. Frequencies and ANOVA tests were performed and a significance level of <0.01 was chosen to protect for multiple comparisons. Results indicated that traditional breakfast was the most preferred model with a mean score of 2.80 and breakfast in the classroom was the least preferred model by teachers with a mean of -1.32. Children not going hungry was identified as the greatest benefit (95.4%, n=352) to SBP and food waste was identified as the greatest challenge (45.8%, n=168). This study concluded that increased awareness and education amongst teachers regarding different models of SBP service could lead to increased efficiency, increased participation in SBP, decreased costs, decreased food waste, and increased academic performance and health benefits for students.


Assessing Phosphorus Sources With A Gis-Based Phosphorus Risk Index In A Mixed-Use, Montane Watershed, Josiah A. Johns Jun 2017

Assessing Phosphorus Sources With A Gis-Based Phosphorus Risk Index In A Mixed-Use, Montane Watershed, Josiah A. Johns

Theses and Dissertations

Elevated phosphorus (P) loading of freshwater lakes and reservoirs often results in poor water quality and negative ecological effects. Critical source areas (CSA) of P in the watershed can be difficult to identify and control. A useful concept for identification of a CSA is the P risk index (P Index) that evaluates the P risk associated with distinct source and transport pathways. The objectives of this study were to create a GIS model that adapts the Minnesota (MN) P Index for use at the watershed scale in a mixed-use, mountain environment, and to evaluate its effectiveness relative to field-based assessment ...


Assessing Phosphorus Sources With Synoptic Sampling In The Surface Waters Of A Mixed-Use, Montane Watershed, Austin Willis Pearce May 2017

Assessing Phosphorus Sources With Synoptic Sampling In The Surface Waters Of A Mixed-Use, Montane Watershed, Austin Willis Pearce

Theses and Dissertations

Few elements in surface waters are monitored as closely as phosphorus (P) due to its role in the eutrophication and degradation of surface waters. Limiting P mobilization from source areas is, therefore, a central goal of water quality protection plans. But the work of locating sources in mixed-use watersheds is challenged by the spatial and temporal variability of critical source areas (CSAs) of P. Synoptic sampling is a proven method for capturing the spatial variation of water quality parameters in surface waters, though it's not often used to track temporal dynamics across the same study area. Phosphorus fractionation is ...


Characterization Of Five Brevibacillus Bacteriophages And Their Genomes, Michael Allen Sheflo Jun 2016

Characterization Of Five Brevibacillus Bacteriophages And Their Genomes, Michael Allen Sheflo

Theses and Dissertations

Brevibacillus laterosporus (B. laterosporus) is a pathogen difficult to distinguish from Paenibacillus larvae (P. larvae), and contributes to Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) of honeybees. To develop a biocontrol agent to limit its presence, bacteriophages were isolated from Utah County soil samples and used to infect B. laterosporus isolated from Utah County honey and larvae samples. Since CCD is prevalent in Utah beehives, bacteriophage that infect and lyse B. laterosporus may be isolated and characterized. Pathogens were isolated from soil samples, and 16S rRNA gene tests initially identified the strains as P. larvae. Bacteriophages were isolated, purified, and amplified sufficiently to ...


A Study Of The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) In Utah: An Analysis Of The Post-Denning Activities And Bear-Human Conflict, Julie Ann Miller Dec 2014

A Study Of The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) In Utah: An Analysis Of The Post-Denning Activities And Bear-Human Conflict, Julie Ann Miller

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined two different aspects of black bear (Ursus americanus) ecology in Utah. First, we determined the post-denning behaviors of female black bears in order to help management agencies protect bears from human disturbances as well as set spring hunts that minimize the taking of females with dependent young. We looked at the timing of den emergence (X = 25 March), the number of days at the den site post emergence (X = 11 days), and departure (X = 8 April) for female black bears in Utah from 2011—2013. We also analyzed the effects of cohort (lone female, female with cubs ...


Variable Palatability Of Quaking Aspen For Large Ungulate Herbivores, Patrice Alexa Nielson Aug 2010

Variable Palatability Of Quaking Aspen For Large Ungulate Herbivores, Patrice Alexa Nielson

Theses and Dissertations

Aspen is a key resource in the Rocky Mountain Region for wildlife forage and habitat, lumber products, scenery, and plays important roles in fire ecology and hydrological processes. There is evidence of aspen decline over much of the Intermountain West for approximately 100 years. In Dixie and Fishlake National Forests, UT, aspen distribution has decreased by nearly half. Causes of this decline are not well understood, although wildlife browsing by ungulates has been implicated as playing a major role. The objective of this research was to examine what soil or plant factors might be involved in wildlife browse choice in ...


Investigation Of Potential Trapping Bias In Malaise Traps Due To Mesh Gauge, In Two Habitats, David Jensen Betts Jul 2010

Investigation Of Potential Trapping Bias In Malaise Traps Due To Mesh Gauge, In Two Habitats, David Jensen Betts

Theses and Dissertations

Malaise traps are a common tool for collecting insects used by many researchers. Although there have been variations in the models and materials used for Malaise traps, the potential for sampling bias due to mesh gague has been explored inadequately. This study compared coarse and fine mesh Townes model Malaise traps in two habitats on the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. The two habitats next to the Lick Wash trailhead were defined by dominant vegetation type – sagebrush and grasses or Piñon-Juniper. We collected from three sites per habitat type, over three consecutive days in June in both 2006 and 2007. A ...


Diet Reconstruction Of Wild Rio-Grande Turkey Of Central Utah Using Stable Isotope Analysis, Benjamin D. Stearns Mar 2010

Diet Reconstruction Of Wild Rio-Grande Turkey Of Central Utah Using Stable Isotope Analysis, Benjamin D. Stearns

Theses and Dissertations

The wild turkey is endemic to North America and has played a role in human cultures past and present. However, with the turkey's elusive behavior some aspects of its ecology are challenging to understand. Diet is one of these difficult aspects to study. The purpose of this study was to determine the diet selection of wild turkeys in central Utah using non invasive stable isotope technology. We hypothesize that turkey diet is highly specific, that consumption of specific plant species correlates with the needs of the individual turkey, and that stable isotope analysis will reveal patterns in annual dietary ...


Metabolic Effect Of Three Protein Levels In The Nutrition Of Alpacas (Lama Pacus) In The Experimental Station Of Brigham Young University, Rolando Freddy Uruña Tito Jan 2009

Metabolic Effect Of Three Protein Levels In The Nutrition Of Alpacas (Lama Pacus) In The Experimental Station Of Brigham Young University, Rolando Freddy Uruña Tito

Theses and Dissertations

This study had the principal objective of evaluating the metabolic effect of three protein levels in the nutrition of Alpacas (Lama pacus) in the experimental stations of Brigham Young University, located in the city of Provo, Utah, U.S.A at an altitude of 13696 m.a.s.l., and geographically located at 40°12’ north latitude, and 111°43’ west longitude. The climatic characteristics of the state of Utah, particularly in the city of Provo, during the current season registered the following: 4°C of minimum average temperature, 11.4°C of an average mean temperature, and 19°C ...


Forage Adaptability Trials For Forage And Seed Production In Bolivia; Effect Of 5 Herbicides On 7 Native Utah Forbs, Joshua C. Voss Dec 2006

Forage Adaptability Trials For Forage And Seed Production In Bolivia; Effect Of 5 Herbicides On 7 Native Utah Forbs, Joshua C. Voss

Theses and Dissertations

The harsh environmental and poor economic conditions of the Bolivian Altiplano require intervention to assist many of those that live there to become economically self-sufficient. We attempted to find introduced dry season reserve forage grasses that could produce enough biomass to be useful as feed for livestock, and that could also produce enough seed to distribute to farmers. While some of the grasses produced reasonable amounts of biomass, none produced seed in quantities that would be even close to being economically viable. The most likely cause of this is that the timing of resources that the grasses need to flower ...


The Level And Determinants Of Burnout Of Mormon Mothers In A Utah Suburban Town, Christina Mordock Jan 1990

The Level And Determinants Of Burnout Of Mormon Mothers In A Utah Suburban Town, Christina Mordock

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine burnout in Mormon mothers in a suburban Utah town. Specifically the amount and some determinants of burnout among these Mormon women was studied. A random sample of 266 Mormon mothers completed a questionnaire and a modified version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) which consisted of three subscales, (Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishment), and two categories in each subscale (Frequency and Intensity). The subjects scored in the moderately burned out category in each subscale. Significant relationships were found between the amount of burnout and the following: the age of the mother ...


The Development And Failure Of Historic Agricultural Communities Of Utah: A Case Study Of Johns Valley, Utah, Wayne R. Shelley Jan 1989

The Development And Failure Of Historic Agricultural Communities Of Utah: A Case Study Of Johns Valley, Utah, Wayne R. Shelley

Theses and Dissertations

Many agricultural communities have developed in Utah since the first settlement, but many no longer exist today. Some of these early communities experienced a "boom and bust," while others struggled for several years and were eventually abandoned. Johns Valley is a good example of these historic communities, as it experienced rapid growth and times of success and prosperity, yet it struggled and was eventually abandoned.
The situation in Johns Valley, from its early settlement to its demise, demonstrates the hope of the people who settled there and their efforts to make Johns Valley a productive and successful area. History also ...


Assessment Of Influence That The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints Has On Exercise Habit Of Members Living In Utah County, Gary L. Preston Jan 1987

Assessment Of Influence That The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints Has On Exercise Habit Of Members Living In Utah County, Gary L. Preston

Theses and Dissertations

This study identified and analyzed the influence the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints had on the decision of 309 respondents to exercise. The data obtained from the questionaires were analyzed using chi-square to compare males and females. Within the limitations of this study, the following conclusions were justified: women were more influenced by the LDS Church to exercise than men; LDS males and females exercised more than average American adults; walking, jogging, and aerobic dance were the most popular choices of LDS exercisers; and, there is a need to improve the awareness of LDS members concerning the Physical ...


The Incidence And Life Cycle Of Diplostomum Spathaceum In Utah, R. Scott Evans Apr 1976

The Incidence And Life Cycle Of Diplostomum Spathaceum In Utah, R. Scott Evans

Theses and Dissertations

Diplostomum spathaceum (Rudolfi 1819), (Diplostomidae) the fish eye fluke which causes the disease diplostomatosis, was reported in Utah by the Division of Wildlife Resources in 1974. Previous to this date diplostomatosis was suspected to occur in three reservoirs in the state. Diplostomatosis, whi.ch is due to the presence of the metacercarial stage of this parasite, causes cataracts of the lens. The incidence of the disease in Utah has generated public and academic concern.


Biological Studies On Cryptobia Atraria Sp.N. (Kinetoplastida: Cryptobiidae) In Fishes From The Sevier River Drainage, Utah, J. Stephen Cranney Aug 1974

Biological Studies On Cryptobia Atraria Sp.N. (Kinetoplastida: Cryptobiidae) In Fishes From The Sevier River Drainage, Utah, J. Stephen Cranney

Theses and Dissertations

Fish culture for both food and sport utilization has been greatly increasing throughout the world. The editor of Fish Farming Industries (1973) predicted an increase by 1977 in the United States of 83% for catfish producers, 49% for trout farmers, and 91% for bait dealers. Concomitant with the renewed interest in fish culture has been a corresponding need to further understand fish diseases.


Reproductive Life History Of Catostomus Ardens And Catostomus Discobolus In The Weber River, Utah, James K. Andreasen Aug 1973

Reproductive Life History Of Catostomus Ardens And Catostomus Discobolus In The Weber River, Utah, James K. Andreasen

Theses and Dissertations

Fish of the family Catostomidae, consisting of 11 genera and about 57 species, comprise a significant part of the fish fauna of Western North America. Life history information of some species is available (Bailey, 1969, and Brown and Graham, 1953, Catostomus catostomus; Dence, 1948, .f. commersoni; Douglas, 1952, Xyrauchen texanus; Geen et al., 1966, C. catostomus and C. coI!Dllersoni; Greenfield et al., 1970, .f. santannae; Harris, 1962, C. catostomus; Hauser, 1969,C. platyrhynchus; MacPhee, 1960, .f. macrocheilus; Nelson, 1968, .f.cotmnersoni and C. macrocheilus; Raney and Webster, 1942, C. commersoni; Smith, 1966, entire subgenus Pantosteus; Spoor, 1938, C. commersoni ...


Helminth Parasites Of Dogs In Two Central Utah Communities, Lari Michael Norton Cowgill Aug 1973

Helminth Parasites Of Dogs In Two Central Utah Communities, Lari Michael Norton Cowgill

Theses and Dissertations

Parasitic helminths probably consitute one of the most important groups of disease agents in dogs. In the Southern and Central United States dogs are often fatally infected with the canine esophageal worm, Spirocerca lupi, and the ca nine heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis. Cestodes which can limit the growth of a dog are found throughout the United States.


Life History And Ecology Of The Great Basin Sagebrush Swift, Sceloporus Graciosus Graciosus Baird And Girard, 1852, Gary L. Burkholder Aug 1973

Life History And Ecology Of The Great Basin Sagebrush Swift, Sceloporus Graciosus Graciosus Baird And Girard, 1852, Gary L. Burkholder

Theses and Dissertations

The sagebrush swift, Sceloporus graciosus graciosus, is abundant in the transitional zone of the Great Basin. As an intermediate link the the food chain, sagebrush swifts are preyed upon by snakes and hawks, and in turn are predators of small arthropods.


Population Dynamics Of Fleas (Siphonaptera) On The Uinta Ground Squirrel, Spermophilus Armatus Kennicott, Dennis I. Anderson Aug 1972

Population Dynamics Of Fleas (Siphonaptera) On The Uinta Ground Squirrel, Spermophilus Armatus Kennicott, Dennis I. Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

The Uninta ground squirrel, Spermophilus armatus Kennicott, is the most abundant diurnal rodent in the Wasatch Mountains at the 7,000-9,000 foot level particularly in the campgrounds and picnic areas. Contact between man and the Uninta ground squirrel may be hazardous inasmuch as the causative agent of plague has been isolated from S. armatus and its flea parasites (Public Health Reports, 1937, 1938a, 1938b; Meyer, 1938; Byington, 1940; Allred, 1951; and Beck, 1955). Since these fleas are vectors of sylvatic plague and potential vectors of human plague, detailed knowledge about their population dynamics is desirable.


Dixie Wine, Dennis R. Lancaster Jan 1972

Dixie Wine, Dennis R. Lancaster

Theses and Dissertations

The area along the Virgin River, known as Utah's Dixie, is ideal for the culture of grapes. To utilize the natural resources, provide a cash crop for the Dixie communities, and make wine to be used in the Sacrament service; Mormon Church leaders called several expert horticulturists and vinters to Dixie. Great amounts of wine were produced in Dixie. The Church became the largest producer due to the great amounts of grapes paid as tithing. Wine was used in the Sacrament, and was a common drink in Dixie.

The mines at Silver Reef were the principle market for Dixie ...


Prey Utilization By Nesting Golden Eagles In (Aquila Chrysaertos) In Central Utah, William Bruce Arnell Aug 1971

Prey Utilization By Nesting Golden Eagles In (Aquila Chrysaertos) In Central Utah, William Bruce Arnell

Theses and Dissertations

During the spring of 1969 and 1970, 28 Golden Eagle eyries in four locales in central Utah were observed to determine the prey utilized during the nesting season. Visits were made every two weeks to the eyries. Prey were removed from the nests upon counting to avoid recounting at the next visit. Sixteen species of vertebrates were found as prey for nesting Golden Eagles. Mammals comprised 96 per cent of the prey, and lagomorphs alone accounted for 92 per cent. The blacktail jackrabbit occurred as 77.8 per cent of all prey items. Avian species constituted 3.9 per cent ...


Predatory Activity Of Chrysopa Carnea Stephens In The Integrated Control Of Mite Pests In Utah Apple Orchards, Ray R. Bingham Aug 1971

Predatory Activity Of Chrysopa Carnea Stephens In The Integrated Control Of Mite Pests In Utah Apple Orchards, Ray R. Bingham

Theses and Dissertations

Mite pest problems in Utah apple orchards became generally serious about 1944, when DDT was first used extensively to control Codling moths, Carpocapsa pomonella (Linn.) (Jorgensen, 1967}. Since then several investigators (Pickett et al., 1946; Lord, 1949; Pickett, 1955; Lord, Herbert, and MacPhee, 1958) have examined the influence of various spray programs on apple orchard fauna, while still others (Clancy and Pollard, 1952; Morgan, Anderson, and Swales, 1958; Oat-man and Legner, 1962) have conducted related studies with widely used broad spectrum pesticides on apple mites and their predators. All seem to lend credence to the theory that mite pest problems ...


A Study Of Snail Hosts For Fasciola Hepatica In Utah Valley, Robert Michael Briem Aug 1971

A Study Of Snail Hosts For Fasciola Hepatica In Utah Valley, Robert Michael Briem

Theses and Dissertations

The Meat Inspection Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry in 195 0 reported that 322,647 livers or 2. 4% of 13,112,802 cattle slaughtered under United States Federal Inspection were condemned due to liver fluke infections (Price, 1953). This would amount to an annual loss of 3 million dollars in livers alone considering each liver weighed 10 pounds and retailed 65 cents per pound. This figure could conceiv-ably double or triple if additional losses due to animal death, decreased milk production, poor economic utilization of feed or lower livestock prices were considered.


Winter Behavior And Population Dynamics Of American Eagles In Western Utah, Clyde C. Edwards Aug 1969

Winter Behavior And Population Dynamics Of American Eagles In Western Utah, Clyde C. Edwards

Theses and Dissertations

The large size, extensive range, and irnporta.nt corrnnunity role of the Golden Eagle (Aguila chrysaetos L.) and the Bald Eagle (Haliae-etus leucocephalus L.) attract considerable scientific interest. Sorne aspects of their life history have been investigated and reported in detail, but their rapidly declining numbers (Sprunt and Ligas 1966, Cottam 1961) necessitate new investigations into all phases of their life history and particularly into population dynamics.


Elevational Occurrence Of The Ticks Dermacentor Andersoni And Dermacentor Parumapertus In Utah County, Utah, William J. Despain May 1968

Elevational Occurrence Of The Ticks Dermacentor Andersoni And Dermacentor Parumapertus In Utah County, Utah, William J. Despain

Theses and Dissertations

Considerable research on ticks has been done since it was discovered that the Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni Stiles, was a principal vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fevero Additional disease agents of man are also transmitted by D. andersoni. This tick and a closely related species, Dermacentor parumapertus Neuman, occur commonly in Utah. The two species are often closely associated, although D. andersoni is believed to occur in the mountains, whereas D. parumapertus is in the desert valleys. Diseases affecting animals in nature are transmitted by ticks of both species. Consequently, any interaction between the two may be influential ...


The Distribution Of Overwintering Arthropods In A Sheep Pasture In Utah County, Utah, Richard Frank Ashley May 1968

The Distribution Of Overwintering Arthropods In A Sheep Pasture In Utah County, Utah, Richard Frank Ashley

Theses and Dissertations

The parasitic mites on mammals living in the chaparral community of Utah are practically unknown ecologically. Keegan (1953) was the first to publish on parasitic mites from Utah. He listed mites of 12 species and 9 genera from Tooele and Juab counties from hosts which included one Peromyscus truei, five P. crinitus, and 20 P. maniculatus. Brennan and Beck (1955) published on the chiggers of Utah and included a key to 38 species. Allred (1954, 1956, 1957, 1958) studied the geographical distribution, seasonal occurrence, and biology of mites found on mice of the genus Peromyscus in Utah.


A Geographical Analysis Of The Emergence And Subsequent Disappearance Of The Cotton Industry In The Virgin River Basin (1856-1910), Brooks Kent Hanson Jan 1967

A Geographical Analysis Of The Emergence And Subsequent Disappearance Of The Cotton Industry In The Virgin River Basin (1856-1910), Brooks Kent Hanson

Theses and Dissertations

At one time the cotton industry in Utah was a flourishing activity. Many pioneer farmers were engaged in the growing of this staple for the purpose of providing much needed cotton for the Territory of Utah before the days of railroads and highways. After the favorable climatic conditions for agriculture in Utah's Dixie were discovered, leaders of the Latter-day Saint Church made plans for the growing of many fruits and vegetables of the temperate zone. Of these, cotton received by far the most attention, as a domestic source of this raw material was at one time vital to the ...


Meadow, Millard County, Utah: The Geography Of A Small Mormon Agricultural Community, Richard H. Jackson Jan 1966

Meadow, Millard County, Utah: The Geography Of A Small Mormon Agricultural Community, Richard H. Jackson

Theses and Dissertations

The agricultural village was the basis of the original economy of Utah established by the Mormon settlers, but it has since been supplanted in importance by the industrial and commercial activities of the large centers of the Wasatch Front counties of Salt Lake, Weber, and Utah. This study was conducted in an attempt to determine the future of those communities removed from industrialized northern Utah. The village of Meadow, Millard County, was chosen as an example and it was subjected to a detailed geographic analysis. From this analysis conclusions have been drawn regarding its future.


A Taxonomic Study Of Fleas Of The Genus Foxella (Wagner) In Utah (Siphonaptera: Dolichopsyllidae), Robert A. Amoureux Apr 1964

A Taxonomic Study Of Fleas Of The Genus Foxella (Wagner) In Utah (Siphonaptera: Dolichopsyllidae), Robert A. Amoureux

Theses and Dissertations

Fleas of the genus Foxella Wagner, commonly known as "gopher fleas," have various species of the mammal genus Thomomys Weid Neuweid in the Western United States as their hosts. Some workers maintain there are at least two species of fleas while others consider that all gopher fleas are of one species.


Bird Populations Of The Wasatch Foothills, Delwyn G. Berett Aug 1958

Bird Populations Of The Wasatch Foothills, Delwyn G. Berett

Theses and Dissertations

One of the more interesting and unique of the natural habitats in the state of Utah is its chaparral zone, extending along the western foothills of the Wasatch Range. The purpose of this study has been to make an analysis of the bird population of this region in order to determine the comparative abundance of the species, their seasonal distribution within the area, and their ecological preferences.