Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Theses/Dissertations

2013

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Evolution Of Xenopus Tropicalis Mc2r: Expression And Activation, Perry Victoria Davis Aug 2013

Evolution Of Xenopus Tropicalis Mc2r: Expression And Activation, Perry Victoria Davis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The structure and functional relationship between the melanocortin-2 receptor (MC2R) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is the most complex of the melanocortin gene family. Prior studies had been done on amniote tetrapod MC2Rs (e.g., mammals); this study analyzed the expression and activation of MC2R by an anamniote tetrapod, Xenopus tropicalis (xtMC2R). An immunofluorescence approach, done on the expression of xtMC2R in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells (CHO cells), indicated that the trafficking of xtMC2R to the plasma membrane required co-expression with a tetrapod MRAP1(melanocortin-1 receptor accessory protein). A cAMP-reporter assay was used to show that xtMC2R can activated by human ...


Evolution Of Melanocortin-2 Receptor Activations: Studies On A Mammal And A Fish, Liang Liang Jan 2013

Evolution Of Melanocortin-2 Receptor Activations: Studies On A Mammal And A Fish, Liang Liang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The structure and function relationship between melanocortin-2 receptor (MC2R) and ACTH are the most complicated in melanocortin receptor gene family. A comparative study on the activation of human and rainbow trout MC2R will provide a useful model system for understanding how ACTH emerged as the sole ligand for the MC2R of bony vertebrates. This dissertation will discuss how studies utilizing analogs of hACTH(1-24) have revealed two critical amino acid motifs in this ligand (HFRW and KKRRP) which are required for the activation of MC2R. In addition, the KKRRP motif functioned as the unique binding site for MC2R that directly ...