Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Effect Of Brand And Caloric Information On Flavor Perception And Food Consumption In Restrained And Unrestrained Eaters, Kevin Vincent Cavanagh Jan 2013

The Effect Of Brand And Caloric Information On Flavor Perception And Food Consumption In Restrained And Unrestrained Eaters, Kevin Vincent Cavanagh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Plough Deep While Sluggards Sleep; And You Shall Have Corn To Sell And To Keep: An Analysis Of Plow Ownership In Eighteenth Century York County Virginia, Zachary John Waske Jan 2013

Plough Deep While Sluggards Sleep; And You Shall Have Corn To Sell And To Keep: An Analysis Of Plow Ownership In Eighteenth Century York County Virginia, Zachary John Waske

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of Microwave Technologies For Biochemical Applications, Valerie Terynn Tripp Jan 2013

Investigation Of Microwave Technologies For Biochemical Applications, Valerie Terynn Tripp

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Potential For Adaptive Response To Mercury In Captive-Dosed Zebra Finches, Kenton August Buck Jan 2013

Evaluating The Potential For Adaptive Response To Mercury In Captive-Dosed Zebra Finches, Kenton August Buck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Methylmercury Exposure Affects Risk-Taking Behaviors In Zebra Finches: Tradeoffs Between Eating And Being Eaten, Megan Elizabeth Kobiela Jan 2013

Methylmercury Exposure Affects Risk-Taking Behaviors In Zebra Finches: Tradeoffs Between Eating And Being Eaten, Megan Elizabeth Kobiela

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Using A Multi-Scale Life-History Approach To Explore Occupancy Patterns Of Pond-Breeding Anurans In Eastern Virginia, Daniel Stewart Ramos Jan 2013

Using A Multi-Scale Life-History Approach To Explore Occupancy Patterns Of Pond-Breeding Anurans In Eastern Virginia, Daniel Stewart Ramos

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Developmental Plasticity In Response To Familiar And Unfamiliar Predators In The Mud Snail, Ilyanassa Obsoleta, Kelly Strickland Hoolihan Jan 2013

Developmental Plasticity In Response To Familiar And Unfamiliar Predators In The Mud Snail, Ilyanassa Obsoleta, Kelly Strickland Hoolihan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Here Stands A High Bred Horse": A Theory Of Economics And Horse Breeding In Colonial Virginia, 1750-1780; A Statistical Model, Lily Kleppertknoop Jan 2013

"Here Stands A High Bred Horse": A Theory Of Economics And Horse Breeding In Colonial Virginia, 1750-1780; A Statistical Model, Lily Kleppertknoop

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On Flight Performance And Molt In European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris), Jenna Rae Carlson Jan 2013

Sublethal Effects Of Methylmercury On Flight Performance And Molt In European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris), Jenna Rae Carlson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cognitive And Physiological Moderators Of Daily Smokers' Early Neural Attentional Biases To Smoking And Nonsmoking Cues, Patrick John Hammett Jan 2013

Cognitive And Physiological Moderators Of Daily Smokers' Early Neural Attentional Biases To Smoking And Nonsmoking Cues, Patrick John Hammett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of Prophage In Clinical Isolates Of H Pylori, Kevin Alexander Leslie Jan 2013

Investigation Of Prophage In Clinical Isolates Of H Pylori, Kevin Alexander Leslie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Phytoplankton Growth Rates In The Ross Sea, Antarctica, Anna Ford Mosby Jan 2013

Phytoplankton Growth Rates In The Ross Sea, Antarctica, Anna Ford Mosby

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Ross Sea is a highly productive region of the Southern Ocean characterized by spatially variable distribution of phytoplankton, primarily Phaeocystis antarctica, but phytoplankton growth rates in the region have not been thoroughly investigated. Variability in growth rates was investigated from January to February 2012 on a cruise to the Ross Sea using two methods: 14C-isotopic tracer incubations and dilution experiments. Because all methods of measuring growth rates may not be appropriate in all systems due to errors inherent to each method, I assessed and compared the two methods for possible sources of error by examining the effect of extended ...


Effects Of Episodic Turbulence On Diatoms: With Comments On The Use Of Evans Blue Stain For Live-Dead Determinations, Haley S. Garrison Jan 2013

Effects Of Episodic Turbulence On Diatoms: With Comments On The Use Of Evans Blue Stain For Live-Dead Determinations, Haley S. Garrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Episodic turbulence is a short-lived, high-intensity phenomenon in marine environments produced by both anthropogenic and natural causes, such as boat propellers, strong winds, and breaking waves. Episodic turbulence has been shown to cause mortality in zooplankton, but its effects on marine phytoplankton have rarely been investigated. This study focused on two diatoms: Thalassiosira weissflogii and Skeletonema costatum. I found that exposure for 45 s to turbulence intensities above 2.5 cm2 s-3 caused 24-32% reduction in diatom abundance and increased the amount of intact dead cells to 22%. Turbulence also caused extracellular release of optically reactive DOM. At a turbulence ...


Investigations Of The Life Cycle Of The Peritrich Ciliate Zoothamnium Intermedium In Chesapeake Bay, Sikai Peng Jan 2013

Investigations Of The Life Cycle Of The Peritrich Ciliate Zoothamnium Intermedium In Chesapeake Bay, Sikai Peng

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Epibiosis is a common phenomenon in aquatic environments. The chitinous exoskeletons of crustaceans provide stable surfaces for attachment and growth of epibiotic microorganisms. Epibiont ciliate colonization on copepods is commonly recorded but has rarely been studied in Chesapeake Bay; also, little is known about the life cycles of epibiont ciliates in the bay.

The present work focuses on the life cycle of Zoothamnium intermedium in Chesapeake Bay. A peritrich ciliate belonging to the genus Zoothamnium was found as an epibiont on the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus during the summer in the York River, a tributary of the ...


Detection And Infectivity Of Human Adenovirus In Wastewater Effluent, Biosolids, And Shellfish, And Its Persistence In Estuarine Water, Wenda Lee Quidort Jan 2013

Detection And Infectivity Of Human Adenovirus In Wastewater Effluent, Biosolids, And Shellfish, And Its Persistence In Estuarine Water, Wenda Lee Quidort

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has established the Total Coliform Rule as an indication of health risks associated with microbial contamination of drinking and ground water. In addition, the fecal coliform test is used as an indicator to reflect the suitability of use by consumers of class A biosolids. However, numerous studies have shown that bacterial indicators are not predictive of enteric viruses, such as human adenovirus (HAdV), which are much more resistant to treatment methods than bacteria. Enteric viral contamination of estuarine waters and locally-harvested shellfish as a result of receiving effluent from wastewater treatment plants, as ...


Foraging Ecology And Habitat Use Of The Northern Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys Terrapin Terrapin) In Southern Chesapeake Bay, Diane C. Tulipani Jan 2013

Foraging Ecology And Habitat Use Of The Northern Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys Terrapin Terrapin) In Southern Chesapeake Bay, Diane C. Tulipani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The northern diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin ) is the only estuarine turtle residing along western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts of North America. Through predation, terrapins may be a key species in coastal marine habitats by exerting top-down control on marsh invertebrates, and thereby help to maintain healthy marshes. Despite the terrapin's ecological importance, there has not been a thorough study of terrapin foraging ecology and movements in lower Chesapeake Bay. In this dissertation, the research focused on the foraging habits of diamondback terrapins and their effects within salt marsh and seagrass habitats of lower Chesapeake Bay. I provided ...


Abundance, Structure And Function Of Zooplankton-Associated Bacterial Communities Within The York River, Va, Samantha L. Bickel Jan 2013

Abundance, Structure And Function Of Zooplankton-Associated Bacterial Communities Within The York River, Va, Samantha L. Bickel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Mesozooplankton function as microbial microhabitats and can support concentrations of bacteria orders of magnitude higher than in the surrounding water. These zooplankton-associated bacteria can have much higher production rates than their free-living counterparts. Portions of the zooplankton microhabitat may also be anoxic and provide refuge for anaerobic bacteria and their associated processes within the oxygenated water column. Despite their common presence in the marine environment, zooplankton-associated bacteria are largely ignored by microbial ecologists and zooplankton ecologists alike. Consequently, factors which influence zooplanktonassociated bacterial abundance, community composition and function, and how zooplankton-associated bacteria compare to free-living bacteria are not well known ...


Investigating Heat Shock Protein 70 As A Binding Partner Of Mk-Styx, And The Role Of Mk-Styx In Neuronal Differentiation, Lauren Elizabeth Rusnak Jan 2013

Investigating Heat Shock Protein 70 As A Binding Partner Of Mk-Styx, And The Role Of Mk-Styx In Neuronal Differentiation, Lauren Elizabeth Rusnak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Distribution And Impacts Of Invasive Bivalve Corbicula Fluminea In Tidal Freshwater York River Tributaries, Matthew Ryan Freedman Jan 2013

Distribution And Impacts Of Invasive Bivalve Corbicula Fluminea In Tidal Freshwater York River Tributaries, Matthew Ryan Freedman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Asian clam, Corbicula fluminea, is one of the most invasive bivalves in the world but there is limited research on its presence in tidal freshwater systems. Despite its introduction into Chesapeake Bay tributaries in the 1970s, the initial colonization and subsequent development of populations of C. fluminea in the Mattaponi and Pamunkey sub-tributaries of the York River, Virginia, is mostly undocumented. This study assessed the spatial distribution and population structure of C. fluminea in tidal freshwater sections of these rivers (~45km) with benthic surveys during summer 2011 – 2012. Benthic grabs (2.4L, 0.023m2) taken at 40 sites in ...


Improvements In Triploid Crassostrea Virginica Production: Characterizing The Diploid Parent, Brian R. Callam Jan 2013

Improvements In Triploid Crassostrea Virginica Production: Characterizing The Diploid Parent, Brian R. Callam

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The effect of triploidy to effect faster growth and increased survival compared to diploid oysters is called the ‘triploid advantage’ and this advantage in the Chesapeake Bay for Crassostrea virginica is the principal reason for the value of triploid C. virginica in the Chesapeake Bay, USA. The triploid advantage is hypothesized to be the result of genetic effects, physiological changes, or a combination of both. The causative genetic mechanisms at play may include additive genetic effects and heterosis while the physiological changes obtain from triploid sterility. The triploid advantage was examined by comparing 13 diploid and 13 triploid crosses across ...


Habitat And Fish Population Dynamics: Advancing Stock Assessments Of Highly Migratory Species, Patrick D. Lynch Jan 2013

Habitat And Fish Population Dynamics: Advancing Stock Assessments Of Highly Migratory Species, Patrick D. Lynch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Fisheries sustainability is inherently linked to an understanding of the population-level effects of fishing. With an accurate characterization of historical fish and fishery dynamics, management agencies are more equipped to create regulations that sustain fishery resources over the long term. The overarching goal of this dissertation is to contribute to the advancement of fisheries stock assessment and promote resource sustainability. My research focused on highly migratory species (HMS), particularly fishes that reside in the open ocean. These species constitute some of the highest valued global fisheries; however, numerous factors compromise HMS stock assessment and management. These challenges are fully described ...


Ecologically-Framed Mercury Database, Exposure Modeling And Risk/Benefit Communication To Lower Chesapeake Bay Fish Consumers, Xiaoyu Xu Jan 2013

Ecologically-Framed Mercury Database, Exposure Modeling And Risk/Benefit Communication To Lower Chesapeake Bay Fish Consumers, Xiaoyu Xu

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Mercury concentrations and determinants of mercury accumulation were examined for ten finfish species from the lower Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. None of the sampled fish had total mercury concentrations approaching the U.S. EPA human health screening value. Mercury concentrations in different fish species generally increased with increasing delta 15N, but not delta 13C, suggesting that trophic position, but not dietary carbon source was a dominant determinant. A methylmercury biomagnification model was built to estimate a food web magnification factor of approximately 10-fold increase per trophic level in Chesapeake Bay. Based on otolith strontium-calcium ratios, Atlantic croaker inhabiting less ...


Seasonal Nitrogen Uptake And Regeneration In The Water Column And Sea-Ice Of The Western Coastal Arctic, Steven E. Baer Jan 2013

Seasonal Nitrogen Uptake And Regeneration In The Water Column And Sea-Ice Of The Western Coastal Arctic, Steven E. Baer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The logistical difficulties of research in extremely low temperatures and lack of access to the Arctic have meant that there is a historic dearth of knowledge of coastal Arctic biogeochemistry, especially during winter when sea ice is present. Recent observations, however, indicate that the Arctic is changing rapidly. Changes include increased temperatures, decreased extent and volume of sea ice, and increased freshwater inputs. How these changes influence biogeochemical cycles is an open question, especially in the highly productive coastal regions of the Chukchi Sea. Here I present nitrogen (N) uptake and regeneration rates for phytoplankton and bacteria measured in the ...


Modeling The Formation Of Periodic Hypoxia In Partially Mixed Estuaries And Its Response To Oligotrophication And Climate Change, Samuel J. Lake Jan 2013

Modeling The Formation Of Periodic Hypoxia In Partially Mixed Estuaries And Its Response To Oligotrophication And Climate Change, Samuel J. Lake

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The development of hypoxia represents one of the most common and ecologically detrimental effects of anthropogenic nutrient enrichment in coastal marine ecosystems. Due to the physiological importance of oxygen as a key component of metabolic processes, the development and persistence of hypoxia can reduce the distribution of important species, modify food webs, decrease diversity and richness, and sub-lethally affect growth and reproductive rates. While many recent studies have focused on the global increase in hypoxia and highlighted the need for nutrient reduction strategies, some key processes associated with hypoxia remain understudied. of particular importance is the resolution of the major ...