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Attributing Meaning To Online Social Network Analysis For Tailored Socio-Behavioral Support Systems, Sahiti Myneni Dec 2013

Attributing Meaning To Online Social Network Analysis For Tailored Socio-Behavioral Support Systems, Sahiti Myneni

UT SBMI Dissertations (Open Access)

Ubiquitous online social networks provide us with a unique opportunity to deliver scalable interventions for the support of lifestyle modifications in order to change behaviors that predispose toward cancer and other diseases. At the same time these networks act as rich data sources to inform our understanding of end-user needs. Traditionally, social network analysis is based on communication frequency among members. In this work, I introduce communication content as a complementary frame for studying these networks.

QuitNet, an online social network developed to provide smoking cessation support is considered for analysis. Qualitative coding, automated content analysis, and network analysis were ...


The Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius Adhesin Spsd Contains A Central Fibronectin-Binding Domain, Andrea S. Bordt Dec 2013

The Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius Adhesin Spsd Contains A Central Fibronectin-Binding Domain, Andrea S. Bordt

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a Gram-positive bacterium significant because of its ability to cause costly and difficult to treat veterinary infections worldwide. It exhibits several similarities to Staphylococcus aureus, however, very little is known about its surface adhesins. Surface adhesins in S. aureus are significant contributors to pathogenesis. S. pseudintermedius encodes the surface protein SpsD, which contains characteristics of the microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules family and confers attachment of the heterologous host Lactococcus lactis to fibronectin. This work has identified a centrally-located fibronectin binding domain in SpsD which binds the 30 kDa N-terminal domain of fibronectin with high ...


Characterizing The Effect Of Dasatinib On Anti-Tumor Immune Response And Exploring The Potential Of Combining Targeted Therapy And Immunotherapy In A C-Kit Mutant Mastocytoma Model, Yan Yang Dec 2013

Characterizing The Effect Of Dasatinib On Anti-Tumor Immune Response And Exploring The Potential Of Combining Targeted Therapy And Immunotherapy In A C-Kit Mutant Mastocytoma Model, Yan Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Targeted therapy and immunotherapy eradicate malignant cells through different mechanisms, and the strengths and weaknesses of these two approaches are potentially complementary. Therefore, the combination of molecular targeted drugs with immune- based therapies is considered an attractive approach for improving the therapeutic efficacy of cancer treatment. The mutation and amplification of the c-KIT proto- oncogene are associated with multiple different cancer types, and multiple c-KIT inhibitors have been tested clinically. In spite of some encouraging results using these agents, most patients with c-KIT mutant cancers still relapse due to drug resistance. This also demonstrates the inherent limitation of molecular targeted ...


Ezh2 T416 Phosphorylation Enhances Breast Cancer Tumorigenesis, Adam M. Labaff, Adam M. Labaff Dec 2013

Ezh2 T416 Phosphorylation Enhances Breast Cancer Tumorigenesis, Adam M. Labaff, Adam M. Labaff

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2) is the catalytic subunit of Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) and catalyzes the trimethylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27Me3), to repress gene transcription. Many types of cancer stem and progenitor cells, including breast, have demonstrated EZH2 to be fundamental in the biology and promoting the expansion of their cellular populations. How EZH2 regulates each of these respective tumor initiating cells (TICs) populations has been studied, but the signaling transduction mechanisms that regulate EZH2 in these TIC populations is yet to be elucidated. Phosphorylation of EZH2 by cyclin dependent kinases (CDK) has been ...


Characterization Of The Role(S) Of Env Protein Of Human Endogenous Retrovirus-K In Multiple Human Cancers, Ming Li Dec 2013

Characterization Of The Role(S) Of Env Protein Of Human Endogenous Retrovirus-K In Multiple Human Cancers, Ming Li

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are remnants from ancient retroviral infections, and most of them are inactive in normal tissues. One family of HERV, HERV-K, is found to be associated with multiple human cancers including breast cancer, pancreatic cancer and melanoma, but the causal relationship between HERV-K and cancer is still unclear. Increased expression of HERV-K in melanoma cells correlates with malignant transformation, while a serological response to HERV-K in breast cancer or melanoma patients correlates with survival probability. However, the mechanism behind these observations remains obscure. Our laboratory reported that anti-HERV-K envelope (Env) protein antibodies show antitumor potential in targeting ...


Developmental And Molecular Functions Of Plakophilin-3, William A. Munoz Dec 2013

Developmental And Molecular Functions Of Plakophilin-3, William A. Munoz

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Plakophilin-3, the less studied member of the plakophilin-catenin subfamily, and the larger catenin family, binds directly to desmosomal cadherin cytoplasmic domains and enhances desmosome formation and stability. In mammals, plakophilin-3 is expressed at the highest levels in desmosome-enriched tissues such as epithelia, with the knock-out in mice producing corresponding reductions in ectodermal integrity. In tissue, cellular and intracellular contexts where plakophilin-3 is not at the desmosomal plaque, little is known about its functions in the cytoplasm or nucleus, where it also localizes.

My work employed embryos of the amphibian, Xenopus laevis, to examine plakophilin-3’s developmental roles. I first evaluated ...


Therapeutic Efficacy Of P53 Restoration In Mdm2-Overexpressing Tumors, Qin Li Dec 2013

Therapeutic Efficacy Of P53 Restoration In Mdm2-Overexpressing Tumors, Qin Li

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The TP53 tumor suppressor is the most mutated gene in human cancers. Recent studies using genetically modified mouse models have shown that restoring the expression of wild-type p53 has led to tumor growth suppression in various types of tumors lacking p53. Other mechanisms, e.g. upregulation of Mdm2 levels, exist in tumors to inactivate the p53 pathway. Mdm2, an E3 ubiquitin-ligase that targets p53 for proteasomal degradation, is present at high levels in many tumors with wild-type p53. In this study, we probed the effects of restoring p53 activity in Mdm2-overexpressing tumors genetically using animal models. Here we demonstrated high ...


Mtorc1 Signaling In Memory Formation And Dysfunction, Natalia S. Rozas De O'Laughlin Dec 2013

Mtorc1 Signaling In Memory Formation And Dysfunction, Natalia S. Rozas De O'Laughlin

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway integrates cellular availability of growth factors, energy and amino acids to regulate protein synthesis and autophagy. The mTORC1 pathway has also been shown to be required for memory consolidation, and its dysregulation is associated with many neurological disorders. MTORC1 is negatively regulated by the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC1/2). When ATP and growth factors are available, TSC1/2 is inhibited and mTORC1 activity can be restored. In a complementary regulatory pathway, amino acids signal to mTORC1 through the Rag GTPases and Ragulator complex, which modulate the translocation of mTORC1 from the ...


Investigating Apoptosis Pathway In Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Stromal Influence And Therapeutic Activation, Viralkumar M. Patel Dec 2013

Investigating Apoptosis Pathway In Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Stromal Influence And Therapeutic Activation, Viralkumar M. Patel

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy. High levels of Bcl-2 and IAP family proteins are responsible for apoptotic-resistance and accumulation of mature CLL lymphocytes in bone-marrow, lymph nodes and peripheral blood. Besides pro-survival proteins, supporting stromal cells as well as soluble factors in the microenvironment of bone-marrow and lymph nodes provide survival advantage to CLL leukemic cells.

Though the stromal – leukemia cell interactions has been studied extensively, in-depth-knowledge on the regulation of apoptotic pathway proteins in the context of microenvironment is still limited. To address this, the first part of our study focused on comprehensive analysis of 93 ...


C-Rel Is A Transcriptional Target Of Mesoderm Inducer In Xenopus Like 1 (Mixl1), Aaron C. Raymond Dec 2013

C-Rel Is A Transcriptional Target Of Mesoderm Inducer In Xenopus Like 1 (Mixl1), Aaron C. Raymond

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

MIXL1, an evolutionarily conserved, paired-type homeobox transcription factor induced by BMP4/TGFb signaling, is a critical regulator of embryonic and adult hematopoiesis. Several lines of evidence implicate MIXL1 in hematopoietic transformation: (i) Aberrant MIXL1 expression is seen in human CML ( Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia) in blast crisis, AML (Acute myelogenous leukemia), B cell lymphomas and pediatric ALL (Acute lymphocytic leukemia). (ii) Retroviral transduction of Mixl1 induces AML in murine models. Nonetheless, mechanisms underlying MIXL1 mediated proliferative, survival advantages are unknown.

The goal of my studies is to understand if and how aberrant MIXL1 expression contributes to leukemogenesis. As a first step ...


C-Jun N-Terminal Kinases Regulate Adenovirus-Mediated Autophagy And Antigen Presentation, Sarah R. Klein Dec 2013

C-Jun N-Terminal Kinases Regulate Adenovirus-Mediated Autophagy And Antigen Presentation, Sarah R. Klein

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Targeted immunotherapy with recombinant, oncolytic adenoviruses is under investigation for the treatment of cancer. Evidence indicates adenoviruses induce autophagy that is required for oncolysis, but the molecular regulation of autophagy in infected cells remains under investigation. Our data suggested the canonical pathway regulating starvation-induced autophagy was not implemented in adenovirus-induced autophagy; however, adenovirus infection triggered phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) that was essential for autophagy. Adenoviral replication within the host cell elicited JNK pathway activation leading to B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) phosphorylation. JNK-dependent Bcl-2 phosphorylation stimulated the dissociation of Bcl-2/beclin 1 heterodimers, enabling beclin 1 to initiate autophagy ...


Introducing A Novel Method For Genetic Analysis Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sepideh Nouri Dec 2013

Introducing A Novel Method For Genetic Analysis Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sepideh Nouri

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Autism is a spectrum of neurological disorders that is characterized by repetitive and stereotyped behaviors, lack of social skills in verbal and non-verbal communications, and intellectual disability. Recent statistics shows that 1 out of every 88 children in the US is affected by autism.

In this thesis, I first review previous studies on genetic association analyses of autism spectrum disorder. A large number of these studies fall into two categories: Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) and sequencing studies. Although GWAS are able to identify multiple common risk variants associated with different diseases, these common variants explain only a small portion ...


Characterization Of The Rna Binding And Rna Degrading Subunits Of The Eukaryotic Exosome, Borislava Tsanova Dec 2013

Characterization Of The Rna Binding And Rna Degrading Subunits Of The Eukaryotic Exosome, Borislava Tsanova

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The exosome is an essential complex of ten proteins involved in the processing and degradation of many RNAs in the cell. These include various stable RNAs, mRNAs, and aberrant transcripts both in the nucleus and in the cytoplasm.

In this work I characterize the three members of the exosome “cap”, the RNA binding proteins Rrp4, Rrp40, and Csl4. I determine that in spite of their structural similarity, they each have a unique essential role. Second, I determine that two of the cap proteins Rrp4 and Rrp40 have a role in bridging subunits of the PH ring of the exosome. The ...


Neural Correlates Of Audiovisual Speech Perception In Aphasia And Healthy Aging, Sarah H. Baum Dec 2013

Neural Correlates Of Audiovisual Speech Perception In Aphasia And Healthy Aging, Sarah H. Baum

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Understanding speech in face-to-face conversation utilizes the integration of multiple pieces of information, most importantly the auditory vocal sounds and visual lip movements. Prior studies of the neural underpinnings of audiovisual integration in the brain have provided converging evidence to suggest that neurons within the left superior temporal sulcus (STS) provide a critical neural hub for the integration of auditory and visual information in speech. While most studies of audiovisual processing focus on neural mechanisms within healthy, young adults, we currently know very little about how changes to the brain can affect audiovisual integration in speech. To examine this further ...


Development And Evaluation Of An Ontology-Based Quality Metrics Extraction System, Sina Madani Nov 2013

Development And Evaluation Of An Ontology-Based Quality Metrics Extraction System, Sina Madani

UT SBMI Dissertations (Open Access)

The Institute of Medicine reports a growing demand in recent years for quality improvement within the healthcare industry. In response, numerous organizations have been involved in the development and reporting of quality measurement metrics. However, disparate data models from such organizations shift the burden of accurate and reliable metrics extraction and reporting to healthcare providers. Furthermore, manual abstraction of quality metrics and diverse implementation of Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems deepens the complexity of consistent, valid, explicit, and comparable quality measurement reporting within healthcare provider organizations.

The main objective of this research is to evaluate an ontology-based information extraction framework ...


Prkca: Identification Of A Novel Downstream Target Of Wt1, Devin Jones Aug 2013

Prkca: Identification Of A Novel Downstream Target Of Wt1, Devin Jones

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Wilms tumor is a childhood tumor of the kidney arising from the undifferentiated metanephric mesenchyme. Tumorigenesis is attributed to a number of genetic and epigenetic alterations. In 20% of Wilms tumors, Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) undergoes inactivating homozygous mutations causing loss of function of the zinc finger transcription factor it encodes. It is hypothesized that mutations in WT1 result in dysregulation of downstream target genes, leading to aberrant kidney development and/or Wilms tumor. These downstream target genes are largely unknown, and identification is important for further understanding Wilms tumor development. Heatmap data of human Wilms tumor protein expression ...


T-Cell Treatments For Solid And Hematological Tumors, Drew C. Deniger Aug 2013

T-Cell Treatments For Solid And Hematological Tumors, Drew C. Deniger

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cell-based therapies have demonstrated potency and efficacy as cancer treatment modalities. T cells can be dichotomized by their T cell receptor (TCR) complexes where alpha/beta T cells (95% of T cells) and gamma/delta T cells (+T cells proliferated to clinically significant numbers and ROR1+ tumor cells were effectively targeted and killed by both ROR1-specific CAR+ T cell populations, although ROR1RCD137 were superior to ROR1RCD28 in clearance of leukemia xenografts in vivo. The second specific aim focused on generating bi-specific CD19-specific CAR+ gamma/delta T cells with polyclonal TCRgamma/delta repertoire on CD19+ artificial antigen presenting cells (aAPC). Enhanced ...


Conformational Dynamics Of K-Ras And H-Ras Proteins: Is There Functional Specificity At The Catalytic Domain?, Nandini Rambahal Aug 2013

Conformational Dynamics Of K-Ras And H-Ras Proteins: Is There Functional Specificity At The Catalytic Domain?, Nandini Rambahal

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Ras proteins serve as crucial signaling modulators in cell proliferation through their ability to hydrolyze GTP and exist in a GTP “on” state and GTP “off” state. There are three different human Ras isoforms: H-ras, N-ras and K-ras (4A and 4B). Although their sequence identity is very high at the catalytic domain, these isoforms differ in their ability to activate different effectors and hence different signaling pathways. Much of the previous work on this topic has attributed this difference to the hyper variable region of Ras proteins, which contains most of the sequence variance among the isoforms and encodes specificity ...


Studying Aggregate Formation By Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis-Associated Mutant Sod1 Protein In Drosophila Model, Michael Mccarthy Aug 2013

Studying Aggregate Formation By Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis-Associated Mutant Sod1 Protein In Drosophila Model, Michael Mccarthy

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

A common pathological hallmark of most neurodegenerative disorders is the presence of protein aggregates in the brain. Understanding the regulation of aggregate formation is thus important for elucidating disease pathogenic mechanisms and finding effective preventive avenues and cures. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a selective neurodegenerative disorder predominantly affecting motor neurons. The majority of ALS cases are sporadic, however, mutations in superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) are responsible for about 20% of familial ALS (fALS). Mutated SOD1 proteins are prone to misfold and form protein aggregates, thus representing a good candidate for studying aggregate ...


Rna-Sequencing Applications: Gene Expression Quantification And Methylator Phenotype Identification, Guoshuai Cai Aug 2013

Rna-Sequencing Applications: Gene Expression Quantification And Methylator Phenotype Identification, Guoshuai Cai

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

My dissertation focuses on two aspects of RNA sequencing technology. The first is the methodology for modeling the overdispersion inherent in RNA-seq data for differential expression analysis. This aspect is addressed in three sections. The second aspect is the application of RNA-seq data to identify the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) by integrating datasets of mRNA expression level and DNA methylation status.

Section 1: The cost of DNA sequencing has reduced dramatically in the past decade. Consequently, genomic research increasingly depends on sequencing technology. However it remains elusive how the sequencing capacity influences the accuracy of mRNA expression measurement. We ...


Characterization Of Jak, Stat, And Src Interactions In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Reshma Jaseja, Reshma Jaseja Aug 2013

Characterization Of Jak, Stat, And Src Interactions In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Reshma Jaseja, Reshma Jaseja

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Recurrence of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) is common; thus, it is essential to improve the effectiveness and reduce toxicity of current treatments. Proteins in the Src/Jak/STAT pathway represent potential therapeutic targets, as this pathway is hyperactive in HNSCC and it has roles in cell migration, metastasis, proliferation, survival, and angiogenesis. During short-term Src inhibition, Janus kinase (Jak) 2, and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 and STAT5 are dephosphorylated and inactivated. Following sustained Src inhibition, STAT5 remains inactive, but Jak2 and STAT3 are reactivated following their early inhibition. To further characterize the mechanism ...


A Novel Cardiac Function Of Sumo2/3 And Senp5 Dependent Pathway And Its Physiological Impact On Congestive Cardiomyopathy, Eun Young Kim Aug 2013

A Novel Cardiac Function Of Sumo2/3 And Senp5 Dependent Pathway And Its Physiological Impact On Congestive Cardiomyopathy, Eun Young Kim

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

A Novel cardiac function of SUMO2/3 and SENP5 dependent pathway and its physiologic impact on congestive cardiomyopathy

Publication No.___________

Eun Young Kim, M.S.

Supervisory professor: Robert J. Schwartz, Ph.D.

SUMOylation regulates diverse cellular processes including transcription, cell cycle, protein stability, and apoptosis. Although SUMO1 has been extensively studied so far, relevance of SUMO2/3 is unclear, especially in heart. Here we show that failing heart induces SUMO2/3 conjugation. Increased SUMO2/3-dependent modification leads to congestive heart disease such as cardiac hypertrophy by promoting cardiac cell death. Calpain2 and Calpastatin as a novel SUMO2 targets have ...


A Genomic Approach To Identify The Notch Pathway As A Putative Tumor Suppressor In Endometrial Cancer, Rajshi Gandhi Aug 2013

A Genomic Approach To Identify The Notch Pathway As A Putative Tumor Suppressor In Endometrial Cancer, Rajshi Gandhi

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy and the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer among women. The molecular changes that distinguish normal endometrium from endometrial carcinoma are not thoroughly understood. Identification of these changes could potentially aid in identifying at-risk women who are especially prone to develop endometrial cancer, such as obese women and women with Lynch Syndrome.

A microarray analysis was performed using normal endometrium from thin and obese women and cancerous endometrium from obese women. We validated the differential expression of ten genes whose expression was significantly up-regulated or down-regulated using qRT-PCR. All of the genes had ...


The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang Aug 2013

The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Akt (also known as protein kinase B) serves a central regulator in PI3K/Akt signaling pathways to regulate numerous physiological functions including cell proliferation, survival and metabolism. Akt activation requires the binding of Akt to phospholipid PIP3 on the plasma membrane and subsequent phosphorylation of Akt by its kinases. Growth factor-mediated membrane recruitment of Akt is a crucial step for Akt activation. However, the mechanism of Akt membrane translocation is unclear. Protein ubiquitination is a significant posttranslational modification that controls many biological functions such as protein trafficking and signaling activation. Therefore, we hypothesize that ubiquitination may be involved in Akt ...


Network Dynamics Of Visual Naming, Christopher R. Conner Aug 2013

Network Dynamics Of Visual Naming, Christopher R. Conner

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Recognition and naming of objects and actions are fundamental components of language. They involve several different systems working in coordination to accomplish a complex behavior. During visual naming, sensory and semantic processing are carried out by dedicated cortical substrates in the temporal and occipital lobes, while response selection and articulatory planning are handled by prefrontal cortex. Despite decades of research using lesion analysis, functional MRI and electro-encephalography, the precise dynamics involved remain unknown due to the inadequate spatio-temporal resolution of these methodologies. Of particular interest is the organization of semantic knowledge and the degree of serial and parallel organization of ...


Development And Characterization Of An In Vitro Four-Species Anaerobic Dental Biofilm Model, Fernando Andrade Aug 2013

Development And Characterization Of An In Vitro Four-Species Anaerobic Dental Biofilm Model, Fernando Andrade

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Dental caries is the most common chronic disease worldwide. It is characterized by the demineralization of tooth enamel caused by acid produced by cariogenic dental bacteria growing on tooth surfaces, termed bacterial biofilms. Cariogenesis is a complex biological process that is influence by multiple factors and is not attributed to a sole causative agent. Instead, caries is associated with multispecies microbial biofilm communities composed of some bacterial species that directly influence the development of a caries lesion and other species that are seemingly benign but must contribute to the community in an uncharacterized way. Clinical analysis of dental caries and ...


The Role Of Nucleolin In B-Cell Lymphomas And Fas-Mediated Apoptotic Signaling, Jillian F. Wise May 2013

The Role Of Nucleolin In B-Cell Lymphomas And Fas-Mediated Apoptotic Signaling, Jillian F. Wise

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The death receptor Fas has a key role in mediating homeostasis, elimination of defective cells and more recently implicated in cancer promotion. Many effective anti-cancer therapies depend on Fas-mediated apoptosis to eradicate tumor cells and ineffective Fas-apoptotic signaling is a basis for primary as well as acquired resistance to chemotherapy. We hypothesized that Fas is subjected to direct regulation by inhibitory proteins attained by cancer cells. To screen for potential binding modulators of Fas, we analyzed lymphoma cells for Fas binding proteins. This purification scheme identified high scoring peptides derived from nucleolin, a nuclear protein known to be overexpressed in ...


Targeting Histone Deacetylases (Hdac) For The Treatment Of Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Gonzalo Lopez May 2013

Targeting Histone Deacetylases (Hdac) For The Treatment Of Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Gonzalo Lopez

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Targeting Histone deacetylases (HDAC) for the treatment of genetically complex soft tissue sarcoma

Histone deactylase inhibitors (HDACi) are a new class of anticancer therapeutics; however, little is known about HDACi or the individual contribution of HDAC isoform activity in soft tissue sarcoma (STS). We investigated the potential efficacy of HDACi as monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapy in a panel of genetically complex STS. We found that HDACi combined with chemotherapy significantly induced anti-STS effects in vitro and in vivo. We then focused our study of HDACi in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), a subtype of highly aggressive, therapeutically ...


Knowledge And Expectations Of Support People In Prenatal Genetic Counseling Sessions, Michelle A. Mcdougle May 2013

Knowledge And Expectations Of Support People In Prenatal Genetic Counseling Sessions, Michelle A. Mcdougle

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Prenatal genetic counseling patients have the ability to choose from a myriad of screening and diagnostic testing options, each with intricacies and caveats regarding accuracy and timing. Decisions regarding such testing can be difficult and are often made on the same day that testing is performed. Therefore, it is reasonable to consider that the support people brought to an appointment may have a role in the decision-making process. We aimed to better define this potential role by examining the incoming knowledge and expectations of support people who attended prenatal genetic counseling appointments.

Support people were asked to complete a survey ...


The Role Of Type I Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor Signaling In Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis, Sandra M. Saldana May 2013

The Role Of Type I Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor Signaling In Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis, Sandra M. Saldana

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Brain metastasis is a common cause of mortality in cancer patients. Approximately 20-30% of breast cancer patients acquire brain metastasis, yet potential therapeutic targets remain largely unknown. The type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF- IR) is known to play a role in the progression of breast cancer and is currently being investigated in the clinical setting for various types of cancer. The present study demonstrates that the IGF-IR signaling axis is constitutively active in brain-seeking sublines of breast cancer cells, driving an increase in in vitro metastatic properties. We demonstrate that IGF-IR signaling is activated in an autocrine manner ...