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Theses/Dissertations

2013

Physiology

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Characterization Of The Alternative Oxidase From The Psychrophilic Green Alga Chlamydomonas Sp. Uwo241, Michael Sj Inman Dec 2013

Characterization Of The Alternative Oxidase From The Psychrophilic Green Alga Chlamydomonas Sp. Uwo241, Michael Sj Inman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The alternative oxidase (AOX) was studied in the psychrophilic green alga Chlamydomonas sp. UWO241. AOX is the sole component of the alternative pathway of mitochondrial electron transport and is present in all plant and algal species. In silico analysis of the deduced protein sequence of the cloned AOX cDNA showed that the UWO241 protein has lower amounts of proline and higher amounts of lysine and tryptophan compared to the AOX sequence of the mesophilic alga C. reinhardtii. These changes have been seen in other studies of cold-adapted enzymes. Interestingly, unlike C. reinhardtii, AOX transcript abundance in UWO241 did not increase ...


The Role Of Choline Acetyltransferase Variants In Alzheimer's Disease Models, Shawn Albers Dec 2013

The Role Of Choline Acetyltransferase Variants In Alzheimer's Disease Models, Shawn Albers

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The primate specific 82-kDa choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) isoform is found in the nuclei of cholinergic neurons, with a disruption in the subcellular localization in aging and AD brain samples# The functional significance of this protein is poorly understood. Previous studies have revealed a potentially protective role for 82-kDa ChAT, mediated through a reduction in amyloid-!1-42 (A!1-42) release in APP/PS1 double transgenic primary cortical neurons. Here we examine the effect of 82-kDa ChAT expression in transgenic neurons, on the amyloidogenic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and A! production. In this study we demonstrate 82-kDa ChAT transcriptionally increases ...


Cold-Activation Of The Drosophila Melanogaster Immune System, Golnaz Salehipourshirazi Dec 2013

Cold-Activation Of The Drosophila Melanogaster Immune System, Golnaz Salehipourshirazi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Evidence of immune response enhancement after cold exposure suggests that cold activates the insect immune system. I investigated whether the immune response of Drosophila melanogaster is activated by cold exposure in the absence of pathogens. To explore if different kinds of cold affect the immune response differently, I included acute and chronic cold exposure. I cold-exposed flies, and then examined up-regulation of immune-related genes. In addition, I measured hemocyte concentration, phenoloxidase activity, and woundinduced melanization. Acute cold exposure increased hemocyte concentration and woundinduced melanization. Chronic cold did not change hemocyte concentration, phenoloxidase activity or melanization in flies. Acute and chronic ...


Understanding Regulation Of The Cytoskeleton During Cell Cycle Transitions Through Examination Of Crosstalk Between Homologous Fission Yeast Pathways, Septation Initiation Network And Morphogenesis Orb6 Network: A Dissertation, Sneha Gupta Dec 2013

Understanding Regulation Of The Cytoskeleton During Cell Cycle Transitions Through Examination Of Crosstalk Between Homologous Fission Yeast Pathways, Septation Initiation Network And Morphogenesis Orb6 Network: A Dissertation, Sneha Gupta

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has become a powerful model system for studying cytokinesis, a process of cytoplasmic division by which one cell divides into two identical daughter cells. Like mammalian cells, S. pombe divides through the use of an actomyosin contractile ring, which is composed of a set of highly conserved cytoskeletal proteins. Cytokinesis in S. pombe is primarily regulated by the SIN pathway, which is activated in late mitosis and is required for actomyosin contractile ring and septum assembly, and also plays a role in spindle checkpoint inactivation, and telophase nuclear positioning. The various functions of the SIN ...


The Effect Of Testosterone On The Spring Migratory Phenotype Of A North American Songbird (Zonotrichia Albicollis), Caitlin L. Vandermeer Dec 2013

The Effect Of Testosterone On The Spring Migratory Phenotype Of A North American Songbird (Zonotrichia Albicollis), Caitlin L. Vandermeer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In passerines, the endocrine modulators responsible for seasonal changes in migratory behaviour and physiology are unclear. Spring photoperiods alter androgen levels, influencing muscle mass and fat deposition rates to power migration, as well as enhance nocturnal migratory restlessness activity (Zugunruhe). My study compared physiological indicators and migratory restlessness in castrated and intact white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis) following photoperiod and hormone manipulation. Nocturnal restlessness activity was highest in migratory intact males or migratory castrated males that received testosterone replacement. Liver mass decreased in all photostimulated migratory groups regardless of testosterone treatment. Likewise, oxidative enzyme activity was unrelated to testosterone, but was ...


Prenatal Programming Of Hepatic Glucose And Cholesterol Regulation In Male Rat Offspring By Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia, Waseem Iqbal Dec 2013

Prenatal Programming Of Hepatic Glucose And Cholesterol Regulation In Male Rat Offspring By Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia, Waseem Iqbal

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic disorder involving repetitive interruptions in breathing during sleep. Sufferers of OSA are exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), characterized by cyclical reductions in oxygen availability. A number of studies have established a link between OSA and various cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities in adulthood, including hypertension, obesity, and type II diabetes. While the consequences of OSA in adults have been well described, the cross-generational impact of this condition and potential effects on fetal development are not known. Epidemiological and animal studies have demonstrated that physiological insults during pregnancy lead to diminished growth of offspring ...


Caveolins And Njks Influence Brain Endothelial Permeability After Juvenile Tbi, David Olufemi Ajao Dec 2013

Caveolins And Njks Influence Brain Endothelial Permeability After Juvenile Tbi, David Olufemi Ajao

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a key secondary event that exacerbates brain damage following traumatic brain injury (TBI). BBB disruption is particularly damaging to the developing brain – which is highly vulnerable to various stress stimuli, resulting in increased brain swelling, disrupted cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation, long-term disabilities and death following TBI in young demographic. Unsurprisingly, BBB disruption and the resultant cerebral edema have emerged as therapeutic targets in juvenile TBI. It is therefore important to understand the molecular players and mechanisms involved in TBI-induced BBB disruption in the juvenile brain. To this end, the endothelial caveolins and c-Jun ...


Endocannabinoid-Dependent Long-Term Depression Of Ventral Tegmental Area Gaba Neurons, Jared Mark Weed Dec 2013

Endocannabinoid-Dependent Long-Term Depression Of Ventral Tegmental Area Gaba Neurons, Jared Mark Weed

Theses and Dissertations

GABA neurons in the ventral tegmental area of the midbrain are important components in the brain's reward circuit. Long term changes in this circuit occur through the process of synaptic plasticity. It has been shown that high frequency stimulation, as well as treatment with endocannabinoids, can cause GABA neurons in the ventral tegmental area to undergo long term depression, a form of synaptic plasticity that decreases excitability of cells. The present study elaborates on the mechanism whereby high frequency stimulation can result in long term depression of ventral tegmental area GABA neurons. Using the whole cell patch clamp technique ...


Involvement Of Ampk And Ap-1 Biochemical Pathways In Il-6 Regulation Of Steroidogenic Enzymes In The Adrenal Cortex, Matharage Shenali De Silva Dec 2013

Involvement Of Ampk And Ap-1 Biochemical Pathways In Il-6 Regulation Of Steroidogenic Enzymes In The Adrenal Cortex, Matharage Shenali De Silva

Theses and Dissertations

The adrenal cortex is a crucial endocrine gland in the mammalian stress response. In chronic inflammatory stress, cortisol is elevated whereas adrenal androgens are decreased. Furthermore, ACTH levels have poor correlation with the plasma cortisol in these conditions, thus suggesting that other factors are driving the stress response during chronic inflammatory stress. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a cytokine which is released during chronic inflammatory stress, is assumed to be one such factor. Thus the biochemical pathways by which IL-6 increases cortisol release from the zona fasciculata (ZF), and decreases adrenal androgen release from the zona reticularis (ZR) were investigated. Since IL-6 activates ...


Fgf4 Induced Wnt5a Gradient In The Limb Bud Mediates Mesenchymal Cell Directed Migration And Division, John C. Allen Dec 2013

Fgf4 Induced Wnt5a Gradient In The Limb Bud Mediates Mesenchymal Cell Directed Migration And Division, John C. Allen

Theses and Dissertations

The AER has a vital role in directing embryonic limb development. Several models have been developed that attempt to explain how the AER directs limb development, but none of them are fully supported by existing data. I provide evidence that FGFs secreted from the AER induce a gradient of Wnt5a. I also demonstrate that limb mesenchyme grows toward increasing concentrations of Wnt5a. We hypothesize that the changing shape of the AER is critical for patterning the limb along the proximal to distal axis. To better understand the pathway through which Wnt5a elicits its effects, we have performed various genetic studies ...


Variability Of Practice And Strength Training Periodization: When Theories Collide, Katherine Lauren Streder Dec 2013

Variability Of Practice And Strength Training Periodization: When Theories Collide, Katherine Lauren Streder

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether variability of practice enhances neuromuscular adaptations when compared to traditional strength training. The secondary purpose was to investigate whether there was a difference in perception of exertion between the two strength programs. Forty one subjects (23 women and 18 men) were assigned to either the control group or one of two treatment groups by a blocked-random method. Subject's one repetition maximum (1RM) for the kettlebell press and leg press were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks of training, and after 8 weeks of training. The treatment groups completed 8 ...


Differential Effects Of Short-Chain Fatty Acids On Motility Of Guinea Pig Proximal And Distal Colon, Norman Hurst Nov 2013

Differential Effects Of Short-Chain Fatty Acids On Motility Of Guinea Pig Proximal And Distal Colon, Norman Hurst

Theses and Dissertations

NTRODUCTION: Colonic bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by fermentation of dietary carbohydrates and fiber. The production of SCFAs is greatest in proximal colon where propulsion is likely to be highly dependent on chemical/nutrient stimuli. Unabsorbed SCFAs entering the distal colon are likely to modify peristalsis initiated by fecal pellet-induced distension. AIM: To determine the effect of individual SCFAs on propulsive contractions in guinea pig proximal colon and on pellet propulsion in distal colon. METHODS: Proximal colon was excised, cannulated and placed in Krebs buffer in an organ bath. After equilibration, the colon was distended with 1ml of Krebs ...


Transforming Growth Factor-Beta Receptor Signalling Is Modulated By Integrin-Linked Kinase, Stellar H. Boo Nov 2013

Transforming Growth Factor-Beta Receptor Signalling Is Modulated By Integrin-Linked Kinase, Stellar H. Boo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) modulates regeneration after injury through induction of fibroblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation into myofibroblasts. Induction of myofibroblast differentiation by TGF-β1 requires expression of integrin-linked kinase (ILK). I now show that ILK interacts with TGF-β receptor type II (TβRII) in primary dermal fibroblasts. Further, colocalization of ILK and TβRII can be observed at the cell membrane and in intracellular vesicles. The association of TβRII and ILK does not require TGF-β1 stimulation, kinase activity of TGF-β1 receptor type I or TβRII, and it does not involve interactions between ILK and focal adhesion-associated proteins. When this interaction is ...


A Test Of Whether Human Handling Causes Developmental Or Habituation Effects On The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Stress Response Of Young American Kestrels (Falco Sparverius), Erin Leigh Wonder Oct 2013

A Test Of Whether Human Handling Causes Developmental Or Habituation Effects On The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Stress Response Of Young American Kestrels (Falco Sparverius), Erin Leigh Wonder

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Early exposure to stressors affects subsequent stress responses in both mammalian and avian species, with the likelihood for lasting effects depending, in part, on the magnitude of the stressor. However, it is unclear whether lasting effects are the result of developmental changes to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis or habituation to the stressor. I investigated the effects of human handling, a known stressor, in free-living American kestrel (Falco sparverius) nestlings to determine if this brief, non-invasive stressor causes lasting changes in the stress response of handled birds, and whether alterations in the stress response were the result of developmental changes (early-handled ...


Natural Genetic Variation Affecting Calcium Homeostasis, Rebecca Anna Replogle Oct 2013

Natural Genetic Variation Affecting Calcium Homeostasis, Rebecca Anna Replogle

Open Access Dissertations

Calcium (Ca) is essential for multiple functions within the body including skeletal health. The level of Ca in the serum is tightly regulated. During periods of habitual low Ca intake, the body senses a decrease in serum Ca and increases renal conversion of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) to 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D). 1,25(OH)2D acts through the vitamin D receptor (VDR) to increase intestinal Ca absorption, renal Ca reabsorption and skeletal Ca resorption. Efficient intestinal Ca absorption, especially during periods of low Ca intake, is critical for protecting bone mass. Ca absorption ...


Effects Of Nitrite And Oxygen On Angiogenesis In Vascular Networks Of The Chicken Embryo, Michael Connery Oct 2013

Effects Of Nitrite And Oxygen On Angiogenesis In Vascular Networks Of The Chicken Embryo, Michael Connery

Theses and Dissertations

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of angiogenesis and is primarily produced endogenously through the action of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). An alternate pathway for NO production is the conversion of nitrite to NO, which depends on the presence of hemoglobin (Hb) and hypoxic conditions. The angiogenic effects of topically applied sodium nitrite on two vascular beds in the ex ovo chicken embryonic model of angiogenesis were assessed. Gas barrier films were used to modulate local oxygen levels in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), a respiratory vascular network, and the area vasculosa (AV) on the yolk sac, a typical peripheral ...


A Novel Autophagy Regulatory Mechanism That Functions During Programmed Cell Death: A Dissertation, Tsun-Kai Chang Sep 2013

A Novel Autophagy Regulatory Mechanism That Functions During Programmed Cell Death: A Dissertation, Tsun-Kai Chang

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Autophagy is a cellular process that delivers cytoplasmic materials for degradation by the lysosomes. Autophagy-related (Atg) genes were identified in yeast genetic screens for vehicle formation under stress conditions, and Atg genes are conserved from yeast to human. When cells or animals are under stress, autophagy is induced and Atg8 (LC3 in mammal) is activated by E1 activating enzyme Atg7. Atg8-containing membranes form and surround cargos, close and mature to become the autophagosomes. Autophagosomes fuse with lysosomes, and cargos are degraded by lysosomal enzymes to sustain cell viability. Therefore, autophagy is most frequently considered to function in cell survival. Whether ...


Protein Kinase C Dependent Inhibition Of Kir3.2 (Girk2) Channel Activity And Its Molecular Determinants, Scott Adney Sep 2013

Protein Kinase C Dependent Inhibition Of Kir3.2 (Girk2) Channel Activity And Its Molecular Determinants, Scott Adney

Theses and Dissertations

Inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels are critically important for regulating resting membrane potential in excitable cells, a job underscored by the severe pathophysiology associated with channel dysfunction. While all Kir channels require the activating lipid PIP2, many of these channels have diverse modulatory factors that couple to PIP2-dependent gating. Channels in the Kir3 (GIRK) family, in particular, have several co-activating elements, including G-protein betagamma subunits, ethanol, and sodium. During stimulation of Gq-coupled receptors, downstream activation of Protein Kinase C can phosphorylate and inhibit Kir3 channels, yet the mechanism of inhibition and phosphorylation sites are incompletely understood. We took a combined ...


The Effects Of Neurotensin On The Rat Distal Colon, Rick Chainani Sep 2013

The Effects Of Neurotensin On The Rat Distal Colon, Rick Chainani

Theses and Dissertations

The enteric nervous system controls the gut through the release of specific neurotransmitter and neuromodulators at specific sites such as mucosal secretory cell or smooth muscle cell. In the present study, we have examined the response to one of these neurohumoral agents, Neurotensin, in the rat distal colon. Neurotensin is a paracrine and endocrine modulator of the digestive tract. Even though these effects have been seen in colonic preparations, there are very few functional studies of the effects of Neurotensin in the rat colon, especially the distal colon. In the current study we propose the following hypothesis that Neurotensin will ...


Expression Analysis Of Histone Acetyltransferases In Rice Under Drought Stress, Hui Fang Sep 2013

Expression Analysis Of Histone Acetyltransferases In Rice Under Drought Stress, Hui Fang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Histone acetylation is one of the vital reversible modifications in eukaryotes. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) maintain the homeostasis of histone acetylation. HATs are associated with genome-wide transcriptional activation and various biological processes in response to various stresses. Drought stress causes a range of physiological and biochemical responses in plants. Eight HATs which belong to four different families (CBP, GNAT, MYST, and TAFII250 family) have been identified in rice. In this research, four OsHATs, one from each family, were chosen based on in silico domain and promoter analysis. The real-time qPCR analysis demonstrated that drought stress caused a ...


Performance And Signaling In The Green Anole Lizard, Justin P. Henningsen Sep 2013

Performance And Signaling In The Green Anole Lizard, Justin P. Henningsen

Open Access Dissertations

Green anoles are small lizards of the Southeastern United States. They possess an extensible throat-fan called a dewlap. Males have larger dewlaps and display them more often than females. Displays occur during courtship, during agonistic interaction, and during encounters with potential predators. The size of the dewlap of male green anoles is positively correlated with maximum bite force capacity. Bite force capacity, in turn, is predictive of the winner during agonistic interactions. The correlation between these traits suggests that dewlap size may be used as a reliable signal of maximum bite force capacity. In this dissertation, I address three components ...


Role Of Adenylyl Cyclase S674 In Central And Forearm Vasomotor Control, James Corkal Aug 2013

Role Of Adenylyl Cyclase S674 In Central And Forearm Vasomotor Control, James Corkal

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study examined the cardiac and vasomotor responses to submaximal handgrip exercise and beta-adrenergic control in carriers (n = 6) and non-carriers (n = 4) of a genetic variant of adenylyl cyclase 6 (AC S674). Rhythmic handgrip contractions (1 minute bout; 2 second contraction-relaxation period) were performed at three different intensities (20, 40, and 60% of maximal voluntary contraction force) to test the vasodilatory response to exercise. Additionally, two 5 minute infusions of isoproterenol (0.01 and 0.02 µg·kg-1·min-1 diluted in 5% dextrose) and one 10 minute infusion of propranolol (0.1 mg·kg-1 diluted in ...


Hiv-1 And The Nucleolus: A Role For Nucleophosmin/Npm1 In Viral Replication: A Dissertation, Tracy E. Schmidt Aug 2013

Hiv-1 And The Nucleolus: A Role For Nucleophosmin/Npm1 In Viral Replication: A Dissertation, Tracy E. Schmidt

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The nucleolus is a plurifunctional organelle with dynamic protein exchange involved in diverse aspects of cell biology. Additionally, the nucleolus has been shown to have a role in the replication of numerous viruses, which includes HIV-1. Several groups have reported HIV-1 vRNA localization within the nucleolus. Moreover, it has been demonstrated the HIV-1 Rev protein localizes to the nucleolus and interacts with nucleolar proteins, including NPM1. Despite evidence for a nucleolar involvement during replication, a functional link has not been demonstrated. I investigated whether introncontaining vRNAs have a Rev-mediated nucleolar localization step prior to export. Furthermore, I examined whether NPM1 ...


The Effect Of Aerobic Exercise Training On Cerebrovascular Hsp70, Hsp90, Inos And Enos Expression In Type 1 Diabetes, Adwitia Dey Aug 2013

The Effect Of Aerobic Exercise Training On Cerebrovascular Hsp70, Hsp90, Inos And Enos Expression In Type 1 Diabetes, Adwitia Dey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training alone and in a model of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM), on Heat Shock Protein (HSP) and Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) expression in entorhinal adjacent large and small cerebral vessels. Thirty-two rats were randomly allocated to four groups: control sedentary (C), control exercised (CX), diabetic sedentary (D) and diabetic exercised (DX). Exercise training incorporated 5 days/week on a motorized treadmill (27m/min; 6 degree incline; 1 hour) for 10 weeks. Exercise trained groups had significantly greater Hsp70 expression than their respective non-trained groups (p<0.05) and this response was not blunted in T1DM animals. The inducible NOS (iNOS) expression was greater in diabetic sedentary when compared to all other groups (p<0.001). Co-localization of protein with smooth muscle cells illustrates that all HSP and NOS signal content is localized to the smooth muscle area (SMA).


Atrial Fibrillation-Linked Germline Gja5/Connexin40 Mutants Showed An Increased Hemichannel Function, Matthew D. Hills Aug 2013

Atrial Fibrillation-Linked Germline Gja5/Connexin40 Mutants Showed An Increased Hemichannel Function, Matthew D. Hills

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mutations in GJA5 encoding the gap junction protein connexin40 (Cx40) have been linked to lone atrial fibrillation (AF). Some of these mutants result in impaired gap junction function due to either abnormal connexin localization or impaired gap junction channels, which may play a role in promoting AF. However, the effects of the AF-linked Cx40 mutants on hemichannel function has not been studied. Here we investigated two AF-linked germline Cx40 mutants, V85I and L221I. These two mutants formed putative gap junction plaques at cell-cell interfaces, with similar gap junction coupling conductance as that of wild-type Cx40. Connexin deficient HeLa cells expressing ...


Ionic And Osmotic Mechanisms Of Insect Chill-Coma And Chilling Injury, Heath A. Macmillan Aug 2013

Ionic And Osmotic Mechanisms Of Insect Chill-Coma And Chilling Injury, Heath A. Macmillan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A mechanistic understanding of how temperature limits insect performance is needed to accurately model insect distribution and abundance. Upon crossing the temperature of their critical thermal minimum (CTmin), insects enter a state of paralysis (chill-coma). Chill-susceptible insects accumulate injuries (termed chilling injury) during prolonged exposure to low temperatures. My objective was to determine the mechanisms by which both chill-coma and chilling injury manifest in chill-susceptible insects. In aquatic animals, critical thermal limits are associated with a temperature-induced failure of oxygen supply relative to demand (oxygen- and capacity- limitation of thermotolerance; OCLT), which leads to reliance on anaerobic metabolism at ...


Cyanobacteria Predominance In Alberta's Eutrophic Lakes Linked To Iron Scavenging Strategy That Uses Siderophores And Toxins, Xue L. Du Aug 2013

Cyanobacteria Predominance In Alberta's Eutrophic Lakes Linked To Iron Scavenging Strategy That Uses Siderophores And Toxins, Xue L. Du

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The role of the micronutrient iron in the regulation of cyanobacteria dominance and cyanotoxicity is poorly understood. Iron is required for important metabolic pathways, including both phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) assimilation, and low levels of this element may influence the assimilation of the macronutrients. The hypothesis tested was that cyanobacteria produce and utilize siderophores and toxins in low iron conditions to scavenge iron, when P and N are not limiting algal growth, providing some cyanobacteria with a competitive advantage over other algal species. Among the naturally eutrophic lakes studied, cyanobacteria were dominant at low iron (>pFe19) concentrations (Spearman r ...


Mathematical Modeling Of Physiological Characteristics In Female Soccer Athletes, Thomas S. Goeppinger Aug 2013

Mathematical Modeling Of Physiological Characteristics In Female Soccer Athletes, Thomas S. Goeppinger

Theses and Dissertations

Intermittent sports create challenges regarding performance measurement. Quantification of various physiological characteristics can lead to increased performance and injury reduction throughout a season of competition. Currently, a variation of an athletes' heart rate is the primary physiological characteristic used for quantifying load on the athlete. With increasing technology, we have the ability to gather additional characteristics regarding the physicality of athletes during competition. This study statistically compares various models using these new characteristics as predictors to the athletes' lactate concentration in their blood. From this comparison, we determine which physiological characteristic(s) best represent the performance and fatigue of these ...


Exercise Participation During Weight Loss On A High Protein – Low Carbohydrate Diet Plan In Females Aged 15-25 Years, Margaret Mobley-Meulman Aug 2013

Exercise Participation During Weight Loss On A High Protein – Low Carbohydrate Diet Plan In Females Aged 15-25 Years, Margaret Mobley-Meulman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Weight gain due to poor diet and lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). Obese adults have an increased risk for serious health conditions including high blood pressure and cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and certain cancers (National Cancer Institute, 2012). Participation in exercise can help control weight, strengthen muscles and bones, and reduce the incidence of cardiac events, stroke, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, colon and breast cancers, osteoporotic fractures, gallbladder disease, obesity, depression, anxiety, and ...


The Effect Of Temperature Extremes On Cardiorespiratory Function In The Grass Shrimp Palaemonetes Pugio: Oxygen Limited Thermal Tolerance, Teresa Mika Aug 2013

The Effect Of Temperature Extremes On Cardiorespiratory Function In The Grass Shrimp Palaemonetes Pugio: Oxygen Limited Thermal Tolerance, Teresa Mika

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Aquatic poikilothermic animals must either cope with or compensate for the mismatch in oxygen supply and demand present at high temperatures. Oxygen limited thermal tolerance explains how aerobic scope is limited by insufficient oxygen supply and sets the performance window in animals. This work explores the effects of temperature on the different components of the oxygen delivery system, in both normoxic and hyperoxic conditions to determine if supplying more oxygen to the system mitigates the effects of temperature effects on the cardiorespiratory system and extends oxygen limited thermal tolerance to higher temperatures. The effect of temperature and oxygen condition was ...