Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Theses/Dissertations

2013

Cell and Developmental Biology

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 31 - 60 of 190

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Analysis Of Subcellular Localization Patterns Suggest Non-Enzymatic Roles For Select Arogenate Dehydratases, Travis R. Howes Aug 2013

Analysis Of Subcellular Localization Patterns Suggest Non-Enzymatic Roles For Select Arogenate Dehydratases, Travis R. Howes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The final step of phenylalanine biosynthesis in planta is catalyzed by arogenate dehydratases (ADTs). Previously cloned ADT-CFP fusion genes were used to provide an in depth study of the subcellular localization of all six ADTs from Arabidopsis thaliana. Through co-localization of ADT-CFPs with a stroma-marker it is shown that most ADTs localize to stroma-filled projections from chloroplasts called stromules. The localization of ADT5 and ADT2 provide evidence for additional, non-enzymatic roles. In the case of ADT5, it is found to localize to the nucleus, suggestive of an uncharacterized nuclear role. The localization patterns of ADT2 are suggestive of a role ...


Cx43 Reduces Melanoma Growth Within A Keratinocyte Microenvironment And During Tumorigenesis In Vivo, Mark J. Ableser Aug 2013

Cx43 Reduces Melanoma Growth Within A Keratinocyte Microenvironment And During Tumorigenesis In Vivo, Mark J. Ableser

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Connexins have been frequently identified as tumor suppressors in many cancers, however, their role in melanoma tumorigenesis remains controversial. Here, we show that B16-BL6 mouse melanoma cells express low levels of Cx26 and Cx43, rendering them gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) deficient. Following ectopic expression of Cx26 and Cx43, gap junction-like plaques were evident at the cell surface and the incidence of dye transfer was significantly increased similar to connexin-rich keratinocytes. The expression of Cx43, but not Cx26, significantly reduced proliferation and anchorage-independent growth relative to controls, whereas migration was unaffected. Additionally, Cx43-expressing melanoma cells displayed significantly reduced growth amongst ...


Exploring Tissue Engineering: Vitamin D3 Influences On The Proliferation And Differentiation Of An Engineered Osteoblast Precursor Cell Line During Early Bone Tissue Development, Shelley S. Mason Aug 2013

Exploring Tissue Engineering: Vitamin D3 Influences On The Proliferation And Differentiation Of An Engineered Osteoblast Precursor Cell Line During Early Bone Tissue Development, Shelley S. Mason

Dissertations and Theses

Most of the load-bearing demand placed on the human body is transduced by skeletal tissue, and the capacity of the skeleton to articulate in various opposing directions is essential for body movement and locomotion. Consequently, cartilage and bone defects due to trauma, disease, and developmental abnormalities result in disabling pain and immobility for millions of people worldwide. A novel way of promoting cartilage and bone regeneration is through the incorporation of either primary cells or multipotent progenitor cells in a three-dimensional (3D) biomaterial scaffold, and/or the addition of exogenous growth and differentiation factors. The first part of this study ...


Shroom3 Deficient Mice Show Congenital Heart Defects, Rami R. Halabi Aug 2013

Shroom3 Deficient Mice Show Congenital Heart Defects, Rami R. Halabi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are associated with a number of genetic and environmental risk factors affecting approximately 1% of newborns. Shroom3 is an actin binding and microtubule organizing protein essential for neural tube closure in mouse, Xenopus and chick. In Xenopus shroom3 expression is found within the forming heart and loss of activity results in malformed hearts. In addition, SHROOM3 has recently been associated with heterotaxy in a human patient. Mice homozygous for the Shroom3 gene trap die at birth due to exencephaly and here, I provide evidence that the majority of these mice have CHDs, including septal defects, semilunar ...


Metformin-Induced Pedf Expression Regulates Cell Proliferation And Lipid Metabolism In Prostate Cancer Cells, Miguel Angel Tolentino Aug 2013

Metformin-Induced Pedf Expression Regulates Cell Proliferation And Lipid Metabolism In Prostate Cancer Cells, Miguel Angel Tolentino

Theses and Dissertations

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancers in American males. A high fat diet and obesity accelerate PCa progression and increase the 1risk of death from disease. Epidemiological studies have indicated that PCa patients with type 2 diabetes have higher mortality rates than PCa patients without diabetes. Type 2 diabetics who are on metformin, a drug to control blood sugar levels, show a delay in PCa progression in comparison with PCa patients with type 2 diabetes who are not on metformin. It has been proposed that metformin inhibits proliferation via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) or ...


Chromatin Insulators: Master Regulators Of The Eukaryotic Genome, Todd Andrew Schoborg Aug 2013

Chromatin Insulators: Master Regulators Of The Eukaryotic Genome, Todd Andrew Schoborg

Doctoral Dissertations

Proper organization of the chromatin fiber within the three dimensional space of the eukaryotic nucleus relies on a number of DNA elements and their interacting proteins whose structural and functional consequences exert significant influence on genome behavior. Chromatin insulators are one such example, where it is thought that these elements assist in the formation of higher order chromatin loop structures by mediating long-range contacts between distant sites scattered throughout the genome. Such looping serves a dual role, helping to satisfy both the physical constraints needed to package the linear DNA polymer within the small volume of the nucleus while simultaneously ...


T-Cell Treatments For Solid And Hematological Tumors, Drew C. Deniger Aug 2013

T-Cell Treatments For Solid And Hematological Tumors, Drew C. Deniger

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cell-based therapies have demonstrated potency and efficacy as cancer treatment modalities. T cells can be dichotomized by their T cell receptor (TCR) complexes where alpha/beta T cells (95% of T cells) and gamma/delta T cells (+T cells proliferated to clinically significant numbers and ROR1+ tumor cells were effectively targeted and killed by both ROR1-specific CAR+ T cell populations, although ROR1RCD137 were superior to ROR1RCD28 in clearance of leukemia xenografts in vivo. The second specific aim focused on generating bi-specific CD19-specific CAR+ gamma/delta T cells with polyclonal TCRgamma/delta repertoire on CD19+ artificial antigen presenting cells (aAPC). Enhanced ...


Characterization Of Jak, Stat, And Src Interactions In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Reshma Jaseja, Reshma Jaseja Aug 2013

Characterization Of Jak, Stat, And Src Interactions In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Reshma Jaseja, Reshma Jaseja

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Recurrence of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) is common; thus, it is essential to improve the effectiveness and reduce toxicity of current treatments. Proteins in the Src/Jak/STAT pathway represent potential therapeutic targets, as this pathway is hyperactive in HNSCC and it has roles in cell migration, metastasis, proliferation, survival, and angiogenesis. During short-term Src inhibition, Janus kinase (Jak) 2, and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 and STAT5 are dephosphorylated and inactivated. Following sustained Src inhibition, STAT5 remains inactive, but Jak2 and STAT3 are reactivated following their early inhibition. To further characterize the mechanism ...


A Genomic Approach To Identify The Notch Pathway As A Putative Tumor Suppressor In Endometrial Cancer, Rajshi Gandhi Aug 2013

A Genomic Approach To Identify The Notch Pathway As A Putative Tumor Suppressor In Endometrial Cancer, Rajshi Gandhi

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy and the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer among women. The molecular changes that distinguish normal endometrium from endometrial carcinoma are not thoroughly understood. Identification of these changes could potentially aid in identifying at-risk women who are especially prone to develop endometrial cancer, such as obese women and women with Lynch Syndrome.

A microarray analysis was performed using normal endometrium from thin and obese women and cancerous endometrium from obese women. We validated the differential expression of ten genes whose expression was significantly up-regulated or down-regulated using qRT-PCR. All of the genes had ...


Identification Of Actin Cytoskeletal Protein Interactions With The Fission Yeast Scaffold, Mid1, Marian Testori Aug 2013

Identification Of Actin Cytoskeletal Protein Interactions With The Fission Yeast Scaffold, Mid1, Marian Testori

Masters Theses

Cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell division. Cell division in eukaryotic cells occurs by the formation of a contractile ring, predominantly composed of filamentous actin (F-actin). During mitosis, actin filaments polymerize to form rings at the medial plane of the cell that constrict causing the cell membrane to pinch and divide. Proteins that regulate this process are essential because dysregulation can lead to uninhibited cell growth and division. In fission yeast, the protein Mid1 functions as a scaffold to recruit regulatory proteins required for actin filament formation and simultaneously anchors the contractile ring at the cell division site. The ...


Characterization Of A Glycosyphosphatidylinositol Anchor Transamidase In Arabidopsis Thaliana And The Function Of Gpi Anchored Proteins In Stomatal Development, Mark Gerald Ronald Bundy Aug 2013

Characterization Of A Glycosyphosphatidylinositol Anchor Transamidase In Arabidopsis Thaliana And The Function Of Gpi Anchored Proteins In Stomatal Development, Mark Gerald Ronald Bundy

Masters Theses

In plants stomata play a vital role for survival by allowing the gas exchange of CO2 [carbon dioxide] and water vapor to occur. A stoma is a central pore flanked by two kidney shaped guard cells and in wild type there is at least one pavement cell between each stoma. The ERECTA (ER) gene family consisting of ER, ERL1, ERL2 is involved in regulation of stomata development, where a triple mutant of er erl1 erl2 displays an increased stomata index and clusters of stomata that disobey the one cell spacing rule. To better understand the pathway of stomata development ...


Mechanism Of Lpa-Induced Lipid Uptake In Macrophages, Kan Xu Aug 2013

Mechanism Of Lpa-Induced Lipid Uptake In Macrophages, Kan Xu

Masters Theses

Cardiovascular disease, currently the leading cause of mortality throughout the developed countries, is mainly caused by atherosclerosis, which is recognized as a chronic inflammatory disease. Atherosclerotic plaques are characterized by accumulations of lipid in arterial walls together with infiltration of macrophages. These macrophages differentiate from monocytes which transform into foam cells through phagocytizing various forms of lipid, are believed to be the main component of early atherosclerotic lesions.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a potent bioactive lipid, regulates a broad range of cellular functions in various cell types. In our findings, LPA-induced macrophages may enhance the lipid uptake effect in both J774A ...


A Novel Gain Of Function Of The Irx1 And Irx2 Genes Disrupts Axis Elongation In The Araucana Rumpless Chicken, Nowlan Freese Aug 2013

A Novel Gain Of Function Of The Irx1 And Irx2 Genes Disrupts Axis Elongation In The Araucana Rumpless Chicken, Nowlan Freese

All Dissertations

Caudal dysplasia describes a range of developmental disorders that affect normal development of the lumbar spinal column, sacrum and pelvis. An important goal of the congenital malformation field is to identify the genetic mechanisms leading to caudal deformities.
To identify the genetic cause(s) and subsequent molecular mechanisms I turned to an animal model, the rumpless Araucana chicken breed. Araucana fail to form vertebrae beyond the level of the hips. I performed a genome wide association study to identify candidate genomic regions associated with the rumpless phenotype, compared to tailed Araucana. A candidate region of chromosome 2 containing just two ...


Developmental Expression Profile Of Bric Á Brac 2, Midline And H15 In The Developing Eye And Central Nervous System Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Petra Visic Aug 2013

Developmental Expression Profile Of Bric Á Brac 2, Midline And H15 In The Developing Eye And Central Nervous System Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Petra Visic

Honors Theses

Aberrant activity of a single gene can lead towards development of cancerous cells. Drosophila melanogaster is a useful model system to study cancer because there is high degree of evolutionary conservation in signaling pathways between humans and flies that play major roles in regulating cell proliferation and growth (Miles et al., 2011). At The University of Southern Mississippi (USM), Dr. Leal’s lab has gathered evidence suggesting that bab1 and bab2 interact with the T-box gene midline (mid) and its paralog H15, while the early developmental function of bab1 and bab2 remains unknown. That is why elucidating the early interactions ...


The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang Aug 2013

The Role Of K63-Linked Ubiquitination Cycles In Akt Kinase Activation, Wei-Lei Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Akt (also known as protein kinase B) serves a central regulator in PI3K/Akt signaling pathways to regulate numerous physiological functions including cell proliferation, survival and metabolism. Akt activation requires the binding of Akt to phospholipid PIP3 on the plasma membrane and subsequent phosphorylation of Akt by its kinases. Growth factor-mediated membrane recruitment of Akt is a crucial step for Akt activation. However, the mechanism of Akt membrane translocation is unclear. Protein ubiquitination is a significant posttranslational modification that controls many biological functions such as protein trafficking and signaling activation. Therefore, we hypothesize that ubiquitination may be involved in Akt ...


Proteomic And Biochemical Studies Of Estrogen-Mediated Signaling And Novel Estrogen Receptor-Interacting Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells, Zhenqi Zhou Aug 2013

Proteomic And Biochemical Studies Of Estrogen-Mediated Signaling And Novel Estrogen Receptor-Interacting Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells, Zhenqi Zhou

Theses and Dissertations

Estrogen plays essential roles in the growth, development, and homeostasis of a number of tissues, and can also be linked to the growth of breast cancer. The biological activities of estrogen are mediated by estrogen receptors (ERs) ERá and ERâ, and also orphan G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30). In order to identify novel proteins that are involved in ER-mediated actions of estrogen, we used mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomic methods to systematically profile global protein expression in responses to E2 (17â-estradiol) stimulation in human breast cancer cell, and identify and characterize cellular novel proteins that are associated with ERs in breast cancer ...


A Novel Role Of Oncostatin M In Invasive Breast Cancer: Induction Of Cathepsin D And Lysosomal Trafficking, Jordan Barrie Koncinsky Jul 2013

A Novel Role Of Oncostatin M In Invasive Breast Cancer: Induction Of Cathepsin D And Lysosomal Trafficking, Jordan Barrie Koncinsky

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Oncostatin M (OSM) is an interleukin-6 (IL-6) family cytokine shown to be important in inflammation, hematopoiesis, development and bone homeostasis. Despite its role as a growth suppressor for many cancers, including breast cancer, OSM is currently being studied for its ability to promote tumor invasion and metastasis. Cathepsin D (CTSD) is a lysosomal protease found to be overexpressed and hypersecreted in breast and other cancers. In this study, we found OSM to induce the expression of CTSD protein in human breast cancer cells via the STAT3 and JNK2 pathways. Next, we investigated mechanisms resulting in the increased secretion of CTSD ...


Characterization Of A Putative Activation Domain In The Hulk Gene Family, Christopher Doan Jul 2013

Characterization Of A Putative Activation Domain In The Hulk Gene Family, Christopher Doan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The HULK gene family participates in regulation of both flowering time and development in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana. The proteins encoded by these genes share conserved domain structures including a proline-rich region (PRR) in the carboxyl-terminus. Based on sequence analysis and the presence of a proline-rich domain, it has been suggested that the HULKs are putative transcription factors in which HUA2 is known to regulate several late-flowering genes: FLC, FLM and MAF2.

To investigate the putative transcriptional activation domain in the carboxyl-terminus of the HULKs, full-length HULKs and deletion constructs were 3-AT titrated in yeast-one hybrids. It was found that ...


P2x7 Nucleotide Receptor Signaling In Osteoblasts, Matthew W. Grol Jul 2013

P2x7 Nucleotide Receptor Signaling In Osteoblasts, Matthew W. Grol

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nucleotides are released from cells of the osteoblast lineage in response to mechanical stimulation, and signal through two families of P2 nucleotide receptors – G protein-coupled P2Y receptors and ligand-gated P2X cation channels. Nearly every cell-type expresses multiple P2 receptor subtypes. However, the significance of these networks of receptors in any system is unclear. In this thesis, we demonstrate that the endogenous network of P2 receptors expressed by osteoblasts permits graded increases in Ca2+ signaling over a million-fold range of ATP concentrations. P2Y receptors mediate transient activation of the Ca2+/NFATc1 pathway, whereas stimulation of P2X7 causes sustained Ca ...


Characterizing The Role Of The Retinoblastoma Protein Lxcxe Binding Cleft In Cellular Senescence And Tumor Suppression, Srikanth Talluri Jul 2013

Characterizing The Role Of The Retinoblastoma Protein Lxcxe Binding Cleft In Cellular Senescence And Tumor Suppression, Srikanth Talluri

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Retinoblastoma protein (pRB) is a key regulator of the cell cycle and is functionally inactivated in most cancers. pRB has been proposed to utilize simultaneous interactions with E2F transcription factors and chromatin regulatory proteins to repress transcription and block cell cycle progression. The goal of this study is to characterize the physiological role of pRB interactions with chromatin regulatory proteins. I used gene targeted mice carrying point mutations in the murine Rb1 gene (Rb1∆L) that specifically disrupt pRB’s LXCXE binding cleft, and thereby its ability to interact with chromatin regulatory proteins while leaving its ability to bind ...


Features Of Dormancy In Metastatic Ovarian Cancer Cells, Rohann Jm Correa Jul 2013

Features Of Dormancy In Metastatic Ovarian Cancer Cells, Rohann Jm Correa

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The most prevalent subtype of ovarian cancer – high-grade serous (HGS) carcinoma – is also the most lethal, since the majority of cases are characterized by advanced-stage (metastatic) presentation. Metastasis of this cancer proceeds by an intra-peritoneal route, involving detachment of cells from the primary tumour and dissemination throughout the peritoneal cavity as multicellular aggregates, or spheroids. Herein, we demonstrate that HGS patient-derived tumour cells cultured to form in vitro spheroids exhibit features of cancer dormancy, a cellular state known to promote therapeutic resistance and disease recurrence. We discovered that upon spheroid formation, cells became non-proliferative, exhibiting a cell cycle profile and ...


Morphogenetic Requirements For Embryo Patterning And The Generation Of Stem Cell-Derived Mice: A Dissertation, Yeonsoo Yoon Jul 2013

Morphogenetic Requirements For Embryo Patterning And The Generation Of Stem Cell-Derived Mice: A Dissertation, Yeonsoo Yoon

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cell proliferation and differentiation are tightly regulated processes required for the proper development of multi-cellular organisms. To understand the effects of cell proliferation on embryo patterning in mice, we inactivated Aurora A, a gene essential for completion of the cell cycle. We discovered that inhibiting cell proliferation leads to different outcomes depending on the tissue affected. If the epiblast, the embryonic component, is compromised, it leads to gastrulation failure. However, when Aurora A is inactivated in extra-embryonic tissues, mutant embryos fail to properly establish the anteroposterior axis. Ablation of Aurora A in the epiblast eventually leads to abnormal embryos composed ...


Beta-Amyloid Inhibition Of Alpha 7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors And Factors That Potentially Influence The Aî²/Nachr Interaction, Christopher L. Jacobsen Jul 2013

Beta-Amyloid Inhibition Of Alpha 7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors And Factors That Potentially Influence The Aî²/Nachr Interaction, Christopher L. Jacobsen

Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that manifests in the form of deficiencies in cognitive processes such as memory and learning. The pathological features of AD include hyperphosphorylated tau proteins that form neurofibrillary tangles as well as senile plaques composed primarily of the peptide β-amyloid (Aβ). When present in high concentrations in the brain, Aβ inhibits certain subtypes of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the hippocampus. The effects of Aβ in the hippocampus have proven to be neurotoxic, resulting in reduced functionality of nAChRs and the subsequent death of neurons in the cholinergic pathway. The early stages ...


Molecular Mechanisms Underlying The Early Life Programming Of The Liver, Gurjeev Sohi Jul 2013

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying The Early Life Programming Of The Liver, Gurjeev Sohi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Clinical studies have demonstrated that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) offspring, faced with a nutritional mismatch postpartum, have an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome. The maternal protein restriction (MPR) rat model has been extensively studied to investigate the adverse effects of a nutritional mismatch in postnatal life of IUGR offspring. Previous studies have demonstrated that MPR leads to impaired function of the liver, an important metabolic organ. However the underlying mechanisms which predispose these offspring to the metabolic syndrome remain elusive. In the following studies, low protein diet during pregnancy and lactation led to IUGR offspring with decreased liver ...


Susceptibility Of Apoptotic Cells To Hydrolysis By Spla2: Molecular Basis And Mechanisms Defined, Elizabeth Gibbons Jul 2013

Susceptibility Of Apoptotic Cells To Hydrolysis By Spla2: Molecular Basis And Mechanisms Defined, Elizabeth Gibbons

Theses and Dissertations

Secretory phospholipase A2 hydrolyzes phospholipids at a lipid-water interface, resulting in pro-inflammatory products being released from cell membranes. Healthy cells are resistant to cleavage by this enzyme, but apoptotic cells become susceptible to its activity. Only bilayers with certain characteristics are able to be hydrolyzed. Most recently, studies in this lab have emphasized the idea that the biophysical state of the bilayer (in terms of lipid order, spacing, and fluidity) is relevant in determining the probability of one phospholipid escaping the membrane to be hydrolyzed. Prior to this study, it had been shown that apoptotic cells undergo biophysical alterations that ...


Studies Of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Mutant Proteins Defective In Translesion Synthesis And Mismatch Repair, Lynne Margaret Dieckman Jul 2013

Studies Of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Mutant Proteins Defective In Translesion Synthesis And Mismatch Repair, Lynne Margaret Dieckman

Theses and Dissertations

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a versatile protein involved in all pathways of DNA metabolism. It is best known as a processivity factor for classical polymerases, which synthesize DNA on non-damaged templates during DNA replication (ex: pol δ). Non-classical polymerases, on the other hand, are those that synthesize DNA on damaged templates (ex: pol η). PCNA also functions in repair, recombination, and most other DNA-dependent cellular processes. A number of separation of function mutant PCNA proteins have been identified, suggesting that PCNA could be a valuable target to manipulate DNA metabolism. This thesis focuses on the study of PCNA ...


The Mechanisms And Consequences Of Gene Suppression During The Unfolded Protein Response, Angela Marie Arensdorf Jul 2013

The Mechanisms And Consequences Of Gene Suppression During The Unfolded Protein Response, Angela Marie Arensdorf

Theses and Dissertations

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) facilitates the synthesis, assembly and quality control of all secretory, transmembrane, and resident proteins of the endomembrane system. An accumulation of unfolded proteins or a disruption in the specialized folding environment within the organelle causes ER stress, thus impairing the folding capacity of the ER. In response to this stress, the ER initiates a signaling cascade called the unfolded protein response (UPR) in an attempt to restore ER homeostasis.

The vertebrate UPR is propagated by three ER-resident transmembrane proteins (i.e., PERK, IRE1α, and ATF6α), each initiating a signaling cascade that ultimately culminates in production of ...


Understanding The Contribution Of Individual Zinc Fingers To A Multi-Functional, Polydactyl Transcription Factor, Ryan M. Baxley Jul 2013

Understanding The Contribution Of Individual Zinc Fingers To A Multi-Functional, Polydactyl Transcription Factor, Ryan M. Baxley

Theses and Dissertations

Suppressor of Hairy-wing [Su(Hw)] is a twelve zinc-finger (ZF), DNA binding transcription factor. Su(Hw) has been well characterized as critical component of the gypsy insulator complex, required for the enhancer blocking and the barrier activity of the insulator. In addition to gypsy, Su(Hw) localizes to ~3,000 binding sites in the Drosophila genome, with association to a subset of sites required for female germline development. Loss of Su(Hw) results in activation of a developmental checkpoint and apoptosis at mid- oogenesis, with a critical role during oogenesis in down-regulation of neural genes. Studies of Su(Hw) function ...


Fhit Inactivation Combined With Cigarette Smoke Enhances The Oxidative Stress Response, Jennifer A. Boylston Jul 2013

Fhit Inactivation Combined With Cigarette Smoke Enhances The Oxidative Stress Response, Jennifer A. Boylston

Theses and Dissertations

The FHIT gene is located on the most fragile site in the human genome. FHIT gene deletions are among the earliest and most frequent events in carcinogenesis, particularly in carcinogen-exposed tissue. Previous work in mouse and cell culture models established FHIT to be an authentic tumor suppressor. Re-expression of FHIT in cell culture causes cell death via initiation of apoptosis, but the precise mechanism underlying this process is unclear. It is well established that cellular transition from normal to transformed occurs in multiple steps and requires the accumulation of several genetic changes. Relying on the compelling phenotype of tumor development ...


Macrophage Microrna And Mrna Responses To Stimulation Of Tlrs Or Upon Infection With Leishmania Infantum Chagasi, Erik Bruce Wendlandt Jul 2013

Macrophage Microrna And Mrna Responses To Stimulation Of Tlrs Or Upon Infection With Leishmania Infantum Chagasi, Erik Bruce Wendlandt

Theses and Dissertations

Leishmania are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites that are inoculated into human skin while a sand fly vector takes a blood meal with the resulting disease coined leishmaniasis. The twenty plus species of Leishmania known to cause human disease are found throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Leishmaniasis affects at least eighty-eight countries with three hundred and fifty million people at risk for infection, resulting in an estimated seventy thousand deaths annually. Different species of Leishmania have developed distinct methods for host defense evasion, leading to a wide spectrum of pathologies within humans.

Prior studies of macrophage infections with ...