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Theses/Dissertations

2013

Cell and Developmental Biology

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Articles 181 - 190 of 190

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Molecular Mechanisms By Which C-Abl And Arg Mediate Melanoma Invasion And Metastasis, Sourik S. Ganguly Jan 2013

Molecular Mechanisms By Which C-Abl And Arg Mediate Melanoma Invasion And Metastasis, Sourik S. Ganguly

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences

Metastasis is one of the main causes of death in cancer patients. Metastatic melanoma is a death sentence, as chemotherapeutic agents have a 5% success rate or do not extend survival beyond 10 months. The lack of effective chemotherapeutic agents for treating metastatic melanoma indicates a dire need to identify new drug targets and develop new therapies. Our lab has previously shown that the kinase activity of Abelson family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases (c-Abl and Arg) is elevated in invasive breast cancer cell lines as compared to non-invasive cell lines. Previous studies from our lab have shown that Abl kinases ...


The Effects Of Hydrostatic Pressure On Early Endothelial Tubulogenic Processes, Ryan M. Underwood Jan 2013

The Effects Of Hydrostatic Pressure On Early Endothelial Tubulogenic Processes, Ryan M. Underwood

Theses and Dissertations--Biomedical Engineering

The effects of mechanical forces on endothelial cell function and behavior are well documented, but have not been fully characterized. Specifically, fluid pressure has been shown to elicit physical and chemical responses known to be involved in the initiation and progression of endothelial cell-mediated vascularization. Central to the process of vascularization is the formation of tube-like structures. This process—tubulogenesis—is essential to both the physiological and pathological growth of tissues. Given the known effects of pressure on endothelial cells and its ubiquitous presence in the vasculature, we investigated pressure as a magnitude-dependent parameter for the regulation of endothelial tubulogenic ...


Attachment Ability And Melanoma Inhibitory Activity Mrna Expression Level Changes In Murine B16-F10 Melanoma Cells Post Nanosecond Electric Pulses, Hongxia Jia Jan 2013

Attachment Ability And Melanoma Inhibitory Activity Mrna Expression Level Changes In Murine B16-F10 Melanoma Cells Post Nanosecond Electric Pulses, Hongxia Jia

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

The effects of high-voltage nanosecond electric pulses (nsEPs) on metastatic melanoma are still unclear. Hence, we applied one, two, three, and four 300 ns 40 kV/cm pulses to murine B16-F10 melanoma cells. Cell attachment ability was determined by comparing the number of floating cells and the percentage of attached cells. Melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) is a secretory protein that is highly correlated with the malignancy and metastasis of malignant melanomas. We used MIA as our target to evaluate the effect of nsEPs on metastasis. Pulsed (experimental) and unpulsed (control) cells were incubated at 37°C under a 5% CO ...


Toc Complex Formation: An Investigation Of The Interactions Governing Toc Complex Composition And Assembly, Steven R. Siman Jan 2013

Toc Complex Formation: An Investigation Of The Interactions Governing Toc Complex Composition And Assembly, Steven R. Siman

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Chloroplast-destined preproteins are translated in the cytosol, and posttranslationally targeted to and translocated across the double envelope membrane of the chloroplast by the coordinated activities of two translocon complexes: the Translocons at the Outer and Inner envelope membrane of the Chloroplast (TOC and TIC, respectively). In the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana the core TOC components include two families of GTPase receptors: TOC159 (atToc159, -132, and -120) and TOC34 (atToc33 and -34). These receptor families are hypothesized to assemble into distinct complexes and recognize transit peptides present on the N-terminus of chloroplast-destined preproteins. The GTPase domains of the TOC159 and TOC34 ...


Mechanisms Of Nitrogenous Waste Excretion During The Complex Life Cycle Of The Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon Marinus), James M. Neal Mr. Jan 2013

Mechanisms Of Nitrogenous Waste Excretion During The Complex Life Cycle Of The Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon Marinus), James M. Neal Mr.

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) are a phylogenetically ancient jawless fish, with a multi-staged life cycle characterized by a prolonged suspension-feeding larval stage, which is followed by metamorphosis into parasitic lampreys that feed on the protein-rich blood of fishes. The switch from a nutrient poor to protein-rich diet in the sea lamprey is associated with an increased capacity to deaminate excess amino acids and to excrete ammonia and urea following metamorphosis. The focus of this thesis was to determine if changes in nitrogenous waste transporter protein abundance facilitate ammonia and urea excretion during different stages of the sea lamprey life cycle ...


Do Bha And Bht Induce Morphological Changes And Dna Double-Strand Breaks In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe?, Amy V. Tran Jan 2013

Do Bha And Bht Induce Morphological Changes And Dna Double-Strand Breaks In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe?, Amy V. Tran

Scripps Senior Theses

Butylated Hydroxyanisole, BHA, and Butylated Hydroxytoluene, BHT, are commonly used as preservatives for our food as well as additives in many products such as cosmetics, petroleum, and medicine. Although their use has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), there have been controversies and debates on whether these phenol derivatives or antioxidants are safe to use. Their accumulative toxicology and side effects need to be thoroughly investigated as we continue to consume them on a daily basis. Data obtained by genomic analysis in Tang lab suggested the involvement of DNA damage checkpoint/repair pathways in the response network ...


Changes In Cell Morphology And The Cellular Localization Of Protein Kinase Dsk1 In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe In Response To Butylated Hydroxyanisole, Jacqueline T. Humphries Jan 2013

Changes In Cell Morphology And The Cellular Localization Of Protein Kinase Dsk1 In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe In Response To Butylated Hydroxyanisole, Jacqueline T. Humphries

Scripps Senior Theses

Dsk1 is the Schizosaccharomyces pombe functional homolog of human SRPK1, an SR protein kinase that regulates localization and function of SR protein splicing factors involved in transcription, alternative splicing, and mRNA export. It has been shown that a Dsk1 deletion strain of S. pombe is sensitive to exposure to butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), a phenol derivative commonly used as a food preservative. Little is known about how BHA interacts with cells on a functional level, although it has been shown to be cytotoxic and tumorigenic. The aims of this thesis are to study the effect of BHA on eukaryotic cells and ...


Developmental Plasticity In Response To Familiar And Unfamiliar Predators In The Mud Snail, Ilyanassa Obsoleta, Kelly Strickland Hoolihan Jan 2013

Developmental Plasticity In Response To Familiar And Unfamiliar Predators In The Mud Snail, Ilyanassa Obsoleta, Kelly Strickland Hoolihan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Advanced Age On The Innate Immune Response To Cutaneous Wound Infection, Aleah Lin Brubaker Jan 2013

Effect Of Advanced Age On The Innate Immune Response To Cutaneous Wound Infection, Aleah Lin Brubaker

Dissertations

An estimated 25 billion in US health care expenditure is spent on care of chronic, non-healing wounds. The failure to effectively heal wounds is often compounded by co-morbidities, such as diabetes or obesity. Another major patient population afflicted with chronic wounds are the elderly. Advanced age is associated with a decline in immunologic function that contributes to a poor response to vaccination, infection and tissue injury resulting in prolonged hospital stays and age-related morbidity and mortality. Specifically, clinical observations and laboratory studies have suggested an age-related decline in cutaneous wound healing, marked by protracted wound closure, wound dehiscence and chronic ...


Analysis Of The Minimal Promoter From The Hatching Enzyme A Gene, Anna Matejczyk Jan 2013

Analysis Of The Minimal Promoter From The Hatching Enzyme A Gene, Anna Matejczyk

Master's Theses

Hatching, defined as a biochemical or biophysical mechanism that allows the embryo to leave its protective envelope, is found in most animals. In fish, reptiles and amphibians, mostly oviparous animals, this means the emergence of the embryo from an egg. In mammals, viviparous animals, hatching is performed by the blastocyst in order to shed the zona pellucida.

Fish, an oviparous animal, takes advantage of a biochemical mechanism in order to hatch and emerge from their chorion, or egg envelope. The mechanism includes the use of hatching enzymes that are secreted in order to digest the envelope membrane. The genes controlling ...