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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences
C-Jun N-Terminal Kinases Regulate Adenovirus-Mediated Autophagy And Antigen Presentation, Sarah R. Klein
UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)
Targeted immunotherapy with recombinant, oncolytic adenoviruses is under investigation for the treatment of cancer. Evidence indicates adenoviruses induce autophagy that is required for oncolysis, but the molecular regulation of autophagy in infected cells remains under investigation. Our data suggested the canonical pathway regulating starvation-induced autophagy was not implemented in adenovirus-induced autophagy; however, adenovirus infection triggered phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) that was essential for autophagy. Adenoviral replication within the host cell elicited JNK pathway activation leading to B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) phosphorylation. JNK-dependent Bcl-2 phosphorylation stimulated the dissociation of Bcl-2/beclin 1 heterodimers, enabling beclin 1 to initiate autophagy ...
Gene Transfer In A Newly Established Spontaneous Feline Fibrosarcoma Cell Line, Rounak Nande
Theses, Dissertations and Capstones
Fibrosarcoma is a deadly disease in cats and is most often located at classical vaccine injections sites. More rare forms of spontaneous non-vaccination site (NSV) fibrosarcomas have been described and have been found associated to genetic alterations.
Purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of adenoviral gene therapy in NVS fibrosarcoma. The NVS fibrosarcoma cell line (Cocca-6A) was isolated from a spontaneous fibrosarcoma that occurred in a domestic calico cat. Cocca-6A fibrosarcoma cells were morphologically and cytogenetically characterized. The feline cells were karyotyped and their chromosome number was counted using a Giemsa staining. Giemsa block staining of metaphase ...